Insight Upper-intermediate Unit 4 Vocabulary

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Insight Upper-intermediate Unit 4 Vocabulary - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Complete the pairs of sentences with the same wordThe hospital wants to _____________ all visitors who enter the building.My mobile phone _____________ is too bright and it hurts my eyes. 

    Explanation
    The word "screen" can be used in both sentences to complete the pairs. In the first sentence, the hospital wants to screen all visitors who enter the building, meaning they want to assess or examine them for any potential risks or dangers. In the second sentence, the brightness of the mobile phone screen is too high and it hurts the eyes, indicating the need to adjust or dim the screen.

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  • 2. 

    Recently there has been a _____________ in attitude towards genetic research.I couldn’t _____________ his suitcase that was blocking the door.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "shift". The word "shift" fits in both blanks of the sentence. The first blank requires a noun that describes a change or movement, and "shift" fits this context. The second blank requires a verb that describes the action of moving or removing something, and "shift" can be used in this sense as well. Therefore, "shift" is the appropriate word for both blanks in the sentence.

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  • 3. 

    The company tried to _____________ the data to get the results they wanted.Brunel was a great _____________ who designed bridges, ships and railways. 

    Explanation
    The company attempted to manipulate the data to obtain the desired outcomes. Brunel, on the other hand, was a skilled engineer who specialized in designing bridges, ships, and railways.

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  • 4. 

    I don’t _____________ what we do today. You can decide.Jane has a brilliant _____________. She can solve any maths problem.

    Explanation
    The word "mind" fits in the first blank because it means "care" or "mind about" something. In this context, it shows that the speaker doesn't care or have a preference about what they do today and leaves the decision to someone else. In the second blank, "mind" is not the correct answer. The correct answer is "mindset" because it refers to Jane's mental attitude or approach towards problem-solving, indicating that she is highly skilled and capable in solving any math problem.

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  • 5. 

    Smoking can _____________ many diseases.The charity helps elderly people. It’s a very worthwhile _____________.

    Explanation
    The word "cause" is the correct answer because it fits logically in the sentence. The sentence states that smoking can lead to many diseases, and the word "cause" accurately conveys the idea that smoking is the reason or root of these diseases. Additionally, the word "cause" can also refer to a purpose or mission, which aligns with the second part of the sentence that mentions a charity helping elderly people.

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  • 6. 

    The cost of going to university is a _____________ on many students.The consequences of climate change will _____________ future generations.

    Explanation
    The word "burden" fits in both the sentences to convey the idea of something that weighs heavily on someone or something. In the first sentence, the cost of going to university is described as a burden because it can be financially challenging for many students. In the second sentence, the consequences of climate change are described as a burden because they will negatively impact and impose difficulties on future generations.

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  • 7. 

    Complete the sentencesHe found his colleague’s unpleasant attitude hard to ______________. 

    • A.

      Dig

    • B.

      Swallow

    • C.

      Sense

    Correct Answer
    B. Swallow
    Explanation
    The phrase "hard to swallow" is a commonly used expression that means difficult to accept or believe. In this context, the person found their colleague's unpleasant attitude difficult to accept or tolerate. The word "swallow" is used metaphorically to convey the idea of accepting or digesting something unpleasant or disagreeable.

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  • 8. 

    When my dog died it ______________ my heart. 

    • A.

      Weighed

    • B.

      Dug

    • C.

      Broke

    Correct Answer
    C. Broke
    Explanation
    The word "broke" in this context refers to the emotional pain and sadness experienced when the dog died. It suggests that the event caused significant emotional distress, as if the heart was shattered or damaged.

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  • 9. 

    Has Kate ______________ her senses and left her awful boyfriend yet?a     b     c  

    • A.

      Come to

    • B.

      met

    • C.

      Broken

    Correct Answer
    A. Come to
    Explanation
    The phrase "come to her senses" is an idiom that means to realize the truth about a situation or to make a sensible decision. In this context, the question is asking if Kate has realized the truth about her awful boyfriend and left him. The correct answer is "come to" because it fits the idiom and conveys the meaning of the question.

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  • 10. 

    The prisoner dug his ______________ in and refused to answer police questions. 

    • A.

      Heart

    • B.

      Mind

    • C.

      Heels

    Correct Answer
    C. Heels
    Explanation
    The phrase "dug his heels in" is an idiom that means to stubbornly refuse to do something or to resist a particular course of action. In this context, the prisoner is refusing to answer police questions and is being uncooperative. Therefore, the correct answer is "heels."

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  • 11. 

    One controversial artist has done a ‘______________ and all’ painting of the Queen.a      b      c 

    • A.

      Warts

    • B.

      Shoulders

    • C.

      Legs

    Correct Answer
    A. Warts
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "warts". This suggests that the controversial artist has created a painting of the Queen that focuses on her imperfections or flaws, specifically the warts on her face. This choice of subject matter may be seen as provocative or controversial because it goes against the traditional portrayal of the Queen as a flawless and idealized figure.

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  • 12. 

    There’s more to her photographs than first ______________ the eye. 

    • A.

      Comes to

    • B.

      Meets

    • C.

      senses

    Correct Answer
    B. Meets
    Explanation
    The phrase "meets the eye" is a common idiom that means there is more to something than what is initially apparent or obvious. In this context, the correct answer "meets" fits well as it suggests that there is more to her photographs than what can be seen or perceived at first glance. The word "meets" implies that there is a deeper or hidden meaning or quality to her photographs that requires closer observation or understanding.

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  • 13. 

    If you organize the party, that will be a weight off my ______________. 

    • A.

      Heels

    • B.

      Senses

    • C.

      Shoulders

    Correct Answer
    C. Shoulders
    Explanation
    If you organize the party, that will be a weight off my shoulders. This phrase is a common expression that means the person feels relieved or less burdened by a task or responsibility. In this context, the speaker is implying that they would feel relieved if someone else takes on the responsibility of organizing the party.

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