Heart Health Awareness: Heart Failure Quiz

Reviewed by Farah Naz
Farah Naz, MBBS, Medicine |
Medical Expert
Review Board Member
Farah holds a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) from Dow University of Health Sciences. She gained valuable experience through internships in Radiology, Cardiology, and Neurosurgery, and has contributed to two research publications in medical journals. Passionate about healthcare education, Farah excels in crafting medical content, including articles, literature reviews, and e-learning courses. Leveraging her expertise, she meticulously reviews medical science quizzes, ensuring accuracy and educational value for aspiring healthcare professionals.
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Heart Health Awareness: Heart Failure Quiz - Quiz

Embark on a journey of heart health with our "Heart Health Awareness" quiz. This informative quiz is designed to raise awareness about heart failure, covering essential topics such as symptoms, risk factors, and management strategies. Whether you're a healthcare professional or someone interested in maintaining a healthy heart, this quiz offers valuable insights into understanding and preventing heart failure. Challenge yourself with thought-provoking questions that aim to enhance your knowledge and promote cardiovascular well-being. Let's join hands in spreading awareness and knowledge about heart failure. Take the quiz now and become a heart health champion!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is not one of the main symptoms of heart failure?

    • A.

      Shortness of breath

    • B.

      Warm hands

    • C.

      Reduced urinary output

    • D.

      Edema

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Warm hands
    Explanation
    Warm hands is not one of the main symptoms of heart failure. The main symptoms of heart failure include shortness of breath, reduced urinary output, and edema. Warm hands may be a symptom of other conditions, but it is not typically associated with heart failure.

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  • 2. 

    What is/are not a primary cause of heart failure?

    • A.

      Cardiomyopathy

    • B.

      High blood pressure

    • C.

      Coronary artery disease

    • D.

      Diabetes

    • E.

      Polio

    Correct Answer
    E. Polio
    Explanation
    Polio is not a primary cause of heart failure. Heart failure is commonly caused by conditions such as cardiomyopathy, high blood pressure, coronary artery disease, and diabetes. Polio is a viral infection that primarily affects the nervous system, causing muscle weakness and paralysis. While polio can lead to long-term complications, including respiratory and musculoskeletal issues, it is not directly linked to heart failure.

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  • 3. 

    One of the biggest problems people with heart failure have is excess consumption of sodium because salt can exacerbate fluid retention.  Which food had the highest sodium content?

    • A.

      One teaspoon baking soda

    • B.

      A teaspoon of salt

    • C.

      A saltine cracker

    • D.

      3 oz of Canadian bacon

    • E.

      A dill pickle

    Correct Answer
    B. A teaspoon of salt
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a teaspoon of salt. Salt is known to have a high sodium content, and excessive consumption of sodium can worsen fluid retention in people with heart failure. Baking soda, saltine crackers, Canadian bacon, and dill pickles may also contain sodium, but they are not likely to have as high of a sodium content as a teaspoon of salt.

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  • 4. 

    Medications are an important component of treatment in heart failure.  Which of these is not prescribed routinely for heart failure?

    • A.

      ACE inhibitor

    • B.

      Diuretics

    • C.

      Pantoprazole

    • D.

      Digoxin

    • E.

      Benzodiazepine

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Pantoprazole
    E. Benzodiazepine
    Explanation
    Pantoprazole and Benzodiazepines are not routinely prescribed for heart failure. Pantoprazole is a proton pump inhibitor used to reduce stomach acid production and treat conditions such as acid reflux, while benzodiazepines are a class of drugs used to treat anxiety and insomnia. In contrast, ACE inhibitors, diuretics, and digoxin are commonly prescribed for heart failure. ACE inhibitors help relax blood vessels, diuretics help remove excess fluid from the body, and digoxin helps strengthen the heart muscle.

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  • 5. 

    What is the name for shortness of breath when lying down?

    • A.

      Orthopnea

    • B.

      Apnea

    • C.

      Sleep apnea

    • D.

      Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea

    • E.

      Narcolepsy

    Correct Answer
    A. Orthopnea
    Explanation
    Orthopnea is the correct answer because it refers to the medical condition characterized by shortness of breath when lying down. This condition often occurs due to fluid accumulation in the lungs, making it difficult to breathe in a horizontal position. Unlike sleep apnea and narcolepsy, which are sleep-related disorders, orthopnea specifically relates to difficulty breathing while lying down. Apnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea are not the correct answers as they refer to different respiratory conditions.

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  • 6. 

    What term refers to damage of the heart muscle due to inadequate blood flow?

    • A.

      Non-ischemic cardiomyopathy

    • B.

      Dilated cardiomyopathy

    • C.

      Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

    • D.

      Ischemic cardiomyopathy

    • E.

