Human Anatomy And Medicine

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Questions: 20 | Attempts: 731

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Human Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia

The collective study of medicine and human anatomy has to be some of the greatest work in human achievement; figuring out how our bodies work and what must be done in order to keep it running in times of sickness has been one of the fields of study that has allowed the human race to evolve. What do you know about these topics? Take the following quiz on human anatomy and medicine to find out!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The biggest organ in the body?

    • A.

      The liver

    • B.

      The brain

    • C.

      The skin

    • D.

      The stomach

    • E.

      The pancreas

    Correct Answer
    C. The skin
    Explanation
    The skin is the largest organ in the body. It covers and protects the entire body, acting as a barrier against external threats such as bacteria, viruses, and UV radiation. It also helps regulate body temperature, stores fat and water, and contains sensory receptors for touch, pain, and temperature. Additionally, the skin plays a role in vitamin D synthesis and elimination of waste products through sweat. Therefore, the skin is rightly considered the biggest organ in the body.

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  • 2. 

    The weight of an adult liver?

    • A.

      0,5 kg

    • B.

      1,0 kg

    • C.

      1,5 kg

    • D.

      2,0 kg

    • E.

      2,5 kg

    Correct Answer
    C. 1,5 kg
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1.5 kg. The weight of an adult liver typically ranges between 1.2 to 1.5 kg. It is an essential organ responsible for various functions such as detoxification, metabolism, and production of bile. The weight can vary slightly depending on factors such as age, gender, and overall health.

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  • 3. 

    How many muscles do an adult have?

    • A.

      Ca 200

    • B.

      Ca 400

    • C.

      Ca 600

    • D.

      Ca 700

    • E.

      Ca 850

    Correct Answer
    D. Ca 700
    Explanation
    An adult has approximately 700 muscles in their body. These muscles are responsible for various functions such as movement, stability, and posture. Muscles are made up of fibers that contract and relax to allow for movement. They are attached to bones by tendons and work together to enable us to perform daily activities. Having an understanding of the number of muscles in the body helps in comprehending the complexity and coordination required for our movements.

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  • 4. 

    How many bones are there in an human adult?

    • A.

      206

    • B.

      306

    • C.

      406

    • D.

      506

    • E.

      606

    Correct Answer
    A. 206
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 206. An adult human body typically has 206 bones. These bones make up the skeletal system and provide support, protection, and enable movement.

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  • 5. 

    Which organ is named REN in latin?

    • A.

      Liver

    • B.

      Skin

    • C.

      Bowel

    • D.

      Stomach

    • E.

      Kidney

    Correct Answer
    E. Kidney
    Explanation
    In Latin, the organ named "REN" refers to the kidney. The kidney is an essential organ in the human body responsible for filtering waste products from the blood, regulating blood pressure, and maintaining fluid balance. It plays a vital role in the excretory system and is crucial for maintaining overall health and homeostasis.

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  • 6. 

    What is the correct latin word for SPLEEN?

    • A.

      Cor

    • B.

      Lien

    • C.

      Encephalon

    • D.

      Gaster

    • E.

      Meninges

    Correct Answer
    B. Lien
    Explanation
    The correct Latin word for SPLEEN is "Lien."

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  • 7. 

    What does the vaccine BCG stand for?

    • A.

      Boyes Christensen Growth

    • B.

      Bergen Cell Growth

    • C.

      Bacille Calmette-Guérin

    • D.

      Beryllium Carbutamide Gestation

    • E.

      Bacillus Circulans Gadoteridol

    Correct Answer
    C. Bacille Calmette-Guérin
    Explanation
    The vaccine BCG stands for Bacille Calmette-Guérin.

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  • 8. 

    If you study oncology, you study what?

    • A.

      Cells

    • B.

      Myocardial infarcts

    • C.

      Death people

    • D.

      Hospitalized people

    • E.

      Cancer

    Correct Answer
    E. Cancer
    Explanation
    If you study oncology, you study cancer. Oncology is the branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer. It involves studying the various types of cancer, their causes, progression, and treatment options. Oncologists are medical professionals who specialize in the field of oncology and work towards finding ways to prevent and cure cancer.

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  • 9. 

    What does SUPRARENAL mean?

    • A.

      Fingers

    • B.

      Above the kidneys

    • C.

      Toes

    • D.

      Dental caries

    • E.

      Overdeveloped brain

    Correct Answer
    B. Above the kidneys
    Explanation
    SUPRARENAL means "above the kidneys." The term "supra" means above, and "renal" refers to the kidneys. Therefore, suprarenal describes something that is located or related to the area above the kidneys.

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  • 10. 

    What does NEOPLASM mean?

    • A.

      New cells

    • B.

      New organ

    • C.

      New birth

    • D.

      New growth

    • E.

      New date

    Correct Answer
    D. New growth
    Explanation
    Neoplasm refers to the abnormal and uncontrolled growth of cells, forming a tumor. This can occur in various parts of the body and can be either benign or malignant. The term "new growth" accurately describes the meaning of neoplasm, as it signifies the development of abnormal tissue that can potentially lead to health issues.

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  • 11. 

    Abbreviation for genital herpes?

    • A.

      HPV

    • B.

      HSV-1

    • C.

      HSV-2

    • D.

      HBV

    • E.

      HCV

    Correct Answer
    C. HSV-2
    Explanation
    Genital herpes is commonly caused by the herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2). This virus is transmitted through sexual contact and can cause painful sores or blisters in the genital area. HPV (human papillomavirus) is a different sexually transmitted infection that can cause genital warts and increase the risk of certain cancers. HSV-1 is another type of herpes simplex virus that typically causes oral herpes, but it can also cause genital herpes through oral-genital contact. HBV (hepatitis B virus) and HCV (hepatitis C virus) are viruses that primarily affect the liver and are not associated with genital herpes.

