Introduction To Geography Unit Test: Quiz

Reviewed by Marques Hayes
Marques Hayes, BA (Geography) |
Geography
Review Board Member
Marques is a highly skilled Geospatial Analyst and GIS professional with a BA in Geography from Kennesaw State University, bringing a robust educational background to his work. Detail-oriented and organized, he is deeply committed to advancing the field of geography through his proficiency in geospatial analysis. Additionally, he actively contributes to the enhancement of geographic education by meticulously reviewing geography quizzes, ensuring accuracy and educational value for students and enthusiasts alike.
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Introduction To Geography Unit Test: Quiz - Quiz


Take the Introduction to geography unit test: quiz. Studying geography gives one the chance to understand the world we live in and the different features within it. Do you know where the tallest mountain in the world can be found, what the time zones are in different parts of the world, or how actually to read a map? This quiz will provide you with some insight. Give it a try, and keep an eye out for more like it!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is geography?

    • A.

      The study of names of countries, states , and cities

    • B.

      The study of how to prevent and clean up pollution

    • C.

      The study of the Earth and its people

    • D.

      The study of rocks, minerals, and soils of Earth

    Correct Answer
    C. The study of the Earth and its people
    Explanation
    Geography is the study of the Earth and its people. It involves examining the physical features, climate, and natural resources of the Earth, as well as understanding how human populations interact with and shape their environment. This field of study encompasses a wide range of topics, including landforms, ecosystems, cultures, economies, and political systems. By studying geography, we gain insights into the relationships between people and their surroundings, and how these interactions influence the world we live in.

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  • 2. 

    What is a hemisphere and which part do we live in?

    • A.

      Half the earth; western

    • B.

      0 degrees longitude; western

    • C.

      0 degrees latitude; eastern

    • D.

      Half the earth; eastern

    Correct Answer
    A. Half the earth; western
    Explanation
    A hemisphere refers to half of the Earth. In this context, the correct answer is "half the earth; western." This means that we live in the western hemisphere. The Earth is divided into the eastern and western hemispheres, with the Prime Meridian (0 degrees longitude) serving as the dividing line. The western hemisphere includes North America, South America, and parts of Europe, Africa, and Antarctica.

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  • 3. 

    Another name for 0 degrees latitude is the _________________________

    • A.

      Hemisphere

    • B.

      Equator

    • C.

      Tropic of Cancer

    • D.

      Prime Meridian

    Correct Answer
    B. Equator
    Explanation
    The equator is another name for 0 degrees latitude. It is an imaginary line that divides the Earth into the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere. The equator is located halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole and is the widest part of the Earth. It is called the equator because it is equidistant from the poles, and it marks the starting point for measuring latitude.

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  • 4. 

    The only accurate representation of the Earth is the __________________.

    • A.

      Globe

    • B.

      Mercator Projection

    • C.

      Robinson Projection

    • D.

      Colored picture

    Correct Answer
    A. Globe
    Explanation
    The globe is the only accurate representation of the Earth because it is a three-dimensional model that accurately depicts the Earth's shape and proportions. Unlike flat maps, which distort the size and shape of landmasses and bodies of water, a globe provides a true representation of the Earth's features. It allows for a more accurate understanding of the Earth's geography, including the relative sizes and distances between continents, countries, and oceans.

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  • 5. 

    The reason that there are different time zones is because _________.

    • A.

      Throughout the year the North Pole receives little light from the sun

    • B.

      The Earth makes one revolution around the sun every 365 days

    • C.

      The Earth rotates on its axis causing only part of the Earth to receive light

    • D.

      The sun shines on only the northern hemisphere from June through December

    Correct Answer
    C. The Earth rotates on its axis causing only part of the Earth to receive light
    Explanation
    The reason that there are different time zones is because the Earth rotates on its axis causing only part of the Earth to receive light. This rotation creates different time zones as different regions experience daylight and darkness at different times.

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  • 6. 

    A bar scale is used on a map to help

    • A.

      Tell who published the map

    • B.

      Show capitals and countries

    • C.

