Insight Upper-intermediate Unit 8 Grammar

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Insight Upper-intermediate Unit 8 Grammar - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Complete the sentences with the correct passive form of the verbs in brackets.Whales ________________________ (hunt) for thousands of years.

    Explanation
    Whales have been hunted for thousands of years. This sentence uses the present perfect passive form of the verb "hunt." It suggests that whales have been the target of hunting activities for a long period of time, indicating a continuous action that started in the past and has continued up until the present.

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  • 2. 

    Four armed men ________________________ (arrest) outside the bank yesterday.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "were arrested" because the sentence is in the past tense and refers to an action that happened yesterday. The verb "were arrested" is in the past tense and agrees with the subject "four armed men." This indicates that the four armed men were taken into custody by the authorities outside the bank.

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  • 3. 

    We ________________________ (protect) against many diseases by modern medicine.

    Explanation
    The sentence is in the present tense and refers to a general truth or fact. It states that modern medicine helps in protecting against many diseases. The verb "are protected" is in the present tense and agrees with the subject "we." This suggests that the action of being protected is ongoing or habitual.

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  • 4. 

    These days increasing numbers of children ________________________ (bully) online.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "are bullied, are being bullied". This is because the sentence is referring to a current trend or situation where more and more children are experiencing online bullying. The use of the present tense "are bullied" suggests that it is an ongoing action, while "are being bullied" implies that it is happening to them at the moment.

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  • 5. 

    Simon ________________________ (hit) by a bus, but luckily he survived.

    Explanation
    Simon was involved in an accident where he was hit by a bus. Fortunately, he managed to survive the incident.

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  • 6. 

    I predict that more university courses ________________________ (deliver) online in the future.

    Explanation
    In the future, it is expected that a greater number of university courses will be delivered online. This suggests a shift towards digital learning methods and the use of technology in education. The phrase "will be delivered" indicates a future action or state, reinforcing the prediction that online delivery of university courses will become more common.

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  • 7. 

    Girls all over the world should ________________________ (give) the chance to go to school.

    Explanation
    Girls all over the world should be given the chance to go to school because education is a fundamental right that should be accessible to everyone, regardless of their gender. By providing girls with the opportunity to receive an education, we empower them to break the cycle of poverty, improve their future prospects, and contribute to the development of their communities and societies as a whole. Ensuring equal access to education for girls is not only a matter of justice and equality, but it also has long-term benefits for individuals and society as a whole.

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  • 8. 

    The zoo could ________________________ (close) if it doesn’t improve safety.

    Explanation
    The given correct answer suggests that if the zoo does not improve safety measures, it could face the consequence of being closed. This implies that the zoo's current safety standards are not up to par and pose a potential risk to visitors or animals. To prevent this outcome, the zoo needs to take immediate action to enhance safety protocols and ensure the well-being of everyone involved.

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  • 9. 

    Circle the correct words to complete the sentences.​We enjoyed ____________  given a tour of the museum.

    • A.

      To be

    • B.

      Being

    Correct Answer
    B. Being
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "being". In this sentence, "being" is the correct word choice because it is the present participle form of the verb "be". The sentence is expressing that the subject (we) enjoyed the experience of being given a tour of the museum. Using "to be" would not make grammatical sense in this context.

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  • 10. 

    They expected their bill ____________  refunded in full, as the food was dreadful.

    • A.

      To be

    • B.

      Being

    Correct Answer
    A. To be
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "to be". In this sentence, "expected" is followed by the infinitive form of the verb "to be". This construction is used to show what someone anticipated or predicted. In this case, the subject expected that their bill would be refunded in full because the food was dreadful.

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  • 11. 

    I remember ____________  taken to the park by my grandfather when I was a child.

    • A.

      To be

    • B.

      Being

    Correct Answer
    B. Being
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "being". In this sentence, "being" is the correct form of the verb to use after the verb "remember". The sentence is referring to a past action of being taken to the park by the speaker's grandfather when they were a child. "Being" is the present participle form of the verb "be" and is used to indicate an ongoing or continuous action in the past.

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  • 12. 

    His safety jacket prevented him _____________ drowned in the sea.

    • A.

      To be

    • B.

      Being

    Correct Answer
    B. Being
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "being". In this sentence, the safety jacket is the subject and it prevented the person from drowning in the sea. "Being" is the correct form of the verb to use after "prevented" to show that the person was saved from the action of drowning.

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  • 13. 

    Clare wanted her son _________ given special treatment.

    • A.

      To be

    • B.

      Being

    Correct Answer
    A. To be
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "to be." In this sentence, Clare wanted her son to receive special treatment, indicating that the action of receiving special treatment is what Clare desired for her son. Therefore, the infinitive form "to be" is the appropriate choice to express this intention.

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  • 14. 

    The photographer was interested in__________ shown some urban art.

    • A.

      To be

    • B.

      Being

    Correct Answer
    B. Being
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "being" because it indicates the state or condition of the photographer's interest in urban art. It implies that the photographer is actively engaged or involved in the process of being interested in urban art.

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  • 15. 

    Police ordered the man __________ searched for weapons.

    • A.

      To be

    • B.

      Being

    Correct Answer
    A. To be
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "to be." In this sentence, the police ordered the man to be searched for weapons. "To be" is used to indicate the purpose or intention of the action, which in this case is the search for weapons.

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  • 16. 

    The cat was terrified of __________ washed in the bath. 

    • A.

      To be

    • B.

      Being

    Correct Answer
    B. Being
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "being". In this sentence, "being" is used as a gerund, which is a verb form that functions as a noun. The cat was terrified of the action or state of "being" washed in the bath.

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