Information Technology Basics Final

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Information Technology Basics Final - Quiz

This test is going to cover everything we have learned in CIT from intro to CIT2. The majority of the test will cover computer history and recap on what we do on a day to day bases.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Who is considered to be the father of computers?

    • A.

      Clifford Berry

    • B.

      John Atanasoff

    • C.

      Charles Babbage

    • D.

      Ada Lovelace

    Correct Answer
    C. Charles Babbage
    Explanation
    Charles Babbage is considered to be the father of computers because he conceptualized and designed the Analytical Engine, which is considered the first general-purpose computer. Although the Analytical Engine was never built during his lifetime, his ideas and designs laid the foundation for modern computers. Babbage's work on the Analytical Engine included key elements such as a memory, arithmetic unit, and control flow, which are fundamental components of computers today. His contributions to the field of computing make him a significant figure in the history of computers.

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  • 2. 

    What does ABC stand for?

    • A.

      Abacus Based Computing

    • B.

      Acute Binary Computer

    • C.

      Advanced Biometrics Computer

    • D.

      Atanasoff - Berry Computer

    Correct Answer
    D. Atanasoff - Berry Computer
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Atanasoff - Berry Computer." The ABC stands for Atanasoff - Berry Computer, which was one of the first electronic digital computers. It was developed by John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry in the late 1930s and early 1940s at Iowa State College. The ABC computer utilized binary arithmetic and electronic switches to perform calculations, making it a significant milestone in computer history.

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  • 3. 

    Who helped Charles Babbage program some of his inventions?

    • A.

      Clifford Berry

    • B.

      John Atanastoff

    • C.

      Ada Lovelace

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Ada Lovelace
    Explanation
    Ada Lovelace is the correct answer because she is known as the world's first computer programmer. Lovelace worked closely with Charles Babbage and wrote extensive notes on his Analytical Engine, a mechanical general-purpose computer. In her notes, Lovelace described a method for calculating Bernoulli numbers using the machine, making her the first to recognize that a machine could be used for more than just calculation. Her contributions to computer science and programming laid the foundation for future developments in the field.

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  • 4. 

    In what order did these calculating inventions/methods occur?

    • A.

      Abacus, Slide ruler, Logarithms, and Pascaline

    • B.

      Abacus, Logarithms, Pascaline, Slide ruler

    • C.

      Abacus, Logarithms, Slide ruler, Pascaline

    • D.

      Abacus, Pascaline, Slide ruler, Logarithms

    Correct Answer
    C. Abacus, Logarithms, Slide ruler, Pascaline
    Explanation
    The abacus is believed to be the oldest calculating device, dating back to ancient times. Logarithms were developed by John Napier in the early 17th century, providing a method for simplifying complex calculations. The slide ruler was invented in the 17th century by William Oughtred, allowing for more precise calculations. The Pascaline, invented by Blaise Pascal in the mid-17th century, was one of the first mechanical calculators. Therefore, the correct order of these calculating inventions/methods is Abacus, Logarithms, Slide ruler, Pascaline.

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  • 5. 

    What is another name for the Harvard Mark 1?

    • A.

      Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator

    • B.

      The Universal Machine

    • C.

      Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer

    • D.

      Census Tabulating Machine

    Correct Answer
    A. Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator". The Harvard Mark 1, developed by Howard Aiken and his team at Harvard University, was one of the earliest electromechanical computers. It was designed to perform complex mathematical calculations and was controlled by punched paper tape, allowing for automatic sequencing of instructions. The name "Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator" accurately describes the functionality and purpose of the Harvard Mark 1.

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  • 6. 

    What is another name for the turing machine?

    • A.

      The Universal Machine

    • B.

      The Analytical Engine

    • C.

      Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer

    • D.

      Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator

    Correct Answer
    A. The Universal Machine
    Explanation
    The Turing machine is commonly referred to as the Universal Machine because it is capable of simulating any other computing device. This means that it can perform any computation that can be described algorithmically, making it a versatile and powerful tool in the field of computer science. The other options listed, such as the Analytical Engine, Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC), and Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (ASCC), are all historical computing devices that were designed for specific purposes and are not as flexible or universal as the Turing machine.

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  • 7. 

    Which of these are some of Charles Babbage's inventions?

    • A.

      Difference Engine

    • B.

      Analytical Engine

    • C.

      Second Analytical Engine

    • D.

      Harvard Mark 1

    • E.

