IC3 Gs3 Computer Fundamentals Software & Hardware

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IC3 Gs3 Computer Fundamentals Software & Hardware - Quiz


The IC3 Global Standard 3 Certification is comprised of three individual examinations: Computing Fundamentals, Key Applications, and Living Online. The Computing Fundamentals examination covers a foundational understanding of computer hardware, software, operating systems, peripherals, and troubleshooting to help you get the most value and impact from computer technology.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    DOS stands for________________________?

    • A.

      Direct Operating System

    • B.

      Disk Override System

    • C.

      Disk Operating System

    • D.

      Disk Optional System

    Correct Answer
    C. Disk Operating System
    Explanation
    DOS stands for Disk Operating System. It is a computer operating system that was widely used in the 1980s and 1990s. DOS was primarily designed to manage and control the functions of a computer's disk storage, including reading, writing, and organizing files. It provided a command-line interface for users to interact with the computer and execute various commands. DOS played a significant role in the early days of personal computing and laid the foundation for the development of modern operating systems.

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  • 2. 

    The speed of the processor is measured in _____________?

    • A.

      GZH

    • B.

      PSP

    • C.

      MHZ

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    C. MHZ
    Explanation
    The correct answer is MHZ. The speed of the processor is commonly measured in megahertz (MHz), which represents one million cycles per second. This measurement indicates how fast the processor can execute instructions and perform calculations.

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  • 3. 

    ROM stands for _________?

    • A.

      Read On Memory

    • B.

      Read Only Maker

    • C.

      Read On Motherboard

    • D.

      Read Only Memory

    Correct Answer
    D. Read Only Memory
    Explanation
    ROM stands for Read Only Memory. It is a type of computer memory that is non-volatile, meaning it retains its data even when the power is turned off. ROM is used to store permanent instructions that are essential for the computer to boot up and perform basic functions. Unlike RAM (Random Access Memory), the data stored in ROM cannot be easily modified or erased, hence the name "Read Only".

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following is an operating system you would be using on the computer?

    • A.

      Internet Explorer

    • B.

      Microsoft Windows 3.0

    • C.

      Microsoft Word

    • D.

      Windows 8

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Microsoft Windows 3.0
    D. Windows 8
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Microsoft Windows 3.0 and Windows 8. Microsoft Windows 3.0 and Windows 8 are both operating systems that can be used on a computer. Internet Explorer and Microsoft Word, on the other hand, are not operating systems but rather software applications that can run on an operating system.

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  • 5. 

    How much information can a CD (Compact Disk) usually store?

    • A.

      700 Mb

    • B.

      1.44 Mb

    • C.

      150 Mb

    • D.

      10 Mb

    Correct Answer
    A. 700 Mb
    Explanation
    A CD (Compact Disk) can usually store up to 700 Mb of information. This storage capacity allows for the storage of various types of data, such as music, videos, documents, and software. The high storage capacity of CDs made them popular for distributing media and software in the past. However, with the advent of digital downloads and streaming services, CDs have become less common.

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  • 6. 

    The brain of the computer is the ______________?

    • A.

      RAM

    • B.

      ROM

    • C.

      BIOS

    • D.

      CPU

    Correct Answer
    D. CPU
    Explanation
    The brain of the computer is the CPU, or Central Processing Unit. The CPU is responsible for executing instructions, performing calculations, and managing the flow of data within the computer. It is often referred to as the brain because it is the primary component that carries out the majority of the computer's processing tasks. RAM, ROM, and BIOS are all important components of a computer, but they do not serve the same function as the CPU in terms of processing and executing instructions.

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  • 7. 

    What is the biggest advantage of using a notebook?

    • A.

      Cost

    • B.

      Speed

    • C.

      Portability

    • D.

      Size

    Correct Answer
    C. Portability
    Explanation
    The biggest advantage of using a notebook is portability. Notebooks are lightweight and compact, making them easy to carry around. This allows users to work or study on the go, whether it's in a coffee shop, library, or during travel. Portability also enables easy collaboration and sharing of information with others. Additionally, notebooks are designed with built-in batteries, allowing for extended use without the need for a power source. This makes them convenient for both professional and personal use, offering flexibility and mobility to users.

