Holocaust General Facts Quiz

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The Holocaust Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz consists of twenty-multiple choice questions that requires general knowledge regarding the historical event, the Holocaust.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    When did the Holocaust begin?

    • A.

      January 1933

    • B.

      January 1934

    • C.

      January 1930

    • D.

      January 1932

    Correct Answer
    A. January 1933
    Explanation
    The Holocaust began in January 1933. This was the year when Adolf Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany, marking the beginning of the Nazi regime. Hitler's rise to power allowed the implementation of anti-Semitic policies and persecution of Jewish people, which eventually escalated into the systematic genocide of six million Jews during the Holocaust.

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  • 2. 

    Why were young children targeted by the Nazi's to be murdered?

    • A.

      They posed a threat because if they lived, they would retaliate.

    • B.

      They posed a threat because if they lived, they would grow up to be a parent of a new generation of Jews.

    • C.

      They were easy to get a hold of.

    • D.

      They posed a threat because they hated Jews and old Jews

    Correct Answer
    B. They posed a threat because if they lived, they would grow up to be a parent of a new generation of Jews.
    Explanation
    The Nazi's targeted young children to be murdered because they believed that if they were allowed to live, they would grow up to be parents of a new generation of Jews. This would perpetuate the Jewish population and go against the Nazi's goal of eradicating the Jewish people. By targeting young children, the Nazi's aimed to eliminate any possibility of future generations of Jews.

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  • 3. 

    The majority of people who were deported to labor and death camps were transported by what?

    • A.

      Cattle wagon

    • B.

      Train

    • C.

      Bus

    • D.

      Ship

    Correct Answer
    A. Cattle wagon
    Explanation
    During World War II, the majority of people who were deported to labor and death camps, such as Auschwitz, were transported by cattle wagons. These wagons were typically used for transporting livestock, but they were repurposed by the Nazis to transport large numbers of people. The conditions inside these wagons were extremely cramped and inhumane, with little ventilation, no sanitation facilities, and no access to food or water. Many people died during the long and arduous journeys to the camps, making the cattle wagons a symbol of the horrific treatment and dehumanization of the victims.

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  • 4. 

    The Auschwitz complex included what three large camps?

    • A.

      Auschwitz, Birkenau, Mohowitz

    • B.

      Treblinka, Auschwitz-Birkenau, Dachau

    • C.

      Chelmno, Sobibor, Belzek

    • D.

      Auschwitz, Dachau, Chelmno

    Correct Answer
    A. Auschwitz, Birkenau, Mohowitz
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Auschwitz, Birkenau, Mohowitz. These three camps were part of the Auschwitz complex, which was a network of concentration and extermination camps operated by Nazi Germany during World War II. Auschwitz, also known as Auschwitz I, was the main camp and administrative center. Birkenau, also known as Auschwitz II, was the largest camp and the extermination center where the majority of the Holocaust victims were killed. Mohowitz, also known as Auschwitz III or Monowitz, was a labor camp where prisoners were used for forced labor in nearby factories.

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  • 5. 

    What was constructed during the Wannsee Conference in January 1942, in which the Nazis would attempt to exterminate the entire Jewish population of Europe?

    • A.

      "Conference Solution"

    • B.

      "Final Solution"

    • C.

      "Constructed Solution"

    • D.

      "Last Solution"

    Correct Answer
    B. "Final Solution"
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Final Solution." The Wannsee Conference in January 1942 was a meeting of high-ranking Nazi officials where they discussed and planned the systematic genocide of the Jewish population in Europe. The term "Final Solution" was used to refer to their plan to exterminate the Jews through mass deportations to concentration camps and death camps. This term became synonymous with the Nazi's genocidal policies during the Holocaust.

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  • 6. 

    On December ___, 1942 the Western Allies publicly denounced the massacre of the Jewish people, but they failed to do anything about it.

    • A.

      21

    • B.

      17

    • C.

      16

    • D.

      20

    Correct Answer
    B. 17
    Explanation
    On December 17, 1942, the Western Allies publicly denounced the massacre of the Jewish people but failed to take any action. This suggests that while they condemned the atrocities, they did not follow through with meaningful intervention or assistance to prevent further harm. This could be due to a variety of reasons such as political considerations, logistical challenges, or a lack of understanding of the full extent of the genocide at the time. Nonetheless, their failure to act reflects a missed opportunity to potentially save lives and mitigate the suffering of the Jewish people.

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  • 7. 

    _____________ was the Nazi minister of propaganda and prior to 1933, head of the Nazi organization in Berlin.

    • A.

