History Of Journalism Exam 2

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History Of Journalism Exam 2 - Quiz


exam 2 chapters 6-10


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The term “muckraking,” used to describe the journalistic practices of the Progressive Era, was coined by 

    • A.

      Journalist themselves to praise the work of one another

    • B.

      President Teddy Roosevelt to compliment the work of these journalist

    • C.

      President Franklin Delano Roosevelt to insult reporters at the time

    • D.

      President Theodore Roosevelt to sarcastically refer to these journalist

    Correct Answer
    D. President Theodore Roosevelt to sarcastically refer to these journalist
    Explanation
    During the Progressive Era, journalists were exposing corruption and social issues through their investigative reporting. President Theodore Roosevelt coined the term "muckraking" as a sarcastic reference to these journalists. This suggests that Roosevelt did not appreciate their work and viewed it as digging up dirt or stirring up trouble. This term eventually became associated with the positive impact of investigative journalism, despite its initially derogatory connotation.

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  • 2. 

    In terms of its literary origin, however, the "Muckraker" label originated in 1678 as

    • A.

      A nickname given to Edgar Allen Poe early in his career because of his morbid writings

    • B.

      A character in John Bunyan's "Pilgram's Progress" novel

    • C.

      An Indian character in James Fennimore Cooper's "Last of the Mohicans"

    • D.

      A character from Edward Albee's play about industrial workers

    Correct Answer
    B. A character in John Bunyan's "Pilgram's Progress" novel
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A character in John Bunyan's "Pilgrim's Progress" novel. The term "muckraker" originated in 1678 and referred to a character in John Bunyan's novel "Pilgrim's Progress." This character was known for raking muck or dirt in order to find hidden treasures. The term later gained a new meaning in the early 20th century to describe investigative journalists who exposed corruption and wrongdoing in society.

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  • 3. 

    The economic and social condition that preceded and then continued during the muckraking period was

    • A.

      The lack of new immigrants coming into the country

    • B.

      The end of political corruption in government that died with the fall of Boss Tweed

    • C.

      The rise of greedy industrialists who exploited common laborers

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. The rise of greedy industrialists who exploited common laborers
    Explanation
    During the muckraking period, there was a rise in greedy industrialists who took advantage of common laborers. This period was characterized by the exploitation of workers by powerful industrialists who prioritized their own profits over the well-being of their employees. This economic and social condition was a significant factor during this time, leading to increased awareness and calls for reform through investigative journalism. The other options mentioned, such as the lack of new immigrants and the end of political corruption, do not accurately reflect the prevailing conditions during the muckraking period.

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  • 4. 

    Your textbook author identifies which publication as the "greatest of the muckraking journals"?

    • A.

      The New Yorker

    • B.

      Collier's Magazine

    • C.

      McClure's Magazine

    • D.

      New York World

    Correct Answer
    C. McClure's Magazine
    Explanation
    McClure's Magazine is identified as the "greatest of the muckraking journals" by the textbook author.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following was widely recognized as the first muckraker, or reporter, to practice this tough brand of investigative journalism? 

    • A.

      Rake McColms

    • B.

      Joseph W. Folk

    • C.

      Mark Newberry

    • D.

      Lincoln Steffens

    Correct Answer
    D. Lincoln Steffens
    Explanation
    Lincoln Steffens was widely recognized as the first muckraker or reporter to practice tough investigative journalism. He was known for his in-depth reporting and exposés on political corruption and social issues. Steffens' work paved the way for future investigative journalists and helped bring attention to the need for reform in American society.

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  • 6. 

    The same reporter mentioned above later published a book that was a compilation of his investigative work. It was titled:

    • A.

      The Shame of the Cities

    • B.

      American Dream, American Corruption

    • C.

      The Metropolitan Monopolies

    • D.

      The Saints and the Sinners

    Correct Answer
    A. The Shame of the Cities
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The Shame of the Cities." This title is most fitting because it implies that the book exposes the corrupt and shameful aspects of urban areas. It suggests that the reporter's investigative work delves into the dark side of city life, highlighting the vices and wrongdoings that occur within urban communities.

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  • 7. 

    Which reporter was labeled the "Terror of the Trusts"?

