Trivia Questions On Minerals And Matter! Quiz

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Trivia Questions On Minerals And Matter! Quiz - Quiz


Can you identify minerals and matter, and do you think you can ACE this quiz? During this quiz, you will answer interesting questions such as what is and what is not a characteristic of minerals, what JJ Thompson discovered, who said that everything in the universe is made up of tiny particles labeled atoms, and who discovered the universe proton. IF you are searching for information on minerals and matter, look no further than this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of minerals?

    • A.

      Crystalline structure

    • B.

      Formed by inorganic processes

    • C.

      Definite chemical composition

    • D.

      Either liquid or soilid

    Correct Answer
    D. Either liquid or soilid
    Explanation
    The given answer, "either liquid or solid," is not a characteristic of minerals because minerals are always solid substances. Minerals are naturally occurring, inorganic substances that have a definite chemical composition and a crystalline structure. They are not found in liquid form, as liquids do not have a fixed shape or structure like minerals do. Therefore, the characteristic of being either liquid or solid does not apply to minerals.

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  • 2. 

    Aristotle said that everything is divided into four _____________.

    • A.

      Molecules

    • B.

      Elements

    • C.

      Protons

    Correct Answer
    B. Elements
    Explanation
    Aristotle believed that everything in the world can be categorized into four basic elements: earth, air, fire, and water. These elements were seen as the building blocks of all matter and were thought to have different qualities and characteristics. This concept of the four elements was influential in ancient Greek philosophy and science.

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  • 3. 

    JJ Thompson's discovered what? 

    • A.

      Electron

    • B.

      Nucleus

    • C.

      Proton

    Correct Answer
    A. Electron
    Explanation
    JJ Thompson discovered the electron.

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  • 4. 

    ________ said that everything in the universe is made up of tiny particles called atoms.

    • A.

      Democritis

    • B.

      Dalton

    • C.

      Copernicus

    Correct Answer
    A. Democritis
    Explanation
    Democritis is the correct answer because he was an ancient Greek philosopher who proposed the concept of atoms. He believed that everything in the universe is composed of these tiny particles called atoms. His atomic theory laid the foundation for modern atomic theory and greatly influenced later scientists, such as Dalton, who further developed the idea of atoms. Copernicus, on the other hand, is known for his heliocentric theory of the solar system, which is unrelated to the concept of atoms.

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  • 5. 

    The Curie's isolated radium and showed the harmful effects of radiation.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because it states that Curie isolated radium and showed the harmful effects of radiation. Marie Curie was a pioneering scientist who discovered and isolated radium, and she also conducted extensive research on the effects of radiation. Her work laid the foundation for our understanding of radiation and its dangers.

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  • 6. 

    Rutherford said that the electrons circle the nucleus with a fixed orbit.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Rutherford's model of the atom, known as the planetary model, proposed that electrons orbit the nucleus in fixed paths or orbits. This model was based on his famous gold foil experiment, which demonstrated that the atom has a small, dense, and positively charged nucleus. The electrons, according to Rutherford, were thought to move around the nucleus in a manner similar to planets orbiting the sun. Therefore, the statement that electrons circle the nucleus with a fixed orbit is consistent with Rutherford's model and is true.

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  • 7. 

    Goldstein discovered the proton.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Goldstein did not discover the proton. The correct answer is False. The discovery of the proton is credited to Ernest Rutherford in 1919 through his experiments on the scattering of alpha particles. Goldstein, on the other hand, made significant contributions to the understanding of positive ions and their behavior in cathode ray tubes.

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  • 8. 

    Chadwick discovered the electron.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Chadwick did not discover the electron. The electron was actually discovered by J.J. Thomson in 1897 through his experiments with cathode rays. Chadwick, on the other hand, is credited with the discovery of the neutron in 1932. Therefore, the statement that Chadwick discovered the electron is false.

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  • 9. 

    _____________ says that matter cannot be created or destoryed by ordinary means.

    Correct Answer
    Law of Conservation of Mass
    Explanation
    The Law of Conservation of Mass states that matter cannot be created or destroyed by ordinary means. This means that in any chemical reaction or physical change, the total mass of the reactants will always be equal to the total mass of the products. This principle is based on the understanding that atoms are neither created nor destroyed during a chemical reaction, they only rearrange to form new substances. Therefore, the given answer is correct as it accurately describes the concept of the Law of Conservation of Mass.

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  • 10. 

    Nucleur fission involves _________

    Correct Answer
    splitting atoms
    Explanation
    Nuclear fission is a process in which the nucleus of an atom is split into two smaller nuclei. This splitting of atoms releases a huge amount of energy. Therefore, the correct answer is "splitting atoms" because it accurately describes the process involved in nuclear fission.

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  • 11. 

    Nuclear Fussion means ____________.

    Correct Answer
    joining atoms
    Explanation
    Nuclear fusion refers to the process of joining atoms together. It involves the combination of atomic nuclei to form a heavier nucleus, releasing a large amount of energy in the process. This is the opposite of nuclear fission, where atoms are split apart. In nuclear fusion, the joining of atoms occurs at extremely high temperatures and pressures, typically found in the core of stars or in experimental fusion reactors. The energy released from nuclear fusion has the potential to provide a clean and abundant source of power.

