Los Recursos Naturales

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Questions: 20 | Attempts: 1,176

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Los Recursos Naturales - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Todo lo que nos brinda la naturaleza y que utilizamos para satisfacer nuestras necesidades.

    • A.

      Recurso no renovable

    • B.

      Recurso renovable

    • C.

      Manejo racional

    • D.

      Recurso natural

    Correct Answer
    D. Recurso natural
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Recurso natural" because it refers to everything that nature provides us with and that we use to satisfy our needs. This can include things like water, air, minerals, and plants. It is a broad term that encompasses both renewable and non-renewable resources.

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  • 2. 

    Al conjunto de planta, animales y microorganismos, que son renovables por su capacidad de reproducción y adaptación se denomina.

    • A.

      Recursos no renovables

    • B.

      Recursos bióticos

    • C.

      Recursos abióticos

    • D.

      Recursos renovables

    Correct Answer
    D. Recursos renovables
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Recursos renovables". This is because the term refers to the set of plants, animals, and microorganisms that are renewable due to their ability to reproduce and adapt. These resources can be replenished or regenerated over time, making them sustainable and capable of being used without depletion.

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  • 3. 

    El gas natural es considerado un recurso.

    • A.

      Geológico

    • B.

      Costero

    • C.

      Minero

    • D.

      Energético

    Correct Answer
    D. Energético
    Explanation
    Gas natural es considerado un recurso energético debido a su capacidad de generar energía a través de la combustión. El gas natural se utiliza ampliamente como combustible en la generación de electricidad, calefacción y como combustible para vehículos. Además, el gas natural es una fuente de energía más limpia en comparación con otros combustibles fósiles, ya que produce menos emisiones de dióxido de carbono y otros contaminantes. Por lo tanto, se considera una opción más sostenible y amigable con el medio ambiente en comparación con otras fuentes de energía.

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  • 4. 

    A la explotación de los recursos de manera racional se le denomina.

    • A.

      Desarrollo Sustentable

    • B.

      Manejo racional

    • C.

      Renovación

    • D.

      Recurso

    Correct Answer
    B. Manejo racional
    Explanation
    The term "manejo racional" refers to the rational management or use of resources. This means using resources in a sustainable and responsible manner, taking into consideration the long-term effects and ensuring that resources are not depleted or wasted. It involves making informed decisions and implementing strategies that balance economic, social, and environmental factors. "Manejo racional" is therefore the most appropriate term to describe the concept of exploiting resources in a rational and sustainable way.

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  • 5. 

    Los manglares son recursos.

    • A.

      Renovable

    • B.

      No renovable

    • C.

      Racional

    • D.

      Sustentable

    Correct Answer
    A. Renovable
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Renovable" because mangroves are a type of coastal vegetation that provide various resources such as timber, fuelwood, and fish habitat. These resources can be regenerated over time through natural processes, making mangroves a renewable resource.

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  • 6. 

    El Proceso que representa a la conversión de una parte de la energía solar en energía química se denomina:

    • A.

      Reciclaje

    • B.

      Ciclos de la materia

    • C.

      Quimiosíntesis

    • D.

      Fotosíntesis

    Correct Answer
    D. Fotosíntesis
    Explanation
    La fotosíntesis es el proceso mediante el cual las plantas y algunos otros organismos convierten la energía solar en energía química. Durante la fotosíntesis, las plantas utilizan la luz del sol para convertir dióxido de carbono y agua en glucosa y oxígeno. Este proceso es esencial para la vida en la Tierra, ya que las plantas producen oxígeno y almacenan energía en forma de glucosa, que luego es utilizada por otros organismos en la cadena alimentaria. Por lo tanto, la fotosíntesis es la respuesta correcta para la conversión de energía solar en energía química.

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  • 7. 

    Sistema en los que la propia estructura del ser vivo está condicionada a la existencia de un flujo de energía.

    • A.

      Cerrado

    • B.

      Abierto

    • C.

      Combinados

    • D.

      Avanzado

    Correct Answer
    B. Abierto
    Explanation
    An open system is a system in which the structure of the living being is dependent on the existence of an energy flow. This means that the living being is able to exchange matter and energy with its surroundings. In an open system, there is a constant input and output of energy, allowing for growth, development, and adaptation to the environment. This is in contrast to a closed system, where there is no exchange of energy with the surroundings, and a combined system, which is a combination of open and closed systems. The term "advanced" does not provide any relevant information in relation to the given explanation.