    • A.

      Molly Brown

    • B.

      Beverly McClure

    • C.

      Ida Tarbell

    • D.

      Sarah Judge Hewitt

    Correct Answer
    C. Ida Tarbell
    Explanation
    Ida Tarbell was labeled the "Terror of the Trusts" because she was a prominent investigative journalist and writer who exposed the unfair practices of big corporations, particularly the oil industry, during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Her groundbreaking work, "The History of the Standard Oil Company," published in 1904, revealed the monopolistic and unethical business practices of John D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil Company. Tarbell's in-depth research and fearless reporting contributed significantly to the public's awareness of corporate abuses and played a crucial role in the subsequent regulation of trusts and monopolies in the United States.

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  • 8. 

    The monumental series written by the aforementioned "Terror of the Trusts" was titled:

    • A.

      History of the United States Steel Corporation

    • B.

      History of the Standard Oil Company

    • C.

      Gangs of New York

    • D.

      History of American Industry

    Correct Answer
    B. History of the Standard Oil Company
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "History of the Standard Oil Company." The explanation for this answer is that the phrase "aforementioned 'Terror of the Trusts'" suggests that the person mentioned earlier in the question is known for their involvement in monopolistic trusts. The Standard Oil Company, led by John D. Rockefeller, was one of the most notorious trusts in American history. Therefore, it is logical to assume that the "Terror of the Trusts" referred to Rockefeller and that the monumental series written by him would be about the Standard Oil Company.

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  • 9. 

    The final results of her investigative work led to

    • A.

      Congressional passage of the Hepburn Act

    • B.

      Supreme Court rulings on industry violations of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act

    • C.

      Both A & B

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Both A & B
    Explanation
    The correct answer is both A & B. The final results of her investigative work led to both Congressional passage of the Hepburn Act and Supreme Court rulings on industry violations of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. This means that her work had a significant impact on both legislative and judicial actions, resulting in reforms and regulations in the industries under investigation.

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  • 10. 

    Ray Stannard Baker, another highly recognized reporter of this era, directed most of his investigative focus on

    • A.

      The power of labor unions in the nation

    • B.

      The wrongdoing among government workers

    • C.

      The excess of the banking industry and its system of cronyism

    • D.

      The corruption of U.S. political parites

    Correct Answer
    A. The power of labor unions in the nation
    Explanation
    Ray Stannard Baker, a highly recognized reporter of his era, focused his investigations on the power of labor unions in the nation. This suggests that he dedicated his efforts to understanding and reporting on the influence and impact of labor unions on society, economy, and workers' rights. He likely delved into their organizational structure, bargaining power, and the role they played in shaping labor laws and policies. By focusing on this topic, Baker aimed to shed light on the dynamics and significance of labor unions in the broader context of American society during that time.

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  • 11. 

    Upton Sinclair's The Jungle was

    • A.

      Not a popular book at the time it was first released

    • B.

      The title of the series of articles he originally wrote for Collier's magazine

    • C.

      The title of the newspaper he published in New York, hence a reference to the urban jungle

    • D.

      A novel about fictitious characters, although it contained accurate and factual descriptions

    Correct Answer
    D. A novel about fictitious characters, although it contained accurate and factual descriptions
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a novel about fictitious characters, although it contained accurate and factual descriptions. This is because Upton Sinclair's The Jungle is a work of fiction that tells the story of a Lithuanian immigrant named Jurgis Rudkus and his struggles in the meatpacking industry in Chicago. While the characters and events in the book are not real, Sinclair extensively researched the conditions of the meatpacking industry and included accurate and factual descriptions of the working and living conditions of the time. The book's intention was to expose the harsh realities of the industry and advocate for labor and social reforms.

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  • 12. 

    Upton Sinclair was disappointed with the public reaction to The Jungle because

    • A.

      He was cheated by the publisher out of his fair share of the sales of the work

    • B.

      He had intended it to spark public criticism of the capitalist system

    • C.

      It failed to bring him the public recognition he had craved

    • D.

