Loc Chapters 1 And 2 Quiz

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Loc Chapters 1  And 2 Quiz - Quiz

This is a quiz on Chapter 1 and 2 and 3 of the Language and Composition textbook. There are different kinds of questions. If the question has checkboxes, you should check all that are correct.

Note: The grammar questions (about sentences and clauses) DO NOT COUNT. They are a pre-assessment. NOTE: Multiple choice/ checkbox questions are worth 1 pt. Each. The score report at the end does NOT include your rhetorical analysis score, which will be out of 9. I will be (loosely) grading the paragraph using the AP rubric, plus 3 points: a 5 out Read moreof 9 = 8/9 on the paragraph. That makes the quiz worth 25 points total. On Powerschool your points will be out of 25. So, if you get 25 out of 25 on this quiz, and your Powerschool grade is a 23, you know you got a 7 out of 9 on the essay.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The above cartoon should look familiar to you. In 2006 this cartoon was drawn by Tom Toles after the death of Rosa Parks, the black woman who in 1955 refused to give up her seat at the font of a bus for a white person.  In a paragraph  (worth 9 points) analyze the cartoon and tell the speaker,occasion, audience and how the author appeals to ethos, logos, pathos (if they do), and tell what the "tone" of the cartoon is. Remember to introduce the the cartoon as though your reader does not know the context of the cartoon.

  • 2. 

    Which of the following completes the two blanks in the rhetorical triangle diagram?

    • A.

      Aristotle

    • B.

      Time period

    • C.

      Speaker

    • D.

      Subject

    • E.

      Occasion

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Speaker
    D. Subject
    Explanation
    The rhetorical triangle diagram consists of three elements: the speaker, the subject, and the audience. These three elements are interconnected and essential in effective communication. The speaker refers to the person delivering the message, while the subject is the topic or content of the message. Therefore, the correct answer is "speaker, subject" as it completes the two blanks in the rhetorical triangle diagram.

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  • 3. 

    Writers and speakers appeal to ______________by offering clear, rational ideas. Appealing to this means having a clear main idea, or thesis, with specific details, examples, facts, and/ or statistical data.

    • A.

      Reality

    • B.

      Logos

    • C.

      Pathos

    • D.

      Ethos

    • E.

      Credibility

    Correct Answer
    B. Logos
    Explanation
    Writers and speakers appeal to logos by offering clear, rational ideas. Logos refers to logical reasoning and evidence-based arguments. By presenting a clear main idea or thesis supported by specific details, examples, facts, and statistical data, writers and speakers appeal to the logical side of their audience. This helps to persuade and convince the audience based on the strength of the logical argument presented.

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  • 4. 

    In an argument, if you anticipate objections or opposing views, and consider the other side, you are acknowledging a ________________.

    • A.

      Vulnerability

    • B.

      Persona

    • C.

      Context

    • D.

      Counterargument

    Correct Answer
    D. Counterargument
    Explanation
    In an argument, considering the other side and anticipating objections or opposing views shows that you are acknowledging the presence of counterarguments. This means that you are recognizing and addressing the potential arguments or perspectives that may challenge your own position or point of view. By doing so, you are demonstrating a willingness to engage with opposing viewpoints and strengthen your own argument by addressing potential weaknesses or objections.

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  • 5. 

    The choice of words that a writer uses is known as ______________.

    • A.

      Diction

    • B.

      Syntax

    • C.

      Argument

    • D.

      Hyperbole

    Correct Answer
    A. Diction
    Explanation
    Diction refers to the choice of words that a writer uses in their writing. It involves selecting words that convey the intended meaning and tone, and can greatly impact the overall effectiveness and clarity of the writing. The word choice can vary depending on the audience, purpose, and style of the writing. Therefore, diction is the correct answer for the given question.

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  • 6. 

    Check all of the answers that are correct. When analyzing writing, which of the following would be questions you could ask yourself when considering syntax?

    • A.

      Which of the important words in the passage are general and abstract?

    • B.

      What is the order of the parts of the sentence?

    • C.

      What is the connotation of these words?

    • D.

      How does the sentence connect its words, phrases and clauses?

    • E.

      Why does this author use one long sentence?

    • F.

      What are the sentences like?

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. What is the order of the parts of the sentence?
    D. How does the sentence connect its words, phrases and clauses?
    E. Why does this author use one long sentence?
    F. What are the sentences like?
    Explanation
    When analyzing writing, questions about syntax would focus on the structure and arrangement of words, phrases, and clauses in a sentence. These questions would include asking about the order of the parts of the sentence, how the sentence connects its components, why the author uses a particular sentence structure, and what the overall characteristics of the sentences are. The questions about the connotation of words and the generalness of important words in the passage are not directly related to syntax.

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  • 7. 

    Why would JFK use words like "forebears"and "forth" in his inagural address ? Choose the best answer.

    • A.

      He was educated at Oxford.

    • B.

      Strong parallelism is great to have in a speech.

    • C.

