Information Technology Concepts Quiz! Trivia

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Information Technology Concepts Quiz! Trivia - Quiz


This is an Information Technology concepts quiz. In order to consider yourself all-knowing when it comes to technology, you need to understand information security, database, and network management, computer technical support, and business software development. How many types of memory exist on a computer? Do you know the function of a system or the central processing unit to a computer? This quiz will help you refresh your computer basics. All the best, and keep studying!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Pin one on a ribbon cable is designated with:

    • A.

      An arrow

    • B.

      Red stripe

    • C.

      A twist

    • D.

      An "X"

    Correct Answer
    B. Red stripe
    Explanation
    A red stripe is used to designate pin one on a ribbon cable. This is a common practice in electronics to ensure proper orientation and alignment when connecting the cable. The red stripe serves as a visual indicator, making it easier to identify and align the pin correctly.

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  • 2. 

    Technologies that consist of two or more computers, devices, and software connected by means of one or more communications media, such as telephone lines, are called

    • A.

      Computers

    • B.

      Communications

    • C.

      Information processing

    • D.

      Networks

    Correct Answer
    D. Networks
    Explanation
    Technologies that consist of two or more computers, devices, and software connected by means of one or more communications media, such as telephone lines, are called networks. Networks enable communication and data sharing between multiple devices, allowing them to work together and access shared resources. This can include local area networks (LANs) within a small area, or wide area networks (WANs) that connect devices across larger distances. By connecting computers and devices, networks facilitate the exchange of information and enable collaborative work, resource sharing, and internet access.

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  • 3. 

    A type of handheld computer that has become widely used in recent years is a

    • A.

      Personal digital assistant

    • B.

      IPod

    • C.

      Midrange server

    • D.

      Mainframe computer

    Correct Answer
    A. Personal digital assistant
    Explanation
    A personal digital assistant (PDA) is a type of handheld computer that has gained popularity in recent years. PDAs are small, portable devices that offer a range of functions such as internet access, email, calendar, note-taking, and multimedia capabilities. They are designed to be used by individuals for personal and professional purposes, providing convenience and efficiency. With their compact size and advanced features, PDAs have become widely used as a practical tool for managing tasks, staying organized, and accessing information on the go.

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  • 4. 

    Data and instructions entered into a computer that enable the computer to perform desired tasks are called

    • A.

      Processing

    • B.

      Input

    • C.

      Storage

    • D.

      Controlling

    Correct Answer
    B. Input
    Explanation
    Input refers to the data and instructions that are entered into a computer to enable it to perform desired tasks. This can include information entered through a keyboard, mouse, or other input devices, as well as data received from external sources such as sensors or other computers. The input is processed by the computer's hardware and software to produce an output or perform the desired tasks.

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  • 5. 

    Which wire from the power supply carries 5 volts?

    • A.

      Black

    • B.

      White

    • C.

      Yellow

    • D.

      Red

    Correct Answer
    D. Red
    Explanation
    The red wire from the power supply carries 5 volts. The color coding of wires in a power supply can vary, but red is commonly used to indicate the positive voltage. In this case, the red wire is specifically identified as carrying 5 volts.

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  • 6. 

    You can enter the “Safe Mode” by pressing the __________ key while Windows is loading.

    • A.

      F3

    • B.

      F5

    • C.

      F8

    • D.

      F9

    Correct Answer
    C. F8
    Explanation
    To enter "Safe Mode" while Windows is loading, you need to press the F8 key.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following in NOT a common input device for a computer system?

    • A.

      PC Video Camera

    • B.

      Monitor

    • C.

      Keyboard

    • D.

      Mouse

    Correct Answer
    B. Monitor
    Explanation
    A monitor is not considered a common input device for a computer system because it is primarily an output device. It displays the output of the computer system, such as images, videos, and text, and allows the user to visually interact with the computer. Input devices, on the other hand, are used to provide input to the computer system, such as typing on a keyboard, moving a mouse, or capturing video with a PC video camera. Therefore, a monitor does not fit the criteria of a common input device.

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  • 8. 

    When a computer is first turned on it goes through a sequence of events the first event is:

    • A.

      CMOS

    • B.

      BIOS

    • C.

      POST

    • D.

      Warm Up

    Correct Answer
    C. POST
    Explanation
    When a computer is first turned on, it goes through a sequence of events to initialize and check its hardware components. The correct answer is POST, which stands for Power-On Self Test. During the POST, the computer's BIOS (Basic Input/Output System) performs a series of diagnostic tests to ensure that all hardware components are functioning properly. This includes checking the memory, processor, and other essential hardware. Once the POST is successfully completed, the computer proceeds to boot up the operating system.