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  • 8. 

    A server is a computer that has been designated to share resources and data.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A server is a computer that has been designated to share resources and data. This means that it is specifically set up to provide access to files, applications, and other resources to other computers or devices on a network. Servers are commonly used in businesses and organizations to centralize data storage and facilitate collaboration among users. They are also used to host websites, emails, and other online services. Therefore, the statement "A server is a computer that has been designated to share resources and data" is true.

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  • 9. 

    An example of a household appliance that has a computer chip embedded as part of its equipment is:

    • A.

      Refrigerator

    • B.

      Coffee machine

    • C.

      Microwave

    • D.

      Cereal turn-wheel dispenser

    • E.

      Entertainment system

    • F.

      Any of the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Refrigerator
    B. Coffee machine
    C. Microwave
    E. Entertainment system
    Explanation
    The correct answer is any of the above. All of the mentioned household appliances can have a computer chip embedded as part of their equipment. This is because modern appliances often incorporate technology such as sensors, timers, and programmable settings, which require the use of a computer chip to function properly.

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  • 10. 

    Which removable storage device would you use to copy pictures from one computer to another?

    • A.

      External hard drive

    • B.

      Memory card from digital camera

    • C.

      USB memory key

    • D.

      B or c

    • E.

      Any of the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. External hard drive
    B. Memory card from digital camera
    C. USB memory key
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "b or c" or "Any of the above". All three options - external hard drive, memory card from a digital camera, and USB memory key - can be used to copy pictures from one computer to another. Each of these devices can store and transfer data, including pictures, making them suitable for this purpose.

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  • 11. 

    A virtual storage system can exist at a location such as your ISP, where you can store data from anywhere in the world.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A virtual storage system allows users to store their data remotely, typically on servers provided by their internet service provider (ISP). This means that regardless of where users are located in the world, they can access and store their data in this virtual storage system. Therefore, the statement that a virtual storage system can exist at an ISP location and allow users to store data from anywhere in the world is true.

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  • 12. 

    How can you access a remote storage system?

    • A.

      Start a Web browser and navigate to that site

    • B.

      Through your e-mail program

    • C.

      Using a USB memory key

    • D.

      Log on with a valid ID and password

    Correct Answer
    D. Log on with a valid ID and password
    Explanation
    To access a remote storage system, you need to log on with a valid ID and password. This is because remote storage systems are typically secure and require authentication to ensure authorized access. By logging on with a valid ID and password, you can establish a connection to the remote storage system and access your files and data stored on it. Starting a web browser and navigating to a site, using an email program, or using a USB memory key are not the correct methods for accessing a remote storage system.

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  • 13. 

    Why should you save your files to a storage device?

    • A.

      To prevent data loss if the computer is turned off

    • B.

      To store information from RAM onto the storage device

    • C.

      To have a copy of the data

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. To prevent data loss if the computer is turned off
    B. To store information from RAM onto the storage device
    C. To have a copy of the data
    Explanation
    Saving files to a storage device is important for several reasons. Firstly, it helps prevent data loss if the computer is turned off unexpectedly or experiences a power outage. By saving files to a storage device, you ensure that your data is safely stored and can be accessed even if the computer shuts down. Additionally, saving files to a storage device allows you to store information from RAM onto the storage device, freeing up memory and improving the computer's performance. Lastly, saving files to a storage device provides you with a copy of the data, allowing you to access and restore it in case of accidental deletion or corruption.

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  • 14. 

    The best way to gain more RAM for processing a newsletter is:

    • A.

      Close any files you are not currently using.

    • B.

      Close any application programs you are not currently using.

    • C.

      Restart the computer.

    • D.

      Only the first one is right

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Close any files you are not currently using.
    B. Close any application programs you are not currently using.
    Explanation
    Closing any files and application programs that are not currently being used is the best way to gain more RAM for processing a newsletter. When files and applications are open, they consume a portion of the available RAM, which can slow down the processing speed. By closing unused files and applications, the RAM that was previously allocated to them becomes available for other tasks, such as processing the newsletter. Restarting the computer can also help free up RAM, but it is not the only or necessarily the best solution in this case.