      They evoke a sense of pride and wonderment that makes the audience enthralled with his rhetorical devices.

    • D.

      They draw a connection between him and the "old days" so the listener feels that he isone of many strong leaders that came before him.

    Correct Answer
    D. They draw a connection between him and the "old days" so the listener feels that he isone of many strong leaders that came before him.
    Explanation
    The use of words like "forebears" and "forth" in JFK's inaugural address draws a connection between him and the "old days" and suggests that he is one of many strong leaders that came before him. This creates a sense of continuity and tradition, making the listener feel that JFK is carrying on the legacy of past leaders and inspiring a sense of pride and wonderment in the audience. Additionally, the use of strong parallelism in his speech enhances its impact and makes it more memorable.

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  • 8. 

    The following sentence contains an example of which kind of rhetorical device? "In your hands, my fellow citizens, more than mine, will rest the final success or failure of our course."

    • A.

      Zeugma-- A rhetorical term for the use of a word to modify or govern two or more words although its use may be grammatically or logically correct with only one.

    • B.

      Metonymy-- using a part to represent the whole

    • C.

      Rhetorical question- asking a question that you do not expect an answer to

    • D.

      Asyndeton-- leaving out the conjunctions

    Correct Answer
    B. Metonymy-- using a part to represent the whole
    Explanation
    The sentence "In your hands, my fellow citizens, more than mine, will rest the final success or failure of our course" is an example of metonymy, which is the use of a part to represent the whole. In this case, "hands" is used to represent the power, control, and responsibility that the citizens hold in determining the success or failure of the course. The sentence implies that the outcome is dependent on the actions and decisions of the citizens as a whole.

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  • 9. 

    The following sentence contains an example of which kind of rhetorical device? "We shall support any friend, oppose any foe."

    • A.

      Allusion--reference to something famous

    • B.

      Metaphor--A figure of speech in which an implied comparison is made between two unlike things that actually have something in common.

    • C.

      Metonymy--A figure of speech in which one word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated (such as "crown" for "royalty").

    • D.

      Antithesis--the juxtaposition of contrasting ideas in balanced phrases.

    Correct Answer
    D. Antithesis--the juxtaposition of contrasting ideas in balanced phrases.
    Explanation
    The sentence "We shall support any friend, oppose any foe" is an example of antithesis because it juxtaposes contrasting ideas of supporting friends and opposing foes in a balanced and parallel structure.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following definitions most closely describes horative sentence?

    • A.

      Repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive phrases.

    • B.

      Old-fashioned or outdated choice of words.

    • C.

      A group of words that exhorts, advises, calls to action

    • D.

      The omission of conjunctions between phrases

    Correct Answer
    C. A group of words that exhorts, advises, calls to action
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "A group of words that exhorts, advises, calls to action." A horative sentence is a type of sentence that is used to express a strong command, request, or exhortation. It is often used to give advice, make suggestions, or call for action. This definition closely aligns with the meaning of a horative sentence.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following could be effects of the use of asyndeton?

    • A.

      The reader would read slowly, pausing with each conjunction.

    • B.

      The reader would feel a sense of urgency from rushing through a lot of information without a pause

    • C.

      The reader would feel the "weight" of successive phrases "piled" one on top of another.

    • D.

      Both B and C are correct

    Correct Answer
    D. Both B and C are correct
    Explanation
    The use of asyndeton, which is the deliberate omission of conjunctions between phrases, can have two effects on the reader. First, it can create a sense of urgency as the reader rushes through a lot of information without pausing. This is because the lack of conjunctions eliminates the natural breaks and slows down the reading pace. Second, it can make the reader feel the weight of successive phrases being piled on top of each other. Without the conjunctions, the phrases are presented one after another, creating a sense of accumulation and emphasizing the quantity or importance of the information.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following "arrangement" styles (of essays) contains a story or recounting of a series of events?

    • A.

      Classification and division

    • B.

      Comparison and contrast

    • C.

      Exemplification

    • D.

      Narration

    Correct Answer
    D. Narration
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "narration" because this arrangement style involves telling a story or recounting a series of events. This style is commonly used in narrative essays, where the writer aims to engage the reader by sharing a personal experience or describing a sequence of events in a chronological order. It allows the writer to create a vivid and engaging narrative that captures the reader's attention and provides a clear understanding of the events being described.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following "arrangement" styles juxtaposes two things to highlight their similarities and differences?

    • A.

      Exemplification

    • B.

      Cause and Effect

    • C.

      Definition

    • D.

      Comparison and Contrast

    Correct Answer
    D. Comparison and Contrast
    Explanation
    Comparison and Contrast is the correct answer because this arrangement style involves placing two things side by side to emphasize their similarities and differences. This style is commonly used to analyze and evaluate different options or perspectives, allowing for a deeper understanding of the subject matter. It helps to highlight the strengths and weaknesses of each item being compared, enabling the reader to make informed judgments or decisions.

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  • 14. 

