History Of The Universe Quiz

15 Questions

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Universe Quizzes & Trivia

Earth Science: Holt: Ch. 26 Section 1, Ch. 30 Section 4


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Atronomy is the study of....
    • A. 

      The night sky

    • B. 

      the constellations

    • C. 

      The stars and planets

    • D. 

      The universe

  • 2. 
    Galaxies are arranged in groups that are bound together by....
    • A. 

      Gravity

    • B. 

      Pressure

    • C. 

      Gas and dust

    • D. 

      Electromagnetic waves

  • 3. 
    One astronimical unit (AU) is equal to the distance....
    • A. 

      Between the Earth and the sun

    • B. 

      That light travels in 1 year (1 light year)

    • C. 

      That light travels in 1 minute (1light minute)

    • D. 

      Between the sun and the edge of the solar system

  • 4. 
    The closest star to Earth, aside from the sun, is 4.2 ____________ away.
    • A. 

      Light years

    • B. 

      Astronomical units

    • C. 

      Miles

    • D. 

      Galaxies

  • 5. 
    Which type of wave is not a part of the electromagnetic spectrum?
    • A. 

      Microwaves

    • B. 

      X rays

    • C. 

      Sound waves

    • D. 

      Radio waves

  • 6. 
    The main difference between refracting and reflecting telescopes is that a refracting telescope uses ____________ and a reflecting telescope uses ____________.
    • A. 

      Mirrors, lenses

    • B. 

      Lenses, mirrors

    • C. 

      An objective lens

    • D. 

      Mirrors, an objective lense

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is an advantage of using mirrors over lenses in telescopes?
    • A. 

      Mirrors bend and focus light

    • B. 

      Mirrors enable distortion-free viewing when they are made very large

    • C. 

      Mirrors are lighter and easier to carry than lenses

    • D. 

      Lenses enable distortion-free viewing when they are made very large

  • 8. 
    Which of the following types of telescope does not detect invisible radiation?
    • A. 

      A radio telescope

    • B. 

      An X ray telescope

    • C. 

      A gamma-ray telescope

    • D. 

      A refracting telescope

  • 9. 
    The study of the origin, structure, and future of the universe is called
    • A. 

      Astronomy

    • B. 

      Cosmology

    • C. 

      Philosophy

    • D. 

      Expansion theory

  • 10. 
    Edwin Hubble discovered that distant objects in space are
    • A. 

      Unchanging

    • B. 

      Extensions of the Milky Way Galaxy

    • C. 

      Moving farther away from each other

    • D. 

      Much closer to Earth than once imagined

  • 11. 
    Careful measurements have shown that distant galaxies are
    • A. 

      Stationary

    • B. 

      Moving apart

    • C. 

      Moving in circles

    • D. 

      Approaching each other

  • 12. 
    ____________ is a theory which states that about 14 billion years ago all of the contents of the universe gathered under extreme pressure, temperature, and density into a tiny spot and exploded.
    • A. 

      Cosmology

    • B. 

      The big bang theory

    • C. 

      Universal expansion

    • D. 

      The big crunch theory

  • 13. 
    According to the big bang timeline in your textbook, as the universe began to expand,
    • A. 

      Temperatures rose

    • B. 

      Temperatures dropped

    • C. 

      Gravity caused the universe to collapse gain

    • D. 

      Galaxies formed relatively quickly

  • 14. 
    • A. 

      The radiation could be cosmic background radiation

    • B. 

      It proved without any doubt that the big bang occurred

    • C. 

      Is showed that all of space has cooled to the same temperature

    • D. 

      It indicated that thermal energy was distributed in a few choice places

  • 15. 
    The discovery of "ripples" in space may provide evidence for
    • A. 

      Cosmic background radiation

    • B. 

      Known matter

    • C. 

      Blue-shift movement from galaxies

    • D. 

      The first stages in the formation of the universe's first galaxies