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  • 15. 

    Why is RAM considered volatile?

    • A.

      It disappears when the computer is shut down or reset.

    • B.

      It uses up only as much memory as it needs for processing.

    • C.

      It always uses a certain amount of memory for Windows.

    Correct Answer
    A. It disappears when the computer is shut down or reset.
    Explanation
    RAM (Random Access Memory) is considered volatile because it loses all stored data when the computer is shut down or reset. Unlike non-volatile memory such as hard drives or SSDs, which retain data even when power is removed, RAM requires a constant flow of electricity to maintain its stored information. Once the power is cut off, the data stored in RAM is lost, making it volatile in nature.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following retains the information it's storing when the power to the system is turned off?

    • A.

      CPU

    • B.

      ROM

    • C.

      RAM

    • D.

      Other

    Correct Answer
    B. ROM
    Explanation
    ROM (Read-Only Memory) retains the information it's storing even when the power to the system is turned off. Unlike RAM (Random Access Memory) which is volatile and loses its data when power is lost, ROM is non-volatile and its contents are permanently programmed during manufacturing. This makes ROM ideal for storing important system instructions and data that need to be preserved even when the system is powered down. The CPU (Central Processing Unit) does not retain information when power is turned off as it is responsible for executing instructions and performing calculations in real-time.

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  • 17. 

    How much data will a high density (HD) floppy disk hold?

    • A.

      1.88MB

    • B.

      2GB

    • C.

      1.44MB

    • D.

      Any

    Correct Answer
    C. 1.44MB
    Explanation
    A high density (HD) floppy disk will hold 1.44MB of data. Floppy disks were a popular storage medium in the past, and the HD floppy disk had a higher storage capacity compared to the earlier double-density (DD) floppy disks. The 1.44MB capacity allowed users to store a moderate amount of data, such as documents, images, or small applications. However, with the advancement of technology, floppy disks have become obsolete and are no longer commonly used for data storage.

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  • 18. 

    All the various media on which a computer system can store software and data are referred to collectively as

    • A.

      Memory

    • B.

      RAM

    • C.

      Floppy disk

    • D.

      Storage

    Correct Answer
    D. Storage
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Storage" because it encompasses all the different types of media that a computer system can use to store software and data. This includes traditional storage devices like hard drives, as well as newer options like solid-state drives and cloud storage. "Memory" refers specifically to the computer's temporary storage space used for running programs, while "RAM" is a type of memory that is faster but more expensive than other forms. "Floppy disk" is a specific type of storage media that was popular in the past but is now obsolete.

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  • 19. 

    What are examples of storage devices?

    • A.

      Keyboards, flash drive, printer

    • B.

      Flash drive, RAM, DVD-ROM

    • C.

      Hard drive, DVD-ROM, flash drive

    Correct Answer
    C. Hard drive, DVD-ROM, flash drive
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes examples of storage devices that are commonly used in computing. A hard drive is a primary storage device that permanently stores data, while a DVD-ROM is an optical storage device that can read data from DVDs. A flash drive, also known as a USB drive, is a portable storage device that can store and transfer data. These devices are all examples of storage devices that allow users to store and retrieve data on their computers.

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  • 20. 

    Please name the following piece of hardware?

    • A.

      RAM

    • B.

      CPU

    • C.

      Motherboard

    • D.

      Main Computer

    Correct Answer
    C. Motherboard
    Explanation
    The given options are all components of a computer system. RAM stands for Random Access Memory, which is a type of computer memory that stores data that is being used by the computer in real-time. CPU stands for Central Processing Unit, which is the main component responsible for executing instructions and performing calculations in a computer. The motherboard is the main circuit board that connects all the components of a computer system together, allowing them to communicate with each other. Therefore, the correct answer is Motherboard, as it is the piece of hardware that encompasses and connects all the other components.

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  • 21. 

    A gigabyte is equal to _____.

    • A.

