Incident Response Exam Quiz!

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Incident Response Exam Quiz! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Assures that individuals control or influence what information related to them may be collected and stored and by whom and to whom that information may be disclosed.

    • A.

      Availability

    • B.

      Privacy

    • C.

      System integrity

    • D.

      Data integrity

    Correct Answer
    B. Privacy
    Explanation
    Privacy refers to the assurance that individuals have control or influence over the collection, storage, and disclosure of their personal information. It ensures that individuals can determine who has access to their data and how it is used. Privacy is crucial in maintaining the confidentiality and security of personal information, protecting individuals from unauthorized access or misuse of their data. It also promotes trust and transparency between individuals and organizations handling their information.

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  • 2. 

    Assures that a system performs its intended function in an unimpaired manner, free from deliberate or inadvertent unauthorized manipulation of the system. System integrity

    • A.

      System integrity

    • B.

      Availability

    • C.

      Data integrity

    • D.

      Confidentiality

    Correct Answer
    A. System integrity
    Explanation
    System integrity refers to the assurance that a system operates as intended without any unauthorized manipulation. It ensures that the system functions smoothly and is not compromised intentionally or unintentionally. This includes protecting the system from any unauthorized access, modification, or disruption that could potentially affect its performance or compromise its intended function. System integrity is crucial for maintaining the reliability and trustworthiness of a system.

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  • 3. 

    A loss of _________ is the unauthorized disclosure of information.

    • A.

      Confidentiality

    • B.

      Authenticity

    • C.

      Integrity

    • D.

      Availability

    Correct Answer
    A. Confidentiality
    Explanation
    Confidentiality refers to the protection of sensitive information from being accessed or disclosed to unauthorized individuals. A loss of confidentiality occurs when this information is disclosed without proper authorization. Therefore, it is the correct answer for the given question.

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  • 4. 

    A________ level breach of security could be expected to have a severe or catastrophic adverse effect on organizational operations, organizational assets, or individuals.

    • A.

      Low

    • B.

      Moderate

    • C.

      Normal

    • D.

      High

    Correct Answer
    D. High
    Explanation
    A high-level breach of security refers to a situation where there is a severe or catastrophic adverse effect on organizational operations, assets, or individuals. This means that the breach has significant consequences and can cause substantial damage to the organization or individuals involved. It indicates that the breach is not minor or insignificant, but rather has a major impact on the overall functioning and well-being of the organization or individuals affected.

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  • 5. 

    A flaw or weakness in a system’s design, implementation, or operation and management that could be exploited to violate the system’s security policy is a(n)  __________.

    • A.

      Countermeasure

    • B.

      Adversary

    • C.

      Vulnerability

    • D.

      Risk

    Correct Answer
    C. Vulnerability
    Explanation
    A vulnerability refers to a flaw or weakness in a system's design, implementation, or operation and management that could be exploited to violate the system's security policy. It represents a potential entry point for attackers to compromise the system's integrity, confidentiality, or availability. Identifying and addressing vulnerabilities is crucial in maintaining the security of a system and preventing unauthorized access or malicious activities.

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  • 6. 

    An assault on system security that derives from an intelligent act that is a deliberate attempt to evade security services and violate the security policy of a system is a(n) __________.

    • A.

      Risk

    • B.

      Attack

    • C.

      Asset

    • D.

      Vulnerability

    Correct Answer
    B. Attack
    Explanation
    An assault on system security that derives from an intelligent act that is a deliberate attempt to evade security services and violate the security policy of a system is referred to as an "attack". This term is commonly used in the context of cybersecurity to describe intentional actions taken to compromise the security of a system or network. Attacks can take various forms, such as malware infections, unauthorized access attempts, or social engineering techniques, and they are aimed at exploiting vulnerabilities in order to gain unauthorized access or cause harm to the targeted system.

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  • 7. 

    A(n) __________ is an action, device, procedure, or technique that reduces a threat, a vulnerability, or an attack by eliminating or preventing it, by minimizing the harm it can cause, or by discovering and reporting it so that correct action can be taken.

    • A.

      Attack

    • B.

      Adversary

    • C.

      Countermeasure

    • D.

