Gymnosperms

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| By Kvgold42
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Quizzes Created: 4 | Total Attempts: 11,146
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Gymnosperms - Quiz

A fill in the blank quiz to prepare for a botany exam on gymnosperms.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In male gametophytes, or pollen grains, of seed plants, the cell that develops into the pollen tube.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "tube cell" because in male gametophytes or pollen grains of seed plants, the tube cell is the cell that develops into the pollen tube. The pollen tube is responsible for delivering the sperm cells to the female reproductive organs of the plant for fertilization.

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  • 2. 

    The cell of the male gametophyte, or pollen grain, of gymnosperms, which divides mitotically to form two sperm.

    Explanation
    The term "spermatogenous cell" refers to the cell in the male gametophyte (pollen grain) of gymnosperms that undergoes mitotic division to produce two sperm cells. This cell is responsible for the production of sperm, which is necessary for fertilization in gymnosperms.

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  • 3. 

    A structure formed by the maturation of the ovule of seed plants following fertilization.

    Explanation
    A seed is a structure that develops from the ovule of seed plants after fertilization. It contains an embryo, which is the young plant, and a food source to nourish the embryo as it grows. Seeds are important for the reproduction and dispersal of plants. They can be dispersed by wind, water, animals, or other means, allowing plants to colonize new areas. Seeds are also capable of entering a dormant state, where they can survive harsh conditions until conditions are favorable for germination and growth.

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  • 4. 

    Gymnosperm means:

    Explanation
    Gymnosperm refers to a group of plants that have naked seeds, meaning their seeds are not enclosed within a fruit or ovary. This characteristic sets them apart from angiosperms, which have seeds enclosed within a fruit. The term "naked seed" accurately describes the defining feature of gymnosperms, making it the correct answer.

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  • 5. 

    The outer layer of the seed, developed from the integuments of the ovule.

    Explanation
    The outer layer of the seed, known as the seed coat, is formed from the integuments of the ovule. The integuments are protective coverings that surround the developing ovule and eventually become the seed coat. The seed coat serves as a protective barrier, preventing damage to the seed from external factors such as moisture loss, physical damage, and pathogens. It also helps in the dispersal of the seed and provides a favorable environment for germination.

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  • 6. 

    The sterile cell or cells found in the male gametophytes, or microgametophytes, of vascular plants other than angiosperms; believed to be remnants of the vegetative tissue of the male gametophyte.

    Explanation
    The prothallial cell is a sterile cell or cells found in the male gametophytes of vascular plants, excluding angiosperms. These cells are believed to be remnants of the vegetative tissue of the male gametophyte. They do not play a direct role in fertilization or reproduction, but rather serve as supporting cells for the male gametes.

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  • 7. 

    Having more than one embryo within the developing seed.

    Explanation
    Polyembryony refers to the occurrence of more than one embryo within a developing seed. This phenomenon can happen naturally in certain plant species, where multiple embryos are formed from a single fertilized egg. Each of these embryos has the potential to develop into a separate plant. Polyembryony can be advantageous as it increases the chances of successful germination and survival for the plant species.

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  • 8. 

    In angiosperms, the transfer of pollen from an anther to a stigma. In gymnosperms, the transfer of a pollen to a pollen-producing cone directly to an ovule.

    Explanation
    Pollination refers to the transfer of pollen from the male reproductive organ (anther) to the female reproductive organ (stigma) in angiosperms. This process allows for fertilization and the production of seeds. In gymnosperms, however, pollination occurs differently. The transfer of pollen in gymnosperms is direct, from a pollen-producing cone to an ovule. This distinction highlights the difference in reproductive strategies between angiosperms and gymnosperms.

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  • 9. 

    A tube formed after germination of the pollen grain; carries the male gametes into the ovule.

    Explanation
    A pollen tube is formed after the germination of a pollen grain and serves as a conduit for the male gametes to reach the ovule. It grows through the style of the flower and delivers the sperm cells to the ovary for fertilization to occur. The pollen tube plays a crucial role in the process of pollination and ensures the successful transfer of genetic material from the male reproductive organ to the female reproductive organ of a plant.

