Prehistoric Architecture Quiz Questions And Answers

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Prehistoric Architecture Quiz Questions And Answers - Quiz

Architecture is the marvelous art of construction. Our super fun Prehistoric Architecture Quiz with well-researched questions and answers takes you on a historic journey! Historical architecture is a feat of human genius and creativity. Many great civilizations have erected staggering accomplishments of structures that still puzzle modern architects. How well do you know about historical architecture? We challenge you to answer all the questions correctly. Make sure to attempt all the questions on the quiz. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The Stongehenge is an example of?

    • A.

      Stone Circle

    • B.

      Stone Row

    • C.

      Pyramid

    • D.

      Ziggurat

    Correct Answer
    A. Stone Circle
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Stone Circle because Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument in England consisting of a circular arrangement of large standing stones. It is believed to have been constructed as a sacred site or a place for religious ceremonies. The stones are arranged in a circular pattern, hence the term "stone circle." Stone Row refers to a linear arrangement of stones, while Pyramid and Ziggurat are completely different architectural structures.

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  • 2. 

    Enclosure formed by huge stones planted on the ground in circular form.

    • A.

      Tumulus

    • B.

      Dolmen

    • C.

      Menhir

    • D.

      Cromlech

    Correct Answer
    D. Cromlech
    Explanation
    A cromlech is an enclosure formed by huge stones planted on the ground in a circular form. It is a type of prehistoric monument consisting of several standing stones arranged in a circle or oval shape. Cromlechs were often used for ceremonial or ritual purposes by ancient civilizations. They can be found in various parts of the world, including Europe and North America. The term "cromlech" is derived from the Welsh language and is commonly used to describe these stone enclosures.

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  • 3. 

    A prehistoric burial mound.

    • A.

      Stele

    • B.

      Fillet

    • C.

      Tumulus

    • D.

      Horus

    Correct Answer
    C. Tumulus
    Explanation
    A tumulus is a prehistoric burial mound, often made of earth or stones, that was used to bury the dead. This type of burial mound was commonly used by ancient civilizations to honor and remember their deceased. The other options, stele, fillet, and Horus, do not refer to burial mounds and are not related to prehistoric burials.

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  • 4. 

    The earliest form of dwelling developed by man.

    • A.

      Tent

    • B.

      Hut

    • C.

      Rock Cave

    • D.

      Megaron

    Correct Answer
    C. Rock Cave
    Explanation
    The earliest form of dwelling developed by man is believed to be a rock cave. This is because caves provided natural shelter and protection from the elements, making them an ideal choice for early humans seeking refuge. Caves also offered security from predators and were readily available in many areas. Additionally, caves could be easily modified and expanded to accommodate larger groups, making them a practical choice for early human settlements.

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  • 5. 

    Early type of tomb in Egypt.

    • A.

      Mastaba

    • B.

      Pyramid

    • C.

      Tholos

    • D.

      Dromos

    Correct Answer
    A. Mastaba
    Explanation
    A mastaba is an early type of tomb in Egypt. It is a flat-roofed, rectangular structure with sloping sides, resembling a bench or a mudbrick bench. Mastabas were built during the early dynastic period and were used to house the deceased and their belongings. They were often made of mud bricks and had a burial chamber beneath the structure. The word "mastaba" comes from the Arabic word for "bench," which describes the shape of the tomb.

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  • 6. 

    The favorite motifs / design of the Egyptians includes the lotus and:

    • A.

      Feather

    • B.

      Palm

    • C.

      Scarab

    • D.

      Rope

    Correct Answer
    B. Palm
    Explanation
    The correct answer is palm. The lotus and palm were both significant symbols in Egyptian culture and art. The lotus symbolized rebirth and creation, while the palm tree represented fertility and abundance. These motifs were commonly used in Egyptian art and architecture, often seen in paintings, sculptures, and even on the walls of tombs. The palm tree motif was particularly popular in depictions of the afterlife, as it was believed to provide shade and sustenance in the realm of the dead.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following materials was commonly used in prehistoric architecture?

    • A.

      Concrete

    • B.

      Steel

    • C.

      Wood

    • D.

      Glass

    Correct Answer
    C. Wood
    Explanation
    Prehistoric architecture often utilized natural materials readily available in the environment. Wood was one such material commonly used for constructing shelters and dwellings due to its abundance and ease of manipulation with primitive tools.

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  • 8. 

    The torus mold in Egyptian temples were used to cover the ______ of the walls.

    • A.

      Angles

    • B.

      Base

    • C.

      Cornice

    • D.