      Protocol

    Correct Answer
    C. Countermeasure
    Explanation
    A countermeasure is a method or strategy that is used to reduce or prevent a threat, vulnerability, or attack. It can be an action, device, procedure, or technique that aims to eliminate or minimize the harm caused by the threat or attack. Countermeasures can also involve discovering and reporting the threat or attack so that appropriate action can be taken to address it.

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  • 8. 

    A(n) _________ is an attempt to learn or make use of information from the system that does not affect system resources.

    • A.

      Passive attack

    • B.

      Outside attack

    • C.

      Inside attack

    • D.

      Active attack

    Correct Answer
    A. Passive attack
    Explanation
    A passive attack refers to an attempt to learn or make use of information from a system without affecting system resources. In this type of attack, the attacker does not actively alter or disrupt the system but rather observes or intercepts data. This can include activities such as eavesdropping, monitoring network traffic, or analyzing data to gain unauthorized access or obtain sensitive information. Unlike active attacks, passive attacks do not directly impact or manipulate system resources.

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  • 9. 

    Masquerade, falsification, and repudiation are threat actions that cause __________ threat consequences.

    • A.

      Unauthorized disclosure

    • B.

      Disruption

    • C.

      Deception

    • D.

      Usurpation

    Correct Answer
    C. Deception
    Explanation
    Masquerade, falsification, and repudiation are all actions that involve tricking or misleading someone. These actions are intended to deceive or mislead others, and therefore the threat consequences associated with them would also be deception. Unauthorized disclosure refers to the unauthorized release of sensitive information, disruption refers to the interruption or interference with normal operations, and usurpation refers to the unauthorized takeover of someone else's rights or privileges. None of these accurately describe the threat consequences of masquerade, falsification, and repudiation, which is why deception is the correct answer.

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  • 10. 

    A threat action in which sensitive data are directly released to an unauthorized entity is __________.

    • A.

      Corruption

    • B.

      Intrusion

    • C.

      Disruption

    • D.

      Exposure

    Correct Answer
    D. Exposure
    Explanation
    Exposure refers to a threat action where sensitive data is directly released to an unauthorized entity. This means that the data is made accessible to someone who should not have access to it, potentially leading to unauthorized use or disclosure. This can occur due to various factors such as weak security measures, human error, or malicious intent. It is important to prevent exposure of sensitive data to protect the privacy and security of individuals and organizations.

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  • 11. 

    An example of __________ is an attempt by an unauthorized user to gain access to a system by posing as an authorized user.

    • A.

      Masquerade

    • B.

      Privacy

    • C.

      Interception

    • D.

      Inference

    Correct Answer
    A. Masquerade
    Explanation
    The correct answer is masquerade because it refers to the act of pretending to be someone else in order to deceive or gain unauthorized access. In this context, an unauthorized user is attempting to gain access to a system by posing as an authorized user, which is a clear example of masquerade.

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  • 12. 

    The _________ prevents or inhibits the normal use or management of communications facilities.

    • A.

      Passive attack

    • B.

      Denial of service

    • C.

      Traffic encryption

    • D.

      Masquerade

    Correct Answer
    B. Denial of service
    Explanation
    Denial of service refers to a type of cyber attack where the attacker intentionally disrupts or hinders the normal functioning of communication facilities, such as networks, servers, or websites. This can be achieved by overwhelming the target system with excessive traffic or by exploiting vulnerabilities to crash or disable the system. The objective is to prevent legitimate users from accessing or using the services provided by the targeted system.

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  • 13. 

    A __________ is any action that compromises the security of information owned by an organization.

    • A.

      Security mechanism

    • B.

      Security policy

    • C.

      Security atatck

    • D.

      Security service

    Correct Answer
    C. Security atatck
    Explanation
    A security attack is any action that compromises the security of information owned by an organization. This can include unauthorized access, data breaches, malware infections, or any other malicious activity that puts the confidentiality, integrity, or availability of information at risk. Security attacks can be intentional or unintentional, and they can originate from both internal and external sources. It is important for organizations to have robust security measures in place to detect, prevent, and mitigate the impact of security attacks.

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  • 14. 

    The assurance that data received are exactly as sent by an authorized                        entity is __________.

    • A.

      Authentication

    • B.

      Traffic control

    • C.

      Traffic routing

    • D.