      Wilhem Frick

    • B.

      Lutz Graf Schwerin

    • C.

      Adolf Hitler

    • D.

      Joseph Goebbels

    Correct Answer
    D. Joseph Goebbels
    Explanation
    Joseph Goebbels was the Nazi minister of propaganda and prior to 1933, he was the head of the Nazi organization in Berlin. Goebbels played a crucial role in shaping Nazi propaganda and manipulating public opinion in support of the Nazi regime. He was known for his effective use of media, including radio, film, and newspapers, to spread Nazi ideology and control information. Goebbels' propaganda machine was instrumental in promoting Hitler's image and policies, as well as demonizing and marginalizing groups targeted by the Nazi regime.

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  • 8. 

    Of the nine million Jews, who lived in Europe before the Holocaust, an estimate of ___ were murdered.

    • A.

      2/3

    • B.

      1/3

    • C.

      1/2

    • D.

      1/4

    Correct Answer
    A. 2/3
    Explanation
    During the Holocaust, approximately two-thirds of the nine million Jews living in Europe were murdered. This means that around six million Jews lost their lives during this tragic event. The scale of the Holocaust and the immense loss of life is a stark reminder of the horrors and atrocities committed during this period in history.

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  • 9. 

    Hitler introduced the _______ laws in ______ which made it illegal for Germans to marry or have sex with Jews.

    • A.

      Nuremberg, 1935

    • B.

      Nuremberg, 1936

    • C.

      Nuremberg-state, 1936

    • D.

      Nuremberg-city, 1935

    Correct Answer
    A. Nuremberg, 1935
    Explanation
    Hitler introduced the Nuremberg laws in 1935 which made it illegal for Germans to marry or have sex with Jews.

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  • 10. 

    On November, 1938 _______ enacted the Regulations Against Jews' possession of Weapons' which made it illegal for Jews to carry firearms or other weapons.

    • A.

      Poland

    • B.

      Germany

    • C.

      Spain

    • D.

      Italy

    Correct Answer
    B. Germany
    Explanation
    In November 1938, Germany enacted the Regulations Against Jews' possession of Weapons, which made it illegal for Jews to carry firearms or other weapons. This was part of the systematic discrimination and persecution of Jews by the Nazi regime in Germany during the period leading up to the Holocaust. The regulations were one of many measures implemented to strip Jews of their rights, isolate them from society, and ultimately facilitate their extermination.

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  • 11. 

     Muselmann was a slang word for concentration camp victims who...

    • A.

      Gave up on any hope of survival.

    • B.

      Gave up on Hitler.

    • C.

      Gave up on the Final Solution.

    • D.

      Gave up on the being deported.

    Correct Answer
    A. Gave up on any hope of survival.
    Explanation
    The term "Muselmann" was used to refer to concentration camp victims who had completely lost hope and resigned themselves to their impending death. These individuals were so weakened physically and mentally that they no longer had the will to fight for survival. This term was often used to describe those who were on the brink of death and had become mere shells of their former selves.

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  • 12. 

    What was the first concentration camp?

    • A.

      Dachau

    • B.

      Auschwitz

    • C.

      Birkeau

    • D.

      Daachau

    Correct Answer
    A. Dachau
    Explanation
    Dachau was the first concentration camp established by the Nazi regime in 1933. It served as a model for other camps and became a training ground for SS personnel. The camp initially targeted political prisoners, but later expanded to include Jews, homosexuals, and other groups deemed undesirable by the Nazis. Dachau's establishment marked the beginning of a brutal system of oppression and genocide that would be carried out in other camps, including Auschwitz and Birkenau.

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  • 13. 

    Pregnant women, small children, the sick or handicapped, and elderly were immediately condemned to death by what process?

    • A.

      Death penalty

    • B.

      Selektion or selection

    • C.

      The dying process

    • D.

      Death camp

    Correct Answer
    B. Selektion or selection
    Explanation
    During the Holocaust, the process of "selektion" or selection was used to immediately condemn certain groups, including pregnant women, small children, the sick or handicapped, and the elderly, to death. This process involved sorting individuals upon arrival at concentration camps, with those deemed unfit for work or deemed as a burden to the Nazi regime being sent directly to gas chambers or other forms of execution. This systematic selection process was a key component of the Nazis' genocidal plan to exterminate certain populations deemed undesirable or unworthy of life.

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  • 14. 

    When Soviet troops entered Birkenau on January 18, _____ they found 358,000 men’s suits, 837,000 women outfits, and 15,400 pounds of human hair packed into paper bags. The Nazis were saving them in warehouse for future use, the hair for processing of felt and thread.