      Determine elevation above sea level

    • D.

      determine distance from point to point

    Correct Answer
    D. determine distance from point to point
    Explanation
    A bar scale is used on a map to determine the distance from one point to another. It provides a visual representation of the map's scale, allowing users to measure distances accurately. By comparing the length of the bar scale to the corresponding distance on the map, individuals can calculate the actual distance between two locations on the map. This is helpful for planning routes, estimating travel times, and understanding the spatial relationships between different points on the map.

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  • 7. 

    What country is located at 30 degrees south and 22 degrees east?

    • A.

      Argentina

    • B.

      Libya

    • C.

      Brazil

    • D.

      South Africa

    Correct Answer
    D. South Africa
    Explanation
    South Africa is located at 30 degrees south and 22 degrees east. This can be determined by looking at the coordinates given in the question.

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  • 8. 

    What is the absolute location of Jakarta, Indonesia?

    • A.

      7 degrees north and 108 degrees west

    • B.

      7 degrees south and 108 degrees east

    • C.

      165 degrees north and 108 degrees east

    • D.

      135 degrees north and 7 degrees east

    Correct Answer
    B. 7 degrees south and 108 degrees east
    Explanation
    The absolute location of Jakarta, Indonesia is 7 degrees south and 108 degrees east. This means that Jakarta is located 7 degrees below the equator and 108 degrees to the east of the Prime Meridian.

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  • 9. 

    Which statement best describes the religions of Asia?

    • A.

      Asia is mainly a Christian continent.

    • B.

      There are several different types of religion practiced in Asia.

    • C.

      Hinduism is the main religion in Asia.

    • D.

      Eastern Asia is mostly Judaism.

    Correct Answer
    B. There are several different types of religion practiced in Asia.
    Explanation
    The given answer accurately describes the religions of Asia. Asia is a diverse continent with a wide range of religions practiced, including Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Sikhism, and various forms of indigenous and folk religions. Therefore, the statement "There are several different types of religion practiced in Asia" is the best description of the religions in Asia.

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  • 10. 

    Lines of ________________ meet at the north and south poles and are measured east and west of the Prime Meridian

    • A.

      Latitude

    • B.

      Tropics

    • C.

      Longitude

    Correct Answer
    C. Longitude
    Explanation
    Lines of longitude meet at the north and south poles and are measured east and west of the Prime Meridian. Longitude is a geographical coordinate that helps determine a location's position in the east-west direction on the Earth's surface. It is represented by a series of vertical lines that run from the North Pole to the South Pole. The Prime Meridian, located in Greenwich, England, serves as the reference point for measuring longitude. By using longitude, one can accurately determine the specific location of a place on the Earth's surface.

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  • 11. 

    Lines of ______________________ run across the globe and are measure north and south of the equator.

    • A.

      Latitude

    • B.

      Prime meridian

    • C.

      Longitude

    Correct Answer
    A. Latitude
    Explanation
    Latitude lines run across the globe and measure north and south of the equator. These lines are used to determine the distance of a location from the equator, ranging from 0° at the equator to 90° at the North and South Poles. Therefore, latitude is the correct answer.

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  • 12. 

    Time zones are generally based on lines of ____________________________.

    • A.

      Equator

    • B.

      Latitude

    • C.

      Longitude

    Correct Answer
    C. Longitude
    Explanation
    Time zones are generally based on lines of longitude. Longitude is the angular distance east or west of the prime meridian, which runs through Greenwich, England. By dividing the Earth into 24 time zones, each approximately 15 degrees of longitude wide, we can standardize time across different regions. As the Earth rotates, different parts of the world experience daylight and darkness at different times. Time zones help coordinate timekeeping and ensure that people in the same region are on the same time.

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  • 13. 

    If it is 8 am in Brevard, what time is it in Moscow, Russia?

    • A.

      12 noon

    • B.

      4 am

    • C.

      8 pm

    • D.

      4 pm

    Correct Answer
    D. 4 pm
    Explanation
    Moscow, Russia is 8 hours ahead of Brevard. Therefore, if it is 8 am in Brevard, it would be 4 pm in Moscow, Russia.

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  • 14. 