      Traffic integrity

    Correct Answer
    D. Traffic integrity
    Explanation
    Traffic integrity refers to the assurance that data received is exactly as sent by an authorized entity. It ensures that the data has not been tampered with or altered during transmission. Authentication, traffic control, and traffic routing are not directly related to ensuring the integrity of the data.

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  • 15. 

    __________ is the insertion of bits into gaps in a data stream to frustrate traffic analysis attempts.

    • A.

      Traffic padding

    • B.

      Traffic control

    • C.

      Traffic routing

    • D.

      Traffic integrity

    Correct Answer
    A. Traffic padding
    Explanation
    Traffic padding is the insertion of bits into gaps in a data stream to frustrate traffic analysis attempts. By adding extra bits, the data stream becomes less predictable and harder to analyze, making it difficult for attackers or surveillance systems to gather meaningful information about the traffic. This technique helps to protect the privacy and security of the data being transmitted.

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  • 16. 

    __________ is the protection afforded to an automated information system in order to attain the applicable objectives of preserving the integrity, availability, and confidentiality of information system resources. 

    Correct Answer
    Computer security, computer security, Computer Security
    Explanation
    The term "computer security" refers to the measures taken to protect an automated information system. These measures aim to achieve the objectives of preserving the integrity, availability, and confidentiality of the system's resources. By ensuring the integrity, availability, and confidentiality of information, computer security helps to safeguard against unauthorized access, data breaches, and other potential threats to the system.

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  • 17. 

    Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability form what is often referred to as the _____.  

    Correct Answer
    CIA triad
    Explanation
    The question is asking for the term that refers to the concepts of Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability. The correct answer is "CIA triad". The CIA triad is a widely recognized framework in information security that emphasizes the importance of protecting sensitive information (Confidentiality), ensuring data accuracy and trustworthiness (Integrity), and maintaining system functionality and accessibility (Availability).

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  • 18. 

    A loss of _________ is the disruption of access to or use of information or an information system.

    Correct Answer
    availability, Availability
    Explanation
    A loss of availability refers to the situation where there is a disruption in accessing or using information or an information system. This means that the information or system is no longer accessible or usable, which can have negative consequences for individuals or organizations relying on it. The term "availability" is used to describe this specific type of loss in the context of information and information systems.

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  • 19. 

    In the United States, student grade information is an asset whose confidentiality is regulated by the __________.  

    Correct Answer
    FERPA , Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act, family educational rights and privacy act
    Explanation
    The correct answer is FERPA, which stands for the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act. This act regulates the confidentiality of student grade information in the United States. FERPA grants certain rights to parents and students regarding their educational records and ensures that these records are protected and kept confidential.

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  • 20. 

    A(n) _________ is a threat that is carried out and, if successful, leads to an undesirable violation of security, or threat consequence.

    Correct Answer
    Attack, attack
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "Attack, attack". An attack refers to a deliberate action taken with the intention to compromise security. It is a threat that, if successful, results in an undesirable violation of security or threat consequence. The repetition of the word "attack" in the question and answer might be a typographical error or redundancy.

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  • 21. 

    A(n) _________ is any means taken to deal with a security attack.

    Correct Answer
    countermeasure, Countermeasure
    Explanation
    A countermeasure refers to any action or precautionary measure taken to address a security attack. It is a proactive approach aimed at preventing or mitigating the impact of an attack. Countermeasures can include various strategies, such as implementing firewalls, encryption, or intrusion detection systems, to safeguard against potential threats. By utilizing countermeasures, organizations can enhance their security posture and minimize the risk of successful attacks.

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  • 22. 

    Misappropriation and misuse are attacks that result in ________ threat consequences.

    Correct Answer
    usurpation, Usurpation
    Explanation
    Misappropriation and misuse are attacks that result in usurpation threat consequences. Usurpation refers to the act of wrongfully taking someone else's power or authority. In the context of the question, misappropriation and misuse can lead to the unauthorized acquisition or misuse of resources, privileges, or control, thereby usurping the rightful ownership or control. This can have serious consequences, such as loss of data, breach of security, or violation of rights. Therefore, the correct answer is usurpation, as it accurately describes the outcome of misappropriation and misuse attacks.

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  • 23. 

    The assets of a computer system can be categorized as hardware, software, communication lines and networks, and _________.