      A thousand kilobytes

    • B.

      1024 megabytes

    • C.

      1024 x 1024 megabytes

    • D.

      A million megabytes

    Correct Answer
    B. 1024 megabytes
    Explanation
    A gigabyte is equal to 1024 megabytes. This is because in the binary system, each unit is a power of 2. Therefore, 1 gigabyte is equal to 1024 megabytes, not 1000.

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  • 22. 

    The keys on the keyboard which may be programmed to do special tasks are the _____. 

    • A.

      Navigation keys

    • B.

      Function keys

    • C.

      Numeric keypad

    • D.

      Arrow keys

    Correct Answer
    B. Function keys
    Explanation
    Function keys on a keyboard can be programmed to perform specific tasks or execute commands. These keys are typically labeled as F1, F2, F3, and so on, and are located at the top row of the keyboard. By assigning functions to these keys, users can quickly access certain features or perform actions without having to navigate through menus or use mouse clicks. Therefore, function keys are the keys on the keyboard which may be programmed to do special tasks.

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  • 23. 

    A modem is used to _____.

    • A.

      Change incoming analog signals to digital signals and outgoing digital signals to analog signals

    • B.

      Connect two computers using telephone lines

    • C.

      Connect two computers using a satellite uplink

    • D.

      Connect a computer to a shared printer

    Correct Answer
    B. Connect two computers using telephone lines
    Explanation
    A modem is a device that allows computers to connect to the internet or to other computers using telephone lines. It converts digital signals from the computer into analog signals that can be transmitted over the telephone lines, and then converts analog signals received from the telephone lines back into digital signals that the computer can understand. Therefore, the correct answer is "connect two computers using telephone lines".

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  • 24. 

    What factors should you consider when purchasing a computer for someone who works with video files?

    • A.

      Large Hard Drive

    • B.

      Digital Camera

    • C.

      Microprocessor Speed

    • D.

      Amount of RAM

    Correct Answer
    D. Amount of RAM
    Explanation
    When purchasing a computer for someone who works with video files, the amount of RAM is an important factor to consider. Video editing and processing require a significant amount of memory to handle the large file sizes and complex tasks involved. Sufficient RAM allows for smoother multitasking, faster rendering, and overall better performance when working with video files. Therefore, considering the amount of RAM is crucial in ensuring that the computer can handle the demands of video editing effectively.

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  • 25. 

    The keys across the top of the keyboard, F1-F12 are called ______________.

    • A.

      Shortcut keys

    • B.

      Hot keys

    • C.

      Special purpose keys

    • D.

      Function keys

    Correct Answer
    D. Function keys
    Explanation
    The keys across the top of the keyboard, F1-F12, are called function keys. These keys are designated to perform specific functions within various software programs and operating systems. They can be used to access help menus, perform common tasks, or execute specific commands. Shortcut keys and hot keys are typically combinations of keys pressed together to perform a specific action, while special purpose keys refer to keys with specific functions on specialized keyboards. Therefore, the most appropriate term for the keys F1-F12 is function keys.

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  • 26. 

    As a rule supercomputers __________________________

    • A.

      Are used for forecasting weather and animation

    • B.

      Have specialized software programs

    • C.

      Are typically used for scientific and engineering tasks

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Supercomputers are used for a variety of purposes, including forecasting weather and animation, as well as performing scientific and engineering tasks. They have specialized software programs that enable them to handle complex calculations and simulations required for these tasks. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above" as it encompasses all the mentioned uses and features of supercomputers.

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  • 27. 

    If I need to store my resume and I have about one-half of a page completed in Microsoft Word, what is the minimum amount of memory I will need to store the essay?  

    • A.

      A gigabyte

    • B.

      A kilobyte

    • C.

      A megabyte

    • D.

      A terabyte

    Correct Answer
    B. A kilobyte
    Explanation
    The minimum amount of memory needed to store the essay is a kilobyte. A kilobyte is a unit of digital information that is equal to 1024 bytes. Since the essay is only half a page, it would require a relatively small amount of memory to store it, which can be accommodated by a kilobyte.

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