Intro IT Vocabulary Practice Test 2

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Multiple choice vocabulary practice test


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Computer

    • A.

      Coding used for internet language.

    • B.

      A high-speed line or series of connections that forms a major pathway within a network.

    • C.

      An electronic device that receives data (input), processes data, stores data, and produces a result (output).

    • D.

      Pertaining to or dealing with morals or the principles of morality; pertaining to right and wrong in conduct.

    Correct Answer
    C. An electronic device that receives data (input), processes data, stores data, and produces a result (output).
    Explanation
    The answer is "An electronic device that receives data (input), processes data, stores data, and produces a result (output)." This is the correct answer because it accurately describes what a computer is. A computer is an electronic device that performs various operations on data, such as receiving input, processing it, storing it, and generating output.

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  • 2. 

    Hardware

    • A.

      The actual machine—wires, transistors, and circuits

    • B.

      Pertaining to principles of rules, right and wrong

    • C.

      The maximum amount of data that can travel a communications path in a given time, usually measured in seconds.

    • D.

      Address locator at the top of any web page.

    Correct Answer
    A. The actual machine—wires, transistors, and circuits
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Hardware" because it refers to the actual physical components of a computer system such as wires, transistors, and circuits. It is the tangible part of a computer system that can be seen and touched.

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  • 3. 

    Software

    • A.

      Connects your computer to your ISP or online service over a regular telephone line.

    • B.

      A company or organization that provides access to the Internet through its servers, usually for a fee.

    • C.

      Consists of instructions or programs for controlling the computer.

    • D.

      Allows your computer to be permanently connected to the Internet using telephone lines with faster service.

    Correct Answer
    C. Consists of instructions or programs for controlling the computer.
    Explanation
    The given answer correctly defines software as consisting of instructions or programs for controlling the computer. Software refers to the set of instructions or programs that enable a computer to perform specific tasks or functions. It includes operating systems, applications, utilities, and other programs that control the hardware and allow users to interact with the computer. Software is essential for the proper functioning and operation of a computer system.

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  • 4. 

    Data

    • A.

      A system that lets people read each other's messages and post new ones.

    • B.

      Allows people to interact with a computer and computer-controlled devices.

    • C.

      The software application that allows you to view Internet pages.

    • D.

      Is text, numbers, sound, images, or video.

    Correct Answer
    D. Is text, numbers, sound, images, or video.
    Explanation
    The given answer correctly describes data as text, numbers, sound, images, or video. Data refers to any form of information that can be processed and stored by a computer or computer system. This can include written text, numerical values, audio recordings, visual images, or video footage. Data is the raw material that is used to generate meaningful information and is essential for various computer applications and interactions.

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  • 5. 

    Information

    • A.

      The computer receives data through an input device, processes the data, stores the data on a storage device, and produces output

    • B.

      Is a unit of measurement of information storage.

    • C.

      A window you can open to adjust various aspects of your computer, such as the volume, fonts, desktop background, mouse speed, and clock.

    • D.

      A key used to access commands through the keyboard rather than the menus.

    Correct Answer
    A. The computer receives data through an input device, processes the data, stores the data on a storage device, and produces output
    Explanation
    The given answer correctly describes the basic functioning of a computer. It states that the computer receives data through an input device, processes the data, stores it on a storage device, and produces output. This explanation covers the essential steps involved in the operation of a computer system.

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  • 6. 

    Notebook Computers

    • A.

      Used in various online communications, such as e-mail messages or postings to newsgroups or BBSs. It is a communication that finishes the message.

    • B.

      (Also called laptop computers) are small personal computers that contain the monitor with a built-in keyboard.

    • C.

      The unique address name for an Internet site.

    • D.

      To save a file onto your computer from another source, like the Internet.

    Correct Answer
    B. (Also called laptop computers) are small personal computers that contain the monitor with a built-in keyboard.
  • 7. 

    Server

    • A.

      A common method of networking computers in a Local Area Network (LAN)

    • B.

      A computer network limited to the immediate area, usually the same building.

    • C.

      Generally is used by small to medium-size companies and can support a few users or hundreds of users. Most are referred to as network servers or application servers.

    • D.

      A software program that performs repetitive functions, such as indexing information on the Internet.

    Correct Answer
    C. Generally is used by small to medium-size companies and can support a few users or hundreds of users. Most are referred to as network servers or application servers.
    Explanation
    The given answer correctly identifies that servers in a Local Area Network (LAN) are commonly used by small to medium-size companies and can support a few users or hundreds of users. These servers are often referred to as network servers or application servers. This explanation highlights the typical usage and capabilities of servers in a LAN, providing a clear understanding of their role in supporting computer networks within an organization.

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  • 8. 

    Mobile Devices

    • A.

      Protocol that allows users to copy files between their local system and any system they can reach on the network

    • B.

      An integrated collection of security measures designed to prevent unauthorized electronic access to a networked computer system.

    • C.