      It did not surpass the sales of his first work, "The Brass Check"

    Correct Answer
    B. He had intended it to spark public criticism of the capitalist system
    Explanation
    Upton Sinclair was disappointed with the public reaction to The Jungle because he had intended it to spark public criticism of the capitalist system. This suggests that Sinclair had a specific purpose in mind when writing the book, hoping to expose the harsh conditions of the working class and the exploitative practices of capitalism. However, the public's reaction did not align with his intentions, leading to his disappointment.

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  • 13. 

    The reporter known as the "poet of the muckrakers" and who wrote about the abuses of child labor was

    • A.

      Rheta Childe Dorr

    • B.

      Jack London

    • C.

      Upton Sinclair

    • D.

      Edwin Markham

    Correct Answer
    D. Edwin Markham
    Explanation
    Edwin Markham is the correct answer because he was a reporter and poet who was known for his writings on social issues, including child labor abuses. He was often referred to as the "poet of the muckrakers" due to his ability to expose and shed light on societal injustices through his poetry and journalism. While the other options were notable writers and activists in their own right, they did not specifically focus on child labor abuses like Markham did.

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  • 14. 

    The reporter who focused on the plight of workingwomen in the U.S. labor force was

    • A.

      Rheta Childe Door

    • B.

      Jack London

    • C.

      Nelly Bly

    • D.

      Edwin Markham

    Correct Answer
    A. Rheta Childe Door
    Explanation
    Rheta Childe Door is the correct answer because she was a reporter who specifically focused on the challenges faced by workingwomen in the U.S. labor force. She was known for her investigative journalism and advocacy for women's rights, shedding light on the difficulties and discrimination experienced by women in the workplace.

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  • 15. 

    Other publications that followed the lead of these early exposes focused on patent medicines and on food. What did the public reaction to these articles lead to?

    • A.

      Pressure on Congress to create the Department of Pharmaceutical Services

    • B.

      An inadvertent and unintended shortage of medicines and food

    • C.

      Pressure on Congress to eventually pass the Pure Food and Drug Act

    • D.

      Apathetic responses from Congress because politicians were behind these industries

    Correct Answer
    C. Pressure on Congress to eventually pass the Pure Food and Drug Act
    Explanation
    The public reaction to these articles led to pressure on Congress to eventually pass the Pure Food and Drug Act. This act was a response to concerns raised by the exposés on patent medicines and food, and aimed to regulate and ensure the safety of these products. The public outcry and demand for action led to increased pressure on Congress, ultimately resulting in the passage of this important legislation.

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  • 16. 

    During the muckraking era, William Randolph Hearst hired David Graham Phillips to write about which US institution? 

    • A.

      The Senate

    • B.

      The Presidency

    • C.

      The New York Stock Market

    • D.

      The House of Representatives

    Correct Answer
    A. The Senate
    Explanation
    During the muckraking era, William Randolph Hearst hired David Graham Phillips to write about the Senate. This suggests that Hearst was interested in exposing corruption and wrongdoing within the US Senate, making it a topic of interest for investigative journalism. The muckraking era was characterized by journalists who sought to uncover and bring attention to social and political issues, and focusing on the Senate would align with this objective.

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  • 17. 

    Where did the Klan first originate? 

    • A.

      Pulaski, Mississippi

    • B.

      Pulaski, Tennessee

    • C.

      Indianapolis, Indiana

    • D.

      Stone Mountain, Virginia

    Correct Answer
    B. Pulaski, Tennessee
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Pulaski, Tennessee. The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was founded in Pulaski, Tennessee in 1865 by six Confederate veterans. The group was formed as a secret society with the aim of restoring white supremacy and opposing the civil rights of African Americans. It quickly spread throughout the Southern United States and became notorious for its acts of violence and intimidation against African Americans and other minority groups. The Klan's origins in Pulaski, Tennessee mark the beginning of its long and troubled history in the United States.

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  • 18. 

    During the Klan's formative years, young men joined the new organization because

    • A.

      It offered them protection from recently freed Black slaves

    • B.

      It offered them protection from vengeful “Yankees”

    • C.

      It offered them a sense of common brotherhood

    • D.

