Heat transfer printing
Environmental, facilities, financial
Expertise, facilities, financial
Expertise, environmental, cultural
Financial, environmental, cultural
Cotton sports shirt
Lycra bike shorts
Sun-safe beach suits
Dry clean-only jackets
Viscose rayon business shirts
The development of a product from idea to market introduction
The durability of a product during use
The popularity of a product from market introduction to redundancy
The progression of a product from idea to production
Mildewproof and calendered
Non-pilling and water-repellent
Sanforised and antistatic
Soil-resistant and fire-retardant
Cotton fibre, carded yarn, twill weave fabric
Nylon fibre, staple spun yarn, warp knit fabric
Polyester fibre, filament yarn, plain weave fabric
Viscose rayon fibre, filament yarn, satin weave fabric
Cotton fibre, soft spun yarn, pile weave fabric
Cotton fibre, filament yarn, twill weave fabric
Viscose rayon fibre, soft spun yarn, plain weave fabric
Polyester/cotton blend, filament yarn, pile weave fabric
Heat transfer printing
Target market, pollution, recycling
Recycling, pollution, government legislation
Latest design trends, government legislation, recycling
Government legislation, latest design trends, globalisation
Plain weave, carded cotton
Plain weave, monofilament nylon
Twill weave, multifilament polyester
Brushed weft knit, staple spun polyester
Pollution, multicultural society, gender equality
Multicultural society, gender equality, climate change
Climate change, two-income families, gender equality
Gender equality, two-income families, multicultural society
Increased productivity, reduction in staff levels, consistent quality
Consistent quality, financial outlay for machinery, reduction in staff levels
Financial outlay for machinery, increased productivity, consistent quality
Increased productivity, industrial relations issues, reduction in staff levels
Personnel, product planning, price structure
Price structure, promotion strategies, personnel
Product planning, price structure, promotion strategies
Place and distribution channels, product planning, personnel
Two different yarns plied together
Yarns consisting of two different natural fibres
Yarns consisting of fibres of two different colours
Yarns consisting of fibres made from two polymers extruded simultaneously
Absorption, wetting-out, abrasion
Agitation, migration, fixation
Decoration, absorption, fixation
Migration, abrasion, wetting-out
Cotton floral print
Meets the needs of a specialised customer base.
Is designed and manufactured overseas.
Requires an increased skill level of workers for its manufacture.
Copies an existing product.
Cotton fibre, monofilament yarn, double knit
Polyester fibre, high twist yarn, sateen weave
Polyester fibre, multifilament yarn, raschel knit
Viscose rayon, staple spun yarn, Jacquard weave
Shrinking global markets and decreased exports
Growth in local manufacture and decreased level of tariff protection
Increased level of tariff protection and decreased skill level of workers
Multi-skilled workers and decreased level of tariff protection
Economic, social and political
Economic, social and financial
Economic, facilities and financial
Technological, ecological and expertise
To reduce pollution
To meet changing consumer demands
To access cheaper manufacturing costs
To conform to legal requirements of the industry
Increased capital outlay
Reduced labour costs
Fusible webbing, denim and polyester wadding
Denim, fusible webbing, non-woven interfacing
Polyester wadding, wool felt and non-woven interfacing
Non-woven interfacing, fusible webbing and polyester wadding
A thicker paste is used, a chemical reaction is not required and the fabric is not fully immersed.
A thinner paste is used, a chemical reaction is not required and the fabric is not fully immersed.
A thicker paste is used, a chemical reaction is required and the fabric is fully immersed.
A thinner paste is used, a chemical reaction is required and the fabric is fully immersed.
Single knit jersey
A core spun yarn in a plain weave
A textured, monofilament yarn in a warp knit
A low twist level, staple spun yarn in a pile weave
A high twist level, multifilament yarn in a weft knit
Textile manufacturers can be accredited with an environmental certification that entitles them to government protection.
Textile waste and used clothing are being recycled into innovative and improved products.
Textile manufacturers are able to receive government subsidies because they produce environmentally friendly products.
The textile industry is being restructured and this has led to an increase in the skill level of workers.
Absorption and reduced drag
Comfort and durability
Maximum stretch and durability
Maximum stretch and reduced drag
Increase the level of tariff protection.
Manufacture textile products overseas.
Multiskill the workers.
Provide a specialised textile product.