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  • 12. 

    What is polydactyly?

    • A.

      Presence of more than five digits on hand or foot

    • B.

      Siamese twins

    • C.

      Production of more blood vessels

    • D.

      Presence of a third nipple

    • E.

      Multiple acnes in the face

    Correct Answer
    A. Presence of more than five digits on hand or foot
    Explanation
    Polydactyly is a condition characterized by the presence of more than five digits on the hand or foot. This means that an individual with polydactyly may have an extra finger or toe. It is a congenital abnormality that can occur due to genetic mutations or environmental factors during fetal development. Polydactyly can vary in severity, with some individuals having only a small, non-functional extra digit, while others may have a fully formed and functional extra finger or toe.

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  • 13. 

    What is a CT scan?

    • A.

      Computed tomography scan

    • B.

      Cardiac tissue scan

    • C.

      Cell tissue scan

    • D.

      Carl Tieger scan

    • E.

      Cat tiger scan

    Correct Answer
    A. Computed tomography scan
    Explanation
    A CT scan, or computed tomography scan, is a medical imaging technique that uses X-rays and computer processing to create detailed cross-sectional images of the body. It provides a more detailed and comprehensive view of the internal structures compared to traditional X-rays. CT scans are commonly used to diagnose and monitor various medical conditions, such as injuries, tumors, infections, and cardiovascular diseases.

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  • 14. 

    If you suffer from DOROMANIA. What is your problem?

    • A.

      You need to throw objects from point A to B

    • B.

      You want to urinate in special places

    • C.

      You have an abnormal desire to give presents

    • D.

      You need to walk through a door several times

    • E.

      Non of the above is correct

    Correct Answer
    C. You have an abnormal desire to give presents
    Explanation
    DOROMANIA refers to an abnormal desire to give presents. This means that if you suffer from DOROMANIA, your problem is having an abnormal desire to give presents.

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  • 15. 

    What is insulin?

    • A.

      Islets of Langerhans

    • B.

      A polypeptide hormone

    • C.

      Neurotransmitters

    • D.

      Action potentials

    • E.

      Diabetes mellitus

    Correct Answer
    B. A polypeptide hormone
    Explanation
    Insulin is a polypeptide hormone produced by the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas. It plays a crucial role in regulating blood sugar levels by facilitating the uptake of glucose from the bloodstream into cells. In individuals with diabetes mellitus, there is either a deficiency or impaired function of insulin, leading to high blood sugar levels. Insulin is therefore essential for maintaining normal glucose metabolism in the body.

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  • 16. 

    What does HIV stand for?

    • A.

      Human Irreversible Virus

    • B.

      Human Immune Virus

    • C.

      Human

    • D.

      Human Immunodeficiency Virus

    • E.

      Human Isoelectric Virus

    Correct Answer
    D. Human Immunodeficiency Virus
    Explanation
    HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. This is the correct answer because HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system, specifically the CD4 cells, which are crucial in fighting off infections and diseases. When HIV weakens the immune system, it can progress to AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). Therefore, the correct term to describe this virus is Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

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  • 17. 

    What causes malaria?

    • A.

      Insects

    • B.

      Fungi

    • C.

      Birds

    • D.

      Plasmodium

    • E.

      Anthrax

    Correct Answer
    D. Plasmodium
    Explanation
    Malaria is caused by the parasite Plasmodium, which is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. Once inside the human body, the parasites multiply in the liver and then infect red blood cells, causing symptoms such as fever, chills, and flu-like illness. While insects, such as mosquitoes, play a crucial role in transmitting the disease, it is ultimately the presence of the Plasmodium parasite that causes malaria. Fungi, birds, and anthrax are not associated with the transmission or cause of malaria.

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  • 18. 

    Which of these people died of AIDS?

    • A.

      River Phoenix

    • B.

      Christopher Reeve

    • C.

      Marlon Brando

    • D.

      Frank Sinatra

    • E.

      Rock Hudson

    Correct Answer
    E. Rock Hudson
    Explanation
    Rock Hudson died of AIDS.

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  • 19. 

    When do you hear Korotkoff sounds?

    • A.

      The day after heavy drinking of alcohol

    • B.

      When you got something stuck in an ear

    • C.

      While flying abovw 35 000 feet

    • D.

      When you take blood pressure of someone

    • E.

      When you are schizophrenic

    Correct Answer
    D. When you take blood pressure of someone
    Explanation
    When you take someone's blood pressure, you hear Korotkoff sounds. These sounds are produced by the blood flow through the arteries as the blood pressure cuff is slowly released. The first sound heard is the systolic pressure, which is the highest pressure when the heart is contracting. As the cuff continues to deflate, the sounds disappear at the diastolic pressure, which is the lowest pressure when the heart is at rest. These sounds are important indicators of a person's blood pressure and can help diagnose hypertension or hypotension.

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  • 20. 

    Where in the body do you find the PONS?

    • A.

      Eye

    • B.

      Brain

    • C.

      Rectum

    • D.

      Appendix

    • E.

      Spleen

    Correct Answer
    B. Brain
    Explanation
    The PONS is found in the brain. The PONS is a region located in the brainstem, specifically in the upper part known as the metencephalon. It acts as a bridge between different parts of the brain, connecting the cerebrum and the cerebellum. The PONS plays a crucial role in relaying signals between the two hemispheres of the brain and coordinating various motor functions.

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