    When writing a rhetorical analysis essay, How do you set up the T-chart after reading the "stem" of the question?  The answers are set up like a T-chart (the two parts of the T chart  have a line between them.

    • A.

      Your Thesis I Strategies

    • B.

      Author's Position I Rhetorical Strategies

    • C.

      Rhetorical Strategies I Author's Position

    • D.

      Tropes I Diction

    • E.

      Rhetorical Strategies I Syntax

    Correct Answer
    B. Author's Position I Rhetorical Strategies
  • 15. 

    When writing any kind of essay for the AP Exam, which of the following is the ideal way to end the essay? (I used this simile in class.)

    • A.

      Like a wet noodle--make them wonder if you know how to conclude.

    • B.

      Like a gymnast-- even if you falter in the body of the essay, leave them with a good impression.

    • C.

      Like a rockstar-- make it all glam and glitz-- they might think you know what you are talking about under all of that high-level vocabulary.

    • D.

      Like a simile--make it a simile that compares two things using "like" or "as" every time.

    Correct Answer
    B. Like a gymnast-- even if you falter in the body of the essay, leave them with a good impression.
    Explanation
    The ideal way to end an essay for the AP Exam is to leave the readers with a good impression, just like a gymnast. Even if there were some flaws or mistakes in the body of the essay, a strong conclusion can make up for it and leave a positive lasting impression on the readers. This approach emphasizes the importance of ending the essay on a high note and ensuring that the final thoughts are impactful and memorable.

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  • 16. 

    Check all of the answers that are correct. Which of the following should a writer include when constructing a strong synthesis essay?

    • A.

      A great title-- maybe even a pun!

    • B.

      A strong first body paragraph with the opposing point of view

    • C.

      Well-integrated quotes that support your argument

    • D.

      Consideration of opposing views and a counterargument

    • E.

      Strong diction and syntax

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. A great title-- maybe even a pun!
    C. Well-integrated quotes that support your argument
    D. Consideration of opposing views and a counterargument
    E. Strong diction and syntax
    Explanation
    A strong synthesis essay should include a great title, possibly even a pun, to catch the reader's attention and make the essay memorable. Well-integrated quotes that support the argument are important to provide evidence and credibility to the writer's claims. Consideration of opposing views and a counterargument shows that the writer has thoroughly analyzed the topic and can address potential objections. Strong diction and syntax enhance the clarity and effectiveness of the essay by using precise and impactful language.

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  • 17. 

    Evaluate the following. Is it an independent clause? I ran.

    • A.

      Independent Clause

    • B.

      Not an Independent Clause

    Correct Answer
    A. Independent Clause
    Explanation
    The given statement "I ran" is an independent clause because it can stand alone as a complete sentence. It has a subject (I) and a verb (ran) and expresses a complete thought.

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  • 18. 

    Evaluate the following. Is it an independent clause? The dog's master.

    • A.

      Independent clause

    • B.

      Not an Independent clause

    Correct Answer
    B. Not an Independent clause
    Explanation
    The given phrase "The dog's master" is not an independent clause because it does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence. It is a noun phrase that lacks a subject and a verb.

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  • 19. 

    Could the following be joined by a semi-colon? They ate the Turkey. They were stuffed.

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    The two sentences "They ate the Turkey" and "They were stuffed" can be joined by a semi-colon because they are two independent clauses that are closely related in meaning. Using a semi-colon in this case helps to create a stronger connection between the two ideas and shows that they are both part of the same thought or event.

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  • 20. 

    Is the following a correct construction of a compound sentence? Mr. Leonard and Mr. Hudak gave the test, for they felt the students were ready.

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    The given sentence is a correct construction of a compound sentence because it consists of two independent clauses, "Mr. Leonard gave the test" and "Mr. Hudak gave the test", connected by the coordinating conjunction "for". The conjunction "for" indicates a cause-and-effect relationship between the two clauses, showing that both Mr. Leonard and Mr. Hudak gave the test because they felt the students were ready.

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  • 21. 

    Is the following the correct construction of a compound sentence? The mountain was open for skiing it had enough snow.

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    B. No
    Explanation
    The given construction is not a correct compound sentence because it lacks a coordinating conjunction to join the two independent clauses. To make it a compound sentence, it should be written as "The mountain was open for skiing, and it had enough snow."

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  • 22. 

    Which of the following is a fully integrated quote? 

    • A.

      The article says that the penny is "a historical tradition."

    • B.

      The penny is a "historical tradition" that we should honor.

    • C.

      "The copper coin is a historical tradition." This shows that the penny is something that we should honor.

    • D.

      The penny, according to the article, is a "historical tradition."

    Correct Answer
    B. The penny is a "historical tradition" that we should honor.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The penny is a 'historical tradition' that we should honor." This answer is a fully integrated quote because it includes the exact wording from the article and seamlessly incorporates it into the sentence. It accurately represents the information provided in the article and expresses the idea that the penny is a historical tradition that deserves respect.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 21, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Lmanleyvt
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