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  • 12. 

    A neutral atom that has 8 protons will have how many electrons?

    • A.

      16

    • B.

      8

    • C.

      6

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    B. 8
    Explanation
    A neutral atom has an equal number of protons and electrons. Since the atom in question has 8 protons, it will also have 8 electrons.

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  • 13. 

    Fluorine has a total of 9 electrons. How many electrons are in its outer energy level?

    • A.

      9

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      7

    • D.

      1

    Correct Answer
    C. 7
    Explanation
    The outer energy level of an atom is also known as the valence shell, which determines the atom's reactivity. Fluorine has an atomic number of 9, meaning it has 9 electrons. To determine the number of electrons in its outer energy level, we need to look at the electron configuration. Fluorine's electron configuration is 1s2 2s2 2p5. The outermost shell is the 2p shell, which contains 5 electrons. Therefore, the correct answer is 7.

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  • 14. 

    If an atom loses 2 electrons, what will be the charge on its ion?

    • A.

      +2

    • B.

      -2

    • C.

      0

    • D.

      There's no way to tell.

    Correct Answer
    A. +2
    Explanation
    When an atom loses 2 electrons, it becomes positively charged because it now has more protons than electrons. Each electron has a negative charge, so by losing 2 electrons, the atom loses 2 negative charges, resulting in a net positive charge of +2 on its ion.

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  • 15. 

    In carbon dioxide, carbon and oxygen combine by sharing electrons.

    • A.

      Carbon dioxide is an ionic compound.

    • B.

      Carbon dioxide is a covalent compound.

    • C.

      Carbon dioxide is not a compound.

    • D.

      Carbon dioxide is a crystal.

    Correct Answer
    B. Carbon dioxide is a covalent compound.
    Explanation
    In carbon dioxide, carbon and oxygen atoms form a covalent bond by sharing electrons. This means that the electrons are not transferred from one atom to another, but are instead shared between the carbon and oxygen atoms. This sharing of electrons allows both atoms to achieve a stable electron configuration, resulting in the formation of a covalent compound.

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  • 16. 

    What does it mean if an atom is radioactive?

    • A.

      It forms a covalent bond.

    • B.

      The nucleus splits apart.

    • C.

      If forms an ion.

    • D.

      It is useful in radio broadcasting.

    Correct Answer
    B. The nucleus splits apart.
    Explanation
    If an atom is radioactive, it means that the nucleus of the atom is unstable and undergoes a process called radioactive decay. During radioactive decay, the nucleus splits apart, releasing energy and often emitting particles or radiation. This process can result in the formation of new elements or isotopes.

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  • 17. 

    Which example is NOT a way that radioactive isotopes are used?

    • A.

      To treat cancer.

    • B.

      To diagnose certain diseases.

    • C.

      To produce electricity.

    • D.

      To make a really good cup of coffee.

    Correct Answer
    D. To make a really good cup of coffee.
    Explanation
    Radioactive isotopes are commonly used in various fields such as medicine, industry, and research. They are used in cancer treatment to target and destroy cancer cells, and in diagnosing diseases through techniques like PET scans. Radioactive isotopes are also used in nuclear power plants to produce electricity. However, they are not used to make a really good cup of coffee. This option is unrelated to the practical applications of radioactive isotopes and is therefore the correct answer.

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  • 18. 

    Ionic bonds are formed whenever

    • A.

      Atoms smash together.

    • B.

      Electrons are being shared.

    • C.

      Electrons are lost or gained.

    • D.

      Atoms undergo nuclear decay.

    Correct Answer
    C. Electrons are lost or gained.
    Explanation
    Ionic bonds are formed whenever electrons are lost or gained. Ionic bonds occur between atoms when one atom transfers electrons to another atom, resulting in the formation of ions with opposite charges. This transfer of electrons creates a strong electrostatic attraction between the positively charged ion (cation) and the negatively charged ion (anion), leading to the formation of an ionic bond.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following elements would form ionic compounds? 

    • A.

      Carbon and hydrogen.

    • B.

      Calcium and oxygen.

    • C.

      Oxygen and neon.

    • D.

      Sodium and magnesium.

    Correct Answer
    B. Calcium and oxygen.
    Explanation
    Calcium and oxygen would form ionic compounds because calcium tends to lose two electrons to achieve a stable electron configuration, becoming a positively charged ion (Ca2+), while oxygen tends to gain two electrons to achieve a stable electron configuration, becoming a negatively charged ion (O2-). The attraction between the oppositely charged ions results in the formation of an ionic compound. On the other hand, carbon and hydrogen, oxygen and neon, and sodium and magnesium do not typically form ionic compounds.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following describes the property of covalent compounds? 

    • A.

      They have low melting point.

    • B.

      They are usually soluble in water.

    • C.

      They can conduct electricity in liquid form.

    • D.

      They have high boiling point.

