Histology Epithelial Tissue Quiz

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Histology Epithelial Tissue Quiz - Quiz

Do you know about the epithelial tissue? Take this histology epithelial tissue quiz and see how well you know and understand this topic. The epithelium is a type of body tissue forming the cover on your body's internal and external surfaces. You can take this quiz to enhance your knowledge about epithelial tissues. Go for it and see how much you score on this quiz. All the best! Even if you miss out on something, we will help you with the correct options.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The epithelium of the trachea is 

    • A.

      Simple columnar

    • B.

      Simple cuboidal

    • C.

      Simple squamous

    • D.

      Pseudostratified columnar

    Correct Answer
    D. Pseudostratified columnar
    Explanation
    The epithelium of the trachea is pseudostratified columnar. This type of epithelium appears to be layered or stratified, but all cells are in contact with the basement membrane. Pseudostratified columnar epithelium is composed of columnar cells that vary in height, giving the appearance of multiple layers. It is found in the respiratory tract, including the trachea, and functions to secrete mucus and move foreign particles out of the airways.

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  • 2. 

    Most likely to have goblet cells

    • A.

      Simple columnar

    • B.

      Stratified squamous

    • C.

      Stratified cuboidal

    • D.

      Pseudostratified columnar

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Simple columnar
    D. Pseudostratified columnar
    Explanation
    Simple columnar and pseudostratified columnar epithelial tissues are most likely to have goblet cells. Goblet cells are specialized cells that secrete mucus, and they are commonly found in these types of epithelial tissues. Simple columnar epithelium is a single layer of tall, narrow cells that line the digestive tract and respiratory tract. Pseudostratified columnar epithelium appears layered, but all cells are in contact with the basement membrane. It is found in the respiratory tract and also contains goblet cells. Therefore, both simple columnar and pseudostratified columnar epithelial tissues are most likely to have goblet cells.

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  • 3. 

    You are most likely to find simple squamous epithelium in

    • A.

      Serosa of the small intestine

    • B.

      Mucosa of stomach

    • C.

      Alveoli of lungs

    • D.

      Salivary glands

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Serosa of the small intestine
    C. Alveoli of lungs
    Explanation
    Simple squamous epithelium is a single layer of flat cells that allows for easy diffusion of substances. It is found in areas where diffusion and filtration are important functions. The serosa of the small intestine is a protective layer that covers the outside of the organ, and the alveoli of the lungs are tiny air sacs where gas exchange occurs. Both of these locations require efficient diffusion, making simple squamous epithelium the most likely type of epithelium to be found there.

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  • 4. 

    Cilia are mainly found on the simple columnar epithelium. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Cilia - pseudostratified columnar. Microvilli - simple columnar

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  • 5. 

    Tongue, esophagus, vagina

    • A.

      Stratified squamous keratinized

    • B.

      Stratified squamous nonkeratinized

    • C.

      Stratified cuboidal

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    B. Stratified squamous nonkeratinized
    Explanation
    The correct answer is stratified squamous nonkeratinized. This type of epithelial tissue is found in areas of the body that are subjected to friction and abrasion but do not need to be protected from water loss. The tongue, esophagus, and vagina are all lined with this type of tissue, which helps to provide a protective barrier while still allowing for flexibility and movement.

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  • 6. 

    Transitional epithelium can be found: 

    • A.

      Vagina

    • B.

      Urinary tract

    • C.

      Umbilical Cord

    • D.

      Oesophagus

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Urinary tract
    C. Umbilical Cord
    Explanation
    Transitional epithelium is a type of tissue that is capable of stretching and recoiling, making it ideal for organs that need to accommodate changes in volume, such as the urinary tract and the umbilical cord. The urinary tract includes organs such as the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra, which all require transitional epithelium to allow for expansion and contraction during urine storage and elimination. Similarly, the umbilical cord connects the fetus to the placenta and requires transitional epithelium to accommodate the movement and growth of the developing fetus.

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  • 7. 

    The function of simple squamous epithelium is 

    • A.

      Absorption

    • B.

      Secretion of mucus

    • C.

      Secretion of serous lubricating fluid

    • D.

      Allow rapid diffusion

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Secretion of serous lubricating fluid
    D. Allow rapid diffusion
    Explanation
    Simple squamous epithelium is a single layer of flattened cells that allows for rapid diffusion of substances across its surface due to its thin structure. It is found in areas where passive diffusion of gases and other substances is necessary, such as the alveoli in the lungs and the capillaries. Additionally, simple squamous epithelium can also secrete serous lubricating fluid, which helps reduce friction between organs and allows them to move smoothly.

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  • 8. 

    The epitheliums, whose main function is to prevent penetration

    • A.

      Stratified cuboidal

    • B.

      Stratified squamous

    • C.

      Simple squamous

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    B. Stratified squamous
    Explanation
    Stratified squamous epithelium is the correct answer because it is a type of epithelial tissue that consists of multiple layers of flat cells. This type of epithelium is found in areas that require protection from mechanical stress and abrasion, such as the skin, lining of the mouth, and esophagus. The multiple layers of cells provide a strong barrier that helps prevent penetration and damage to underlying tissues.

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  • 9. 

    What type of epithelial tissue would make up salivary, sweat, oil, and mammary glands?

    • A.

      Simple squamous

    • B.

      Simple cuboidal

    • C.

      Simple columnar

    • D.

      Transitional

    Correct Answer
    B. Simple cuboidal
    Explanation
    Simple cuboidal epithelial tissue would make up salivary, sweat, oil, and mammary glands. This type of tissue consists of a single layer of cube-shaped cells with centrally located nuclei. It is specialized for secretion and absorption, making it well-suited for glandular functions. The cuboidal shape allows for efficient packing of cells and the secretion of substances into the ducts of these glands.

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  • 10. 

    Which type of epithelial tissue stretches, and is there in the bladder and other urinary organs?

    • A.

      Simple Cuboidal

    • B.

      Stratified Squamous

    • C.

      Transitional

    • D.

      Stratified Columnar

    Correct Answer
    C. Transitional
    Explanation
    Transitional epithelial tissue is the correct answer because it is a type of tissue that is capable of stretching and expanding. It is found in organs such as the bladder and other urinary organs, where it allows for the expansion and contraction needed for urine storage and release. This type of tissue has the ability to change its shape and stretch without tearing, making it well-suited for these organs that experience frequent changes in volume.

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