History Of The Universe! Trivia Facts Quiz

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History Of The Universe! Trivia Facts Quiz - Quiz

Religious and scientists for years have disputed the creation of the Universe. It is said that the formation of the Universe is seen to be as a result of the big bang. When Universe cooled, the material in it combined to form galaxies, stars, and planets. Get to show off just how much you know about the history of the Universe in this trivia quiz. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Astronomy is the study of...

    • A.

      The night sky

    • B.

      the constellations

    • C.

      The stars and planets

    • D.

      The universe

    Correct Answer
    D. The universe
    Explanation
    Astronomy is the study of the universe, which includes the night sky, constellations, stars, and planets. It encompasses the observation, analysis, and understanding of celestial objects and phenomena, such as galaxies, black holes, comets, and asteroids. By studying the universe, astronomers gain insights into its origins, evolution, and composition, as well as the physical laws that govern it.

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  • 2. 

    Galaxies are arranged in groups that are bound together by....

    • A.

      Gravity

    • B.

      Pressure

    • C.

      Gas and dust

    • D.

      Electromagnetic waves

    Correct Answer
    A. Gravity
    Explanation
    Galaxies are arranged in groups that are bound together by gravity. Gravity is a fundamental force that attracts objects with mass towards each other. In the case of galaxies, the gravitational force between them keeps them bound together in groups. This force is responsible for the formation and structure of galaxies, as well as the motion of stars and other celestial objects within them. Gravity plays a crucial role in shaping the large-scale structure of the universe.

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  • 3. 

    One astronomical unit (AU) is equal to the distance...

    • A.

      Between the Earth and the sun

    • B.

      That light travels in 1 year (1 light year)

    • C.

      That light travels in 1 minute (1light minute)

    • D.

      Between the sun and the edge of the solar system

    Correct Answer
    A. Between the Earth and the sun
    Explanation
    An astronomical unit (AU) is a unit of measurement used in astronomy to represent the average distance between the Earth and the sun. It is approximately 93 million miles or 150 million kilometers.

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  • 4. 

    The closest star to Earth, aside from the sun, is 4.2 ____________ away.

    • A.

      Light years

    • B.

      Astronomical units

    • C.

      Miles

    • D.

      Galaxies

    Correct Answer
    A. Light years
    Explanation
    The closest star to Earth, aside from the sun, is 4.2 light years away. Light years are a unit of measurement used in astronomy to measure vast distances. It represents the distance that light travels in one year in the vacuum of space. Since light travels at a speed of approximately 186,282 miles per second, a light year is an extremely large distance. Therefore, 4.2 light years is a significant distance, indicating that the closest star to Earth, apart from the sun, is quite far away.

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  • 5. 

    Which type of wave is not a part of the electromagnetic spectrum?

    • A.

      Microwaves

    • B.

      X rays

    • C.

      Sound waves

    • D.

      Radio waves

    Correct Answer
    C. Sound waves
    Explanation
    Sound waves are not a part of the electromagnetic spectrum because they require a medium, such as air or water, to travel through. Unlike electromagnetic waves, which can travel through a vacuum, sound waves cannot propagate in the absence of a medium. Therefore, sound waves are not considered as electromagnetic waves and are not a part of the electromagnetic spectrum.

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  • 6. 

    The main difference between refracting and reflecting telescopes is that a refracting telescope uses ____________ and a reflecting telescope uses ____________.

    • A.

      Mirrors, lenses

    • B.

      Lenses, mirrors

    • C.

      An objective lens

    • D.

      Mirrors, an objective lense

    Correct Answer
    B. Lenses, mirrors
    Explanation
    Refracting telescopes use lenses to gather and focus light, while reflecting telescopes use mirrors. This means that in a refracting telescope, light passes through a series of lenses before reaching the eyepiece, while in a reflecting telescope, light is redirected by a mirror to a secondary mirror and then to the eyepiece.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following is an advantage of using mirrors over lenses in telescopes?

    • A.

      Mirrors bend and focus light

    • B.

      Mirrors enable distortion-free viewing when they are made very large

    • C.

      Mirrors are lighter and easier to carry than lenses

    • D.

      Lenses enable distortion-free viewing when they are made very large

    Correct Answer
    B. Mirrors enable distortion-free viewing when they are made very large
    Explanation
    Mirrors enable distortion-free viewing when they are made very large because mirrors can be manufactured with a larger diameter compared to lenses, allowing for a larger aperture. A larger aperture collects more light, resulting in a brighter and clearer image. Additionally, mirrors have a single reflecting surface, which reduces the potential for optical aberrations and distortions that can occur with multiple lens elements. Therefore, using mirrors in telescopes allows for larger, distortion-free viewing, making them advantageous over lenses.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following types of the telescope does not detect invisible radiation?

    • A.

      A radio telescope

    • B.

      An X ray telescope

    • C.

      A gamma-ray telescope

    • D.

