Latin America Trivia Questions! History Quiz

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Latin America Trivia Questions! History Quiz - Quiz

Latin America is the most urbanized continent in the world, with almost 80% of its citizens living in cities. Do you know some of the ancient tribes of Latin America and their cultures and some of the regions? Take this history quiz and see if you can answer the Latin America trivia questions. Be on the lookout for other quizzes like it to sharpen your understanding. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What Native Latin American tribes were conquered by Spain during the 1500s?

    • A.

      Maya

    • B.

      Inca

    • C.

      Olmec

    • D.

      Aztec

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Inca
    D. Aztec
    Explanation
    During the 1500s, Spain conquered several Native Latin American tribes, including the Inca and Aztec. The Inca Empire was located in the Andes region of South America, while the Aztec Empire was situated in present-day Mexico. These two powerful civilizations were eventually conquered by the Spanish conquistadors, leading to the colonization and domination of these territories by Spain. The other options listed, Maya and Olmec, were also significant Native Latin American tribes, but they were not specifically conquered by Spain during the 1500s.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is NOT an accomplishment of the Incas?

    • A.

      Building terraces to farm on the steep Andes slopes.

    • B.

      A unique and complex writing system and alphabet.

    • C.

      Building canals to farm in desert lands.

    • D.

      Building stone roads as way to travel and communicate

    Correct Answer
    B. A unique and complex writing system and alphabet.
    Explanation
    The Incas were known for their impressive engineering feats, such as building terraces to farm on the steep Andes slopes, constructing canals to farm in desert lands, and building stone roads as a means of travel and communication. However, they did not develop a unique and complex writing system and alphabet. Instead, they used a system of knotted strings called quipu to record information. This system was primarily used for numerical and statistical purposes rather than for writing and communicating complex ideas.

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  • 3. 

    One of the Mayans great achievements was the the creation of a __________ day calendar based on the movements of the sun.

    Correct Answer
    365
    Explanation
    The Mayans created a 365-day calendar based on the movements of the sun. This calendar was a significant achievement for them and allowed them to track the solar year accurately. It helped them in various aspects of their lives, including agriculture, religious ceremonies, and governance. The Mayans were skilled astronomers and mathematicians, and their understanding of the sun's movements allowed them to develop this sophisticated calendar system.

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  • 4. 

    Identify region 1.

    • A.

      North America

    • B.

      South America

    • C.

      Central America

    • D.

      Caribbean Islands

    • E.

      Mexico

    Correct Answer
    C. Central America
    Explanation
    Region 1 in this context refers to the region that is being identified. In this case, the correct answer is Central America. Central America is a region located between North America and South America, consisting of countries such as Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. It is considered a distinct region due to its geographical location and cultural characteristics.

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  • 5. 

    Identify region 2.

    • A.

      North America

    • B.

      South America

    • C.

      Central America

    • D.

      Caribbean Islands

    • E.

      Mexico

    Correct Answer
    E. Mexico
    Explanation
    Region 2 can be identified as Mexico because Mexico is a country located in the region known as Central America. Central America is the region that lies between North America and South America, and Mexico is part of this region. Therefore, Mexico is the correct answer for region 2.

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  • 6. 

    Identify region 3

    • A.

      North America

    • B.

      South America

    • C.

      Central America

    • D.

      Caribbean Islands

    • E.

      Mexico

    Correct Answer
    D. Caribbean Islands
    Explanation
    Region 3 can be identified as the Caribbean Islands because it is the only option that specifically refers to a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. North America, South America, Central America, and Mexico are all larger landmasses or regions that encompass multiple countries, whereas the Caribbean Islands specifically refer to a distinct group of islands in the Caribbean region.

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  • 7. 

    Identify region 4.

    • A.

      North America

    • B.

      South America

    • C.

      Central America

    • D.

      Caribbean Islands

    • E.