    Correct Answer
    Data, data
    Explanation
    The assets of a computer system can be categorized as hardware, software, communication lines and networks, and data. Data is an essential asset in a computer system as it refers to the information or facts that are stored and processed by the system. It can include various types of information such as documents, files, databases, and user input. Data is crucial for the functioning of a computer system as it is used by the software to perform tasks and provide output to the users. Additionally, data can also be transmitted and shared through communication lines and networks, making it an integral part of the system's assets.

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  • 24. 

    Release of message contents and traffic analysis are two types of _________ attacks.

    Correct Answer
    passive, Passive
    Explanation
    Passive attacks refer to the interception and monitoring of communication without altering or disrupting it. Release of message contents involves unauthorized access to the actual message, while traffic analysis involves analyzing patterns and metadata of the communication to gain information. Both these attacks fall under the category of passive attacks as they do not actively manipulate the communication.

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  • 25. 

    Replay, masquerade, modification of messages, and denial of service are example of _________ attacks.

    Correct Answer
    active, Active
    Explanation
    The given correct answer for this question is "active, Active". This is because replay, masquerade, modification of messages, and denial of service are all examples of active attacks. Active attacks involve an attacker actively interfering with the communication process, such as intercepting and altering messages, impersonating legitimate users, or disrupting the availability of a service. These attacks are characterized by the attacker's direct involvement in manipulating or disrupting the communication flow.

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  • 26. 

    Establishing, maintaining, and implementing plans for emergency response, backup operations, and post disaster recovery for organizational information systems to ensure the availability of critical information resources and continuity of operations in emergency situations is a __________ plan.

    Correct Answer
    contingency, Contingency
    Explanation
    The correct answer is contingency. A contingency plan is a proactive strategy that organizations put in place to prepare for and respond to potential emergencies or disasters. It involves establishing, maintaining, and implementing plans for emergency response, backup operations, and post-disaster recovery to ensure the availability of critical information resources and continuity of operations in emergency situations. This plan helps organizations minimize the impact of unexpected events and ensure that they can continue their operations smoothly.

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  • 27. 

    A(n) _________ assessment is periodically assessing the risk to organizational operations, organizational assets, and individuals, resulting from the operation of organizational information systems and the associated processing, storage, or transmission or organizational information.

    Correct Answer
    risk, Risk
    Explanation
    The given answer is correct because it accurately identifies that the assessment being referred to is related to the evaluation of risk. This assessment involves periodically assessing the potential risks that can affect organizational operations, assets, and individuals. These risks can arise from the operation of information systems and the associated processing, storage, or transmission of organizational information. The repetition of the word "risk" in both lowercase and uppercase emphasizes the importance and significance of this assessment in identifying and mitigating potential risks.

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  • 28. 

    The OSI security architecture focuses on security attacks, __________, and services.

    Correct Answer
    mechanisms, Mechanisms
    Explanation
    The OSI security architecture is designed to address security attacks, mechanisms, and services. Mechanisms refer to the various techniques and tools used to implement security measures and protect against potential threats. These mechanisms can include encryption, authentication protocols, access control mechanisms, and more. By focusing on mechanisms, the OSI security architecture aims to provide a comprehensive framework for ensuring the security of network systems and data.

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  • 29. 

    A __________ is data appended to, or a cryptographic transformation of, a data unit that allows a recipient of the data unit to prove the source and integrity of the data unit and protect against forgery.

    Correct Answer
    Digital signature, digital signature, Digital Signature
    Explanation
    A digital signature is a cryptographic transformation of a data unit that is appended to the data unit. It allows the recipient to verify the source and integrity of the data unit, ensuring that it has not been tampered with or forged. The repetition of "digital signature" in the answer may indicate the importance and emphasis on this concept in the context of data security and integrity.

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  • 30. 

    Security implementation involves four complementary courses of action:  prevention, detection, response, and _________.

    Correct Answer
    recovery, Recovery
    Explanation
    The question is asking for the missing complementary course of action in security implementation, which is recovery. Recovery is an essential step in security implementation as it involves restoring systems and data to their normal functioning state after a security incident or breach. It focuses on recovering lost or compromised data, repairing any damage caused, and ensuring that systems are secure and operational again. Recovery is crucial to minimize the impact of security incidents and to restore normalcy in the organization's operations.

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  • 31. 

