Journalism - Final Exam - Multiple Choice

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| By Mmcewen79
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Mmcewen79
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Quizzes Created: 5 | Total Attempts: 8,126
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Journalism - Final Exam - Multiple Choice - Quiz

Directions: Click on the link below to complete the multiple choice test for Journalism.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which phrase describes a feature?

    • A.

      A hard news story

    • B.

      Any story that informs the reader

    • C.

      A soft news story

    • D.

      Any short newspaper article

    Correct Answer
    C. A soft news story
    Explanation
    A soft news story typically refers to a news article that focuses on entertainment, lifestyle, or human interest topics rather than hard-hitting news. It often includes stories about celebrities, fashion, food, travel, or personal experiences. This phrase describes a feature because it highlights a specific characteristic or aspect of a news story, indicating that it is a soft news piece rather than a hard news story that covers more serious and pressing issues.

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  • 2. 

    What is a lead?

    • A.

      The main idea of a feature story

    • B.

      A piece of information that attracts and keeps the reader interested

    • C.

      A point in the story where the reader loses interest

    • D.

      The angle of a story

    Correct Answer
    B. A piece of information that attracts and keeps the reader interested
    Explanation
    A lead refers to a piece of information that captures the reader's attention and maintains their interest in a story. It is the introductory part of a news article or feature story that aims to hook the reader and entice them to continue reading. The lead is crucial in engaging the audience and setting the tone for the rest of the article.

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  • 3. 

    A summary lead contains

    • A.

      A direct quote

    • B.

      Instructions on how to read the story

    • C.

      The most important facts of the story

    • D.

      A list of all the sources quoted in the story

    Correct Answer
    C. The most important facts of the story
    Explanation
    A summary lead contains the most important facts of the story. This means that it provides a concise and brief overview of the key information and main points of the story. It aims to grab the reader's attention and give them a quick understanding of the story's main highlights without going into too much detail. By including the most important facts, the summary lead allows readers to quickly decide if they want to continue reading the full story or not.

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  • 4. 

    What is soft news?

    • A.

      News that’s based on opinions, not facts

    • B.

      News that’s entertaining or interesting

    • C.

      News that’s circulated on the Internet, not on paper

    • D.

      Advice columns

    Correct Answer
    B. News that’s entertaining or interesting
    Explanation
    Soft news refers to news that is entertaining or interesting rather than being focused on hard facts. It includes stories that are more light-hearted, human-interest, or feature-oriented, rather than hard-hitting or serious news. Soft news often covers topics such as lifestyle, entertainment, celebrity gossip, or human stories that evoke emotions. It aims to engage and entertain the audience rather than providing in-depth analysis or hard facts. Soft news is often found in newspapers, magazines, or online platforms and is designed to capture the reader's attention with engaging and interesting content.

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  • 5. 

    What is hard news?

    • A.

      News that covers hard to understand topics

    • B.

      News that’s based on opinions, not facts

    • C.

      News that affects an everyone

    • D.

      The only kind of news there is

    Correct Answer
    C. News that affects an everyone
  • 6. 

    What do profile stories focus on?

    • A.

      A group’s behavior

    • B.

      An individual

    • C.

      Celebrity interviews only

    • D.

      Current events

    Correct Answer
    B. An individual
    Explanation
    Profile stories focus on an individual. These types of stories are typically in-depth and provide a detailed look into the life, experiences, and achievements of a specific person. They aim to provide insight into the individual's character, background, and impact on society. Profile stories often highlight personal struggles, accomplishments, and unique perspectives, allowing readers to gain a deeper understanding of the person being profiled.

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  • 7. 

    What is meant by balance in a news story?

    • A.

      Having several authors write a story

    • B.

      Getting a lawyer’s opinon before writing an article

    • C.

      Giving the same amount of space to every paragraph

    • D.

      Covering all sides of an issue as fairly as possible

    Correct Answer
    D. Covering all sides of an issue as fairly as possible
    Explanation
    Balance in a news story refers to the practice of presenting all sides of an issue in a fair and unbiased manner. It involves providing equal weight and consideration to different perspectives, opinions, and arguments related to the topic being discussed. This ensures that the news story is comprehensive, objective, and allows readers to form their own informed opinions.

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  • 8. 

    Your choice of a source should depend on

    • A.

      The source’s expertise

    • B.

      The source’s popularity

    • C.

      The source’s availability

    • D.

      The source’s height and weight

    Correct Answer
    A. The source’s expertise
    Explanation
    When choosing a source, it is important to consider their expertise. This means considering whether the source has knowledge, qualifications, and experience in the specific topic or field that you are researching. An expert source is more likely to provide accurate and reliable information compared to a source that lacks expertise. Therefore, considering the source's expertise is crucial in ensuring the credibility and quality of the information obtained from that source.

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  • 9. 

    What does a direct quotation look like?

    • A.

      Obama teased Michelle saying that she was an only good with kids when playing poker with them.

    • B.

      “He loves to buckle,” MSNBC host Clark Urban declared in a July. “Obama’s not going to give us real change.”

    • C.

      Obama has asserted the authority to assassinate American terror suspects abroad and has tried to block court challenges of that authority by invoking “state secrets.”

    • D.

