Intro To Computer Science Quiz #1

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| By Kmckenzie29
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 421
Questions: 18 | Attempts: 421

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Intro To Computer Science Quiz #1 - Quiz


Covers hardware, software, network, Apple, and Microsoft.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What are the four major components of a computer?

    • A.

      Input Devices, CPU, Storage, Output Devices

    • B.

      Input Devices, Processing Unit, Storage, Output Devices

    • C.

      Motherboard, Processing Unit, Storage, Output Devices

    • D.

      Input Devices, Processing Unit, Memory, Output Devices

    Correct Answer
    B. Input Devices, Processing Unit, Storage, Output Devices
    Explanation
    The four major components of a computer are input devices, processing unit, storage, and output devices. Input devices allow users to provide information and commands to the computer, such as keyboards and mice. The processing unit, also known as the CPU, is responsible for executing instructions and performing calculations. Storage refers to the devices where data and programs are stored, such as hard drives or solid-state drives. Output devices display or present the results of the computer's processing, such as monitors or printers.

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  • 2. 

    What does GUI stand for?

    Correct Answer
    Graphical User Interface
    Graphics User Interface
    Graphic User Interface
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Graphical User Interface. GUI stands for Graphical User Interface, which refers to the visual elements and controls in a computer program that allow users to interact with it. It provides a user-friendly way to navigate and perform tasks on a computer system. The terms "Graphics User Interface" and "Graphic User Interface" are incorrect as they do not accurately represent the acronym GUI.

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  • 3. 

    What does NIC stand for?

    Correct Answer
    Network Interface Card
    Explanation
    NIC stands for Network Interface Card. A Network Interface Card is a hardware component that allows a computer to connect to a network. It provides the necessary physical connection between the computer and the network, allowing data to be transmitted and received. The NIC is responsible for converting data into a format that can be transmitted over the network and vice versa. It is an essential component for enabling network communication and is commonly used in both wired and wireless networks.

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  • 4. 

    Who is the known figure head for Apple?

    • A.

      Bill Gates

    • B.

      Steve Wozniak

    • C.

      Paul Allen

    • D.

      Steve Jobs

    • E.

      Steve Ballmer

    Correct Answer
    D. Steve Jobs
    Explanation
    Steve Jobs is the known figurehead for Apple. He co-founded the company and served as its CEO for many years. He played a crucial role in the success of Apple, leading the development of iconic products like the iPhone, iPad, and MacBook. Under his leadership, Apple became one of the most valuable and influential technology companies in the world. Jobs' visionary ideas and design sensibilities were instrumental in shaping Apple's brand and product lineup. His contributions to the technology industry and his impact on popular culture make him the most well-known figure associated with Apple.

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  • 5. 

    Which is considered to be the computers short-term memory?

    • A.

      REM

    • B.

      ROM

    • C.

      RAM

    • D.

      Virtual

    Correct Answer
    C. RAM
    Explanation
    RAM (Random Access Memory) is considered to be the computer's short-term memory. It is a type of volatile memory that allows the computer to store and quickly access data that is actively being used. Unlike ROM (Read-Only Memory) which contains permanent instructions for the computer, RAM can be read from and written to, making it ideal for temporary storage of data that the computer needs to access quickly. REM and Virtual are not commonly used terms in computer memory, so they are not considered to be the correct answer.

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  • 6. 

    Application software...

    • A.

      Tells the computer components what to do

    • B.

      Let's the computer interact with the user

    • C.

      Let's the user preform a task

    • D.

      Is encoded on a piece of hardware

    Correct Answer
    C. Let's the user preform a task
    Explanation
    Application software refers to computer programs that are designed to perform specific tasks or functions for the user. This software allows the user to perform various activities or operations on a computer system, such as creating documents, editing images, playing games, or browsing the internet. It provides a user-friendly interface that enables the user to interact with the computer and accomplish specific tasks efficiently. Therefore, the statement "Let's the user perform a task" accurately describes the role and purpose of application software.

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  • 7. 

    This is the computer's unique identifier.

    • A.

      GUI

    • B.

      MAC

    • C.

      NIC

    • D.

      CPU

    Correct Answer
    B. MAC
    Explanation
    The correct answer is MAC. MAC stands for Media Access Control, which is a unique identifier assigned to a network interface controller (NIC) of a computer. It is used to identify devices on a network and is essential for communication between devices.

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  • 8. 

    Who missed out on the personal computer revolution?

    • A.

      Hewlett Packard

    • B.

      Gateway

    • C.

      Xerox

    • D.

      Microsoft

    Correct Answer
    A. Hewlett Packard
    Explanation
    Hewlett Packard missed out on the personal computer revolution. This can be attributed to their focus on mainframe computers and printers, rather than embracing the potential of personal computers. While companies like Gateway and Xerox also missed out to some extent, Hewlett Packard's absence from the personal computer market was particularly significant given their reputation and influence in the technology industry. Microsoft, on the other hand, played a major role in the personal computer revolution with their operating system, Windows.