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  • 10. 

    A microspore containing a mature or immature microgametophyte.

    Explanation
    A pollen grain is a microspore that contains a mature or immature microgametophyte. It is the male reproductive structure in plants and is responsible for carrying the male gametes (sperm cells) to the female reproductive organs for fertilization. The pollen grain is produced in the anther of the flower and is dispersed by wind, water, or animals to reach the stigma of another flower. Once it reaches the stigma, it germinates and grows a pollen tube, which allows the sperm cells to travel down to the ovary and fertilize the egg cells.

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  • 11. 

    In certain conifers, the appendage or scalelike shoot to which the ovule is attached.

    Explanation
    The correct answer, "ovuliferous scale," refers to the appendage or shoot in certain conifers where the ovule is attached. This term is used to describe the specific structure in these plants that supports and nourishes the ovule, allowing for fertilization and subsequent seed development. It is a crucial component in the reproductive process of these conifers.

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  • 12. 

    Inner part of an ovule, in which the embryo sac develops; equivalent to a megasporangium.

    Explanation
    The nucellus is the inner part of an ovule where the embryo sac develops. It is equivalent to a megasporangium, which is the structure that produces megaspores. The nucellus provides nourishment and protection to the developing embryo sac, which contains the female gametophyte.

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  • 13. 

    A cell in which meiosis will occur, resulting in four microspores.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is microspore mother cell, microsporocyte, pollen mother cell. These terms all refer to the same cell type, which is a cell that undergoes meiosis to produce four microspores. Meiosis is a type of cell division that results in the formation of gametes, such as sperm or pollen. The microspore mother cell, microsporocyte, or pollen mother cell is the precursor cell that undergoes meiosis to produce microspores, which will eventually develop into pollen grains.

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  • 14. 

    In the ovules of seed plants, the opening in the integuments through which the pollen tube usually enters.

    Explanation
    The micropyle is the opening in the integuments of seed plants through which the pollen tube usually enters. It serves as a pathway for the pollen tube to deliver the male gametes to the ovule for fertilization. This small opening is essential for successful pollination and subsequent seed development.

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  • 15. 

    A diploid cell in which meiosis will occur, resulting in the production of four megaspores.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is megaspore mother cell and megasporocyte because these are the two types of cells that undergo meiosis in a diploid cell, leading to the production of four megaspores. The megaspore mother cell is the initial cell that undergoes meiosis to produce the megasporocyte. The megasporocyte then undergoes meiosis to produce four megaspores. Therefore, both the megaspore mother cell and megasporocyte are involved in the process of meiosis and the production of megaspores.

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  • 16. 

    The outermost layer or layers of tissue enveloping the nucellus of an ovule; develops into the seed coat.

    Explanation
    The outermost layer or layers of tissue surrounding the nucellus of an ovule is called the integument. This tissue develops into the seed coat.

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  • 17. 

    Unrestricted or unlimited growth, as with a vegetative apical meristem that produces an unrestricted number of lateral organs indefinitely.

    Explanation
    Indeterminate growth refers to the ability of certain plant tissues, such as the vegetative apical meristem, to continuously produce an unlimited number of lateral organs. This means that the growth of these tissues is not limited by external factors such as age or size. Instead, they can keep growing indefinitely, leading to unrestricted or unlimited growth. Therefore, the term "indeterminate growth" accurately describes the given statement.

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  • 18. 

    In many gymnosperms, the cell of the male gametophyte that divides to form the sterile and spermatogenous cells.

    Explanation
    The generative cell is the correct answer because in gymnosperms, the male gametophyte (pollen grain) contains a generative cell that undergoes division to form two cells - the sterile cell and the spermatogenous cell. The sterile cell does not have a direct role in fertilization, while the spermatogenous cell gives rise to the sperm cells. Therefore, the generative cell plays a crucial role in the reproductive process of gymnosperms.

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  • 19. 

    Growth of limited duration, characteristic of floral meristems and of leaves.

    Explanation
    Determinate growth refers to the growth pattern that has a limited duration. This is seen in floral meristems and leaves, where their growth is predetermined and stops once they reach a certain size or stage of development. Unlike indeterminate growth, which is continuous and allows for the growth and development of new structures throughout the organism's lifespan, determinate growth is finite and follows a specific growth trajectory.

