1.
Which number should come next in this series?
25,24,22,19,15
Correct Answer
D. 10
Explanation
The series is decreasing by a certain number each time. The pattern appears to be subtracting 1, then subtracting 2, then subtracting 3, and so on. The first number, 25, is subtracted by 1 to get 24. Then, 24 is subtracted by 2 to get 22. Following this pattern, 22 is subtracted by 3 to get 19, and 19 is subtracted by 4 to get 15. Therefore, the next number in the series should be 15 subtracted by 5, which equals 10.
2.
Which one of the five is least like the other four?
Correct Answer
C. Snake
Explanation
The other four options (cow, tiger, dog, bear) are all mammals, while a snake is a reptile. The distinction lies in their biological classification, as mammals have hair or fur, give live birth, and nurse their young, whereas reptiles like snakes have scales, lay eggs, and do not nurse their young.
3.
If you rearrange the letters "BARBIT", you would have the name of a:
Correct Answer
E. Animal
Explanation
By rearranging the letters "BARBIT", we can form the word "RABBIT", which is the name of an animal.
4.
Which one of the five is least like the other four?
Correct Answer
E. Apple
Explanation
All the given options (potato, carrot, bean, corn) are vegetables, while apple is a fruit. Therefore, apple is least like the other four options because it belongs to a different category.
5.
Nia, twelve years old, is three times as old as her sister. How old will Nia be when she is twice as old as her sister?
Correct Answer
C. 16
Explanation
Nia is currently 12 years old and three times as old as her sister, making her sister 4 years old. To find out how old Nia will be when she is twice as old as her sister, we need to calculate the age difference between them. Currently, Nia is 8 years older than her sister. Therefore, when her sister reaches 8 years old, Nia will be 16 years old, which is twice her sister's age. So, the correct answer is 16.
6.
Which one of the five makes the best comparison? Brother is to sister as niece is to:
Correct Answer
E. Nephew
Explanation
The best comparison for "Brother is to sister" would be "niece is to nephew" because in both cases, the relationship is between siblings. Just as a brother and sister are siblings, a niece and nephew are also siblings, but in this case, they are the children of different siblings. Therefore, "nephew" is the correct answer for the given analogy.
7.
Which one of the five letters is least like the other four?
Correct Answer
E. E
Explanation
The letter "E" is the only vowel among the given options, while the other four letters ("N," "F," "A," and "Z") are all consonants. This makes "E" different from the rest and the least like the other four letters.
8.
Which one of the five makes the best comparison?Milk is to glass as letter is to:
Correct Answer
C. Envelope
Explanation
Milk is commonly served in a glass, so the comparison is between the container and the contents. Similarly, a letter is typically placed inside an envelope, making "letter is to envelope" the best comparison. The other options do not have the same direct relationship as milk to glass.
9.
Which of the five is least like the other four?
Correct Answer
E.
10.
Which of the following words is closest in meaning to APPREHENSIVE?
Correct Answer
C. Anxious
Explanation
Anxious is the closest word in meaning to apprehensive. Apprehensive means feeling worried or uneasy about something that may happen in the future. Similarly, anxious also refers to feeling uneasy or worried about a future event or outcome. Therefore, anxious is the most suitable synonym for apprehensive among the given options.
11.
LIGHT BULB is to FILAMENT as WHEEL is to:
Correct Answer
C. Spoke
Explanation
The analogy in this question is based on the part-whole relationship. A light bulb contains a filament, which is a component of the light bulb. Similarly, a wheel contains spokes, which are components of the wheel. Therefore, the correct answer is "Spoke."
12.
Two people can make 2 bicycles in 2 hours. How many people are needed to make 12 bicycles in 6 hours?
Correct Answer
B. 4
Explanation
If two people can make 2 bicycles in 2 hours, it means that each person can make 1 bicycle in 2 hours. Therefore, in 6 hours, each person can make 3 bicycles. To make 12 bicycles in 6 hours, we would need 4 people, as each person can make 3 bicycles.
13.
A store reduced the price of one of its products by 25 percent. What percentage of the reduced price must it be increased by putting the product back to its original price?
