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| By Gaylawaller
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Gaylawaller
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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 1,799
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 817

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Body Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Within liver cells, glycogen can be decomposed to yield glucose. For this process to occur, which substances must also be present?

    • A.

      Growth hormone and glucagon

    • B.

      Insulin and corticosteroids

    • C.

      Corticosteriods and epinephrine (adrenaline)

    • D.

      Glucagon and epinephrine (adrenaline)

    Correct Answer
    D. Glucagon and epinephrine (adrenaline)
  • 2. 

    At which phase of meiosis does corssing over occur?

    • A.

      Prophase I

    • B.

      Prophase II

    • C.

      Metaphase I

    • D.

      Metaphase II

    Correct Answer
    A. Prophase I
    Explanation
    Crossing over occurs during Prophase I of meiosis. During this phase, homologous chromosomes pair up and exchange genetic material through a process called crossing over. This results in the recombination of genetic material and increases genetic diversity. Prophase II, Metaphase I, and Metaphase II do not involve crossing over.

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  • 3. 

    The phalanx is a(n)...

    • A.

      Bone

    • B.

      Joint

    • C.

      Opening

    • D.

      Inflammation

    Correct Answer
    A. Bone
    Explanation
    The phalanx is a bone. Phalanges are the bones that make up the fingers and toes in humans and other vertebrates. They are long, slender bones that provide support and structure to the digits, allowing for movement and dexterity.

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  • 4. 

    What is the name for the small, tail-like projection from the cellular membrane that is used for locomotion?

    • A.

      Protein

    • B.

      Basal body

    • C.

      Flagella

    • D.

      Actin

    Correct Answer
    C. Flagella
    Explanation
    Flagella are the small, tail-like projections from the cellular membrane that are used for locomotion. They are found in many organisms, including bacteria and sperm cells, and are responsible for propelling the cell through its environment. Flagella are made up of a protein called flagellin, which forms a long, whip-like structure that can rotate and generate movement. This allows the cell to swim or move in a directed manner towards a specific target. The other options, such as protein, basal body, and actin, are not specifically related to the structure and function of flagella.

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  • 5. 

    The dermis is classified as a(n)>

    • A.

      Cell

    • B.

      Tissue

    • C.

      Organ

    • D.

      System

    Correct Answer
    C. Organ
    Explanation
    The dermis is classified as an organ because it is a complex structure that is composed of different tissues working together to perform specific functions. The dermis is located beneath the epidermis and is responsible for providing support and strength to the skin. It contains blood vessels, nerves, hair follicles, sweat glands, and other structures that contribute to the overall function and health of the skin. Therefore, the dermis meets the criteria of being an organ, as it is a distinct and organized structure made up of different tissues.

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  • 6. 

    Which vessel transports blood from the lung to the heart?

    • A.

      Aorta

    • B.

      Pulmonary Artery

    • C.

      Pulmonary Vein

    • D.

      Vena Cava

    Correct Answer
    B. Pulmonary Artery
    Explanation
    The pulmonary artery is the correct answer because it is the vessel that carries deoxygenated blood from the lungs back to the heart. After the blood is oxygenated in the lungs, it is transported through the pulmonary artery to the heart, where it will then be pumped to the rest of the body. The other options, such as the aorta, pulmonary vein, and vena cava, are all involved in the circulation of blood, but they do not specifically transport blood from the lung to the heart.

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  • 7. 

    What is the primary sympathetic neurohormone?

    • A.

      Acetylcholine

    • B.

      Epinephrine

    • C.

      Norepinephrine

    • D.

      Dopamine

    Correct Answer
    C. Norepinephrine
    Explanation
    Norepinephrine is the primary sympathetic neurohormone. It is released by the sympathetic nervous system in response to stress or danger. Norepinephrine increases heart rate, constricts blood vessels, and triggers the release of glucose for energy. It helps prepare the body for the fight-or-flight response, allowing for increased alertness and physical readiness.

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  • 8. 

    The function of the pulmonary veins is to carry..

    • A.

      Unoxygenated blood to the lungs

    • B.

      Oxygenated blood to the left atrium

    • C.

      Unoxygenated blood to the pulmonary artery

    • D.

      Oxygenated blood to the left ventricle

    Correct Answer
    B. Oxygenated blood to the left atrium
    Explanation
    The pulmonary veins carry oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart. This is necessary for the oxygenated blood to be pumped out to the rest of the body through the systemic circulation.