      Jambs

    Correct Answer
    A. Angles
    Explanation
    The torus mold in Egyptian temples were used to cover the angles of the walls. The torus mold is a decorative element that is often placed at the corners or angles of walls to add visual interest and provide a smooth transition between different surfaces. It helps to soften the sharp edges and create a more aesthetically pleasing appearance. The use of torus mold in Egyptian temples highlights the attention to detail and craftsmanship in their architectural designs.

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  • 9. 

    A memorial of victory over one tribe in Egyptian architecture.

    • A.

      Monolith

    • B.

      Pyramid

    • C.

      Mastaba

    • D.

      Cromlech

    Correct Answer
    A. Monolith
    Explanation
    A monolith is a large single upright stone or monument, often used to commemorate an event or person. In the context of the given question, a monolith would be a suitable memorial of victory over one tribe in Egyptian architecture. It would serve as a lasting and impressive symbol of triumph and power.

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  • 10. 

    The massive sloping towers fronted by obelisks and are known as gateways in Egypt.

    • A.

      Avenue of the Sphinx

    • B.

      Pylon

    • C.

      Hypostyle Column

    • D.

      Stele

    Correct Answer
    B. Pylon
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Pylon. In ancient Egypt, pylons were massive sloping towers that were fronted by obelisks and served as gateways. They were typically found at the entrance of temples and were meant to impress and intimidate visitors. Pylons were decorated with intricate carvings and hieroglyphics, depicting scenes from Egyptian mythology and history. They were an important architectural feature in Egyptian temple complexes, symbolizing the transition from the outside world into the sacred space within.

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  • 11. 

    A mystical monster with a body of a lion and head of a man in an Egyptian structure.

    • A.

      Androsphinx

    • B.

      Creosphinx

    • C.

      Hieraosphinx

    • D.

      Obelisk

    Correct Answer
    A. Androsphinx
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Androsphinx because it is the only option that accurately describes a mystical monster with a body of a lion and head of a man in an Egyptian structure. The term "andro" in Androsphinx refers to the male human head, while "sphinx" refers to the lion body. This creature is commonly depicted in ancient Egyptian art and mythology. Creosphinx and Hieraosphinx are not accurate descriptions of this creature, and an obelisk is a tall, narrow structure and not a mystical monster.

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  • 12. 

    The egyptian cornice that consists of roll hollow moulding.

    • A.

      Corona

    • B.

      Scotia

    • C.

      Plinth

    • D.

      Gorge

    Correct Answer
    D. Gorge
    Explanation
    A gorge is a type of Egyptian cornice that consists of a roll hollow moulding. It is a decorative architectural feature commonly found in Egyptian temples and tombs. The gorge cornice is characterized by its curved shape and intricate detailing, which adds a sense of grandeur and elegance to the structure. This type of cornice is often used to emphasize the horizontal lines of a building and create a visually appealing transition between the walls and the roof.

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  • 13. 

    Monumental pillars usually in pairs at the temple entrances and considered as the symbol of "Heliopolis", the sun god.

    • A.

      Avenue of the Sphinx

    • B.

      Pylon

    • C.

      Obelisks

    • D.

      Osiris Pillars

    Correct Answer
    C. Obelisks
    Explanation
    Obelisks are monumental pillars that are typically found in pairs at the entrances of temples. They are considered as symbols of the sun god, Heliopolis. The answer, "Obelisks," aligns with the description provided in the question.

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  • 14. 

    The Colossi of Memnon was erected by:

    • A.

      Thothmes I

    • B.

      Set I

    • C.

      Senusrets

    • D.

      Amenophis III

    Correct Answer
    D. Amenophis III
    Explanation
    The Colossi of Memnon refers to two massive stone statues of Pharaoh Amenhotep III, also known as Amenophis III. These statues were erected in the Theban Necropolis, on the west bank of the Nile River, near the modern city of Luxor in Egypt. Amenhotep III was a powerful pharaoh who ruled during the 18th dynasty of ancient Egypt. He commissioned several monumental building projects, including the construction of the Colossi of Memnon, to showcase his wealth and power. These statues depict Amenhotep III seated on a throne and served as guardians of his mortuary temple.

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  • 15. 

    Known as the royal architect and superinrendent of pyramids.

    • A.

      Rameses II

    • B.

      Chephren

    • C.

      Sargon

    • D.

      Thi

    Correct Answer
    D. Thi
    Explanation
    Thi is the correct answer because he is known as the royal architect and superintendent of pyramids.

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  • 16. 

    In Egyptian temples, a pillared hall in which the roof rests on columns:

    • A.

      Dagoba

    • B.

      Hypostyle Hall

    • C.

      Sanctuary

    • D.