      Census Tabulating Machine

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Difference Engine
    B. Analytical Engine
    C. Second Analytical Engine
    Explanation
    Charles Babbage is known for inventing the Difference Engine and the Analytical Engine. The Difference Engine was a mechanical calculator designed to compute mathematical tables. The Analytical Engine was a more advanced machine that could perform general-purpose calculations and is considered to be a precursor to modern computers. The Second Analytical Engine refers to an improved version of the Analytical Engine that Babbage planned but never built. The Harvard Mark 1 and the Census Tabulating Machine were not inventions of Charles Babbage.

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  • 8. 

    Who discovered the first computer bug?

    • A.

      Grace Hopper

    • B.

      Ada Lovelace

    • C.

      Charles Babbage

    • D.

      John Atanasoff

    Correct Answer
    A. Grace Hopper
    Explanation
    Grace Hopper is credited with discovering the first computer bug. In 1947, while working on the Harvard Mark II computer, she found a moth stuck in a relay, causing a malfunction. This incident led to the term "bug" being used to describe a computer glitch or error. Hopper's contribution to computer programming and her work on developing the first compiler made her a pioneer in the field.

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  • 9. 

    In what order did these inventions occur?

    • A.

      ABC, Colossus, ENIAC, Univac

    • B.

      Colossus, ABC, Univac, ENIAC

    • C.

      Univac, Colossus, ABC, ENIAC

    • D.

      ENIAC, ABC, Colossus, Univac

    Correct Answer
    A. ABC, Colossus, ENIAC, Univac
  • 10. 

    Who invented the card controlled looms?

    • A.

      Charles Babbage

    • B.

      Joseph Marie Jaquard

    • C.

      Gottfied Wilhelm Von Leibnitz's

    • D.

      John Napier

    Correct Answer
    B. Joseph Marie Jaquard
    Explanation
    Joseph Marie Jaquard invented the card controlled looms. This invention revolutionized the textile industry by allowing complex patterns to be woven automatically. The loom used punched cards to control the weaving process, with each hole in the card representing a different action for the loom to perform. This innovation greatly increased the efficiency and precision of weaving, and laid the foundation for the development of computer programming.

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  • 11. 

    What machine did Grace Hopper help program?

    • A.

      Census Tabulating Machine

    • B.

      The Universal Machine

    • C.

      The ABC

    • D.

      Univac

    Correct Answer
    D. Univac
    Explanation
    Grace Hopper helped program the Univac machine.

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  • 12. 

    Charles Babbage finished his analytical machines.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "Charles Babbage finished his analytical machines" is false. Charles Babbage, often considered the father of the computer, designed and conceptualized the analytical engine, but he was unable to complete its construction due to various reasons, including lack of funding. While Babbage made significant progress in developing the analytical engine, it was never fully finished or built during his lifetime.

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  • 13. 

    The Abacus was the first tool used for counting.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The Abacus was not the first tool used for counting. While it is one of the oldest known counting devices, there were other tools used for counting before the invention of the Abacus. For example, ancient humans used their fingers, pebbles, or marks on surfaces to keep track of quantities. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 14. 

    John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry invented the ABC.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry are indeed the inventors of the ABC (Atanasoff-Berry Computer), which was the first electronic digital computer. The ABC was developed between 1937 and 1942 at Iowa State College (now Iowa State University). It was designed to solve systems of simultaneous linear equations and utilized binary representation and electronic switches for computation. The work of Atanasoff and Berry laid the foundation for modern computing and their invention was a significant milestone in the history of computer science.

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  • 15. 

    Bletchley parks helped create the Colossus.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Bletchley Park was a top-secret British code-breaking center during World War II. It played a crucial role in creating the Colossus, which was the world's first programmable electronic computer. The Colossus was used to decipher encrypted German messages, particularly those sent using the Lorenz cipher machine. Therefore, it is true that Bletchley Park helped create the Colossus.

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  • 16. 

    Herman Hollerith helped create the Census Tabulating Machine.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Herman Hollerith did indeed help create the Census Tabulating Machine. This machine was a mechanical device that used punched cards to tabulate and analyze data from the United States Census. Hollerith's invention revolutionized the way census data was processed, making it faster and more efficient. His work laid the foundation for modern data processing and the development of early computers. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 17. 

    Who is considered to be one of the first computer programmers?

    • A.

      Charles Babbage

    • B.