      It offered them a way to vent their bigoted feelings

    Correct Answer
    C. It offered them a sense of common brotherhood
    Explanation
    During the Klan's formative years, young men joined the new organization because it offered them a sense of common brotherhood. This suggests that individuals sought a sense of belonging and camaraderie within the Klan, possibly due to feelings of isolation or a desire to be part of a group that shared similar beliefs and values. The sense of common brotherhood provided a support system and a shared identity that appealed to these young men.

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  • 19. 

    One of the early organizers of the Ku Klux Klan was ironically a Methodist Minister. His name was 

    • A.

      Billy Bob Joe John Jimmy Jenkins

    • B.

      David Duke

    • C.

      David Curtis Stephenson

    • D.

      William J. Simmons

    Correct Answer
    D. William J. Simmons
    Explanation
    William J. Simmons was one of the early organizers of the Ku Klux Klan. This is an ironic fact because Simmons was a Methodist Minister, a religious leader who is expected to promote peace, love, and equality. It is surprising that someone in a position of moral authority would be involved in an organization known for its racism, violence, and discrimination. This contradiction highlights the complexities of human behavior and the potential for individuals to hold conflicting beliefs and engage in harmful actions.

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  • 20. 

    The movie Birth of a Nation became controversial over its positive portrayal of the KKK. The movie was the creation of which of the following innovators of cinema? 

    • A.

      Mark Sennett

    • B.

      D.W. Griffith

    • C.

      Eadweard Muybridge

    • D.

      George Melies

    Correct Answer
    B. D.W. Griffith
    Explanation
    The movie Birth of a Nation became controversial over its positive portrayal of the KKK. D.W. Griffith, one of the innovators of cinema, created this movie.

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  • 21. 

    In the wake of the release of Birth of a Nation, which US President added to KKK credibility? 

    • A.

      William H. Taft

    • B.

      Teddy Roosevelt

    • C.

      William McKinley

    • D.

      Woodrow Wilson

    Correct Answer
    D. Woodrow Wilson
    Explanation
    Woodrow Wilson added to the KKK's credibility. During his presidency, Wilson screened the controversial film "Birth of a Nation" at the White House, which portrayed the KKK in a positive light. This endorsement by the President contributed to the rise in popularity and influence of the KKK during that time.

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  • 22. 

    The downfall of one top Klan leader, David Curtis Stephenson, is attributed to

    • A.

      His failure to pay federal income taxes

    • B.

      His bribery of officials in his home state

    • C.

      His conviction over the rape and murder of a young woman

    • D.

      The jealousy of younger, more militant Klansmen who wanted to replace him

    Correct Answer
    C. His conviction over the rape and murder of a young woman
    Explanation
    The downfall of David Curtis Stephenson, a top Klan leader, is attributed to his conviction over the rape and murder of a young woman. This suggests that his criminal actions led to his downfall rather than any other factors such as failure to pay taxes, bribery of officials, or jealousy from other Klansmen. His conviction for such a heinous crime would have tarnished his reputation and credibility, leading to a loss of support and influence within the Klan.

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  • 23. 

    The state of Indiana in the 1920s became know as 

    • A.

      Klan Central

    • B.

      The Klan State

    • C.

      Liberty City

    • D.

      White Man's Country

    Correct Answer
    B. The Klan State
    Explanation
    During the 1920s, the state of Indiana became known as "The Klan State" because it had a strong presence and influence from the Ku Klux Klan. The Klan was a white supremacist organization that promoted racism, anti-immigration, and anti-Catholic sentiments. Indiana had a large number of Klan members and even elected several Klan-supported politicians into office. The Klan's influence was so significant in Indiana during this time that the state earned the nickname "The Klan State." This period marked a dark chapter in Indiana's history, characterized by racial intolerance and discrimination.

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  • 24. 

    The primary reason that Jews became a target of the KKK was because

    • A.

      Klan members believed Jews were from a separate race who had killed Jesus

    • B.

      Klan members believed Jews were ruled by a foreign power

    • C.

      Klan members believed Jews were anti-American

    • D.

      Klan members were afraid of the growing number of Jews in the U.S

    Correct Answer
    A. Klan members believed Jews were from a separate race who had killed Jesus
    Explanation
    The KKK targeted Jews because they believed that Jews were from a separate race who had killed Jesus. This belief was rooted in anti-Semitism and the idea that Jews were responsible for the crucifixion of Jesus. The KKK saw Jews as a threat to their white Christian identity and sought to discriminate against and oppress them based on these misguided beliefs.

