Egypt Hieroglyphics And The Rosetta Stone

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Egypt Hieroglyphics And The Rosetta Stone - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What three languages are written on the Rosetta Stone?

    • A.

      Greek, Egyptian, Archaic

    • B.

      Latin, Hieroglyphs, Demonic,

    • C.

      Greek, Hieroglyphs, Demotic

    • D.

      Hieroglyphs, Droll, Comic,

    Correct Answer
    C. Greek, Hieroglyphs, Demotic
    Explanation
    The Rosetta Stone contains inscriptions in three different languages: Greek, Hieroglyphs, and Demotic. Greek was the language used by the ruling class of Egypt at the time, while Hieroglyphs was the sacred script used by the priests and elites. Demotic was a more common script used by the general population. The stone played a crucial role in deciphering Egyptian hieroglyphs as it provided a key to understanding the ancient script.

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  • 2. 

    What does the word "hieroglyphs" mean?

    • A.

      Picture writing.

    • B.

      Sacred writing.

    • C.

      Greek writing.

    • D.

      Symbolic writing.

    Correct Answer
    B. Sacred writing.
    Explanation
    The word "hieroglyphs" refers to a form of writing used in ancient Egypt. It consisted of pictorial symbols that represented words or sounds. These symbols were considered sacred and were used to communicate important religious and historical information. Therefore, the correct answer is "Sacred writing."

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  • 3. 

    In which Egyptian town was the Rosetta Stone found?

    • A.

      Memphis.

    • B.

      Thebes.

    • C.

      Champollion.

    • D.

      Rashid.

    Correct Answer
    D. Rashid.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Rashid. The Rosetta Stone was found in the town of Rashid, also known as Rosetta, in Egypt. The stone was discovered by a French soldier in 1799 during the Napoleonic campaign in Egypt. It is a significant archaeological artifact as it contains a decree issued by King Ptolemy V in three different scripts, including ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs, which helped scholars decipher the hieroglyphic script.

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  • 4. 

    What was the person in charge of writing things down in ancient Egypt called?

    • A.

      A Hired Glyph maker.

    • B.

      A Rosetta.

    • C.

      A Scribe.

    • D.

      A Hieratic.

    Correct Answer
    C. A Scribe.
    Explanation
    In ancient Egypt, the person in charge of writing things down was called a scribe. Scribes held an important role in society as they were responsible for recording and preserving information. They were highly educated and skilled in hieroglyphics, the writing system used in ancient Egypt. Scribes were employed by the government, temples, and other institutions to keep records, write legal documents, and assist in administrative tasks. Their role was crucial in maintaining the written history and knowledge of ancient Egypt.

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  • 5. 

    Who is credited with cracking the code of Egyptian hieroglyphics and translating the Rosetta Stone?

    • A.

      Napoleon Bonaparte

    • B.

      Jean-Francois Champollion

    • C.

      Ptolemy V

    • D.

      Jean-Paul Cartouche

    Correct Answer
    B. Jean-Francois Champollion
    Explanation
    Jean-Francois Champollion is credited with cracking the code of Egyptian hieroglyphics and translating the Rosetta Stone. He was a French scholar who dedicated his life to deciphering the ancient Egyptian writing system. Champollion used the Rosetta Stone, which contained inscriptions in three different scripts including hieroglyphics, to make significant breakthroughs in understanding the meaning of hieroglyphic symbols. His work laid the foundation for the modern understanding of ancient Egyptian history and culture.

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  • 6. 

    What led to the decline in the use of hieroglyphics?

    • A.

      Future Roman emperor, Augustus, defeated Cleopatra and ended Egyptian rule of Egypt.

    • B.

      With Romans ruling Egypt, a speedier writing system was needed.

    • C.

      Roman Emperor Theodosius I outlawed non-Christian temples.

    • D.

      The job of scribe was outlawed during Roman rule.

    Correct Answer
    C. Roman Emperor Theodosius I outlawed non-Christian temples.
    Explanation
    During Roman rule, the decline in the use of hieroglyphics can be attributed to the actions of Roman Emperor Theodosius I, who outlawed non-Christian temples. This likely led to a decline in the practice of hieroglyphic writing, as it was closely associated with religious rituals and traditions that were no longer allowed. Theodosius I's decree would have encouraged the adoption of alternative writing systems, contributing to the decline of hieroglyphics as a commonly used form of communication in Egypt.

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  • 7. 

    Difficulties with hieroglyphics included ______________. 

    • A.

      Symbols could mean either words or sounds.

    • B.

      Hieroglyphics could only be written on walls.

    • C.

      Hieroglyphics could be written in any direction.

    • D.

      Hieroglyphics could only be read silently.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Symbols could mean either words or sounds.
    C. Hieroglyphics could be written in any direction.
  • 8. 

    What was the chief advantage of hieratic and demotic writing for Egyptian scribes?

    • A.

      They were faster than hieroglyphics.

    • B.

      Anyone could read them.

    • C.

      They could be written on papyrus.

    • D.

      They could be used for official writing.

    Correct Answer
    A. They were faster than hieroglyphics.
    Explanation
    Hieratic and demotic writing were faster than hieroglyphics. This is because hieroglyphics were a complex system of pictorial symbols, while hieratic and demotic scripts were simplified versions of hieroglyphics. The scribes could write more quickly using hieratic and demotic writing, which made these scripts more efficient for everyday use.

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  • 9. 

    How did the discovery of the Rosetta Stone contribute to world history?

    • A.

      It resulted in the French rule of Egypt.

    • B.

      It unlocked the secrets of life in ancient Egypt.

    • C.

      It created a language software.

    • D.

      It created a need for larger Egypt wings in museums.

    Correct Answer
    B. It unlocked the secrets of life in ancient Egypt.
    Explanation
    The discovery of the Rosetta Stone was a significant contribution to world history because it unlocked the secrets of life in ancient Egypt. The stone, which contained inscriptions in three different scripts, including Egyptian hieroglyphs, provided the key to deciphering the ancient Egyptian language. This breakthrough allowed scholars to gain a deeper understanding of the civilization's culture, history, and literature. It also paved the way for further discoveries and advancements in the field of Egyptology, making the Rosetta Stone a crucial artifact in our understanding of ancient Egypt.

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  • 10. 

    How did cartouches aid Champollion's translation of the Rosetta Stone?

    • A.

      They were used to transport the Stone back to France.

    • B.

      They phonetically spelled out the names of Egyptian rulers.

    • C.

      They were used to break the text into three different languages.

    • D.

      They were the key to understanding ideograms.

    Correct Answer
    B. They phonetically spelled out the names of Egyptian rulers.
    Explanation
    Cartouches aided Champollion's translation of the Rosetta Stone by phonetically spelling out the names of Egyptian rulers. This allowed Champollion to decipher the hieroglyphic script by comparing the names in the cartouches to the known Greek translations on the stone. By understanding the phonetic values of the hieroglyphs, Champollion was able to unlock the meaning of the entire text on the Rosetta Stone and make significant progress in deciphering ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs.

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