History Of Art And Interior Design (Prehistory-objective)

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| By Nefertarylight55
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Quizzes Created: 15 | Total Attempts: 7,378
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 334

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History Of Art And Interior Design (Prehistory-objective) - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Period before written history, also known as the Old Stone Age

    Explanation
    The correct answer is Paleolithic. The given statement describes a period before written history, also known as the Old Stone Age. The Paleolithic period is characterized by the use of stone tools and the development of early human societies. This period lasted from about 2.6 million years ago to around 10,000 years ago. During this time, humans were hunter-gatherers, relying on hunting animals and gathering wild plants for survival. The term "Paleolithic" is derived from the Greek words "paleo" meaning "old" and "lithos" meaning "stone."

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  • 2. 

    Paleolithic superiod where pigments were used for bodily ornamentation.

    Explanation
    During the Paleolithic period, specifically the Mousterian period, pigments were used for bodily ornamentation. The Mousterian period is known for the development of new tools and techniques by Neanderthals, who used pigments like ochre to decorate their bodies. This practice of using pigments for bodily ornamentation reflects the cultural and artistic expression of early humans during this time.

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  • 3. 

    Paleolithic subperiod where the use of cave paintings began

    Explanation
    The Aurignacian subperiod of the Paleolithic era is known for the beginning of cave paintings. During this time, early humans started using caves as a canvas to create art. These cave paintings provide valuable insights into the lives and beliefs of our ancient ancestors. The Aurignacian period is characterized by the development of new tools and technologies, as well as the emergence of symbolic behavior and artistic expression.

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  • 4. 

    Paleolithic period of the last hunter-gatherers. 

    Explanation
    The correct answer is Magdalenian. The Magdalenian period refers to the final phase of the Paleolithic era, characterized by the development of advanced tools and weapons by hunter-gatherer societies. This period is known for the production of intricate artwork, such as cave paintings and sculptures. The Magdalenian culture thrived in Europe around 17,000 to 12,000 years ago, and it is considered a significant period in human history for its advancements in technology and artistic expression.

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  • 5. 

    4 and a half tall and made of limestone. Figurine of female of childbearing build

    Explanation
    The correct answer is Venus of Willendorf. The description provided matches the characteristics of the Venus of Willendorf figurine. It is a small statue made of limestone, measuring approximately 4 and a half inches tall. The figurine depicts a female figure with exaggerated features associated with fertility and childbearing, such as large breasts and a rounded abdomen. The Venus of Willendorf is one of the most well-known examples of prehistoric art and is believed to have been created around 25,000 years ago.

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  • 6. 

    Other name for middle stone age. Saw the beginnings of settled communities and farming, the invention of bow and arrow, pottery for food storage and domestication of small animals. 

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Mesolithic" or "mesolithic". The Mesolithic period, also known as the Middle Stone Age, was a time when settled communities and farming began to emerge. It was characterized by important advancements such as the invention of the bow and arrow, the use of pottery for food storage, and the domestication of small animals. This period marked a transition from a hunter-gatherer lifestyle to a more sedentary and agricultural way of life.

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  • 7. 

    A large stone that has been used to construct a structure or monument either alone or with other stones. 

    Explanation
    A megalith is a large stone that is used to build structures or monuments. It can be used alone or in combination with other stones. This term is commonly used in archaeology and refers to ancient stone constructions such as Stonehenge.

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  • 8. 

    A large, single upright standing stone

    Explanation
    A menhir is a large, single upright standing stone. It is often associated with prehistoric cultures and can be found in various parts of the world. Menhirs are believed to have served different purposes, ranging from religious or ceremonial significance to marking boundaries or serving as landmarks. They can vary in size and shape, but they are typically tall and vertical. Menhirs have been the subject of fascination and study by archaeologists and historians, as they provide insights into ancient cultures and their beliefs.

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  • 9. 

    a free standing chamber, consisting of standing stones covered by a capstone as a lid. Used for burial and covered with mounds.

    Explanation
    A dolmen is a type of free-standing chamber made up of standing stones and covered by a capstone. It was commonly used for burial purposes and would be covered with mounds. This structure was often used in ancient times as a way to honor and remember the deceased.

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  • 10. 

    An upright slab forming part of a larger structure. 

    Explanation
    An orthostat refers to an upright slab that is used as a component of a larger structure. It is typically used in architecture or construction to provide structural support or serve as a decorative element.

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  • 11. 

    Stone circle.

    Explanation
    A cromlech is a type of stone circle, consisting of several large upright stones arranged in a circular or oval shape. These stones are often placed in a specific pattern or alignment, and are believed to have been used for religious or ceremonial purposes by ancient cultures. The term "cromlech" is commonly used in British and Irish archaeology to refer to this type of stone circle.

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  • 12. 

    Straight standing stone, topped with another, forming a 't' shape.

    Explanation
    A taula is a type of megalithic monument found on the island of Menorca in the Mediterranean Sea. It consists of a straight standing stone, called a monolith, which is topped with another stone, forming a 't' shape. The purpose of taulas is still uncertain, but they are believed to have had a religious or ceremonial significance in the ancient culture that built them.

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  • 13. 

    Two parallel upright stones with a horizontal stone. e.g. stonehenge

    Explanation
    A trilithon refers to a structure consisting of two parallel upright stones with a horizontal stone placed on top. Stonehenge is an example of a trilithon, where several of these structures are arranged in a circular pattern. The horizontal stone acts as a lintel, providing support and stability to the upright stones. Trilithons were commonly used in ancient architecture to create monumental structures and were often associated with religious or ceremonial purposes.

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  • 14. 

    Horizontal stone place on top of two upright stones. 

    Explanation
    A lintel is a horizontal stone that is placed on top of two upright stones. It is commonly used in architecture to support the weight of the structure above an opening such as a door or window. The lintel helps distribute the weight evenly and provides stability to the structure.

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  • 15. 

    Age where copper and tin were widely used, also semi-precious stones. 

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "bronze age." During the Bronze Age, which occurred from around 3300 to 1200 BCE, copper and tin were widely used to create bronze, a strong and durable metal alloy. This period was characterized by the development and advancement of bronze tools, weapons, and other artifacts. Additionally, semi-precious stones were also commonly used for decorative purposes during this time.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 21, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Nefertarylight55
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