      Generally can fit into the palm of your hand

    • D.

      A measurement of how fast data is transmitted. It is usually used to describe modem speeds or the speed of a digital connection.

    Correct Answer
    C. Generally can fit into the palm of your hand
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Generally can fit into the palm of your hand." This answer is supported by the statement that mobile devices are generally small enough to fit into the palm of one's hand. The other options do not accurately describe mobile devices. The first option refers to a file transfer protocol, the second option refers to security measures, and the third option refers to data transmission speed.

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  • 9. 

    Tablet PC

    • A.

      Is a personal computer similar in size and thickness to a notepad

    • B.

      A device for storing information in a fixed location within your computer.

    • C.

      The page on the Internet, which most often gives users access to the rest of the Web site. A site is a collection of pages.

    • D.

      The name given to any computer directly connected to the Internet. Host computers are usually associated with running computer networks, online services, or bulletin

    Correct Answer
    A. Is a personal computer similar in size and thickness to a notepad
  • 10. 

    Supercomputer

    • A.

      A horizontal strip at the top of a window that shows the menus available in a program.

    • B.

      Is the fastest type of computer

    • C.

      Used in various online communications such as e-mail messages or postings to newsgroups or BBSs, it is a communication that indicates the author has something else to say.

    • D.

      A computer's main circuit board, containing the CPU (Central Processing Unit), microprocessor support chips, RAM (Random Access Memory), and expansion (bus)

    Correct Answer
    B. Is the fastest type of computer
    Explanation
    The given answer states that a supercomputer is the fastest type of computer. This is a correct statement as supercomputers are specifically designed to perform complex calculations and process large amounts of data at incredibly high speeds. They are used for tasks such as weather forecasting, scientific simulations, and cryptography, where immense computational power is required. Supercomputers are capable of performing trillions of calculations per second, making them the fastest computers in terms of processing speed.

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  • 11. 

    Embedded Computers

    • A.

      Perform specific tasks and can be found in a range of devices

    • B.

      Protocol/Internet Protocol) application that sends a message to another computer, waits for a reply, and displays the time the transmission took.

    • C.

      When you download a web page it is temporarily stored on your computer. The next time you want that page, instead of requesting the file from the web server, your web browser just accesses it from this, so the page loads quickly.

    • D.

      The unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one's own original work

    Correct Answer
    A. Perform specific tasks and can be found in a range of devices
    Explanation
    The given correct answer states that embedded computers perform specific tasks and can be found in a range of devices. This means that embedded computers are designed to carry out specific functions and are integrated into various devices such as appliances, vehicles, or industrial equipment. These computers are dedicated to performing their assigned tasks and are not designed for general-purpose computing like personal computers.

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  • 12. 

    Motherboard

    • A.

      Files that are compressed and must be "unzipped" to be read. Zipped files download faster because they are smaller than an uncompressed equivalent.

    • B.

      With regard to memory, virtual refers to temporarily storing information on the hard drive.

    • C.

      A circuit board that contains many integral components.

    • D.

      The software used to produce documents, such as letters, posters, reports, and syllabi.

    Correct Answer
    C. A circuit board that contains many integral components.
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "A circuit board that contains many integral components." This is because a motherboard is a main printed circuit board (PCB) that holds and connects many crucial components of a computer system. It provides a platform for these components to communicate with each other and work together to perform various functions.

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  • 13. 

    Circuit Board

    • A.

      A thin plate or board that contains electronic components.

    • B.

      A computer or software package that provides a specific service to client software running on other computers

    • C.

      An interface program that enables an Internet server to run external programs to perform a specific function.

    • D.

      Key strokes that enact the same commands available in the menus of a program.

    Correct Answer
    A. A thin plate or board that contains electronic components.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "A thin plate or board that contains electronic components." This answer accurately describes what a circuit board is. A circuit board is a flat piece of material, typically made of fiberglass or plastic, on which electronic components such as resistors, capacitors, and integrated circuits are mounted. These components are connected by traces or wires on the board, allowing them to communicate and interact with each other to perform specific functions.

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  • 14. 

    Central Processing Unit (CPU)

    • A.

      An electronic space, typically a website or a section of an online service, where people can go to communicate on line in real time.

    • B.

      A list of options that shows when you select a menu at the top of a window. For example, the File menu in most programs reveals commands such as open, new, and saves.

    • C.

      Also called the microprocessor or central processor, is the brains of the computer.

    • D.

      Readable and writeable memory that acts as a storage area while the computer is on, and is erased every time the computer is turned off. This memory stores data and helps execute programs while in use.

    Correct Answer
    C. Also called the microprocessor or central processor, is the brains of the computer.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the Central Processing Unit (CPU) is the brains of the computer. The CPU is responsible for executing instructions, performing calculations, and managing the flow of data within the computer system. It is often referred to as the microprocessor or central processor because it is the key component that carries out the majority of the computer's processing tasks. Without the CPU, a computer would not be able to function or carry out any operations.