      Ada Lovelace

    • C.

      Alan Turing

    • D.

      Grace Hopper

    Correct Answer
    B. Ada Lovelace
    Explanation
    Ada Lovelace is considered to be one of the first computer programmers because she wrote the first algorithm intended to be processed by a machine. Lovelace worked closely with Charles Babbage and his Analytical Engine, and she recognized its potential beyond mere calculations. In her notes on the Analytical Engine, Lovelace described how the machine could be used to manipulate symbols and create complex programs, making her contributions to computer programming significant and pioneering.

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  • 18. 

    Which two people created a slide ruler?

    • A.

      William Oughtred

    • B.

      Wilhelm Schickard

    • C.

      Blaise Pascal

    • D.

      John Napier

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. William Oughtred
    B. Wilhelm Schickard
    Explanation
    William Oughtred and Wilhelm Schickard are the two people who created a slide ruler. The slide ruler, also known as a slide rule, is a mechanical device used for mathematical calculations. William Oughtred, an English mathematician, is credited with inventing the slide ruler in the early 17th century. However, Wilhelm Schickard, a German astronomer and mathematician, also independently developed a similar device around the same time. Both of their contributions played a significant role in the development of mathematical instruments and calculations.

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  • 19. 

    John Napier created the bones logarithms.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    John Napier is credited with the invention of logarithms. Logarithms are mathematical tools that allow for the simplification of complex calculations involving exponents. Napier's work on logarithms, published in 1614, laid the foundation for the development of logarithmic tables and greatly facilitated mathematical computations. Therefore, the statement "John Napier created the bones logarithms" is true.

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  • 20. 

    Which machines did Alan Turing work on?

    • A.

      The Universal Machine

    • B.

      Turing–Welchman bombe

    • C.

      Manchester Mark 1

    • D.

      ENIAC

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. The Universal Machine
    B. Turing–Welchman bombe
    C. Manchester Mark 1
    Explanation
    Alan Turing worked on three machines: The Universal Machine, Turing–Welchman bombe, and Manchester Mark 1. These machines were significant in the development of computer science and played important roles in various fields such as code-breaking and early computer programming.

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  • 21. 

    What are some psychological, physical, and health risks associated with information technology?

    • A.

      War terrors

    • B.

      Obesidy

    • C.

      Carpal tunnel

    • D.

      Web addiction

    • E.

      Bad or irregular vision

    • F.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. War terrors
    B. Obesidy
    C. Carpal tunnel
    D. Web addiction
    E. Bad or irregular vision
  • 22. 

    How are RFID tags/chips used today?

    • A.

      Tracking migrating animals

    • B.

      Tracking of products

    • C.

      Payment by mobile phones

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Tracking migrating animals
    B. Tracking of products
    C. Payment by mobile phones
    Explanation
    RFID tags/chips are used today for tracking migrating animals, tracking of products, and enabling payment by mobile phones. RFID technology allows for the identification and tracking of objects or living beings through radio frequency signals. In the case of migrating animals, RFID tags can be attached to them to monitor their movements and gather valuable data for research purposes. In the context of product tracking, RFID tags are used to monitor the movement of goods throughout the supply chain, improving inventory management and reducing theft. Additionally, RFID technology enables contactless payments through mobile phones, providing a convenient and secure way to make transactions.

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  • 23. 

    Through which acts have security systems been upgraded?

    • A.

      HIPPA

    • B.

      Sarbanes-Oxley

    • C.

      Gramm-Leach-Bliley Compliance

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. HIPPA
    B. Sarbanes-Oxley
    C. Gramm-Leach-Bliley Compliance
    Explanation
    The correct answer is HIPPA, Sarbanes-Oxley, and Gramm-Leach-Bliley Compliance. These acts have all played a role in upgrading security systems. HIPPA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) ensures the privacy and security of health information. Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) requires companies to establish and maintain adequate internal controls over financial reporting. Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLBA) requires financial institutions to protect the security and confidentiality of customer information. These acts have led to improvements in security systems to comply with their requirements.

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  • 24. 

    What is in house developed software?

    • A.

      Programs written by people outside the company

    • B.

      Programs written by a company

    • C.

      Modified programs from other companies

    Correct Answer
    B. Programs written by a company
    Explanation
    In house developed software refers to programs that are created and developed by the company itself. This means that the software is not outsourced or obtained from external sources, but is instead designed and built by the company's own developers. This allows the company to have full control over the development process and tailor the software to meet their specific needs and requirements. It also ensures that the company retains ownership and intellectual property rights over the software.