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  • 20. 

    An accessory seed covering, often formed by an outgrowth at the base of the ovule; often brightly colored, which may aid in dispersal by attracting animals that eat it and, in the process, carry the seed away from the parent plant.

    Explanation
    An aril is an accessory seed covering that is often brightly colored and formed by an outgrowth at the base of the ovule. This covering aids in seed dispersal by attracting animals that eat it. These animals then carry the seed away from the parent plant, helping to spread the plant's genetic material to new locations.

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  • 21. 

    Family includes in conifers that includes the evergreen trees.

    Explanation
    Pinaceae is the correct answer because it is a family that includes conifers, which are a type of evergreen trees. This family is known for its members such as pines, firs, spruces, and cedars. Therefore, Pinaceae is the appropriate answer to the question.

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  • 22. 

    "One house"

  • 23. 

    "Two houses"

  • 24. 

    Pollen grains are dispersed by

    Explanation
    Pollen grains are dispersed by wind. Wind is the primary agent responsible for carrying pollen grains from the male reproductive organs of flowers to the female reproductive organs. This method of dispersal is known as anemophily. The wind carries the lightweight and small pollen grains over long distances, increasing the chances of successful pollination. The movement of the wind helps to transport the pollen grains to different flowers, promoting cross-pollination and genetic diversity among plant populations. Therefore, wind, the movement of air, is crucial for the dispersal of pollen grains.

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  • 25. 

    Fertilization in cones occurs within the:

    Explanation
    Fertilization in cones occurs within the ovule. The ovule is a structure found in the female reproductive cone of gymnosperms. It contains the egg cell and other cells necessary for fertilization. During fertilization, pollen grains are transferred to the ovule and one of the pollen grains fuses with the egg cell, resulting in the formation of a zygote. This zygote eventually develops into an embryo, which grows into a new plant. Therefore, the correct answer is ovule.

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  • 26. 

    Term used to describe the phylum of ginkgos meaning it has only one genus and one species.

    Explanation
    The term "monotypic" is used to describe the phylum of ginkgos because it indicates that the phylum has only one genus and one species. This means that there is no other genus or species within the phylum. Therefore, "monotypic" accurately describes the unique and singular nature of the ginkgo phylum.

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  • 27. 

    Another name for a ginkgo.

    Explanation
    The correct answer for this question is "maidentree, maidenhair tree, maidenhair". These are all alternative names for a ginkgo tree. The term "maidentree" refers to the ginkgo tree itself, while "maidenhair tree" and "maidenhair" are names commonly used to describe the leaves of the ginkgo tree, which resemble the leaves of the maidenhair fern.

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  • 28. 

    Only living member of the Phylum Ginkgophyta.

    Explanation
    Ginkgo biloba is the correct answer because it is the only living member of the Phylum Ginkgophyta. This means that all other species within this phylum are extinct, making Ginkgo biloba unique and the sole representative of its phylum in the present day.

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  • 29. 

    Phyla that includes the cycads, which are palm-like plants.

    Explanation
    Cycadophyta is the correct answer because it refers to the phylum that includes cycads, which are palm-like plants. This phylum is characterized by having large, compound leaves and reproductive structures that resemble cones. Cycads are ancient plants that have been around since the time of the dinosaurs and are known for their unique appearance and slow growth. They are typically found in tropical and subtropical regions and are often used in landscaping due to their ornamental value.

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  • 30. 

    Phyla that includes members with angiosperm-like features. Composed of 3 living genera: Gnetum, Ephedra, and Welwitschia.

    Explanation
    Gnetophyta is the correct answer because it is the phyla that includes members with angiosperm-like features. It is composed of three living genera: Gnetum, Ephedra, and Welwitschia. The angiosperm-like features in these plants include vessel elements in their xylem, double fertilization, and the production of true flowers. Gnetophyta is a unique group of plants that share some characteristics with angiosperms, making it an important phyla to study in understanding plant evolution.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 05, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Kvgold42
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