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  • 8. 

    La lluvia ácida es una alteración del ciclo del:

    • A.

      Carbono

    • B.

      Nitrógeno

    • C.

      Fósforo

    • D.

      Azufre

    Correct Answer
    D. Azufre
    Explanation
    La lluvia ácida es una alteración del ciclo del azufre. Este fenómeno ocurre cuando los gases contaminantes, como dióxido de azufre y óxidos de nitrógeno, se mezclan con el vapor de agua en la atmósfera y forman ácidos. Estos ácidos caen a la tierra en forma de lluvia, nieve o niebla, causando daños a los ecosistemas, la vegetación, los edificios y la salud humana. La alteración del ciclo del azufre es la causa principal de la lluvia ácida.

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  • 9. 

    Ciclo que ocurre su mayor parte en los sedimentos

    • A.

      Nitrógeno

    • B.

      Fósforo

    • C.

      Carbono

    • D.

      Agua

    Correct Answer
    B. Fósforo
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Fósforo." This is because phosphorus is an essential nutrient that cycles primarily in sediments. It is often found in the form of phosphate minerals in rocks and sediments, and it is released into the water through weathering and erosion processes. Once in the water, phosphorus can be taken up by plants and algae, and it eventually returns to the sediments through the decomposition of organic matter. Therefore, the majority of the phosphorus cycle occurs in sediments.

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  • 10. 

    La mayor reserva de agua está en:

    • A.

      La atmósfera

    • B.

      Las nubes

    • C.

      Los océanos

    • D.

      Los ríos

    Correct Answer
    C. Los océanos
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Los océanos". This is because the oceans contain the largest amount of water on Earth. They cover about 71% of the planet's surface and hold approximately 97% of the Earth's water. The other options, such as the atmosphere, clouds, and rivers, also contain water, but in much smaller quantities compared to the vast amount found in the oceans.

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  • 11. 

    Explotar los recursos renovables a un ritmo más lento o igual al que se producen se denomina:

    • A.

      Recursos bióticos

    • B.

      Recursos naturales

    • C.

      Manejo racional

    • D.

      Recursos renovables

    Correct Answer
    C. Manejo racional
    Explanation
    Manejo racional se refiere a utilizar los recursos renovables de manera sostenible, es decir, explotarlos a un ritmo que no supere su capacidad de regeneración. Esto implica una gestión cuidadosa y planificada de los recursos naturales para garantizar su disponibilidad a largo plazo y evitar su agotamiento.

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  • 12. 

    La pérdida de la capa superior del suelo a causa de las malas en la agricultura 

    • A.

      Erosión

    • B.

      Salinidad

    • C.

      Sedimentación

    • D.

      Escorrentía

    Correct Answer
    A. Erosión
    Explanation
    The correct answer is erosion. Erosion refers to the loss of the top layer of soil due to poor agricultural practices. This can occur when the soil is not properly managed, leading to the removal of fertile soil through processes such as wind or water erosion. Erosion can have negative impacts on agriculture as it reduces soil fertility and can lead to decreased crop yields. Therefore, erosion is the most appropriate term to describe the loss of the top layer of soil in this context.

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  • 13. 

    Al conjunto de recursos naturales de un lugar se le llama.

    • A.

      Renovabilidad

    • B.

      Diversidad biológica

    • C.

      Recursos naturales

    • D.

      Fuentes de energía

    Correct Answer
    B. Diversidad biológica
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Diversidad biológica". This refers to the variety and abundance of different species of plants, animals, and microorganisms in a given area. It encompasses the genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity, and is important for the overall health and functioning of ecosystems. While "Recursos naturales" (natural resources) also refers to the resources found in a place, it is a broader term that includes not only the living organisms but also non-living resources such as minerals and water. "Fuentes de energía" (energy sources) specifically refers to the different sources of energy available, and "Renovabilidad" (renewability) refers to the ability of resources to be replenished over time.

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  • 14. 

    Podemos clasificar la salina de sal marina como

    • A.

      Racional

    • B.

      Natural

    • C.

      No renovable

    • D.

      Renovable

    Correct Answer
    D. Renovable
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Renovable" because a salt farm, or salina de sal marina, is a place where salt is harvested from the sea. Salt is a naturally occurring mineral that can be replenished through natural processes such as evaporation of seawater. Therefore, the salt farm can be classified as renewable because it relies on the natural cycle of salt production.