    If it is 8 am in Brevard, what time is it in Anchorage, Alaska?

    • A.

      12 noon

    • B.

      4 am

    • C.

      8 pm

    • D.

      4 pm

    Correct Answer
    B. 4 am
    Explanation
    Brevard is in the Eastern Time Zone, which is 4 hours ahead of Anchorage, Alaska. Therefore, if it is 8 am in Brevard, it would be 4 am in Anchorage.

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  • 15. 

    The important idea to remember about map projections (taking the 3D Earth and showing it on a flat piece of paper) is that ______________________________.

    • A.

      There are distortions or inaccuracies in various projections

    • B.

      The Robinson projection never shows the equator

    • C.

      North America is hard to find on map projections

    Correct Answer
    A. There are distortions or inaccuracies in various projections
    Explanation
    Map projections involve the process of representing the 3D Earth on a 2D surface, such as a flat piece of paper. However, due to the inherent differences in the shapes of the Earth and a flat surface, distortions or inaccuracies are inevitable in various projections. These distortions can affect the accuracy of measurements, distances, shapes, or areas on the map. Therefore, it is important to be aware of these distortions when using map projections for navigation, analysis, or any other purpose.

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  • 16. 

    _____________________ is both a continent and a country.

    • A.

      Russia

    • B.

      Australia

    • C.

      United States

    • D.

      Brazil

    Correct Answer
    B. Australia
    Explanation
    Australia is both a continent and a country. It is the only country that is also considered a continent. It is located in the southern hemisphere and is the world's sixth-largest country by total area. Australia is known for its diverse landscapes, including the Great Barrier Reef, the Outback, and beautiful beaches. It is home to unique wildlife, such as kangaroos, koalas, and the iconic Sydney Opera House. Australia's status as a continent and a country sets it apart from the other options listed.

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  • 17. 

    __________________________ is the largest continent.

    • A.

      Africa

    • B.

      Russia

    • C.

      North America

    • D.

      Asia

    Correct Answer
    D. Asia
    Explanation
    Asia is the largest continent based on both land area and population. It covers about 30% of the Earth's land area and is home to over 4.6 billion people, which is more than half of the world's population. With its vast size and diverse geography, Asia includes various countries such as China, India, Russia, Japan, and many more. Its landmass extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Pacific Ocean. Therefore, Asia is the correct answer for the largest continent.

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  • 18. 

    Where do you find most of the tundra in the world?

    • A.

      Northern latitudes

    • B.

      Eastern hemisphere

    • C.

      Southern latitudes

    • D.

      Western hemisphere

    Correct Answer
    A. Northern latitudes
    Explanation
    Most of the tundra in the world is found in northern latitudes. Tundra is a biome characterized by cold temperatures, low precipitation, and a short growing season. It is found in the northernmost parts of North America, Europe, and Asia, including regions such as Alaska, northern Canada, Scandinavia, and Siberia. The cold climate and short growing season make it difficult for trees to grow, resulting in a landscape dominated by grasses, mosses, and lichens.

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  • 19. 

    Northern Africa is mostly ___________________ climate.

    • A.

      Semiarid

    • B.

      Humid subtropical

    • C.

      Dry desert

    • D.

      Tropical wet

    Correct Answer
    C. Dry desert
    Explanation
    Northern Africa is mostly characterized by a dry desert climate. This is due to the region's location in the Sahara Desert, which covers a large portion of the area. The dry desert climate is characterized by extremely hot temperatures, very little rainfall, and low humidity. These conditions make it difficult for vegetation to grow and sustain life. The lack of precipitation and high temperatures create a harsh and arid environment, with sparse vegetation and limited water resources.

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  • 20. 

    Read the cartogram below. Which area of the world did not have many personal computers in 2004?

    • A.

      Europe and India

    • B.

      India and North America

    • C.

      South America and North America

    • D.

      Africa and India

    Correct Answer
    D. Africa and India
    Explanation
    In the cartogram, the size of each country is distorted based on the number of personal computers in that country. By comparing the sizes of the regions, it can be observed that Africa and India have smaller sizes compared to the other regions, indicating that they did not have many personal computers in 2004.