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  • 25. 

    Which of these programs are included in both Microsoft office and Open office?

    • A.

      Word processor

    • B.

      Spreadsheet application

    • C.

      Power point application

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Word processor
    B. Spreadsheet application
    C. Power point application
    Explanation
    The programs that are included in both Microsoft Office and Open Office are the word processor, spreadsheet application, and power point application. These programs are commonly used for creating documents, managing data, and creating presentations. Both Microsoft Office and Open Office provide these programs as part of their office suite software, allowing users to perform various tasks related to document creation and management.

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  • 26. 

    Which of these are not web browsers?

    • A.

      Firefox

    • B.

      Internet Explorer

    • C.

      Opera

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above
    Explanation
    The given options, firefox, Internet Explorer, and Opera, are all web browsers. Therefore, the correct answer is "none of the above," as all the options listed are web browsers.

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  • 27. 

    Which of these can be used to send email?

    • A.

      Yahoo

    • B.

      AOL

    • C.

      MSN

    • D.

      Google

    • E.

      All the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All the above
    Explanation
    All of the options mentioned (Yahoo, AOL, MSN, and Google) can be used to send emails. These are popular email service providers that offer email sending functionality to their users. Each of these platforms has its own email client or webmail interface through which users can compose, send, and receive emails. Therefore, "all the above" is the correct answer as it includes all the mentioned options that can be used for sending emails.

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  • 28. 

    Which of these are Instand messangers?

    • A.

      AIM

    • B.

      Windows messenger

    • C.

      Yahoo

    • D.

      Pidgin

    • E.

      All the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All the above
    Explanation
    All of the options mentioned (AIM, Windows messenger, Yahoo, Pidgin) are instant messengers. AIM (AOL Instant Messenger) and Windows messenger are popular instant messaging services, Yahoo Messenger is a messaging app provided by Yahoo, and Pidgin is a multi-platform instant messaging client that supports multiple protocols. Therefore, the correct answer is "All the above".

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  • 29. 

    What is the binary conversion for 1101011101010111?

    • A.

      130,258

    • B.

      55,127

    • C.

      55,128

    • D.

      56,127

    Correct Answer
    B. 55,127
  • 30. 

    What do every computer have to have to be considered a computer?

    • A.

      Input

    • B.

      Output

    • C.

      Processing

    • D.

      Storage

    • E.

      Internet

    • F.

      Key board, mouse, and monitor

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Input
    B. Output
    C. Processing
    D. Storage
    Explanation
    To be considered a computer, every computer must have input, output, processing, and storage capabilities. These components are essential for the functioning of a computer system. Input refers to the ability to receive data or instructions, output is the ability to display or transmit processed data, processing involves executing instructions and performing calculations, and storage is the ability to store data and programs for future use. While internet connectivity and peripherals like a keyboard, mouse, and monitor are commonly associated with computers, they are not necessary for a device to be considered a computer.

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  • 31. 

    "the number of transistors that can be placed inexpensively on an integrated circuit has doubles every 18 months." Who said this?

    • A.

      Charles Babbage

    • B.

      Gordon Moore

    • C.

      Bill Gates

    • D.

      Steve wozniak

    Correct Answer
    B. Gordon Moore
    Explanation
    Gordon Moore said that the number of transistors that can be placed inexpensively on an integrated circuit has doubled every 18 months.

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  • 32. 

    Which of these can be used to find information on the internet

    • A.

      Google

    • B.

      Bing

    • C.

      Ask

    • D.

      Wiki

    • E.

      All the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All the above
    Explanation
    All the options mentioned - Google, Bing, Ask, and Wiki - can be used to find information on the internet. Google is a widely used search engine that provides search results based on user queries. Bing is another search engine that offers a similar service. Ask is a question-answering search engine that provides answers to specific queries. Wiki refers to Wikipedia, an online encyclopedia that contains a vast amount of information on various topics. Therefore, all of these options can be utilized to find information on the internet.

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  • 33. 

    What is Steve Jobs annual salary?

    • A.

      $1,000,000

    • B.

      $750,000

    • C.

      $500,000

    • D.

