Lesson 2: Defining Networks With The OSI Model

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| By Lauraborkent
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Quizzes Created: 9 | Total Attempts: 3,402
Questions: 19 | Attempts: 213

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Lesson Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What model is used to describe how data communication occurs between hosts?

    • A.

      Server-centric model

    • B.

      Workgroup model

    • C.

      Peer-to-peer model

    • D.

      OSI reference model

    Correct Answer
    D. OSI reference model
    Explanation
    The OSI reference model is used to describe how data communication occurs between hosts. It is a conceptual framework that standardizes the functions of a communication system into seven different layers, each responsible for specific tasks. This model helps to understand and analyze the different processes involved in data transmission, starting from the physical connection to the application layer. By dividing the communication process into layers, the OSI reference model allows for easier troubleshooting, compatibility between different systems, and the development of standardized protocols.

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  • 2. 

    Which layer in the OSI model do MAC addresses and switches use?

    • A.

      Physical

    • B.

      Data Link

    • C.

      Network

    • D.

      Transport

    Correct Answer
    B. Data Link
    Explanation
    MAC addresses and switches operate at the Data Link layer of the OSI model. The Data Link layer is responsible for the reliable transmission of data between adjacent network nodes over a physical link. MAC addresses are unique identifiers assigned to network interface cards (NICs) and are used by switches to forward data packets within a local area network (LAN). Therefore, the use of MAC addresses and switches aligns with the functionality and purpose of the Data Link layer.

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  • 3. 

    Which layer in the OSI model covers routing between networks?

    • A.

      Physical

    • B.

      Data Link

    • C.

      Network

    • D.

      Transport

    Correct Answer
    C. Network
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Network. In the OSI model, the Network layer is responsible for routing between networks. This layer is responsible for addressing, routing, and data packet forwarding. It ensures that data packets are delivered from the source to the destination network by choosing the most efficient route. The Network layer also handles logical addressing and provides network congestion control.

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  • 4. 

    Which layer in the OSI model is used to verify that data was delivered without error?

    • A.

      Physical

    • B.

      Data Link

    • C.

      Network

    • D.

      Transport

    Correct Answer
    C. Network
    Explanation
    The Network layer in the OSI model is responsible for routing and forwarding data packets between different networks. It ensures that data is delivered to the correct destination by using logical addresses. However, it does not guarantee that the data is delivered without errors. Error detection and correction is typically handled at the Data Link or Transport layer. Therefore, the Network layer is not used to verify that data was delivered without error.

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  • 5. 

    Which layer in the OSI model covers HTTP, FTP, and RDC?

    • A.

      Physical

    • B.

      Session

    • C.

      Application

    • D.

      Presentation

    Correct Answer
    C. Application
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Application. The Application layer in the OSI model is responsible for providing network services to user applications. HTTP, FTP, and RDC (Remote Desktop Connection) are all application layer protocols that allow users to access and transfer data over a network. Therefore, these protocols are covered by the Application layer in the OSI model.

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  • 6. 

    Which layer of the OSI model is used to create a connection so that a host can transfer files?

    • A.

      Physical

    • B.

      Session

    • C.

      Application

    • D.

      Presentation

    Correct Answer
    B. Session
    Explanation
    The session layer of the OSI model is responsible for establishing, managing, and terminating connections between applications on different hosts. It allows for the synchronization of data transfer and provides services such as session establishment, maintenance, and termination. In the context of transferring files, the session layer is used to create a connection between the host sending the files and the host receiving them, ensuring that the transfer is organized and coordinated.

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  • 7. 

    Which layer of the OSI model includes VLANs?

    • A.

      Physical

    • B.

      Data Link

    • C.

      Network

    • D.

      Transport

    Correct Answer
    B. Data Link
    Explanation
    The Data Link layer of the OSI model includes VLANs. This layer is responsible for providing error-free transmission of data frames over the physical layer. VLANs (Virtual Local Area Networks) are used to logically divide a single physical network into multiple virtual networks, allowing for better network management, security, and flexibility. VLANs operate at the Data Link layer by adding a VLAN tag to the Ethernet frame, which helps identify and separate different VLANs within a network.

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  • 8. 

    Which protocol do you use as the transport protocol for a video application?

    • A.

      TCP

    • B.

      UDP

    • C.

      FTP

    • D.

      RDC

    Correct Answer
    B. UDP
    Explanation
    The transport protocol used for a video application is UDP (User Datagram Protocol). UDP is preferred for real-time streaming applications like video, as it provides faster transmission and lower latency compared to TCP. Unlike TCP, UDP does not guarantee reliable delivery of data, but this is acceptable for video streaming where a few lost packets can be tolerated without affecting the overall viewing experience. UDP also allows for multicast transmission, which is useful for streaming video to multiple recipients simultaneously.

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  • 9. 

    Which port categories include inbound ports of HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, and DNS?

    • A.

      Well-known ports

    • B.

      Registered ports

    • C.

      Dynamic ports

    • D.

      Private ports

    Correct Answer
    A. Well-known ports
    Explanation
    Well-known ports are used when another computer wants to connect to a service or application running on your computer. These ports range from 0 to 1023 and define commonly used protocols such as HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, and DNS.

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  • 10. 

    What layer in the OSI model is responsible for logging on and off?

    • A.

      Physical

    • B.

      Session

    • C.