      A refracting telescope

    Correct Answer
    D. A refracting telescope
    Explanation
    A refracting telescope uses lenses to gather and focus visible light, allowing us to see objects in the sky. It does not detect invisible radiation such as radio waves, X-rays, or gamma rays. Radio telescopes are designed to detect radio waves, X-ray telescopes are designed to detect X-rays, and gamma-ray telescopes are designed to detect gamma rays. Therefore, the correct answer is a refracting telescope.

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  • 9. 

    The study of the origin, structure, and future of the universe is called

    • A.

      Astronomy

    • B.

      Cosmology

    • C.

      Philosophy

    • D.

      Expansion theory

    Correct Answer
    B. Cosmology
    Explanation
    Cosmology is the study of the origin, structure, and future of the universe. It focuses on understanding the fundamental concepts of the universe, such as its composition, evolution, and overall structure. Astronomy, on the other hand, is the study of celestial objects and phenomena within the universe. Philosophy deals with the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence, and is not specifically focused on the study of the universe. Expansion theory is not a recognized field of study in relation to the origin, structure, and future of the universe.

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  • 10. 

    Edwin Hubble discovered that distant objects in space are

    • A.

      Unchanging

    • B.

      Extensions of the Milky Way Galaxy

    • C.

      Moving farther away from each other

    • D.

      Much closer to Earth than once imagined

    Correct Answer
    C. Moving farther away from each other
    Explanation
    Edwin Hubble discovered that distant objects in space are moving farther away from each other. This observation, known as the Hubble's Law, led to the conclusion that the universe is expanding. By studying the redshift of light emitted by these objects, Hubble found that the farther away an object is, the faster it is moving away from us. This discovery revolutionized our understanding of the universe and provided evidence for the Big Bang theory.

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  • 11. 

    Careful measurements have shown that distant galaxies are

    • A.

      Stationary

    • B.

      Moving apart

    • C.

      Moving in circles

    • D.

      Approaching each other

    Correct Answer
    B. Moving apart
    Explanation
    The correct answer is moving apart. This is supported by careful measurements which have shown that distant galaxies are moving away from each other. This observation is consistent with the concept of the expanding universe, where galaxies are moving apart due to the expansion of space itself. This phenomenon is known as the Hubble expansion, named after the astronomer Edwin Hubble who first discovered this relationship between the distance and velocity of galaxies.

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  • 12. 

    ____________ is a theory which states that about 14 billion years ago all of the contents of the universe gathered under extreme pressure, temperature, and density into a tiny spot and exploded.

    • A.

      Cosmology

    • B.

      The big bang theory

    • C.

      Universal expansion

    • D.

      The big crunch theory

    Correct Answer
    B. The big bang theory
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the big bang theory. This theory explains that the universe originated from a highly dense and hot state, about 14 billion years ago. It suggests that all the matter and energy in the universe were concentrated in a tiny point, often referred to as a singularity, which then rapidly expanded and continues to expand. This theory is supported by various pieces of evidence, such as the observed cosmic microwave background radiation and the redshift of galaxies, providing a comprehensive explanation for the origin and evolution of the universe.

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  • 13. 

    According to the big bang timeline in your textbook, as the universe began to expand,

    • A.

      Temperatures rose

    • B.

      Temperatures dropped

    • C.

      Gravity caused the universe to collapse gain

    • D.

      Galaxies formed relatively quickly

    Correct Answer
    B. Temperatures dropped
    Explanation
    According to the big bang timeline, as the universe began to expand, temperatures dropped. This is because as the universe expanded, it also cooled down. The initial hot and dense state of the universe gradually cooled as it expanded, leading to a decrease in temperatures. This cooling allowed matter to condense and form galaxies over time.

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  • 14. 

    The discovery of radiation coming from all directions in space supports the big bang theory because

    • A.

      The radiation could be cosmic background radiation

    • B.

      It proved without any doubt that the big bang occurred

    • C.

      Is showed that all of space has cooled to the same temperature

    • D.

      It indicated that thermal energy was distributed in a few choice places

    Correct Answer
    A. The radiation could be cosmic background radiation
    Explanation
    The discovery of radiation coming from all directions in space supports the big bang theory because the radiation could be cosmic background radiation. This radiation is considered a remnant of the early universe, and its presence aligns with the predictions of the big bang theory. The cosmic background radiation is believed to have been produced about 380,000 years after the big bang when the universe became transparent to light. Its detection provides strong evidence for the expansion and cooling of the universe as predicted by the big bang theory.

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  • 15. 

    The discovery of "ripples" in space may provide evidence for

    • A.

      Cosmic background radiation

    • B.

      Known matter

    • C.

      Blue-shift movement from galaxies

    • D.

      The first stages in the formation of the universe's first galaxies

    Correct Answer
    D. The first stages in the formation of the universe's first galaxies
    Explanation
    The discovery of "ripples" in space refers to the observation of small variations in the cosmic microwave background radiation, known as the cosmic microwave background anisotropy. These ripples provide evidence for the first stages in the formation of the universe's first galaxies. The fluctuations in the cosmic microwave background radiation indicate the density variations in the early universe, which eventually led to the formation of structures like galaxies. Therefore, the presence of these ripples supports the idea that they are the initial stages in the formation of the universe's first galaxies.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 09, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    CharlieC23
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