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  • 25. 

    The extent of Klan power in the United States by 1925 was visibly demonstrated by

    • A.

      A large gathering that filled the streets around Times Square in New York City

    • B.

      A massive parade down Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D.C.

    • C.

      A huge Klan rally on the steps of the Alabama Capitol

    • D.

      The nomination of a Klan member for President of the United States

    Correct Answer
    B. A massive parade down Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D.C.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a massive parade down Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D.C. This event demonstrates the extent of Klan power in the United States by 1925 because it shows their ability to organize and gather a large number of supporters in the nation's capital. Holding a parade in such a prominent location indicates that the Klan had significant influence and was able to openly display their power and presence.

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  • 26. 

    What was the role of the Protestant Minsters during this era of Klan development? 

    • A.

      They supported Klan members who provided the churches with financial gifts

    • B.

      They vigorously opposed the Klan from the pulpit.

    • C.

      They helped pass legislation in the South to pressure the Klan to disband.

    • D.

      They unknowingly provided secret Klan members with sanctuary in their churches.

    Correct Answer
    A. They supported Klan members who provided the churches with financial gifts
    Explanation
    During this era of Klan development, Protestant Ministers supported Klan members who provided the churches with financial gifts. This implies that the ministers were aware of the Klan's activities and were willing to accept their support in order to benefit their churches financially. It suggests a level of complicity or at least tolerance for the Klan's actions, as the ministers did not actively oppose or denounce the Klan from the pulpit.

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  • 27. 

    Which organization headed by attorney Morris Dees has been been tracking the activities of U.S. hate groups? 

    • A.

      The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)

    • B.

      The Southern Poverty Law Center

    • C.

      The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)

    • D.

      The Martin Luther King Foundation

    Correct Answer
    B. The Southern Poverty Law Center
    Explanation
    The Southern Poverty Law Center is the correct answer because it is an organization headed by attorney Morris Dees that has been tracking the activities of U.S. hate groups. The other options, such as the FBI, ACLU, and Martin Luther King Foundation, do not have the same focus or role in monitoring hate groups as the Southern Poverty Law Center.

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  • 28. 

    One of the confrontations between the Klan and a southern newspaper took place when the KKK tried to elect members to the city commission. The Klan placed its election campaign headquarters across the street from which newspaper building? 

    • A.

      The Atlanta Constitution

    • B.

      The Montgomery (Ala.) Advertiser

    • C.

      The Commercial Appeal in Memphis

    • D.

      The Tri-State American

    Correct Answer
    C. The Commercial Appeal in Memphis
    Explanation
    During the confrontation between the Klan and a southern newspaper, the Klan set up their election campaign headquarters across the street from The Commercial Appeal building in Memphis. This suggests that The Commercial Appeal was the target of the Klan's actions, possibly due to the newspaper's opposition to their activities or their reporting on Klan-related incidents.

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  • 29. 

    Editor C.P.J Mooney criticized the KKK as a profit-making scam. Which newspaper did he head?

    • A.

      The Atlanta Constitution

    • B.

      The Montgomery (Ala.) Advertiser

    • C.

      The Commercial Appeal in Memphis

    • D.

      Tri-State American

    Correct Answer
    C. The Commercial Appeal in Memphis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is The Commercial Appeal in Memphis. This can be inferred from the question, which states that Editor C.P.J Mooney criticized the KKK as a profit-making scam. Since Mooney was the editor of The Commercial Appeal in Memphis, it can be concluded that this newspaper is the correct answer.

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  • 30. 

    In the racially charged year of 1919, many of the riots throughout the nation were started because of erroneous press reports about

    • A.

      The move by African Americans into White suburban areas

    • B.

      Political corruption by newly elected Black politicians

    • C.

      The rise of Black rebellions in city neighborhoods

    • D.