      Application

    • D.

      Presentation

    Correct Answer
    B. Session
    Explanation
    The session layer in the OSI model is responsible for managing the communication session between two devices. This includes establishing, maintaining, and terminating the session. Logging on and off can be considered as part of session management, as it involves the initiation and termination of a user's session with a network or system. Therefore, the session layer is the correct layer in the OSI model that is responsible for logging on and off.

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  • 11. 

    What layer in the OSI model is used to encrypt data?

    • A.

      Physical

    • B.

      Session

    • C.

      Application

    • D.

      Presentation

    Correct Answer
    D. Presentation
    Explanation
    The Presentation layer in the OSI model is responsible for the encryption and decryption of data. It ensures that the data is properly formatted and encrypted before being transmitted over the network. This layer takes care of translating the data into a format that can be understood by the receiving device. Encryption is an important security measure to protect sensitive information from unauthorized access, and the Presentation layer plays a crucial role in this process.

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  • 12. 

    Which layer in the OSI model includes the cable and network adapters?

    • A.

      Physical

    • B.

      Session

    • C.

      Application

    • D.

      Presentation

    Correct Answer
    A. Physical
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Physical. The Physical layer in the OSI model is responsible for the transmission and reception of raw bit streams over a physical medium. It deals with the physical connection between devices and includes the cable and network adapters. This layer defines the electrical, mechanical, and functional specifications for the physical medium, ensuring that data can be transmitted reliably.

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  • 13. 

    How many layers does the TCP/IP model have?

    • A.

      3

    • B.

      4

    • C.

      6

    • D.

      7

    Correct Answer
    B. 4
    Explanation
    The TCP/IP model has four layers. This model is a conceptual framework used to understand and describe the functions of protocols and networking systems. The four layers of the TCP/IP model are the Network Interface layer, Internet layer, Transport layer, and Application layer. Each layer has specific responsibilities and interacts with the layers above and below it to ensure reliable and efficient communication over a network.

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  • 14. 

    . Which layer in the OSI model is included in the TCP/IP model?

    • A.

      Physical

    • B.

      Data Link

    • C.

      Transport

    • D.

      Application

    Correct Answer
    C. Transport
    Explanation
    The Transport layer in the OSI model is included in the TCP/IP model. The Transport layer is responsible for end-to-end communication between hosts and ensures reliable delivery of data. In the TCP/IP model, the Transport layer is represented by the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and User Datagram Protocol (UDP), which are used for establishing connections and transmitting data over IP networks. Therefore, the correct answer is Transport.

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  • 15. 

    Which protocol is used to translate IP addresses to MAC addresses?

    • A.

      RARP

    • B.

      ARP

    • C.

      DNS

    • D.

      WINS

    Correct Answer
    B. ARP
    Explanation
    The Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) is used to convert IP addresses to MAC addresses, which are the physical addresses found on a network card.

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  • 16. 

    What ports are defined above 49,152?

    • A.

      Well-known ports

    • B.

      Registered ports

    • C.

      Dynamic ports

    • D.

      Sliding ports

    Correct Answer
    C. Dynamic ports
    Explanation
    Dynamic ports are the ports that are defined above 49,152. These ports are also known as private or ephemeral ports. They are used for temporary connections and are dynamically assigned by the operating system to client applications when they initiate a connection. These ports are typically used for outgoing network connections and are not associated with any specific services or protocols.

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  • 17. 

    A layer 3 switch is similar to a ________

    Correct Answer
    router
    Router
    Explanation
    A layer 3 switch is similar to a router. Both devices operate at the network layer (layer 3) of the OSI model and are capable of routing IP packets between different networks. They both make forwarding decisions based on IP addresses and use routing tables to determine the best path for data transmission. However, layer 3 switches are typically faster and more efficient in handling network traffic compared to routers, as they use hardware-based switching instead of software-based routing.

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  • 18. 

    TCP/IP and IPX/SPX are known as ________ stacks

    Correct Answer
    protocol
    Protocol
    Protocol
    Explanation
    TCP/IP and IPX/SPX are both sets of protocols that are used to establish communication between devices on a network. TCP/IP is the most widely used protocol suite on the internet, while IPX/SPX was primarily used in Novell NetWare networks. Both TCP/IP and IPX/SPX provide a set of rules and guidelines for how data should be transmitted, received, and interpreted by devices. Therefore, it is correct to refer to TCP/IP and IPX/SPX as protocol stacks.

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  • 19. 

    What are the seven layers found in the OSI model, in order?

    Correct Answer
    Physical, Data Link, Network, Transport, Session, Presentation and Application
    Application, Presentation, Session, Transport, Network, Data Link and Physical
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Physical, Data Link, Network, Transport, Session, Presentation and Application". This is the correct order of the seven layers in the OSI model. The OSI model is a conceptual framework that standardizes the functions of a communication system into seven layers. These layers work together to ensure reliable and efficient communication between devices on a network. Starting from the bottom, the Physical layer deals with the physical transmission of data, the Data Link layer handles the reliable transmission of data frames, the Network layer manages the routing of data packets, the Transport layer provides end-to-end communication between hosts, the Session layer establishes and maintains communication sessions, the Presentation layer handles data formatting and encryption, and finally, the Application layer provides services for user applications.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 07, 2017
    Quiz Created by
    Lauraborkent
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