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  • 9. 

    What is the expected pH of the stomach?

    • A.

      4.00 to 4.90

    • B.

      3.00 to 3.90

    • C.

      2.00 to 2.90

    • D.

      .90 to 1.50

    Correct Answer
    D. .90 to 1.50
    Explanation
    The expected pH of the stomach is .90 to 1.50. This is because the stomach secretes hydrochloric acid, which helps in the digestion of food. The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14, with 0 being the most acidic and 14 being the most basic. The pH of the stomach is highly acidic due to the presence of hydrochloric acid, which helps break down food and kill bacteria. Therefore, a pH range of .90 to 1.50 is expected for the stomach.

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  • 10. 

    What mineral is responsible for muscle contraction?

    • A.

      Chloride

    • B.

      Sodium

    • C.

      Calcium

    • D.

      Magnesium

    Correct Answer
    C. Calcium
    Explanation
    Calcium is responsible for muscle contraction because it plays a vital role in the process of muscle contraction. When an action potential reaches the muscle fibers, it triggers the release of calcium ions from the sarcoplasmic reticulum. These calcium ions bind to the protein troponin, causing a conformational change that allows the myosin heads to bind to actin. This interaction leads to the sliding of the actin and myosin filaments, resulting in muscle contraction. Therefore, calcium is essential for the initiation and regulation of muscle contraction.

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  • 11. 

    Bile is secreted into which organ?

    • A.

      Small Intestine

    • B.

      Liver

    • C.

      Large Intestine

    • D.

      Stomach

    Correct Answer
    A. Small Intestine
    Explanation
    Bile is secreted into the small intestine. The liver produces bile, which is then stored in the gallbladder. When food enters the small intestine, bile is released to help break down fats and aid in digestion. Bile contains bile salts, which emulsify fats and make them easier to digest. Therefore, the small intestine is the correct organ where bile is secreted.

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  • 12. 

    What does parathyroid hormone regulate?

    • A.

      Magnesium

    • B.

      Calcium

    • C.

      Calcitonin

    • D.

      Glucocorticoids

    Correct Answer
    B. Calcium
    Explanation
    Parathyroid hormone regulates calcium levels in the body. It helps to increase calcium levels in the blood by stimulating the release of calcium from bones, increasing calcium absorption from the intestines, and reducing calcium excretion from the kidneys. This hormone plays a crucial role in maintaining the balance of calcium in the body, which is important for various physiological processes such as bone health, nerve function, and muscle contraction.

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  • 13. 

    What is the function of aldosterone?

    • A.

      Converts proinsulin to insulin

    • B.

      Conserves sodium in the body

    • C.

      Protects against stress

    • D.

      Affects heat production

    Correct Answer
    B. Conserves sodium in the body
    Explanation
    Aldosterone is a hormone produced by the adrenal glands that plays a crucial role in regulating the body's sodium and water balance. It acts on the kidneys to increase the reabsorption of sodium and the excretion of potassium, leading to the conservation of sodium in the body. This helps to maintain normal blood pressure and fluid balance. Therefore, the correct answer is "Conserves sodium in the body."

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  • 14. 

    Which nerve is respinsible for regulating the amount of light entering the eye?

    • A.

      Optic Nerve

    • B.

      Trochlear Nerve

    • C.

      Abducens

    • D.

      Oculomotor Nerve

    Correct Answer
    D. Oculomotor Nerve
    Explanation
    The oculomotor nerve is responsible for regulating the amount of light entering the eye. This nerve controls the movement of the pupil, which constricts or dilates in response to changes in light intensity. When the oculomotor nerve is stimulated, the pupil constricts to reduce the amount of light entering the eye, and when it is relaxed, the pupil dilates to allow more light in. Therefore, the oculomotor nerve plays a crucial role in regulating the amount of light that enters the eye.

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  • 15. 

    What is the function of the baroreceptors?

    • A.

      Increase urine excretion

    • B.

      Increase rate of breathing

    • C.

      Decrease heart rate

    • D.

      Increase feelings of pain

    Correct Answer
    C. Decrease heart rate
    Explanation
    Baroreceptors are specialized sensory receptors located in the walls of blood vessels and the heart. They are responsible for monitoring changes in blood pressure. When blood pressure increases, baroreceptors send signals to the brain to decrease heart rate, thus helping to regulate and maintain blood pressure within a normal range. Therefore, the function of baroreceptors is to decrease heart rate in response to high blood pressure.

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