      Alleged sexual assaults by Black men against White women

    Correct Answer
    D. Alleged sexual assaults by Black men against White women
    Explanation
    During the racially charged year of 1919, many riots occurred due to erroneous press reports about alleged sexual assaults by Black men against White women. These reports, whether true or not, fueled racial tensions and led to violent outbreaks. The fear and anger generated by these allegations intensified racial divisions and contributed to the unrest and riots that occurred throughout the nation during that time.

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  • 31. 

    African Americans in Tulsa in the 1920s

    • A.

      Had possessed long-standing ties to the region for generations

    • B.

      Were the descendants of runaway slaves

    • C.

      Had ancestors who had followed Native Americans to the territory during the Indian relocation

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      B & C only

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all of the above." African Americans in Tulsa in the 1920s had possessed long-standing ties to the region for generations, as they had been living there for many years. They were also the descendants of runaway slaves who had sought freedom in the area. Additionally, some of their ancestors had followed Native Americans to the territory during the Indian relocation. Therefore, all of these options are true in relation to African Americans in Tulsa during the 1920s.

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  • 32. 

    At the time of the Tulsa Riot, most of the city's Black population resided in Greenwood, an area also referred to by White neighbors as

    • A.

      The Black Burroughs

    • B.

      Little Africa

    • C.

      Negro Town

    • D.

      Shanty Town

    Correct Answer
    B. Little Africa
    Explanation
    During the time of the Tulsa Riot, the city's Black population lived predominantly in an area called Greenwood. This area was commonly referred to as "Little Africa" by White neighbors. This nickname reflected the concentration of Black residents and businesses in Greenwood, which was a vibrant and prosperous community. The term "Little Africa" was likely used to both acknowledge the African American heritage and culture of the neighborhood, but also to reinforce racial segregation and the perception of Black residents as separate from the rest of the city.

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  • 33. 

    The newspaper that most added to the volatile situation in Tulsa with its biased reporting was

    • A.

      The Oklahoma Sun

    • B.

      The Tulsa Star

    • C.

      The Tulsa Tribune

    • D.

      The Tulsa World

    Correct Answer
    C. The Tulsa Tribune
    Explanation
    The correct answer is The Tulsa Tribune. The question is asking which newspaper contributed the most to the volatile situation in Tulsa with its biased reporting. Out of the given options, The Tulsa Tribune is the most likely choice as it is known for its controversial and inflammatory articles during that time period.

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  • 34. 

    The young man at the center of the radical incident in Tulsa regularly made his way to the second floor of the Drexel Building because 

    • A.

      It was the nearest place where he was allowed to use the bathroom

    • B.

      His girlfriend worked in the building as a cook

    • C.

      He wanted to get a job at the new hotel

    • D.

      It was the only place that had a separate dining room for blacks

    Correct Answer
    A. It was the nearest place where he was allowed to use the bathroom
    Explanation
    The young man regularly made his way to the second floor of the Drexel Building because it was the nearest place where he was allowed to use the bathroom. This suggests that there were limited options for him to access a bathroom, possibly due to racial segregation or discrimination. It implies that the young man had to go to this specific location in order to fulfill a basic bodily need, highlighting the unequal treatment and lack of facilities available to him as a black person.

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  • 35. 

    The Black teenager's version of what happened that fateful day in Tulsa's Drexel Building was that

    • A.

  • 36. 

    The number of Blacks who were killed in the Tulsa Riot was

    • A.

      35

    • B.

      None although many were injured or arrested later

    • C.

      Unknown because many were unaccounted for

    • D.

      3,000

    Correct Answer
    C. Unknown because many were unaccounted for
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "unknown because many were unaccounted for." This is because during the Tulsa Riot, there was significant destruction and chaos, making it difficult to accurately determine the number of Blacks who were killed. Additionally, many individuals were unaccounted for, further complicating the process of establishing an exact number of fatalities.

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  • 37. 

    Father Charles Coughlin first emerged as a radio personality in 

    • A.

      The Pilsen district of Chicago

    • B.

      The German neighborhoods of New York City

    • C.

      The Royal Oak suburb of Detroit

    • D.

      The Irish enclaves of Boston

    Correct Answer
    C. The Royal Oak suburb of Detroit
    Explanation
    Father Charles Coughlin first emerged as a radio personality in the Royal Oak suburb of Detroit.

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  • 38. 