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  • 9. 

    A CPU contains

    • A.

      A card reaser and a printing device

    • B.

      An analytical engine and a control unit

    • C.

      A control unit and an arithmetic/logic unit

    • D.

      An arithmetic logic unit and a card reader

    Correct Answer
    C. A control unit and an arithmetic/logic unit
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a control unit and an arithmetic/logic unit. A CPU, or central processing unit, is the main component of a computer that performs most of the processing inside the computer. The control unit is responsible for coordinating and controlling the operations of the CPU, while the arithmetic/logic unit performs mathematical calculations and logical operations. These two components work together to carry out the instructions of a computer program.

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  • 10. 

    A byte is equal to

    • A.

      Four bits or one nibble

    • B.

      Six bits and one nibble

    • C.

      Two bits

    • D.

      Eight bits

    Correct Answer
    D. Eight bits
    Explanation
    A byte is a unit of digital information that consists of 8 bits. Each bit can represent a binary value of either 0 or 1. Therefore, a byte is equal to 8 bits.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following does not have a processor?

    • A.

      Mainframe

    • B.

      PC

    • C.

      PDA

    • D.

      Terminal

    Correct Answer
    D. Terminal
    Explanation
    A terminal does not have a processor. It is a device that allows users to interact with a mainframe or a server remotely. It acts as an input/output device for the mainframe or server, but it does not have its own processing capabilities. The mainframe, PC, and PDA all have processors that enable them to perform various tasks and operations.

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  • 12. 

    An IP address has __________ binary digits.

    • A.

      48

    • B.

      32

    • C.

      16

    • D.

      24

    Correct Answer
    B. 32
    Explanation
    An IP address is a numerical label assigned to each device connected to a computer network. It is used to identify and locate devices on the network. An IP address consists of 32 binary digits, which are divided into four groups of eight bits each, separated by periods. This allows for a total of 2^32 (or approximately 4.3 billion) unique IP addresses to be assigned.

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  • 13. 

    The Internet began with a project sponsored by the Defense Department called:

    • A.

      ISP

    • B.

      WWW

    • C.

      ICAN

    • D.

      ARPANET

    Correct Answer
    D. ARPANET
    Explanation
    ARPANET is the correct answer because it was the project sponsored by the Defense Department that marked the beginning of the Internet. ARPANET, which stands for Advanced Research Projects Agency Network, was the first network to use packet switching technology and interconnected computers at various universities and research institutions. It laid the foundation for the development of the modern Internet and was instrumental in shaping its early infrastructure and protocols.

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  • 14. 

    ________________ software acts as an interface between the user and the computers hardware.

    • A.

      System

    • B.

      Application

    • C.

      Embedded

    • D.

      Custom

    Correct Answer
    A. System
    Explanation
    System software acts as an interface between the user and the computer's hardware. It provides a platform for running application software and manages the computer's resources, such as memory, CPU, and storage. System software includes operating systems, device drivers, and utility programs that enable the user to interact with the computer and perform tasks. It ensures that the hardware components are properly utilized and allows the user to control and manage the computer system effectively. Application software, on the other hand, is designed to perform specific tasks for the user, such as word processing, graphic design, or gaming. Embedded software is specialized software designed to control specific hardware devices, and custom software is developed for specific users or organizations.

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  • 15. 

    What type of software is copyrighted and distributed at no cost for a trial period?

    • A.

      Open Source

    • B.

      Freeware

    • C.

      Shareware

    • D.

      Public-domain

    Correct Answer
    C. Shareware
    Explanation
    Shareware is the correct answer because it refers to software that is copyrighted and distributed at no cost for a trial period. During this trial period, users can evaluate the software before deciding whether to purchase it or not. After the trial period ends, users are typically required to pay for a license to continue using the software.

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  • 16. 

    A _____________ contains a list of commands from which a user can make selections.

    • A.

      File

    • B.

      Windows

    • C.

      Menu

    • D.

      Icon

    Correct Answer
    C. Menu
    Explanation
    A menu is a graphical user interface element that presents a list of options or commands to the user. It allows the user to choose from the available commands by making selections. Therefore, a menu is the correct answer as it fits the description of containing a list of commands for user selection.

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  • 17. 

    When using database software each column is called a:

    • A.

      Field

    • B.

      Record

    • C.

      Chart

    • D.