      Cardioplegia

    Correct Answer
    D. Ischemic cardiomyopathy
    Explanation
    Ischemic cardiomyopathy refers to the damage of the heart muscle caused by inadequate blood flow. This condition occurs when the coronary arteries, which supply blood to the heart, become narrowed or blocked, leading to reduced blood flow and oxygen to the heart muscle. As a result, the heart muscle becomes weakened and may not pump blood effectively, leading to symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, and fatigue. Ischemic cardiomyopathy is commonly associated with coronary artery disease and can increase the risk of heart failure and other complications.

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  • 7. 

    You listen to the heart of your 50 year old patient.  You hear an S3 sound.  What is the likely diagnosis?

    • A.

      Patent ductus arteriosus

    • B.

      Aortic stenosis

    • C.

      Mitral stenosis

    • D.

      Heart failure

    • E.

      Cardiopulmonary murmur

    Correct Answer
    D. Heart failure
    Explanation
    The likely diagnosis for a 50-year-old patient with an S3 sound heard in the heart is heart failure. The S3 sound, also known as a ventricular gallop, is an extra heart sound that occurs in early diastole. It is associated with rapid filling of the ventricles due to increased blood volume or increased resistance to ventricular filling. In heart failure, the ventricles may become dilated and have impaired relaxation, leading to the presence of an S3 sound. Therefore, heart failure is the most likely diagnosis based on the information provided.

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  • 8. 

    Check all that are compensatory mechanisms in heart failure:

    • A.

      Ventricular hypertrophy

    • B.

      Vasoconstriction

    • C.

      Tachycardia with increased contractility

    • D.

      Bradycardia with decreased contractility

    • E.

      Vasodilation

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Ventricular hypertrophy
    B. Vasoconstriction
    C. Tachycardia with increased contractility
    Explanation
    The compensatory mechanisms in heart failure include ventricular hypertrophy, vasoconstriction, and tachycardia with increased contractility. Ventricular hypertrophy refers to the enlargement of the heart muscle, which helps to compensate for the decreased pumping ability. Vasoconstriction is the narrowing of blood vessels, which increases blood pressure and helps to maintain adequate blood flow to vital organs. Tachycardia with increased contractility refers to an increased heart rate and stronger contractions, which helps to compensate for the decreased cardiac output. These mechanisms aim to improve the heart's ability to pump blood and maintain organ perfusion in the face of heart failure.

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  • 9. 

    The benefits of the compensatory mechanism of tachycardia and _______________ contractility have the beneficial effect of aiding in the maintenance of  ___________ .

    Correct Answer(s)
    increased myocardial, cardiac output
    Explanation
    The compensatory mechanisms of tachycardia (increased heart rate) and heightened myocardial contractility (increased strength of heart contractions) collectively contribute to maintaining adequate cardiac output, ensuring efficient blood flow to vital organs. This response is particularly crucial in situations where the heart faces increased demand or reduced efficiency. The orchestrated interplay of these mechanisms optimizes the heart's pumping function, supporting overall cardiovascular health and sustaining essential circulatory needs throughout the body.

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  • 10. 

    The Renin-angiotensin system will cause the compensatory response called increased___________.

    Correct Answer(s)
    vasoconstriction
    Explanation
    The Renin-angiotensin system is a hormonal system that regulates blood pressure and fluid balance in the body. When activated, it causes the release of angiotensin II, a powerful vasoconstrictor. Vasoconstriction refers to the narrowing of blood vessels, which leads to an increase in blood pressure. This compensatory response is triggered to maintain adequate blood flow and perfusion to vital organs in situations where blood pressure is low. Therefore, increased vasoconstriction is the correct answer.

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  • 11. 

    In the series of events leading to Acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF), the ________________system is activated.

    Correct Answer(s)
    sympathetic nervous system, SNS
    Explanation
    The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) is activated in the series of events leading to ADHF. The SNS is responsible for the "fight or flight" response, which includes increasing heart rate, constricting blood vessels, and releasing stress hormones like adrenaline. In ADHF, the activation of the SNS leads to increased cardiac workload and vasoconstriction, contributing to the symptoms and progression of the condition.

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Farah Naz |MBBS, Medicine |
Medical Expert
Farah holds a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) from Dow University of Health Sciences. She gained valuable experience through internships in Radiology, Cardiology, and Neurosurgery, and has contributed to two research publications in medical journals. Passionate about healthcare education, Farah excels in crafting medical content, including articles, literature reviews, and e-learning courses. Leveraging her expertise, she meticulously reviews medical science quizzes, ensuring accuracy and educational value for aspiring healthcare professionals.

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  • Current Version
  • Jan 23, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team

    Expert Reviewed by
    Farah Naz
  • Jun 30, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Smroth
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