Inca Empire Geography Trivia Quiz

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Inca Empire Geography Trivia Quiz - Quiz


We welcome you to this informative Inca empire geography trivia quiz. Incan Empire was the biggest in pre-Columbian America. From 1438 to 1533, the Incas included a large portion of western South America, centered on the Andean mountains. The largest empire reached Peru, western Ecuador, western and south-central Bolivia, northwest Argentina, Chile, and the southwesternmost tip of Columbia. Don’t hesitate to take your certificate once you are done with this marvelous quiz. Get ready to learn something new! All the best.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The Inca were the first to settle South America.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because the Inca were not the first to settle in South America. The first known civilization in South America was the Norte Chico civilization, which emerged around 3500 BCE. The Inca civilization, on the other hand, emerged much later, around the 13th century CE. Therefore, the Inca were not the first to settle in South America.

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  • 2. 

    On which continent did the Inca establish their empire?

    • A.

      Mesoamerica

    • B.

      South America

    • C.

      North America

    • D.

      Atlantis

    Correct Answer
    B. South America
    Explanation
    The Inca established their empire in South America. This is supported by historical evidence and archaeological findings that show the Inca civilization was located in the Andes region, primarily in present-day Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, and parts of Chile and Argentina. The Inca Empire was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America and was known for its advanced agricultural practices, road networks, and administrative systems.

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  • 3. 

    What three natural barriers were part of the Inca empire?

    • A.

      Andes Mountains, Amazon Jungle, Coastal Desert

    • B.

      Ravines, gorges, and flatlands

    • C.

      Land, sky, and water

    • D.

      Bridges, roads, and walls

    Correct Answer
    A. Andes Mountains, Amazon Jungle, Coastal Desert
    Explanation
    The Inca empire was located in the Andes Mountains, which served as a natural barrier and provided protection from potential invaders. The Amazon Jungle also acted as a barrier, making it difficult for outsiders to navigate through the dense vegetation. The Coastal Desert, on the other hand, created a natural barrier along the coast, further protecting the empire from invasion. These three natural barriers played a significant role in the defense and isolation of the Inca empire.

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  • 4. 

    What did the Inca call themselves?

    • A.

      Individualists

    • B.

      Children of the Sun

    • C.

      The Mountain Folk

    • D.

      Children of the Corn

    • E.

      Quipu Suyu

    Correct Answer
    B. Children of the Sun
    Explanation
    The Inca referred to themselves as "Children of the Sun" because they believed that they were descendants of Inti, the Sun God. They believed that the Sun was their ancestor and creator, and that they were chosen to rule over the land. This title also reflected their strong connection to nature and their agricultural practices, as the Sun was seen as the source of life and fertility.

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  • 5. 

    Where did the Inca people live?

    • A.

      In the Andes.

    • B.

      In tents.

    • C.

      In caves.

    • D.

      In their mind’s eye.

    Correct Answer
    A. In the Andes.
    Explanation
    The Inca people lived in the Andes. The Andes is a mountain range in South America that stretches along the western coast of the continent. The Inca civilization was centered in the Andes, specifically in the region that is now modern-day Peru. They built an extensive empire that included a network of roads, cities, and agricultural terraces in the Andes mountains. The Inca people were known for their advanced agricultural techniques, such as terracing and irrigation, which allowed them to thrive in the high-altitude environment of the Andes.

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  • 6. 

    How were the Inca able to farm on the steep mountain slopes of the Andes?

    • A.

      They created terrace farming.

    • B.

      They invented the vertical plow.

    • C.

      They trained llamas to do the work.

    • D.

      They only planted crops that grew underground.

    Correct Answer
    A. They created terrace farming.
    Explanation
    The Inca were able to farm on the steep mountain slopes of the Andes by creating terrace farming. Terrace farming involves carving steps into the mountainside to create flat areas for planting crops. This technique allowed the Inca to maximize the use of available land and prevent soil erosion. By creating terraces, they were able to create a system that provided adequate water drainage and allowed for the cultivation of a variety of crops. This innovative farming method was crucial for the Inca civilization's survival and success in the challenging mountainous terrain.

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  • 7. 

    Why did the Inca empire expand north and south, rather than east and west?

    • A.

      The empire follows the path of the sun in South America.

    • B.

      Important rivers ran north and south.

    • C.

      Natural barriers limited their growth east and west.

    • D.

      There were already tribes living east and west of the Inca.

    Correct Answer
    C. Natural barriers limited their growth east and west.
    Explanation
    The Inca empire expanded north and south instead of east and west because natural barriers limited their growth in the east and west directions. This suggests that geographical features such as mountains, deserts, or dense forests made it difficult for the Inca to expand in those directions. As a result, they focused their expansion efforts towards the north and south, where the natural barriers were less restrictive.

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  • 8. 

    What does “Cuzco” mean?

    • A.

      Cuzco means "the center of the universe."

    • B.

      Cuzco means "I approve" in the Inca language.

    • C.

      Cuzco means "You are Here" on Inca maps.

    • D.

      Cuzco is shorthand for Cuzins Construction, the emperor's favorite Inca builders.

    Correct Answer
    A. Cuzco means "the center of the universe."
  • 9. 

    Who ordered Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo to go and found the city of Cuzco?

    • A.

      Viracocha.

    • B.

      Inti.

    • C.

      Pacha Mama.

    • D.

      Titicaca

    Correct Answer
    B. Inti.
    Explanation
    Inti is the correct answer because according to Inca mythology, Inti was the sun god and the most important deity. It was believed that Inti was the ancestor of the Inca people and the ruler of Cuzco. Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo were the first Inca emperor and empress, and they were ordered by Inti to go and establish the city of Cuzco. Therefore, Inti is the correct answer as the one who ordered them to found the city.

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  • 10. 

    What did Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo use to find the place that they should establish Cuzco?

    • A.

      A golden staff.

    • B.

      A golden compass.

    • C.

      A golden chalice.

    • D.

      A golden bear.

    Correct Answer
    A. A golden staff.
    Explanation
    Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo used a golden staff to find the place where they should establish Cuzco. The golden staff acted as a divining rod, guiding them to the chosen location. This suggests that they believed in a spiritual or mystical connection between the staff and the land, trusting that it would lead them to the right spot. The use of a golden staff also implies the significance and importance of the decision to establish Cuzco, as gold is often associated with wealth, power, and divine authority.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following is a good description of the Inca empire?

    • A.

      The last of the great empires in the Americas.

    • B.

      The largest of the empires in the Americas.

    • C.

      The land of milk and honey.

    • D.

      The place where trouble melts like lemon drops.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. The last of the great empires in the Americas.
    B. The largest of the empires in the Americas.
    Explanation
    The correct answer for this question is "The last of the great empires in the Americas" and "The largest of the empires in the Americas." These descriptions accurately represent the Inca empire as it was the last major empire to rise in the Americas before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors, and it was also the largest empire in the Americas at its peak, spanning a vast territory along the western coast of South America.

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