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  • 21. 

    Read the cartogram below.  Which two countries in the world have more people than any other country?  

    • A.

      United States and China

    • B.

      Brazil and France

    • C.

      China and India

    • D.

      Australia and India

    Correct Answer
    C. China and India
    Explanation
    China and India have more people than any other country in the world. This can be determined by looking at the population sizes of the countries on the cartogram. The cartogram visually represents the population of each country, and China and India appear to have the largest populations based on their size on the map.

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  • 22. 

    The following cartogram is about carbon emissions. Read the following sentences and determine which one most accurately represents the map.

    • A.

      South America and Africa lead the way in carbon emission emissions

    • B.

      India is a major player in carbon emissions

    • C.

      Central America contributes the most to carbon emissions.

    • D.

      United States seems to be leading the way in carbon emissions

    Correct Answer
    D. United States seems to be leading the way in carbon emissions
  • 23. 

    What can you infer from the following cartogram about Child Mortality?  

    • A.

      India is able to provide good health care for its mothers and children.

    • B.

      Better health care in countries like Japan and Australi lead to fewer children dieing from diseases.

    • C.

      Canada does not provide very good medical care for its childre when it is compared to countries like India.

    • D.

      South America has the same degree of problems as Africa when it comes to health care for its children.

    Correct Answer
    B. Better health care in countries like Japan and Australi lead to fewer children dieing from diseases.
    Explanation
    The given cartogram suggests that countries like Japan and Australia have better health care systems, resulting in fewer children dying from diseases. This inference can be made based on the comparison between these countries and others mentioned in the statement, such as India and Canada. The cartogram likely shows the child mortality rates in different countries, indicating that countries with better health care have lower child mortality rates.

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  • 24. 

    This ocean is located east of Africa and south of Asia.

    • A.

      Atlantic Ocean

    • B.

      Pacific Ocean

    • C.

      Indian Ocean

    • D.

      Arctic Ocean

    Correct Answer
    C. Indian Ocean
    Explanation
    The Indian Ocean is located east of Africa and south of Asia. It is the third-largest ocean in the world and is bounded by the Indian subcontinent, the Arabian Peninsula, and the islands of Indonesia. It is known for its warm waters, diverse marine life, and important trade routes.

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  • 25. 

    This ocean is located east of North America and west of Europe and Africa.

    • A.

      Atlantic Ocean

    • B.

      Pacific Ocean

    • C.

      Indian Ocean

    • D.

      Arctic Ocean

    Correct Answer
    A. Atlantic Ocean
    Explanation
    The Atlantic Ocean is located east of North America and west of Europe and Africa. It is the second largest ocean in the world, covering approximately 20% of the Earth's surface. It is known for its strong ocean currents, including the Gulf Stream, which influences the climate of the surrounding regions. The Atlantic Ocean is also home to various marine species and important shipping routes, making it a significant body of water for trade and transportation.

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  • 26. 

    This line goes around the circumference of the Earth.

    • A.

      Prime Meridian

    • B.

      International Date Line

    • C.

      The North Pole

    • D.

      Equator

    Correct Answer
    D. Equator
    Explanation
    The equator is an imaginary line that runs around the middle of the Earth, dividing it into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. It is the line of latitude that is equidistant from the North and South Poles. Since it is a circle that goes around the Earth's circumference, the equator is the correct answer.

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  • 27. 

    This continent is on the same landmass as Asia.

    • A.

      Africa

    • B.

      Europe

    • C.

      Australia

    • D.

      North America

    Correct Answer
    B. Europe
    Explanation
    Europe is the correct answer because it is the only continent on the same landmass as Asia. Europe and Asia are part of the same landmass called Eurasia, which is connected by the land bridge formed by the Ural Mountains. Africa, Australia, and North America are separate landmasses and not directly connected to Asia.

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  • 28. 

    Which type of map shows the borders of countries and cities?

    • A.

      Topographical

    • B.

      Political

    • C.

      Physical

    • D.