    A(n) ________ is inserted into a network segment so that the traffic that it is monitoring must pass through the sensor.

    • A.

      LAN sensor

    • B.

      Analysis sensor

    • C.

      Passive sensor

    • D.

      Inline sensor

    Correct Answer
    D. Inline sensor
    Explanation
    An inline sensor is inserted into a network segment to ensure that the traffic being monitored must pass through the sensor. Unlike other types of sensors, such as LAN sensors or analysis sensors, an inline sensor is specifically designed to be placed directly in the network path, allowing it to intercept and analyze all traffic passing through. This ensures comprehensive monitoring and analysis of network traffic, making it an effective tool for network security and performance monitoring. A passive sensor, on the other hand, would only listen to the traffic without actively intercepting it.

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  • 32. 

    The rule _______ tells Snort what to do when it finds a packet that matches the rule criteria.

    • A.

      Destination port

    • B.

      Protocol

    • C.

      Direction

    • D.

      Action

    Correct Answer
    D. Action
    Explanation
    The "action" rule tells Snort what to do when it finds a packet that matches the rule criteria. This means that when Snort detects a packet that meets the specified conditions, it will perform the action specified in the rule. The action could be alerting the user, logging the packet, or blocking the packet, depending on the configuration.

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  • 33. 

    __________ involves an attempt to define a set of rules or attack patterns that can be used to decide if a given behavior is that of an intruder.

    • A.

      Signature detection

    • B.

      Threshold detection

    • C.

      Anomaly detection

    • D.

      Profile based detection

    Correct Answer
    A. Signature detection
    Explanation
    Signature detection involves defining a set of rules or attack patterns that can be used to determine if a behavior is that of an intruder. This method relies on known signatures or patterns of malicious activity to identify and block potential threats. By comparing network traffic or system behavior against a database of known signatures, signature detection can effectively detect and prevent intrusions.

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  • 34. 

    A _________ is a security event that constitutes a security incident in which an intruder gains access to a system without having authorization to do so

    • A.

      Criminal enterprise

    • B.

      Intrusion detection

    • C.

      Security intrusion

    • D.

      IDS

    Correct Answer
    C. Security intrusion
    Explanation
    A security intrusion refers to a security event where an unauthorized person gains access to a system. This unauthorized access is considered a security incident as it violates the system's authorization requirements. It is important to identify and address security intrusions promptly to prevent further damage and protect sensitive information.

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  • 35. 

    _________ is a document that describes the application level protocol for exchanging data between intrusion detection entities

    • A.

      RFC 4767

    • B.

      RFC 4766

    • C.

      RFC 4765

    • D.

      RFC 4764

    Correct Answer
    A. RFC 4767
    Explanation
    RFC 4767 is the correct answer because it is a document that describes the application level protocol for exchanging data between intrusion detection entities. The RFC (Request for Comments) series is a collection of documents that define various protocols, procedures, and standards for the internet. RFC 4767 specifically focuses on the protocol for exchanging data between intrusion detection entities, making it the appropriate choice for this question.

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  • 36. 

    _______are decoy systems that are designed to lure a potential attacker away from critical systems.

    Correct Answer
    honeypots, Honeypots
    Explanation
    Honeypots are decoy systems that are specifically created to divert potential attackers from accessing critical systems. These systems are designed to mimic real networks or applications, enticing attackers to interact with them instead of the actual valuable assets. By luring attackers to these honeypots, organizations can gather information about their tactics, techniques, and intentions, allowing them to enhance their overall security measures and protect their critical systems effectively.

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  • 37. 

    1. The ____________ is the predefined formally documented statement that defines what activities are allowed to take place on an organization’s network or on particular hosts to support the organization’s requirements.

    Correct Answer
    security policy , Security Policy
    Explanation
    A security policy is a predefined formally documented statement that defines what activities are allowed to take place on an organization's network or on particular hosts to support the organization's requirements. It outlines the rules, regulations, and guidelines that govern the use of the network and the protection of sensitive information. The security policy helps to ensure that the organization's resources are used appropriately and that security measures are in place to protect against unauthorized access and potential threats.

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  • 38. 

    ______ is a benefit of security awareness, training, and education programs to organizations.

    • A.

      Improving employee behavior

    • B.