      Obama vowed change and roared about “the fierce urgency of now”.

    Correct Answer
    B. “He loves to buckle,” MSNBC host Clark Urban declared in a July. “Obama’s not going to give us real change.”
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is a direct quotation because it is a verbatim statement made by MSNBC host Clark Urban in July. It is enclosed within quotation marks, indicating that it is the exact words spoken by the host.

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  • 10. 

    What does a paraphrase look like?

    • A.

      Obama teased Michelle saying that she was an only good with kids when playing poker with them.

    • B.

      “He loves to buckle,” MSNBC host Clark Urban declared in a July. “Obama’s not going to give us real change.”

    • C.

      Obama has asserted the authority to assassinate American terror suspects abroad and has tried to block court challenges of that authority by invoking “state secrets.”

    • D.

      Obama vowed change and roared about “the fierce urgency of now”.

    Correct Answer
    A. Obama teased Michelle saying that she was an only good with kids when playing poker with them.
  • 11. 

    What does a partial quotes look like?

    • A.

      Obama teased Michelle saying that she was an only good with kids when playing poker with them.

    • B.

      “He loves to buckle,” MSNBC host Clark Urban declared in a July. “Obama’s not going to give us real change.”

    • C.

      Obama has asserted the authority to assassinate American terror suspects abroad and has tried to block court challenges of that authority by invoking “state secrets.”

    • D.

      Obama vowed Change and roared about “the fierce urgency of now”.

    Correct Answer
    D. Obama vowed Change and roared about “the fierce urgency of now”.
    Explanation
    A partial quote looks like a sentence or phrase taken from a larger statement or speech. In this case, the answer states that Obama vowed Change and roared about "the fierce urgency of now," which is a partial quote from a larger statement or speech made by Obama.

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  • 12. 

    What does an orphan quote look like?

    • A.

      Obama teased Michelle saying that she was an only good with kids when playing poker with them.

    • B.

      “He loves to buckle,” MSNBC host Clark Urban declared in a July. “Obama’s not going to give us real change.”

    • C.

      Obama has asserted the authority to assassinate American terror suspects abroad and has tried to block court challenges of that authority by invoking “state secrets.”

    • D.

      Obama vowed Change and roared about “the fierce urgency of now”.

    Correct Answer
    C. Obama has asserted the authority to assassinate American terror suspects abroad and has tried to block court challenges of that authority by invoking “state secrets.”
    Explanation
    An orphan quote is a quote that is not properly attributed to its source or context. In this case, the given quote about Obama asserting the authority to assassinate American terror suspects abroad and blocking court challenges by invoking "state secrets" is an example of an orphan quote because it is not clear where or when Obama made this statement.

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  • 13. 

    What is an editorial?

    • A.

      An opinion piece that uses the pronoun "I"

    • B.

      The process when an editor works with unfinished story

    • C.

      A part of the writing process

    • D.

      The job that reporter's get when they are promoted

    Correct Answer
    A. An opinion piece that uses the pronoun "I"
    Explanation
    An editorial is an opinion piece that uses the pronoun "I." It is a form of journalism that allows the writer to express their personal viewpoint on a particular topic or issue. Editorials are typically found in newspapers, magazines, and online publications, and they aim to persuade or influence the readers by presenting a strong argument or perspective. Unlike news articles, editorials are subjective and reflect the writer's own opinions and beliefs. They often provide analysis, commentary, and criticism on current events, politics, social issues, or cultural matters.

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  • 14. 

    What is libel?

    • A.

      Publishing a false statement that damages someone’s reputation

    • B.

      A tendency to do something

    • C.

      Publishing private information about a person

    • D.

      Use of outside editors

    Correct Answer
    A. Publishing a false statement that damages someone’s reputation
    Explanation
    Libel refers to the act of publishing a false statement that harms someone's reputation. This involves spreading false information about an individual that can potentially damage their character, credibility, or public image. Libel is a form of defamation and can lead to legal consequences for the person responsible for spreading false information.

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  • 15. 

    What is defamation?

    • A.

      Publishing unflattering reports about someone

    • B.

      An invasion of privacy

    • C.

      A clearly labeled personal opinion

    • D.

      An untruthful accusation that lowers someone’s reputation

    Correct Answer
    D. An untruthful accusation that lowers someone’s reputation
    Explanation
    Defamation refers to making false accusations about someone that harm their reputation. It involves spreading untruthful information about an individual, which can negatively impact their personal or professional life. This can be done through various means, such as publishing false reports or statements about the person. Defamation is different from expressing a personal opinion or invasion of privacy, as it specifically involves making false claims that tarnish someone's reputation.

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  • 16. 

    Freedom of the press in the U.S. is __________________.

    • A.

      Unlimited

    • B.

      Limited only for school sponsored journalism

    • C.

      Governed by the Associated Press

    • D.

      Guaranteed by the Constitution in the First Amendment

    Correct Answer
    D. Guaranteed by the Constitution in the First Amendment
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "guaranteed by the Constitution in the First Amendment." The First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution explicitly protects the freedom of the press, ensuring that the government cannot infringe upon or censor the press. This constitutional guarantee allows for a free and independent press, which plays a crucial role in providing information, promoting transparency, and holding those in power accountable.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 07, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Mmcewen79
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