      Satellite

    Correct Answer
    B. Political
    Explanation
    A political map shows the borders of countries and cities. It focuses on the political boundaries and divisions of a region, including the borders between countries, states, provinces, and cities. It provides information about the administrative and political structure of an area, making it useful for understanding the political geography of a region. This type of map is commonly used for educational and reference purposes, as well as for planning and analyzing political and social phenomena.

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  • 29. 

    What type of map is pictured below?

    • A.

      Cartogram

    • B.

      Political

    • C.

      Satellite

    • D.

      Contour

    Correct Answer
    D. Contour
    Explanation
    The type of map pictured below is a contour map. Contour maps are used to represent the elevation or topography of an area. They use contour lines to show areas of equal elevation, allowing the viewer to visualize the terrain and understand the shape and steepness of the land. This type of map is commonly used in geography, geology, and outdoor recreational activities.

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  • 30. 

    What body of water is located south of Europe and the north of Africa?

    • A.

      Mediterranean Sea

    • B.

      Atlantic Ocean

    • C.

      Pacific Ocean

    • D.

      Arctic Ocean

    Correct Answer
    A. Mediterranean Sea
    Explanation
    The Mediterranean Sea is located south of Europe and north of Africa. It is a large body of water that is connected to the Atlantic Ocean through the Strait of Gibraltar. The Mediterranean Sea is known for its rich history, diverse cultures, and popular tourist destinations such as the French Riviera, Greek islands, and Italian coastline. It is an important waterway for trade and transportation, and it also supports a variety of marine life.

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  • 31. 

    Another name for 0 degrees longitude is the ______________________.

    • A.

      Hemisphere

    • B.

      Equator

    • C.

      Tropic of Capricorn

    • D.

      Prime Meridian

    Correct Answer
    D. Prime Meridian
    Explanation
    The Prime Meridian is the line of 0 degrees longitude that runs through Greenwich, England. It is also known as the Greenwich Meridian. It serves as the reference point for measuring longitude and divides the Earth into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. Therefore, the correct answer is Prime Meridian.

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  • 32. 

    The areas of the world that have the largest concentration of people (population) are .....

    • A.

      India and China

    • B.

      North America and Australia

    • C.

      China and Australia

    • D.

      South America and northern Asia

    Correct Answer
    A. India and China
    Explanation
    India and China have the largest concentration of people (population) because they are the two most populous countries in the world. India has a population of over 1.3 billion people, while China has a population of over 1.4 billion people. These two countries have a high population density due to their large land area and historical factors such as high birth rates and limited access to birth control. The combination of these factors has led to India and China having the largest concentration of people in the world.

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  • 33. 

    The following cartogram is about Child Mortality. This measures how many babies or children die in different places in the world.  

    • A.

      Africa seems to be suffering the most from poor health care and have many children dying.

    • B.

      Canada and Australia don't have many doctors because so many children are dying in those countries.

    • C.

      South America is worse off than Africa because they have more deaths than anywhere else in the world.

    • D.

      Europe leads the world in infant mortality (death)

    Correct Answer
    A. Africa seems to be suffering the most from poor health care and have many children dying.
    Explanation
    The cartogram shows that Africa has the highest child mortality rate compared to other regions in the world. This suggests that there may be issues with healthcare in Africa, leading to a higher number of children dying. The statement also implies that Canada and Australia have a lower number of doctors because many children are dying in those countries, indicating a possible correlation between healthcare resources and child mortality rates. However, the statement that South America is worse off than Africa because they have more deaths than anywhere else in the world is not supported by the information provided. Lastly, the statement that Europe leads the world in infant mortality is not supported by the cartogram.

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Marques Hayes |BA (Geography) |
Geography
Marques is a highly skilled Geospatial Analyst and GIS professional with a BA in Geography from Kennesaw State University, bringing a robust educational background to his work. Detail-oriented and organized, he is deeply committed to advancing the field of geography through his proficiency in geospatial analysis. Additionally, he actively contributes to the enhancement of geographic education by meticulously reviewing geography quizzes, ensuring accuracy and educational value for students and enthusiasts alike.

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  • Dec 07, 2023
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  • Sep 05, 2011
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