      Mexico

    Correct Answer
    B. South America
    Explanation
    Region 4 is identified as South America because it is the only option that represents a continent. North America, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands are regions within the larger continent of America. Mexico, on the other hand, is a country within North America. Therefore, South America is the correct answer as it represents a distinct continent.

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  • 8. 

    Spain took over much of Latin America -- including their culture.  Another word for this process that we used in class was _____________________.

    Correct Answer
    colonization
    Explanation
    Spain's takeover of much of Latin America, including their culture, is a clear example of colonization. In class, we learned that colonization refers to the process in which one country establishes control over another territory, often with the aim of exploiting its resources and imposing its own culture and institutions. Spain's colonization of Latin America involved the establishment of colonies, the imposition of Spanish language and religion, and the extraction of valuable resources such as gold and silver. This process had a profound and lasting impact on the cultural, social, and economic development of the region.

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  • 9. 

    If a boy is from in Brazil (and is a native speaker of their language), he is...

    • A.

      Both Hispanic and a Latino

    • B.

      Hispanic, but not a Latino

    • C.

      Latino, but not Hispanic

    • D.

      Neither Hispanic nor Latino

    Correct Answer
    C. Latino, but not Hispanic
    Explanation
    The term "Hispanic" refers to individuals who have a cultural or ancestral connection to Spain or Spanish-speaking countries. Since the boy is from Brazil, which is a Portuguese-speaking country, he is not Hispanic. However, the term "Latino" refers to individuals from Latin America, which includes countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean, including Brazil. Therefore, the boy is considered Latino but not Hispanic.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following are Mayan accomplishments?

    • A.

      Writing using hieroglyphs

    • B.

      Building a major city atop a swamp.

    • C.

      A 365 day calendar

    • D.

      Understanding the mathematical concept of zero.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Writing using hieroglyphs
    C. A 365 day calendar
    D. Understanding the mathematical concept of zero.
    Explanation
    The Mayans accomplished several significant achievements. They developed a system of writing using hieroglyphs, which allowed them to record their history and communicate complex ideas. They also created a 365-day calendar, which was highly accurate and used for agricultural and religious purposes. Additionally, the Mayans were one of the first civilizations to understand and utilize the mathematical concept of zero, which had a profound impact on their mathematical and astronomical advancements.

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  • 11. 

    For what reasons did conquistadors sail for Spain.

    • A.

      Gold

    • B.

      Games

    • C.

      Glory

    • D.

      God

    • E.

      Garland

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Gold
    C. Glory
    D. God
    Explanation
    The conquistadors sailed for Spain for three main reasons: gold, glory, and God. They were motivated by the desire for wealth and riches, as they believed they could find valuable resources in the new lands they discovered. They also sought glory and fame, as conquering new territories and expanding the Spanish empire brought them prestige and honor. Additionally, they were driven by religious zeal and the mission to spread Christianity, seeing their expeditions as a way to convert indigenous populations to Catholicism.

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  • 12. 

    A conquistador is a(n)...?

    • A.

      Spokesperson

    • B.

      Explorer

    • C.

      Sailor

    • D.

      Conqueror

    • E.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Explorer
    C. Sailor
    D. Conqueror
    Explanation
    A conquistador is someone who explores new territories, sails to new lands, and conquers and colonizes those lands. They were known for their expeditions and conquests during the Age of Exploration, particularly in the Americas. Therefore, the correct answer is Explorer, Sailor, Conqueror.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following did the Spanish NOT bring to Latin America?

    • A.

      Their culture and religion

    • B.

      A new language - Spanish

    • C.

      Guns

    • D.

      Foods like sweet potatoes and corn

    • E.

      A belief that they were superior to natives.

    Correct Answer
    D. Foods like sweet potatoes and corn
    Explanation
    The Spanish did bring their culture and religion, a new language (Spanish), guns, and a belief in their superiority to natives to Latin America. However, they did not bring foods like sweet potatoes and corn, as these were already native to the region.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 29, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Historian
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