    • A.

      1945

    • B.

      1947

    • C.

      1845

    • D.

      1846

    Correct Answer
    A. 1945
    Explanation
    In 1945, Soviet troops entered Birkenau and discovered a large quantity of men's suits, women's outfits, and human hair packed into paper bags. The Nazis had been saving these items in a warehouse for future use. The hair was intended to be processed into felt and thread. This suggests that the Nazis had plans to utilize these materials, possibly for their own purposes or for trade.

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  • 15. 

    The first mass gassing of Jews took place in the ________ extermination camp.

    • A.

      Egypt

    • B.

      Chelmno

    • C.

      Auschwitz

    • D.

      Roma

    Correct Answer
    B. Chelmno
    Explanation
    Chelmno was the first extermination camp where mass gassing of Jews took place during the Holocaust. Located in Poland, it operated from 1941 to 1945. The camp used gas vans to kill victims, mainly Jews, and their bodies were then burned in crematoria. Chelmno played a significant role in the Nazi's "Final Solution" to systematically exterminate millions of Jews.

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  • 16. 

    Between ________and _____ approximately 5,000 convicted Nazi war criminals were executed and 10,000 were imprisoned.

    • A.

      1945, 1986

    • B.

      1945, 1985

    • C.

      1945, 1987

    • D.

      1945, 1988

    Correct Answer
    B. 1945, 1985
    Explanation
    Between 1945 and 1985, approximately 5,000 convicted Nazi war criminals were executed and 10,000 were imprisoned. This suggests that there was a significant effort to hold those responsible for war crimes during World War II accountable for their actions. The timeframe of 1945 to 1985 allows for a lengthy period of investigation, trial, and punishment for these individuals. The answer choices of 1945, 1986, 1945, 1987, and 1945, 1988 are incorrect as they do not align with the given information.

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  • 17. 

    In August ____________, the Allied powers created the International War crimes Tribunal. Never before in history had the losers of a nation at war been held to answer for their crimes before an international court.

    • A.

      1946

    • B.

      1945

    • C.

      1845

    • D.

      1846

    Correct Answer
    B. 1945
    Explanation
    In August 1945, the Allied powers created the International War crimes Tribunal. This marked a significant moment in history as it was the first time that the losers of a nation at war were held accountable for their crimes before an international court. This tribunal aimed to bring justice to those responsible for war crimes committed during World War II.

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  • 18. 

    After __________, the Allies grappled with whether to hold only the Nazi leaders accountable for the Holocaust or the whole German nation.

    • A.

      WWI

    • B.

      WWII

    • C.

      The gassing

    • D.

      The bombing

    Correct Answer
    B. WWII
    Explanation
    After World War II, the Allies grappled with whether to hold only the Nazi leaders accountable for the Holocaust or the whole German nation. This is because World War II was a global conflict that involved multiple nations, and the Holocaust was perpetrated by the Nazi regime in Germany. The Allies had to decide whether to hold only the individuals directly responsible for the crimes accountable or to extend the responsibility to the entire German nation.

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  • 19. 

     On ______, Holocaust Rememberance Day, sirens all over Israel sound at 10 am for 2 minutes.

    • A.

      Yom Hashoah

    • B.

      Maundy Thursday

    • C.

      Summer Solsticed

    • D.

      All Saints Day

    Correct Answer
    A. Yom Hashoah
    Explanation
    Yom Hashoah is the correct answer because it is a day of remembrance for the victims of the Holocaust. On this day, sirens are sounded all over Israel at 10 am for 2 minutes to honor and remember the millions of Jews who were killed during the Holocaust. Maundy Thursday is a Christian holy day, Summer Solstice is the longest day of the year, and All Saints Day is a Christian holiday to honor all saints. None of these options are related to the Holocaust or the remembrance of its victims.

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  • 20. 

    General _____________, ordered every citizen of the German town of Gotha to tour the concentration camp Ohrduf, to know who they were fighting against.

    • A.

      Washington

    • B.

      Patton

    • C.

      Lee

    • D.

      Eisenhower

    Correct Answer
    D. Eisenhower
    Explanation
    During World War II, General Eisenhower was the Supreme Commander of the Allied forces in Europe. He was responsible for planning and overseeing the D-Day invasion and the subsequent liberation of Europe from Nazi control. Given his position and authority, it is plausible that he would have ordered the citizens of Gotha to visit the concentration camp Ohrduf in order to educate them about the atrocities committed by the Nazis and to reinforce the importance of their fight against them.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 09, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Dee91
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