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  • 15. 

    Dual-core Processor

    • A.

      An image that has instructions embedded in it so that clicking on it initiates some kind of action or result.

    • B.

      Readable memory that cannot be corrupted by accidental erasure. ROM retains its data when the computer is turned off.

    • C.

      Any of a number of giant databases on the Internet, which store data on Web sites and their corresponding URLs. Some popular search engines are Metacrawler, Alta Vista, and Excite.

    • D.

      Is a single chip that contains two separate processors

    Correct Answer
    D. Is a single chip that contains two separate processors
  • 16. 

    Multicore Processor

    • A.

      This is text without extraneous codes that designate font size, font style, et cetera.

    • B.

      Is an expansion that provides for more than two separate processors

    • C.

      A company that sells hardware or software products

    • D.

      The name given to any computer directly connected to the Internet.

    Correct Answer
    B. Is an expansion that provides for more than two separate processors
    Explanation
    The given correct answer states that a multicore processor is an expansion that provides for more than two separate processors. This means that a multicore processor is a type of processor that consists of multiple individual processing units, or cores, which can execute multiple tasks simultaneously. Unlike a single-core processor, a multicore processor can handle multiple threads and improve overall system performance by dividing the workload among its cores.

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  • 17. 

    Arithetic/Logic Unit (ALU)

    • A.

      The page on the Internet, which most often gives users access to the rest of the Web site.

    • B.

      A device for storing information in a fixed location within your computer.

    • C.

      An integrated collection of security measures designed to prevent unauthorized electronic access to a networked computer system

    • D.

      Performs arithmetic computations and logical operations

    Correct Answer
    D. Performs arithmetic computations and logical operations
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Performs arithmetic computations and logical operations." The other options mentioned in the question are not related to the definition of an Arithmetic/Logic Unit (ALU). An ALU is a fundamental component of a computer processor that is responsible for performing arithmetic operations (such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division) as well as logical operations (such as AND, OR, and NOT) on binary data. It is a crucial part of the CPU and is responsible for executing most of the calculations and logical decisions in a computer system.

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  • 18. 

    Control Unit

    • A.

      Protocol that allows users to copy files between their local system and any system they can reach on the network

    • B.

      Is the boss, so to speak, and coordinates all of the processor’s activities.

    • C.

      Someone who drives from place to place looking for unsecured wireless hot spots with the intent of using the hot spots illegitimately

    • D.

      A computer network limited to the immediate area, usually the same building.

    Correct Answer
    B. Is the boss, so to speak, and coordinates all of the processor’s activities.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Is the boss, so to speak, and coordinates all of the processor’s activities." The control unit in a computer is responsible for managing and coordinating all the activities of the processor. It controls the flow of instructions and data between the different components of the computer, such as the CPU, memory, and input/output devices. The control unit ensures that instructions are executed in the correct order and that data is transferred accurately. It acts as the central coordinator, making sure that all the different parts of the computer work together harmoniously.

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  • 19. 

    Binary

    • A.

      Protocol that allows users to copy files between their local system and any system they can reach on the network

    • B.

      It understands only machine language, which is all 1s and 0s. This is where the control unit takes over.

    • C.

      An integrated collection of security measures designed to prevent unauthorized electronic access to a networked computer system.

    • D.

      This appears when the alternate pointer button is pressed and is specific to the window in which the pointer cursor is position; POP-UP menu.

    Correct Answer
    B. It understands only machine language, which is all 1s and 0s. This is where the control unit takes over.
    Explanation
    The correct answer explains that binary is a language that consists of only 1s and 0s, which is known as machine language. The control unit of a computer system is responsible for interpreting and executing instructions written in binary. This answer provides a clear and concise explanation of the concept of binary and its relationship with machine language and the control unit.

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  • 20. 

    Bit

    • A.

      A device for storing information in a fixed location within your computer. The equivalent of a filing cabinet in an office, the hard drive is used for storing programs and documents that are not being used.

    • B.

      A single zero or a single one

    • C.

      Data transfer that continues beyond the boundary of a buffer

    • D.

      The page on the Internet, which most often gives users access to the rest of the Web site. A site is a collection of pages.

    Correct Answer
    B. A single zero or a single one
    Explanation
    A bit is the smallest unit of information in computing and can have two possible values, either a single zero or a single one. It is the basic building block of all digital data and is used to represent and store information in computers.

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  • 21. 

    Byte

    • A.

      The unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one's own original work.

    • B.

      A simple electronic connector consisting of a thin, stiff, bare wire intended to fit into a corresponding socket.

    • C.

      Is a single character

    • D.

      Not losing information when power is interrupted.

    Correct Answer
    C. Is a single character
    Explanation
    The given correct answer "Is a single character" is the explanation for the term "Byte". In computer science, a byte is a unit of data that typically consists of 8 bits and represents a single character or symbol. It is the basic building block of information storage and processing in computers. Therefore, the answer accurately describes the nature of a byte as being a single character.

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