      $1

    Correct Answer
    D. $1
    Explanation
    The given answer of $1 is likely a joke or a symbolic amount to indicate that Steve Jobs did not take a traditional salary from Apple. As the co-founder and former CEO of Apple, Jobs famously took a $1 annual salary. Instead, he relied on stock options and other forms of compensation tied to the company's performance. This decision was seen as a statement of his dedication to the success of Apple and his focus on long-term value creation rather than short-term financial gain.

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  • 34. 

    What was the Enigma Machine used for?

    • A.

      Encryption of data

    • B.

      Calculator

    • C.

      Regular computer

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Encryption of data
    Explanation
    The Enigma Machine was a device used during World War II for the encryption of data. It was primarily used by the German military to secure their communications and make it difficult for the enemy to intercept and decipher their messages. The machine used a complex system of rotors and electrical connections to scramble the plaintext message into ciphertext, which could only be decrypted with the knowledge of the specific rotor settings and wiring configuration. This encryption method played a significant role in the war, as breaking the Enigma code was a major challenge for the Allied forces and required the development of advanced code-breaking techniques.

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  • 35. 

    Who invented the Audion (vacuum tube)?

    • A.

      Charles Babbage

    • B.

      Clifford Berry

    • C.

      Lee De Forrest

    • D.

      John Atanasoff

    Correct Answer
    C. Lee De Forrest
    Explanation
    Lee De Forrest is the correct answer because he is credited with inventing the Audion, which was the first triode vacuum tube. The Audion played a crucial role in the development of early electronic devices and was a significant advancement in the field of electronics. Charles Babbage, Clifford Berry, and John Atanasoff are not associated with the invention of the Audion or vacuum tubes.

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  • 36. 

    Who helped invent the transistor at Bell labs?

    • A.

      William Shockley

    • B.

      Alan Turing

    • C.

      Charles Babbage

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. William Shockley
    Explanation
    William Shockley is the correct answer because he was one of the inventors of the transistor at Bell Labs. Along with John Bardeen and Walter Brattain, Shockley played a crucial role in the development of the transistor in 1947. The invention of the transistor revolutionized the field of electronics and paved the way for the modern digital age.

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  • 37. 

    Which two people help to create Semiconductors?

    • A.

      Ted Hoff

    • B.

      Jack Kilby

    • C.

      Robert Noyce

    • D.

      Vinton Cerf

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Jack Kilby
    C. Robert Noyce
    Explanation
    Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce are credited with helping to create semiconductors. Jack Kilby is known for inventing the integrated circuit, a key component in semiconductor technology. Robert Noyce co-founded Fairchild Semiconductor and later co-founded Intel, where he played a crucial role in the development of the microprocessor, another important advancement in semiconductor technology. Together, their contributions revolutionized the field of electronics and laid the foundation for modern semiconductor devices.

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  • 38. 

    Who invented the microprocessor?

    • A.

      Ted Hoff

    • B.

      Vinton Cerf

    • C.

      Lee de forrest

    • D.

      Tim Berners Lee

    Correct Answer
    A. Ted Hoff
    Explanation
    Ted Hoff is credited with inventing the microprocessor. He was an engineer at Intel Corporation and in 1968, he conceived the idea of integrating the central processing unit (CPU) onto a single chip. This led to the development of the Intel 4004, the world's first microprocessor, in 1971. The microprocessor revolutionized the field of computing by making it possible to have powerful computing capabilities in small and affordable devices.

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  • 39. 

    Who is considered to be one of the fathers of the internet?

    • A.

      Ted Hoff

    • B.

      Tim Berners Lee

    • C.

      Vinton Cerf

    • D.

      Charles Babbage

    Correct Answer
    C. Vinton Cerf
    Explanation
    Vinton Cerf is considered to be one of the fathers of the internet. He is widely recognized for his contribution in the development of the TCP/IP protocols, which are the foundation of the modern internet. Cerf played a key role in designing and implementing these protocols, which allowed different computer networks to communicate with each other. His work laid the groundwork for the internet as we know it today, making him a significant figure in its creation.

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  • 40. 

    How many bits are in a 4 byte binary code

    • A.

      4

    • B.

      16

    • C.

      32

    • D.

      8

    Correct Answer
    C. 32
    Explanation
    A 4-byte binary code consists of 32 bits. Each byte is composed of 8 bits, so when we multiply 4 by 8, we get 32. Therefore, there are 32 bits in a 4-byte binary code.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 16, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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  • May 03, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Dj102557
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