Correct Answer
A. 33 percent
Explanation
When the store reduces the price of a product by 25 percent, it means the price is now at 75 percent of its original price. To increase the price back to its original value, the store needs to find the percentage increase from 75 percent to 100 percent. This can be calculated by dividing the difference between 100 percent and 75 percent (25 percent) by 75 percent and multiplying by 100. The result is 33 percent, which is the percentage by which the reduced price must be increased to return to the original price.
14.
Correct Answer
A
15.
SOLICITOR is to ADVISOR as SYCOPHANT is to:
Correct Answer
B. Fawner
Explanation
The relationship between the words in the first pair is that a solicitor is a type of advisor. Therefore, in order to maintain a similar relationship in the second pair, the word that would fit is "fawner," as a sycophant is a type of fawner.
16.
Which one of the five makes the best comparison?
CAACCAC is to 3113313 as CACAACAC is to:
Correct Answer
B. 31311313
Explanation
In the given question, the pattern is that the letters "C" and "A" alternate, and the numbers increase by 1 each time. Applying this pattern to the second set, we get CACAACAC. The numbers in the second set should increase by 1 each time, so the correct answer is 31311313.
17.
Jack is taller than Peter, and Bill is shorter than Jack.
Which of the following statements would be more accurate?
Correct Answer
D. It is impossible to tell whether Bill or Peter is taller
Explanation
Based on the given information, we know that Jack is taller than Peter and Bill is shorter than Jack. However, we do not have any direct comparison between Bill and Peter. Therefore, we cannot determine who is taller between Bill and Peter. Hence, the most accurate statement is that it is impossible to tell whether Bill or Peter is taller.
18.
The price of an article was cut 20% for a sale.
By what percent must the discounted item be increased to again sell the article at the original price?
Correct Answer
C. 25%
Explanation
When the price of an article is cut by 20% for a sale, it means that the sale price is 80% of the original price. To find out by what percent the discounted item must be increased to sell the article at the original price, we need to calculate the percentage increase from 80% to 100%.
To do this, we can use the formula: ((New Value - Original Value) / Original Value) * 100. Plugging in the values, ((100 - 80) / 80) * 100 = 25%. Therefore, the discounted item must be increased by 25% to again sell the article at the original price.
19.
Which one of the five is least like the other four?
Correct Answer
A. Brass
Explanation
Brass is the only alloy among the given options, whereas copper, iron, tin, and lead are all pure metals. An alloy is a mixture of two or more metals, and brass is specifically a combination of copper and zinc. Therefore, brass is the least like the other four options in terms of its composition.
20.
Mary had a number of cookies. After eating one, she gave half the remainder to her sister. After eating another cookie, she gave half of what was left to her brother. Mary now had only five cookies left. How many cookies did she start with?
Correct Answer
C. 23
Explanation
Mary started with 23 cookies. After eating one, she had 22 cookies remaining. She gave half of the remainder (11 cookies) to her sister, leaving her with 11 cookies. After eating another cookie, she gave half of what was left (5 cookies) to her brother, leaving her with 5 cookies. Therefore, Mary started with 23 cookies.
21.
Is there a 4th of July in England?
Correct Answer
A. Yes
Explanation
The 4th of July is a specific date that is associated with the Independence Day of the United States. It commemorates the day when the United States declared its independence from Great Britain in 1776. Therefore, the 4th of July is not a recognized holiday in England, as it has no historical significance for them. However, it is important to note that England does have its own national holiday, which is celebrated on the 23rd of April and is known as St. George's Day.
22.
How many birthdays does the average man have?
Correct Answer
A. 1
Explanation
The average man has one birthday. This is because a birthday refers to the day a person is born, and a person only has one day they were born. However, every year, the person celebrates their birthday, so they have one celebration of their birth each year.
23.
Some months have 31 days; how many have 28?
Correct Answer
E. 12
Explanation
All months have at least 28 days, as the shortest month, February, has 28 days. Therefore, all 12 months have 28 days or more.
24.
How many animals of each sex did Moses take on the ark?
Correct Answer
D. 0
Explanation
The question is a trick question because it references Moses taking animals on the ark, which is incorrect. In the Bible, it was Noah who took animals on the ark, not Moses. Therefore, the correct answer is 0, as Moses did not take any animals on the ark.