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  • 15. 

    La energía producida por el agua es

    • A.

      Solar

    • B.

      Biomasa

    • C.

      Eólica

    • D.

      Hidráulica

    Correct Answer
    D. Hidráulica
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Hidráulica" because the question is asking about the type of energy produced by water, and "Hidráulica" refers to hydraulic or hydroelectric energy, which is generated by the movement of water. Solar energy is produced by the sun, biomass energy is generated from organic materials, and wind energy is produced by the movement of air.

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  • 16. 

    Organismo capaces de realizar la quimiosintesis

    • A.

      Virus

    • B.

      Plantas

    • C.

      Bacterias

    • D.

      Hongos

    Correct Answer
    C. Bacterias
    Explanation
    Bacterias son organismos capaces de realizar la quimiosintesis. La quimiosintesis es un proceso mediante el cual los organismos obtienen energía a partir de la oxidación de sustancias inorgánicas, como el amoníaco o el sulfuro de hidrógeno, en lugar de utilizar la luz solar como fuente de energía, como ocurre en la fotosíntesis de las plantas. Las bacterias que realizan quimiosintesis son conocidas como bacterias quimiosintéticas y son capaces de obtener energía y sintetizar compuestos orgánicos a partir de sustancias inorgánicas.

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  • 17. 

    La circulación de la energía de los componentes vivos hacia los abióticos y viceversa se denomina:

    • A.

      Ciclos biogeoquímicos

    • B.

      Ciclo del agua

    • C.

      Ciclo del carbono

    • D.

      Ciclo del fosforo

    Correct Answer
    A. Ciclos biogeoquímicos
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Ciclos biogeoquímicos". This term refers to the circulation of energy between living organisms and the abiotic components of the environment. It includes the cycles of water, carbon, phosphorus, and other elements that are essential for life on Earth. These cycles involve the movement of nutrients and energy through various biological, geological, and chemical processes, ultimately maintaining the balance of ecosystems.

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  • 18. 

    La tasa a la cual la materia orgánica se incorpora realmente en los tejidos vegetales para producir crecimiento se denomina.

    • A.

      Biomasa

    • B.

      Mineralogía

    • C.

      Productividad primaria neta

    • D.

      Productividad primaria

    Correct Answer
    C. Productividad primaria neta
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Productividad primaria neta". This refers to the rate at which organic matter is actually incorporated into plant tissues to produce growth. Biomasa refers to the total mass of living organisms in a given area, while Mineralogía refers to the study of minerals. Productividad primaria refers to the total amount of energy captured by plants through photosynthesis, but it does not take into account the energy lost through respiration. Therefore, Productividad primaria neta is the most accurate term to describe the rate of organic matter incorporation into plant tissues.

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  • 19. 

    Se considera una lluvia acida aquella que presenta un pH menor de:

    • A.

      10.65

    • B.

      9.65

    • C.

      7.65

    • D.

      5.65

    Correct Answer
    D. 5.65
    Explanation
    An acid rain is defined as rainwater with a pH level lower than 5.65. This means that the rainwater is more acidic than normal, which can be harmful to the environment. Acid rain is caused by the emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide from burning fossil fuels, which react with water in the atmosphere to form sulfuric acid and nitric acid. These acids can have detrimental effects on plants, animals, and infrastructure, making it important to monitor and reduce the emissions that contribute to acid rain.

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  • 20. 

    Las bacterias que transforman el amoniaco en nitritos y nitraros son:

    • A.

      Nitrificantes

    • B.

      Nitrosas

    • C.

      Nítricas

    • D.

      Amoniacales

    Correct Answer
    A. Nitrificantes
    Explanation
    Las bacterias que transforman el amoniaco en nitritos y nitratos se conocen como nitrificantes. Estas bacterias son capaces de realizar la nitrificación, un proceso en el cual convierten el amoniaco, que es tóxico para muchos organismos, en compuestos menos tóxicos como los nitritos y nitratos. Este proceso es esencial en el ciclo del nitrógeno y contribuye a mantener la calidad del agua y del suelo. Las opciones Nitrosas, Nítricas y Amoniacales no son términos adecuados para describir este proceso.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 05, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    KarlaSanchez
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