      Table

    Correct Answer
    A. Field
    Explanation
    When using database software, each column is referred to as a "field." A field represents a specific category of data within a table, such as a person's name, age, or address. It is used to organize and store individual pieces of information within a database. Fields are essential for structuring and categorizing data, enabling efficient storage, retrieval, and analysis of information in a database system.

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  • 18. 

    1,073,741,824 bytes is usually referred to as :

    • A.

      1 kilobyte

    • B.

      1 megabyte

    • C.

      1 gigabyte

    • D.

      1 terabyte

    Correct Answer
    C. 1 gigabyte
    Explanation
    1,073,741,824 bytes is usually referred to as 1 gigabyte because in the binary system, a gigabyte is equal to 2^30 bytes, which is approximately 1,073,741,824 bytes. This unit of measurement is commonly used to represent large amounts of data storage in computer systems.

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  • 19. 

    Random Access Memory (RAM) is also called______________ memory.

    • A.

      Primary

    • B.

      Secondary

    • C.

      Board

    • D.

      Main

    Correct Answer
    D. Main
    Explanation
    RAM is commonly referred to as "Main" memory because it is the primary memory in a computer system where data and instructions are stored temporarily while the computer is running. It is called "Random Access Memory" because it allows the computer to access any data stored in it directly, regardless of the location, which makes it a crucial component for the computer's performance. Primary, Secondary, and Board memory are not accurate terms to describe RAM, as they do not specifically refer to the main memory of a computer.

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  • 20. 

    What type of computer port transfers more that one bit at a time?

    • A.

      USB

    • B.

      Serial

    • C.

      Parallel

    • D.

      Mouse

    Correct Answer
    C. Parallel
    Explanation
    Parallel ports are designed to transfer multiple bits of data simultaneously. Unlike serial ports, which transmit data one bit at a time, parallel ports can transfer several bits simultaneously, making them faster for data transfer. Therefore, parallel is the correct answer for the type of computer port that transfers more than one bit at a time.

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  • 21. 

    _________________ is the number of bits a processor can interpret at a given time.

    • A.

      Word size

    • B.

      Bus width

    • C.

      Bit cycles

    • D.

      Bits per second

    Correct Answer
    A. Word size
    Explanation
    The word size is the number of bits a processor can interpret at a given time. It determines the maximum size of data that the processor can handle in a single operation. A larger word size allows for more efficient processing as it can handle larger chunks of data at once, leading to faster calculations and improved performance.

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  • 22. 

    In a word processing program you can ______________________ to select a whole paragraph.

    • A.

      Since click

    • B.

      Double click

    • C.

      Triple click

    • D.

      Left click

    Correct Answer
    C. Triple click
    Explanation
    In a word processing program, you can triple click to select a whole paragraph. Triple clicking means clicking the left mouse button three times in quick succession. This action highlights the entire paragraph, making it easier to edit or format the text as needed.

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  • 23. 

    The system clock inside a computer ensures that the

    • A.

      Computer user will always konw the correct time

    • B.

      Computer will run faster than one without a system clock

    • C.

      Activities of the computer will be properly synchronized

    • D.

      Computer will be able to address a 32-bit data bus

    Correct Answer
    C. Activities of the computer will be properly synchronized
    Explanation
    The system clock inside a computer ensures that the activities of the computer will be properly synchronized. The system clock acts as a timing mechanism for the computer's processes and operations. It provides a consistent and regulated timing signal that allows different components of the computer to coordinate their actions effectively. This synchronization ensures that tasks are executed in the correct order and that data is transferred accurately between different parts of the computer, leading to efficient and reliable operation.

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  • 24. 

    The parts of the information processing cycle are

    • A.

      Fetching, decoding, executing, and storing

    • B.

      Fetching, comparing, interpreting, and outputing

    • C.

      Inputting, interpreting, processing, and outputing

    • D.

      Inputing, processing, outputing, and storing

    Correct Answer
    D. Inputing, processing, outputing, and storing
    Explanation
    The information processing cycle involves several stages. First, data or instructions are inputted into the system. Then, the system processes this input by performing calculations, making decisions, or manipulating the data. After processing, the system outputs the results in a usable format, such as displaying information on a screen or printing it out. Finally, the system stores the processed data or instructions for future use. Therefore, the correct answer is "inputing, processing, outputing, and storing."

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  • 25. 

    The smallest of disk space is called the:

    • A.

      Track

    • B.

      Cylinder

    • C.

      Cluster

    • D.