      Sarcophagus Chamber

    Correct Answer
    B. Hypostyle Hall
    Explanation
    A hypostyle hall is a type of architectural space found in Egyptian temples where the roof is supported by columns. This design allowed for a large open area with a high ceiling, creating a sense of grandeur and spaciousness. The columns in the hypostyle hall are typically closely spaced and can be elaborately decorated with intricate carvings and hieroglyphics. These halls were used for religious ceremonies and gatherings, providing a sacred space for worship and rituals. The term "hypostyle" comes from the Greek words "hypo" meaning "under" and "stulos" meaning "column," referring to the columns that support the roof.

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  • 17. 

    Egyptian Architecture was designed primarily for:

    • A.

      External Adoration

    • B.

      Shade and Shadow

    • C.

      Light and Color

    • D.

      Internal Effect

    Correct Answer
    D. Internal Effect
    Explanation
    Egyptian Architecture was designed primarily for Internal Effect. This means that the main focus of Egyptian architecture was to create a powerful and awe-inspiring experience for those inside the structures. The grandeur and magnificence of the buildings were meant to evoke a sense of reverence and spirituality. The use of large columns, intricate carvings, and spacious interiors all contributed to creating a sense of grandeur and importance. The architecture was designed to create a specific atmosphere and emotional impact on the individuals who entered the buildings.

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  • 18. 

    The architect of the Great Serapeum of Alexandria.

    • A.

      Darius

    • B.

      Xerxes

    • C.

      Deinocrates

    • D.

      Ptolemy III

    Correct Answer
    D. Ptolemy III
    Explanation
    Ptolemy III is the correct answer because he was one of the Ptolemaic rulers of Egypt who commissioned the construction of the Great Serapeum of Alexandria. The Serapeum was a magnificent temple dedicated to the god Serapis and served as a center of learning and worship. Ptolemy III was known for his patronage of the arts and sciences, and the construction of the Great Serapeum was a testament to his support for architectural and cultural endeavors.

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  • 19. 

    The upright stone slab containing the name of the dead found in the Mastaba.

    • A.

      Pilaster

    • B.

      Band

    • C.

      Scuncheon

    • D.

      Stele

    Correct Answer
    D. Stele
    Explanation
    A stele is an upright stone slab that typically contains inscriptions or carvings, including the name of the deceased. It is commonly found in the Mastaba, which is an ancient Egyptian tomb structure. The other options, such as pilaster, band, and scuncheon, do not specifically refer to a stone slab with inscriptions or carvings. Therefore, the correct answer is stele.

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  • 20. 

    The grandest Temple of all Egyptian temples. 

    • A.

      The Great temple of Abu-Simbel

    • B.

      Temple of Queen Hatshepsut

    • C.

      Temple of Ramsesseum, Thebes

    • D.

      Great Temple of Ammon, Karnak

    Correct Answer
    D. Great Temple of Ammon, Karnak
    Explanation
    The Great Temple of Ammon, Karnak is considered the grandest temple of all Egyptian temples because of its sheer size and elaborate architectural features. It is a vast complex of temples, chapels, and pylons dedicated to the god Amun, one of the most important deities in ancient Egypt. The temple complex covers an area of over 200 acres and contains numerous structures, including the Great Hypostyle Hall, which is the largest room of any religious building in the world. The grandeur and scale of the Great Temple of Ammon, Karnak make it the most impressive and significant temple in Egypt.

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  • 21. 

    The first architect recorded in history.

    • A.

      Rameses II

    • B.

      Imhotep

    • C.

      King Zoser

    • D.

      King Nebuchadnezzar

    Correct Answer
    B. Imhotep
    Explanation
    Imhotep is considered the first architect recorded in history. He was an Egyptian polymath who served as the chief architect to the pharaoh Djoser during the 27th century BC. Imhotep is credited with designing and constructing the Step Pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara, which is the earliest colossal stone building and the first pyramid ever built. His architectural achievements and innovative techniques revolutionized Egyptian construction methods and influenced future generations of architects. Imhotep's significant contributions to architecture make him the correct answer to the question.

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  • 22. 

    The Colossi of Memnon was erected by:

    • A.

      Thothmes I

    • B.

      Seti I

    • C.

      Senusrets

    • D.

      Amenophis III

    Correct Answer
    D. Amenophis III
    Explanation
    The Colossi of Memnon was erected by Amenophis III. The Colossi are two massive stone statues of Pharaoh Amenophis III, who ruled during the 18th Dynasty of ancient Egypt. These statues were originally part of a larger complex that included a temple, but only the statues remain standing today. They depict the pharaoh seated on a throne and were meant to guard the entrance to his mortuary temple. The statues are impressive examples of ancient Egyptian art and architecture, and they continue to attract tourists and historians alike.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 13, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 28, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Arkitek_lea
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