      Increasing the ability to hold employees accountable for their actions

    • C.

      Mitigating liability of the organization for an employee’s behavior

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Security awareness, training, and education programs provide several benefits to organizations. Firstly, they help in improving employee behavior by educating them about potential security risks and teaching them how to identify and respond to such threats. Secondly, these programs increase the organization's ability to hold employees accountable for their actions by establishing clear guidelines and consequences for security breaches. Lastly, these programs also help in mitigating the liability of the organization for an employee's behavior by demonstrating that necessary measures were taken to educate and train employees on security protocols. Therefore, all of the given options are correct benefits of security awareness, training, and education programs.

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  • 39. 

    Security awareness, training, and education programs can serve as a deterrent to fraud and actions by disgruntled employees by increasing employees’ knowledge of their ________ and of potential penalties

    • A.

      Regulations

    • B.

      Accountability

    • C.

      Liability

    • D.

      Incidents

    Correct Answer
    B. Accountability
    Explanation
    Security awareness, training, and education programs can serve as a deterrent to fraud and actions by disgruntled employees by increasing employees' knowledge of their accountability and of potential penalties. By understanding their responsibilities and the consequences of their actions, employees are less likely to engage in fraudulent activities or actions that could harm the organization. This knowledge creates a sense of responsibility and encourages employees to act ethically and in compliance with regulations, reducing the risk of fraud and misconduct.

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  • 40. 

    The _______ category is a transitional stage between awareness and training

    • A.

      Roles and responsibilities relative to IT systems

    • B.

      Security basics and literacy

    • C.

      Education and experience

    • D.

      Security awareness

    Correct Answer
    B. Security basics and literacy
    Explanation
    The security basics and literacy category refers to the stage where individuals have a basic understanding of security concepts and are familiar with the necessary skills and knowledge required to protect IT systems. This stage acts as a bridge between awareness and training, as individuals in this category have a foundation of security awareness but still need further education and experience to fully develop their skills.

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  • 41. 

    ________ is explicitly required for all employees

    • A.

      Security awareness

    • B.

      Education and experience

    • C.

      Security basics and literacy

    • D.

      Roles and responsibilities relative to IT systems

    Correct Answer
    A. Security awareness
    Explanation
    Security awareness is explicitly required for all employees because it ensures that they have the knowledge and understanding of potential security risks and threats. By being aware of security best practices, employees can actively contribute to maintaining a secure work environment and protecting sensitive information. This includes being aware of common attack vectors, understanding the importance of strong passwords, being cautious of phishing attempts, and knowing how to report any suspicious activities. Security awareness helps to create a culture of security within an organization and empowers employees to be proactive in safeguarding company assets.

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  • 42. 

    The _________ level focuses on developing the ability and vision to perform complex, multidisciplinary activities and the skills needed to further the IT security profession and to keep pace with threat and technology changes

    • A.

      Security basics and literacy

    • B.

      Roles and responsibilities relative to IT systems

    • C.

      Education and experience

    • D.

      Security awareness

    Correct Answer
    C. Education and experience
    Explanation
    The education and experience level focuses on developing the ability and vision to perform complex, multidisciplinary activities and the skills needed to further the IT security profession and to keep pace with threat and technology changes. This level emphasizes the importance of acquiring knowledge through formal education and gaining practical experience in the field of IT security. It recognizes that a combination of theoretical understanding and hands-on practice is essential for professionals to excel in their roles and responsibilities and effectively address the evolving challenges in the industry.

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  • 43. 

    _______ are ways for an awareness program to promote the security message to employees

    • A.

      Posters

    • B.

      Newsletters

    • C.

      Workshops and training sessions

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Posters, newsletters, and workshops and training sessions are all effective ways for an awareness program to promote the security message to employees. Posters can be displayed in common areas to catch employees' attention and remind them of important security practices. Newsletters can be distributed regularly to provide updates, tips, and reminders about security measures. Workshops and training sessions allow for more interactive and in-depth learning experiences, where employees can actively participate and ask questions. By utilizing all of these methods, the awareness program can effectively reach and engage employees, ensuring that the security message is effectively communicated and understood.

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  • 44. 

    ____ need training on the development of risk management goals, means of measurement, and the need to lead by example in the area of security awareness

    • A.

      Executives

    • B.

      Analysts

    • C.