      Sector

    Correct Answer
    C. Cluster
    Explanation
    A cluster is the smallest unit of disk space. It is a group of sectors that are allocated together to store a single file or part of a file. Clusters are used to organize and manage data on a disk, and the size of a cluster can vary depending on the file system and the size of the disk. By allocating space in clusters, the disk can efficiently store and retrieve data, reducing fragmentation and optimizing storage capacity.

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  • 26. 

    Software stored on a ROM is called firmware.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Firmware refers to software that is permanently stored on a read-only memory (ROM) chip. It is typically used to control the basic functions of hardware devices. Unlike regular software, firmware is not easily changeable or upgradable by the user. Therefore, the statement that software stored on a ROM is called firmware is true.

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  • 27. 

    A workstation controls access to resources on a network.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A workstation is a personal computer or terminal that is connected to a network but does not control access to resources on the network. Workstations are typically used by individual users for tasks such as word processing, browsing the internet, or running applications. The control of network resources is usually managed by servers or network devices such as routers or switches. Therefore, the statement that a workstation controls access to resources on a network is false.

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  • 28. 

    The system of pathways used for transmission on a motherboard are called a bus.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A bus is a system of pathways on a motherboard that allows for the transmission of data between different components. It acts as a communication channel, enabling the transfer of information and signals between the CPU, memory, and other peripherals. Therefore, the statement that the system of pathways used for transmission on a motherboard is called a bus is true.

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  • 29. 

    Ram memory is lost when power is lost.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    When power is lost, the RAM (Random Access Memory) loses all the data stored in it. RAM is a volatile memory that requires continuous power supply to retain its data. Unlike permanent storage devices like hard drives or SSDs, RAM does not have the ability to retain data without power. Therefore, when the power is lost, all the data stored in RAM is lost as well.

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  • 30. 

    A hard drive cable has 34 pins.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A hard drive cable typically has 34 pins. These pins are used to connect the hard drive to the motherboard or controller, allowing for data transfer and communication between the two. The number of pins can vary depending on the type of hard drive and the specific cable being used, but 34 pins is a common configuration. Therefore, the statement "A hard drive cable has 34 pins" is true.

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  • 31. 

    The IEEE standard 1394 refers to USB .

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because the IEEE standard 1394 does not refer to USB. The IEEE standard 1394, also known as FireWire, is a high-speed serial bus standard used for connecting devices such as computers, digital cameras, and external hard drives. USB, on the other hand, stands for Universal Serial Bus and is a different standard used for connecting various peripherals to a computer.

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  • 32. 

    The vertical scan rate in a monitor refers to the refresh rate.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the vertical scan rate in a monitor indeed refers to the refresh rate. The refresh rate is the number of times per second that a display refreshes its image. It is measured in Hertz (Hz) and determines how smoothly the images on the screen are displayed. A higher refresh rate results in less flickering and a more fluid visual experience, while a lower refresh rate may cause noticeable flickering and motion blur. Therefore, the vertical scan rate and the refresh rate are closely related in terms of determining the quality of the display.

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  • 33. 

    An administrator can set user disk quotas, which limit how much hard disk space a user can access.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    An administrator has the ability to set user disk quotas, which means they can restrict the amount of hard disk space that a user can utilize. This can be useful in managing and controlling the allocation of storage resources within a system. By implementing disk quotas, administrators can ensure that users do not exceed their allocated space and prevent any potential issues such as disk space shortages or performance degradation.

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  • 34. 

    Hard drives are configured as master or slave in the CMOS.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
  • 35. 

    A useful TCP/IP utility to test for connectivity is ECHO.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. The correct TCP/IP utility to test for connectivity is the Ping utility, not the ECHO utility. The Ping utility sends an Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) Echo Request message to the target IP address and waits for an Echo Reply message. This helps to determine if the target host is reachable and if there is a network connection between the source and target hosts. The ECHO utility, on the other hand, is used to send an echo message to a host and receive an echo reply message, but it does not provide the same level of connectivity testing as the Ping utility.

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  • 36. 

    Routers are present at the Transport Layer of the OSI model.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Routers are actually present at the Network Layer of the OSI model, not the Transport Layer. The Transport Layer is responsible for end-to-end communication and ensures reliable delivery of data between hosts. On the other hand, the Network Layer handles routing and forwarding of data packets across different networks. Routers operate at this layer by examining the destination IP address of incoming packets and making decisions on how to forward them to the appropriate next hop. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 37. 

    URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator, which is a reference or address that identifies a resource on the internet. It is commonly used to access web pages, files, images, and other resources on the World Wide Web. Therefore, the statement "URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator" is true.