    Coughlin's widespread appeal during the Great Depression can be attributed to

    • A.

      The great oratorical quality of his voice

    • B.

      His use of simplistic phrasing to reach the masses

    • C.

      His messages directed toward the upper class

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      A & B

    Correct Answer
    E. A & B
    Explanation
    Coughlin's widespread appeal during the Great Depression can be attributed to his great oratorical quality of his voice and his use of simplistic phrasing to reach the masses. His powerful and captivating voice likely drew people in and made them more receptive to his messages. Additionally, his use of simple language made his ideas more accessible to a wide range of people, allowing him to connect with the masses and gain their support.

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  • 39. 

    Coughlin formed his own network of 60 stations nationwide when

    • A.

      He realized that he could make a profit off his radio show

    • B.

      He was offered a deal with the Catholic church to spread his ministry

    • C.

      The major broadcasting networks refused to renew or offer him contracts for his show

    • D.

      The public demanded that he expand his broadcast program

    Correct Answer
    C. The major broadcasting networks refused to renew or offer him contracts for his show
    Explanation
    Coughlin formed his own network of 60 stations nationwide because the major broadcasting networks refused to renew or offer him contracts for his show. This suggests that Coughlin had to take matters into his own hands and create his own network in order to continue broadcasting his show and reach his audience.

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  • 40. 

    In 1934, Coughlin moved into direct political action by creating the

    • A.

  • 41. 

    Both the NY Times and Pres. Roosevelt credited Coughlin with killing a proposal that would've led to

    • A.

      Direct confrontation with Nazi Germany

    • B.

      The formation of the League of Nations

    • C.

      Creation of the World Court

    • D.

      Allowing women to become priests

    Correct Answer
    C. Creation of the World Court
    Explanation
    Both the NY Times and President Roosevelt credited Coughlin with killing a proposal that would've led to the creation of the World Court. This suggests that Coughlin played a significant role in preventing the establishment of the World Court.

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  • 42. 

    The name of Fr. Coughlin's weekly tabloid magazine was

    • A.

      The Christian Science Monitor

    • B.

      The Coughlin Caller

    • C.

      The Catholic Crusader

    • D.

      Social Justice

    Correct Answer
    D. Social Justice
    Explanation
    Fr. Coughlin's weekly tabloid magazine was named "Social Justice." This name suggests that the magazine focused on advocating for fairness and equality in society, particularly with regards to economic and social issues. The name "Social Justice" aligns with Fr. Coughlin's beliefs and his role as a Catholic priest, as the Catholic Church has a long history of promoting social justice and addressing systemic injustices.

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  • 43. 

    The documents of dubious authenticity that Coughlin reprinted allegedly revealed a plot by Jews to gain world power. That document was known as

    • A.

      The Protocols of the Elders of ZIon

    • B.

      The Passover Plot

    • C.

      The Secret Torah

    • D.

      The Chronicles of the Zionists of Moses

    Correct Answer
    A. The Protocols of the Elders of ZIon
    Explanation
    The correct answer is The Protocols of the Elders of ZIon. This is a notorious anti-Semitic text that emerged in the early 20th century and claimed to expose a Jewish conspiracy to dominate the world. Despite being widely discredited as a forgery, it has had a significant influence on anti-Semitic beliefs and propaganda. Its publication and dissemination have fueled hatred and prejudice against Jews.

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  • 44. 

    In 1940, 17 members of Coughlin's Christian Front organization were

    • A.

      Arrested by the IRS for failure to pay federal income taxes

    • B.

      Arrested by the FBI for conspiracy to overthrow the US government

    • C.

      Praised for their efforts at reconciliation with Jewish leaders

    • D.

      Arrested by Interpol for an international conspiracy to supply arms to Nazis

    Correct Answer
    B. Arrested by the FBI for conspiracy to overthrow the US government
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "arrested by the FBI for conspiracy to overthrow the US government." This is evident from the information provided in the question, which states that members of Coughlin's Christian Front organization were arrested by the FBI. The reason for their arrest was their involvement in a conspiracy to overthrow the US government.

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  • 45. 

    Efforts by the National Association of Broadcasters to stifle Coughlin's misue of the radio airwaves

    • A.

