Lesson 3 Assessment. History Of Climate Change Negotiations.

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Lesson 3 Assessment. History of Climate Change Negotiations.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Choose correct definition of the concept of "sustainable development"

    • A.

      Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

    • B.

      Sustainable development is development that aims at transition from fossil fuels to alternative energy sources.

    • C.

      Sustainable development is development that bears no adverse effects on the environment.

    • D.

      Sustainable development is development that happens in developing countries and supported financially by developed countries.

    Correct Answer
    A. Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
    Explanation
    Sustainable development refers to the development that takes into account the needs of the current generation while ensuring that it does not hinder the ability of future generations to fulfill their own needs. This definition emphasizes the importance of balancing economic growth, social progress, and environmental protection in order to create a sustainable future. It recognizes the interdependence between economic development, social well-being, and environmental conservation, and aims to find solutions that can meet the needs of the present without jeopardizing the resources and opportunities available for future generations.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following douments are adopted based on the outcomes of COPs?

    • A.

      Bali Road Map

    • B.

      Doha Climate Gateway

    • C.

      Copenhagen Accord

    • D.

      IPCC 4th assessment report

    • E.

      Kyoto Protocol

    • F.

      United Nations Framework Convention of Climate Change

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Bali Road Map
    B. Doha Climate Gateway
    C. Copenhagen Accord
    E. Kyoto Protocol
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Bali Road Map, Doha Climate Gateway, Copenhagen Accord, and Kyoto Protocol. These documents are adopted based on the outcomes of COPs (Conference of the Parties) which are meetings held by the United Nations Framework Convention of Climate Change (UNFCCC). The Bali Road Map was adopted at COP 13 in 2007 and provides a framework for negotiating a post-2012 climate change regime. The Doha Climate Gateway was adopted at COP 18 in 2012 and established the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol. The Copenhagen Accord was adopted at COP 15 in 2009 and outlines voluntary emissions reduction targets. The Kyoto Protocol was adopted at COP 3 in 1997 and sets binding emissions reduction targets for developed countries.

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  • 3. 

    The first Conference of the Parties took place in 1995 while the first Meeting of the Parties of Kyoto Protocol in 1997.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The first Conference of the Parties (COP) actually took place in 1995, which is true. However, the first Meeting of the Parties (MOP) of the Kyoto Protocol did not occur in 1997, making the statement false.

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  • 4. 

    Conferences of the ... held as Meetings of the Parties of Kyoto Protocol are  referred to as simply Meetings of the Parties (MOP). They are held regularly in parallel with COP.

    Correct Answer
    Parties
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Parties". In the context of the given statement, "Parties" refers to the countries or nations that are signatories to the Kyoto Protocol. The conferences or meetings held under the Kyoto Protocol are called "Meetings of the Parties" or MOP, where representatives from these countries come together to discuss and make decisions on climate change issues. The term "Parties" is used to specifically denote the countries involved in the protocol and their participation in these meetings.

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  • 5. 

    This important agreement has legally commited countries to reduce emissions

    • A.

      Cancun Agreements

    • B.

      Copenhagen Accord

    • C.

      Kyoto Protocol

    • D.

      UNFCCC

    • E.

      Bali road Map

    Correct Answer
    C. Kyoto Protocol
    Explanation
    The Kyoto Protocol is the correct answer because it is an international treaty that legally binds countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. It was adopted in 1997 and entered into force in 2005. The protocol sets specific emission reduction targets for developed countries and establishes mechanisms for monitoring and reporting emissions. It is an important agreement in the global effort to combat climate change.

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  • 6. 

    This document provides legal basis for establishment of Green Climate Fund

    • A.

      Geneva Declaration

    • B.

      Copenghagen Accord

    • C.

      Kyoto Protocol

    • D.

      Bonn Agreement

    • E.

      Bali Action Plan

    Correct Answer
    B. Copenghagen Accord
    Explanation
    The Copenhagen Accord is the correct answer because it is a legally non-binding agreement that was adopted at the 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen. It provides the legal basis for the establishment of the Green Climate Fund, which is a financial mechanism to support developing countries in their efforts to mitigate and adapt to climate change. The Copenhagen Accord also outlines the commitments and actions that countries should take to address climate change, including the provision of financial resources.

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  • 7. 

    Cancun Agreements inter alia include the following decisions

    • A.

      Establishment of Cancun Adaptation Framework

    • B.

      Establishment of Adaptation Committee

    • C.

      Establishment of Green Climate Fund

    • D.

      Establishment of working group on long-term cooperative action (AWG-LCA)

    • E.

      Establishment of a registry to record Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Establishment of Cancun Adaptation Framework
    B. Establishment of Adaptation Committee
    E. Establishment of a registry to record Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions
    Explanation
    The Cancun Agreements include the establishment of the Cancun Adaptation Framework, which is a set of guidelines and principles to help countries adapt to the impacts of climate change. It also includes the establishment of the Adaptation Committee, which is a body responsible for providing guidance and support to countries in implementing adaptation measures. Additionally, the agreements include the establishment of a registry to record Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions, which are actions taken by countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. These decisions highlight the importance of adaptation and mitigation measures in addressing climate change.

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  • 8. 

    Second commitment period of Kyoto Protocol will start in 2015

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol did not start in 2015. The Kyoto Protocol's first commitment period was from 2008 to 2012, and the second commitment period was supposed to start in 2013. However, the second commitment period has not yet been ratified and implemented by enough countries to officially begin. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 9. 

    What is the time frame of second commitment period of Kyoto Protocol?

    • A.

      1 Jan 2015-31 Dec 2020

    • B.

      1 Jan 2013-31 Dec 2018

    • C.

      1 Jan 2013-31 Dec 2020

    • D.

      1 Jan 2015-31 Dec 2018

    Correct Answer
    C. 1 Jan 2013-31 Dec 2020
    Explanation
    The second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol is from 1 Jan 2013 to 31 Dec 2020.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following topics were discussed at Rio +20 conference?

    • A.

      Food and Water Security

    • B.

      Sustainable Development

    • C.

      Education for Sustainable Development

    • D.

      Concept of Active citizenship

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Food and Water Security
    B. Sustainable Development
    C. Education for Sustainable Development
    D. Concept of Active citizenship
    Explanation
    The Rio +20 conference discussed various topics including food and water security, sustainable development, education for sustainable development, and the concept of active citizenship. These topics were likely addressed in order to promote global cooperation and find solutions for the challenges facing our planet, such as ensuring access to food and water, promoting sustainable practices, and educating people about sustainable development and active citizenship.

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