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  • 9. 

    Pick the one that has an example of two output devices.

    • A.

      Monitor & scanner

    • B.

      Speaker & keyboard

    • C.

      Printer & scanner

    • D.

      Speaker & printer

    Correct Answer
    D. Speaker & printer
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "speaker & printer" because both speaker and printer are examples of output devices. A speaker is an output device that produces sound, while a printer is an output device that produces hard copies of documents or images. Therefore, both speaker and printer fit the criteria of being output devices, making them the correct choice in this question.

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  • 10. 

    What type of software is free to try but then you have to buy?

    Correct Answer
    Shareware
    Explanation
    Shareware is a type of software that allows users to try it for free before purchasing it. This means that users can download and use the software without any cost initially, but after a certain period or with limited functionality, they are required to buy a license to continue using it. Shareware is a common model for software distribution, allowing users to evaluate the software before making a purchase decision.

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  • 11. 

    The Miss Porter's School network is a?

    • A.

      MAN

    • B.

      SAN

    • C.

      LAN

    • D.

      WAN

    Correct Answer
    C. LAN
    Explanation
    The Miss Porter's School network is a LAN (Local Area Network). A LAN is a network that connects devices within a limited area, such as a school, office, or home. It allows for the sharing of resources and communication between devices within the same location.

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  • 12. 

    Who is believe to have invented the mouse and the GUI?

    • A.

      IBM

    • B.

      HP

    • C.

      Xerox

    • D.

      Apple

    Correct Answer
    C. Xerox
    Explanation
    Xerox is believed to have invented the mouse and the GUI. Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) developed the first mouse in the early 1970s as a way to interact with graphical user interfaces (GUIs). The mouse and GUI were later popularized by Apple, but the initial inventions can be attributed to Xerox.

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  • 13. 

    What is this?

    • A.

      Motherboard

    • B.

      Memory

    • C.

      CPU

    • D.

      NIC

    Correct Answer
    C. CPU
    Explanation
    The given question asks for the identification of an item, and the correct answer is "CPU." CPU stands for Central Processing Unit, which is the main component of a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing basic arithmetic, logical, control, and input/output (I/O) operations. The other options mentioned, such as motherboard, memory, and NIC (Network Interface Card), are also important components of a computer system, but they are not the main processing unit like the CPU.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following are Microsoft operating systems?

    • A.

      Leopard, Jaguar, Panther

    • B.

      Windows 95, OSX, Vista

    • C.

      Windows XP, Windows 98, Windows Vista

    • D.

      OS9, OSX, DOS

    • E.

      Windows XP, Windows 98, DOS

    Correct Answer
    C. Windows XP, Windows 98, Windows Vista
    Explanation
    Windows XP, Windows 98, and Windows Vista are Microsoft operating systems. These operating systems were all developed and released by Microsoft. Windows XP was released in 2001, Windows 98 in 1998, and Windows Vista in 2006. These operating systems are widely known and used by many computer users.

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  • 15. 

    Mac is a pc?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement "Mac is a PC" is true because Mac computers are a type of personal computer (PC). While PCs are commonly associated with computers running the Windows operating system, Mac computers are also considered PCs as they are personal computers that can perform similar functions and tasks.

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  • 16. 

    Which is not a type of network

    • A.

      MAN

    • B.

      SAN

    • C.

      WAN

    • D.

      LAN

    • E.

      PAN

    Correct Answer
    B. SAN
    Explanation
    A Storage Area Network (SAN) is not a type of network. It is a specialized network that provides block-level data storage and is typically used in data centers to connect servers to storage devices. Unlike other types of networks such as MAN (Metropolitan Area Network), WAN (Wide Area Network), LAN (Local Area Network), and PAN (Personal Area Network), SAN is specifically designed for storage purposes rather than general data communication.

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  • 17. 

    What does TCP/IP stand for?

    Correct Answer
    Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
    Transmission Control Protocol, Internet Protocol
    Transmission Control Protocol and Internet Protocol
    Transmission Control Protocol Internet Protocol
    Explanation
    TCP/IP stands for Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol. It is a set of communication protocols that allows computers to connect and communicate with each other over the internet. The Transmission Control Protocol ensures reliable and error-free transmission of data packets, while the Internet Protocol handles the addressing and routing of these packets across the network. TCP/IP is the foundation of the internet and is used by all devices connected to it for communication.

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  • 18. 

    What is this?

    • A.

      Basic input output system

    • B.

      Central processing unit

    • C.

      Motherboard

    • D.

      Network interface card

    Correct Answer
    C. Motherboard
    Explanation
    The correct answer is motherboard. The motherboard is the main circuit board of a computer that connects all the components together. It provides a platform for the CPU, RAM, storage devices, and other hardware components to communicate and work together. Without a motherboard, the computer would not be able to function properly as it acts as the central hub for all the hardware components.

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