      Managers

    • D.

      Trainers

    Correct Answer
    A. Executives
    Explanation
    Executives need training on the development of risk management goals, means of measurement, and the need to lead by example in the area of security awareness. This is because executives play a crucial role in setting the direction and priorities of an organization. They need to understand the importance of risk management and be able to develop effective goals and metrics to measure the success of security initiatives. Additionally, executives need to lead by example and demonstrate a strong commitment to security awareness in order to foster a culture of security within the organization.

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  • 45. 

    From a security point of view, which of the following actions should be done upon       the termination of an employee?

    • A.

      Remove the person’s name from all lists of authorized access

    • B.

      Recover all assets, including employee ID, disks, documents and equipment

    • C.

      Remove all personal access codes

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Upon the termination of an employee, it is important from a security point of view to take all of the mentioned actions. Removing the person's name from all lists of authorized access ensures that they no longer have any privileges or permissions within the organization's systems. Recovering all assets, including employee ID, disks, documents, and equipment, helps to prevent any unauthorized use or access to sensitive information. Removing all personal access codes ensures that the former employee cannot use their credentials to gain entry into any systems or networks. Taking all of these actions collectively helps to mitigate security risks and protect the organization's assets and information.

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  • 46. 

    ________ is the process of receiving, initial sorting, and prioritizing of information to facilitate its appropriate handling

    • A.

      Incident

    • B.

      Triage

    • C.

      Constituency

    • D.

      Handling

    Correct Answer
    B. Triage
    Explanation
    Triage is the process of receiving, initial sorting, and prioritizing of information to facilitate its appropriate handling. This term is commonly used in medical contexts, where it refers to the assessment and prioritization of patients based on the severity of their condition. However, triage can also be applied to other situations, such as emergency response or customer support, where quick decision-making and prioritization are necessary. The goal of triage is to efficiently allocate resources and attention to the most urgent or critical cases first.

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  • 47. 

    CERT stands for ___________.

    • A.

      Computer Error Response Team

    • B.

      Compliance Error Repair Technology

    • C.

      Computer Emergency Response Team

    • D.

      Compliance Emergency Response Technology

    Correct Answer
    C. Computer Emergency Response Team
    Explanation
    CERT stands for Computer Emergency Response Team. This team is responsible for responding to and handling computer security incidents and emergencies. They work to prevent, detect, and respond to cyber threats and vulnerabilities. The term "emergency" implies the urgency and critical nature of their work, as they are tasked with quickly addressing and mitigating any potential risks or damages caused by cyber attacks or other security incidents.

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  • 48. 

    ________ can include computer viruses, Trojan horse programs, worms, exploit scripts, and toolkits

    • A.

      Artifacts

    • B.

      Vulnerabilities

    • C.

      CSIRT

    • D.

      Constituencies

    Correct Answer
    A. Artifacts
    Explanation
    The term "artifacts" refers to various types of malicious software that can harm computer systems, such as computer viruses, Trojan horse programs, worms, exploit scripts, and toolkits. These artifacts are designed to exploit vulnerabilities in computer systems and can cause significant damage if not detected and addressed promptly.

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  • 49. 

    A capability set up for the purpose of assisting in responding to computer security-related incidents that involve sites within a defined constituency is called a ______.

    • A.

      CIRT

    • B.

      CIRC

    • C.

      CSIRT

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    A capability set up for the purpose of assisting in responding to computer security-related incidents that involve sites within a defined constituency can be referred to by any of the terms CIRT, CIRC, or CSIRT. These terms are interchangeable and can be used to describe the same concept. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above" as they all represent the same capability.

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  • 50. 

    ___________ scan critical system files, directories, and services to ensure they have not been changed without proper authorization

    • A.

      Intrusion prevention systems

    • B.

      System integrity verification tools

    • C.

      Log analysis tools

    • D.

      Network and host intrusion detection systems

    Correct Answer
    B. System integrity verification tools
    Explanation
    System integrity verification tools are designed to scan critical system files, directories, and services to ensure that they have not been changed without proper authorization. These tools help to detect any unauthorized modifications or tampering with the system, which could indicate a potential security breach or compromise. By regularly scanning and verifying the integrity of these system components, organizations can ensure the overall security and stability of their systems.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 22, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Selmer
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