    Correct Answer
    A. They have low melting point.
    Explanation
    Covalent compounds are formed through the sharing of electrons between atoms. This sharing of electrons creates a strong bond, but it is not as strong as the electrostatic attraction between ions in ionic compounds. As a result, covalent compounds generally have lower melting points compared to ionic compounds. The low melting point of covalent compounds is due to the weaker intermolecular forces between the molecules, which require less energy to overcome and break the bonds between the molecules.

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  • 21. 

    What is the charge of the ions formed by alkali metals?

    • A.

      -1

    • B.

      +1

    • C.

      -2

    • D.

      +2

    Correct Answer
    B. +1
    Explanation
    Alkali metals are located in Group 1 of the periodic table, which means they have one valence electron. They tend to lose this electron in chemical reactions to achieve a stable electron configuration, resulting in the formation of a positively charged ion. Therefore, the charge of the ions formed by alkali metals is +1.

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  • 22. 

    An ionic bond is formed when electrons are

    • A.

      Shared.

    • B.

      Divided.

    • C.

      Lost.

    • D.

      Transferred.

    Correct Answer
    D. Transferred.
    Explanation
    An ionic bond is formed when electrons are transferred. In an ionic bond, one atom completely transfers one or more electrons to another atom, resulting in the formation of ions. The atom that loses electrons becomes positively charged, while the atom that gains electrons becomes negatively charged. The attraction between these oppositely charged ions creates the ionic bond. Therefore, the correct answer is "transferred."

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  • 23. 

    When an atom loses electrons

    • A.

      It becomes neutral charged.

    • B.

      It becomes negatively charged.

    • C.

      It becomes positively charged.

    • D.

      It becomes both positively and negatively charged.

    Correct Answer
    C. It becomes positively charged.
    Explanation
    When an atom loses electrons, it becomes positively charged. This is because electrons have a negative charge, so when they are lost, the atom has more protons (which have a positive charge) than electrons. This imbalance of charges results in a net positive charge for the atom.

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  • 24. 

    Ionic compounds can conduct electricity because

    • A.

      The ions are held in fixed positions.

    • B.

      The ions are able to move in liquid and molten state.

    • C.

      The electrons are able to move.

    • D.

      The atoms are able to move in liquid and molten state.

    Correct Answer
    B. The ions are able to move in liquid and molten state.
    Explanation
    Ionic compounds are made up of positively and negatively charged ions that are held together by strong electrostatic forces. In solid state, these ions are held in fixed positions and cannot move. However, when the ionic compound is in a liquid or molten state, the ions become free to move and can conduct electricity. This is because the movement of ions allows for the flow of electric charge. Therefore, the correct answer is that ionic compounds can conduct electricity because the ions are able to move in liquid and molten state.

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  • 25. 

    What happens to an atom of oxygen? 

    • A.

      It loses six electrons to become stable.

    • B.

      It gains three electrons to become stable.

    • C.

      It loses two electrons to become stable.

    • D.

      It shares two pairs of electrons with another atom to become stable.

    Correct Answer
    D. It shares two pairs of electrons with another atom to become stable.
    Explanation
    An atom of oxygen has 6 electrons in its outermost shell. In order to become stable, it needs to have a full outer shell with 8 electrons. Oxygen achieves this stability by sharing two pairs of electrons with another atom, typically another oxygen atom, forming a double bond. This sharing of electrons allows both atoms to have a full outer shell, making them stable.

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  • 26. 

    Ionic compounds are 

    • A.

      Soluble in organic solvents.

    • B.

      Insoluble in water.

    • C.

      Conduct electricity in solid state.

    • D.

      Conduct electricity in molten and aqueous state.

    Correct Answer
    D. Conduct electricity in molten and aqueous state.
    Explanation
    Ionic compounds conduct electricity in the molten and aqueous state because in these states, the ions are free to move and carry electric charge. In the solid state, the ions are held in a fixed lattice structure and cannot move freely, so they do not conduct electricity. Ionic compounds are generally insoluble in organic solvents and insoluble in water, as the strong electrostatic forces between the ions and the solvent molecules prevent them from dissolving.

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  • 27. 

    What type of Bonding is represented in this photo?

    • A.

      Metallic bond

    • B.

      Covalent bond

    • C.

      Ionic bond

    Correct Answer
    C. Ionic bond
    Explanation
    The correct answer is ionic bond. This type of bonding occurs when there is a transfer of electrons between atoms, resulting in the formation of positive and negative ions. In the photo, we can see a crystal lattice structure, which is characteristic of ionic compounds. This indicates that the atoms in the substance are held together by electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions, confirming that the bonding represented in the photo is indeed an ionic bond.

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  • 28. 

    What kind of bonding is represented in this photo?

    • A.

      Metallic bond

    • B.

      Covalent bond

    • C.

      Ionic bond

    Correct Answer
    B. Covalent bond
    Explanation
    Based on the given options, the correct answer is covalent bond. In a covalent bond, atoms share electrons in order to achieve a stable electron configuration. This type of bonding typically occurs between nonmetals. Since the photo does not provide any specific information about the elements involved, we can infer that covalent bonding is represented based on the given options.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 03, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Rdteague
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