By increasing the use of yarn
By including stretch in the fabric
By creating more job opportunities
By increasing design possibilities for knit structures
Reduced machine productivity
Quick response to market trends
Increased environmental sustainability
Regular investment to update machinery
Language, geographic location, gender
Available resources, language, expertise
Socioeconomic status, geographic location, gender
Available resources, expertise, socioeconomic status
Consumer demands, technology, religion, government legislation
Globalisation, consumer demands, technology, government legislation
Religion, consumer demands, government legislation, war
Technology, war, globalisation, religion
Exterior car cover
Sheep-skin seat covers
Tariffs, globalisation and religious practices
Tariffs, geographic location and workers’ skills
Religious practices, resource availability and globalisation
Technological development, geographic location and religious practices
Designing apparel for dance and theatre production
Designing stage sets and props for theatre production
Communicating production plans for props and makeup
Communicating production specifications for non-apparel items
Nylon, filament, tricot knit
Polyester, filament, single knit
Cotton, staple yarn, twill weave
Rayon, staple yarn, needle-punched web
Introduce a new product
Increase the product price
Decrease the product quality
Modify and update the product
Increased consumer awareness
Development of technical textiles
Increased environmental sustainability
Cost of manufacturing
Changing consumer demands
Development of an export market
Demand for environmentally-friendly products
Technology and globalisation
Self-expression and pollution
Climate change and globalisation
Resources available and self-expression
Nylon, filament, single-knit
Rayon, staple yarn, tricot knit
Polyester, filament, double-knit
Cotton, staple yarn, circular knit
Consumers and manufacturers
Employees and the environment
Environmental and economic concerns
Political demands and consumer trends
Place and distribution channels
Body coverage and absorbency
Light-resistant fabric and body coverage
Ultra Protection Factor rated fabric and durability
Ultra Protection Factor rated fabric and body coverage
To improve garment construction and save time
To improve garment construction and distribution channels
To improve fabric performance and save time
To improve fabric performance and distribution channels
Globalisation of design.
Emerging textile technologies.
Historical design development.
Technological advances in manufacturing.
Reduced consumer choice
Internet shopping and improved distribution channels
Off-shore manufacturing and increased credit card security
Extended trading hours and automatic teller machines (ATM)
International competition and Electronic Funds Transfer at Point of Sale (EFTPOS) facilities
Beach towels, tents and cushions
Cushions, christening gowns and wall hangings
Fashion articles, corporate wear and wall hangings
Hand towels, school uniforms and high-end fashion
Non-woven washable web
Thermally bonded non-woven
A distribution channel.
A promotional strategy.
Extending product lifecycle.
Off-shore mass production
Cotton towelling bath mat
Cotton velveteen theatre curtains
Wool twill weave infants blanket
Wool plain weave upholstered restaurant chairs
Nylon, staple spun, warp knit
Polyester, monofilament, weft knit
Nylon, multifilament, plain weave
Viscose rayon, high twist, twill weave
Facilities and financial
Financial and economic
Economic and technological
Technological and facilities
Innovative design, lifestyle demands, manufacturing facilities and aesthetic design
Innovative design, sun protection, environmental sustainability and lifestyle demands
Environmental sustainability, sun protection, decorative techniques and technological development
Environmental sustainability, economic considerations, manufacturing techniques and decorative techniques
There has been a decrease in employment opportunities.
The Australian textile industry has been restructured.
Tariffs and quotas have been reduced in Australia.
Australian textile manufacturers have been receiving government subsidies.
Fabric secured onto a base fabric by embroidery stitches
A surface decoration using the application of print paste
The application of wax as a resist method to colour fabric
A decorative design applied by the interlacing of different coloured yarns
Computerised laser cutting
Computer seamless technology
Polyester fibre, plain weave
Viscose staple spun yarn, weft rib knit
Polyester and cotton core spun yarn, warp knit
Cotton and nylon blended staple spun yarn, weft knit
Ongoing television and radio advertising
Effective place and distribution channels
Appropriate promotion and price strategies
Shopping centre and letterbox leaflet distribution
An environmental trend influencing designers
Designers influencing an environmental trend
Environmental factors affecting workers’ status
A designer’s expertise affected by limited environmental resources
Pay skilled textile workers in overseas countries.
Utilise new technologies in product development.
Utilise government assistance to promote off-shore production.
Offer designer copies at an increased cost to improve competitiveness.
Consumer and society
Football jersey, cushions, socks
Pantyhose, socks, babies wear
Business shirt, football jersey, lingerie
Lingerie, cushions, socks
Digital image transfer