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  • 38. 

    Tower computer cases are mainly used as horizontal desktop machines.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Tower computer cases are not mainly used as horizontal desktop machines. Instead, tower computer cases are primarily designed to be used as vertical desktop machines. These cases are tall and narrow, allowing for easy placement on the floor or on top of a desk. They are designed to accommodate multiple expansion slots and larger cooling systems, making them ideal for gaming or high-performance computing.

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  • 39. 

    When an application is started on a computer the program is actually loaded from memory onto a hard disk.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    When an application is started on a computer, the program is not loaded from memory onto a hard disk. Instead, it is loaded from the hard disk into memory. This is because the computer needs to access and execute the program's instructions, which are stored in memory, in order to run the application. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 40. 

    A macro is a sequence of keystrokes and instructions that a user records and saves.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A macro is a feature in computer programs that allows users to record a sequence of keystrokes and instructions and save them for future use. This can be helpful for automating repetitive tasks or creating shortcuts. By selecting the "True" option, it acknowledges that a macro is indeed a sequence of keystrokes and instructions that can be recorded and saved by the user.

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  • 41. 

    A template is a document that contains the formatting necessary for a specific document type.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A template is a pre-designed document that includes the necessary formatting for a specific document type. It serves as a starting point for creating new documents with consistent formatting. Templates are commonly used in word processing software to ensure that documents such as letters, resumes, or reports adhere to a specific layout and style. By using templates, users can save time and effort by not having to manually format each document from scratch. Therefore, the statement "A template is a document that contains the formatting necessary for a specific document type" is true.

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  • 42. 

    A boot sector virus attaches itself to files so it can deliver it’s payload at a specific time.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A boot sector virus does not attach itself to files. Instead, it infects the boot sector of a computer's hard drive or floppy disk. This allows it to execute its payload during the boot process, before the operating system is loaded. Therefore, the statement that a boot sector virus attaches itself to files is incorrect.

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  • 43. 

    A file manager utility provides functions related to file management and disk management.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A file manager utility is a software tool that allows users to manage their files and folders on a computer system. It typically provides functions such as creating, deleting, copying, and moving files, as well as organizing them into folders. Additionally, a file manager utility may also offer disk management features like formatting disks, partitioning drives, and managing storage space. Therefore, it is correct to say that a file manager utility provides functions related to both file management and disk management.

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  • 44. 

    Virus protection software shrinks the size of files so they take up less room on the disk.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Virus protection software does not shrink the size of files to take up less room on the disk. Its main purpose is to detect, prevent, and remove viruses and malware from a computer system. File compression software, on the other hand, is designed to reduce the size of files to save disk space. Therefore, the given statement is false.

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  • 45. 

    A power supply is found in the hard drive of the computer

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A power supply is not found in the hard drive of a computer. The power supply is a separate component that provides power to all the components of a computer, including the hard drive. The hard drive itself is a storage device that stores data and does not have its own power supply.

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  • 46. 

    Fetching is the process of obtaining instruction from memory so the CPU can decode it.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because fetching is indeed the process of obtaining instructions from memory so that the CPU can decode them. In order for the CPU to execute instructions, it needs to retrieve them from memory, and this retrieval process is known as fetching. Once the instructions are fetched, the CPU can then proceed to decode and execute them. Therefore, the given statement accurately describes the process of fetching in relation to the CPU's operation.

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  • 47. 

    The system clock inside a computer is also used as a real-time clock.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The system clock inside a computer is not used as a real-time clock. While the system clock is responsible for keeping track of time within the computer's operating system, it is not designed to accurately keep track of real-world time. A real-time clock, on the other hand, is a separate component that is specifically designed to keep track of the current time and date.

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  • 48. 

    Static RAM is much faster than dynamic RAM.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Static RAM (SRAM) is indeed faster than dynamic RAM (DRAM). SRAM uses flip-flops to store data, which allows for faster access times since the data is stored in a stable state. On the other hand, DRAM uses capacitors to store data, which requires constant refreshing to maintain the information, leading to slower access times. SRAM is commonly used in cache memory due to its speed, while DRAM is used for main memory due to its higher density and lower cost. Overall, the statement that SRAM is much faster than DRAM is true.

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  • 49. 

    A light pen is a device that emits light that is detected by a monitor.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A light pen is not a device that emits light, but rather a device that detects light emitted by a monitor. It is used to interact with a computer screen by pointing at specific areas or objects on the screen.

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  • Mar 22, 2023
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    Michalik.rm
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