      Were not successful

    • B.

      Were successful

    • C.

      Were met with a counter lawsuit by Coughlin

    • D.

      Were unjustified under the existing federal law at the time

    Correct Answer
    B. Were successful
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "were successful". This suggests that the efforts made by the National Association of Broadcasters to stop Coughlin's misuse of the radio airwaves were effective and achieved the desired outcome.

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  • 46. 

    Coughlin advocated a replacement of the US political system with

    • A.

    Explanation
    a parliamentary system. A parliamentary system is a form of government where the executive branch is accountable to the legislative branch. In this system, the head of state is usually a ceremonial figurehead, while the head of government is the leader of the majority party or coalition in the legislature. Coughlin's advocacy for a parliamentary system suggests that he believed it would be more effective and efficient in governing the United States compared to the current political system. It is likely that he saw benefits in having a closer relationship between the executive and legislative branches, as well as the potential for greater accountability and stability in government.

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  • 47. 

    George Rappalyea, the man who set into motion the actions that led to the infamous "Monkey Trial", did so primarily to

    • A.

      Solidify and spread Tennessee law against evolution nationwide

    • B.

      Bring to justice the schoolteacher whom he despised

    • C.

      Make the teaching of “creationism” mandatory in state schools

    • D.

      Generate publicity for his town of Dayton, Tenn.

    Correct Answer
    D. Generate publicity for his town of Dayton, Tenn.
    Explanation
    George Rappalyea set into motion the actions that led to the infamous "Monkey Trial" primarily to generate publicity for his town of Dayton, Tenn. This can be inferred from the context of the question, which mentions Rappalyea's actions and their consequences. The other options, such as solidifying and spreading Tennessee law against evolution nationwide, bringing justice to a despised schoolteacher, or making the teaching of "creationism" mandatory, are not mentioned in the question and therefore cannot be considered as the primary motive for Rappalyea's actions.

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  • 48. 

    In what is generally considered to be the most unorthodox strategy in the Scopes trial, Clarence Darrow

    • A.

      Called upon the prosecutor to testify about passages in the Bible.

    • B.

      Begged the judge to issue the lowly fine of $100 in exchange for his client’s guilty plea

    • C.

      Asked to be put on the witness stand to testify in behalf of Darwin’s scientific theory

    • D.

      Asked the judge to move the proceedings outdoors, so more people could see the trial

    Correct Answer
    A. Called upon the prosecutor to testify about passages in the Bible.
    Explanation
    Clarence Darrow's unorthodox strategy in the Scopes trial involved calling upon the prosecutor to testify about passages in the Bible. This strategy aimed to challenge the validity of biblical teachings and highlight the conflict between religious beliefs and the scientific theory of evolution. By questioning the prosecutor about biblical passages, Darrow aimed to undermine the prosecution's argument and support the defense's position on the teaching of evolution in schools.

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  • 49. 

    The newspaper that offered to pay for the defense of the schoolteacher and who sent its famous reporter H.L. Mencken, to the trial was

    • A.

      The Washington Post

    • B.

      The Chicago Tribune

    • C.

      The Baltimore Evening Sun

    • D.

      The New York Times

    Correct Answer
    C. The Baltimore Evening Sun
    Explanation
    The correct answer is The Baltimore Evening Sun. The question states that the newspaper offered to pay for the defense of the schoolteacher and sent H.L. Mencken to the trial. The Baltimore Evening Sun fits this description as it is the newspaper that provided financial support for the defense and sent its famous reporter, H.L. Mencken, to cover the trial.

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  • 50. 

    In the end, Daytona jury in the infamous "Monkey Trial" found the schoolteacher

    • A.

      Neither guilty or innocent because they were deadlocked

    • B.

      Neither guilty nor innocent because the judge declared a mistrial

    • C.

      Not guilty of violating state law

    • D.

      Guilty of violating Tennessee state law

    Correct Answer
    D. Guilty of violating Tennessee state law
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "guilty of violating Tennessee state law." This means that the Daytona jury in the "Monkey Trial" found the schoolteacher responsible for breaking the law in Tennessee.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Apr 27, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 07, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Kcarter052
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