Ultimate Golgi Apparatus Quiz

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Ultimate Golgi Apparatus Quiz - Quiz

Are you a biology person? If yes, take this ultimate Golgi Apparatus quiz to test your knowledge about these organelles. You must also have practiced this concept if you have diverse biology knowledge. Take this quiz, and see how much more you need to learn about the Golgi apparatus. Go for this quiz, and see how much you score. All the best! You can share this knowledgeable and practice quiz with others and help them enhance their knowledge too.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Camillo Golgi was a(n) ______________ scientist.

    • A.

      French

    • B.

      Norwegian

    • C.

      Italian

    • D.

      Swedish

    • E.

      Malaysian

    Correct Answer
    C. Italian
    Explanation
    Camillo Golgi was an Italian scientist.

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  • 2. 

    The Golgi apparatus is made up of cisternae.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Golgi apparatus is a cellular organelle that is responsible for modifying, sorting, and packaging proteins and lipids. It is made up of a series of flattened membrane sacs called cisternae. These cisternae are stacked on top of each other to form the Golgi apparatus. Therefore, the statement that the Golgi apparatus is made up of cisternae is true.

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  • 3. 

    What do the stacks of cisternae resemble?

    • A.

      Cats

    • B.

      Pancakes

    • C.

      Rectangles

    • D.

      Texas

    • E.

      Meatballs

    Correct Answer
    B. Pancakes
    Explanation
    The stacks of cisternae resemble pancakes because they are flat, round, and stacked on top of each other, similar to how pancakes are stacked when they are being served. This comparison helps to visualize the structure and arrangement of the cisternae in a relatable and understandable way.

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  • 4. 

    Which "face" do proteins enter the Golgi apparatus?

    • A.

      Trans

    • B.

      Cis

    • C.

      Medial

    • D.

      CisGolgi

    • E.

      TransGolgi

    Correct Answer
    B. Cis
    Explanation
    Proteins enter the Golgi apparatus through the cis face. The Golgi apparatus is composed of multiple stacked compartments, with the cis face being the entry point for proteins. This is where proteins are received from the endoplasmic reticulum and undergo modifications and sorting before being transported to other parts of the cell. The cis face is located closer to the endoplasmic reticulum, while the trans face is located farther away and serves as the exit point for proteins.

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  • 5. 

    How many operating regions are there in the Golgi?

    • A.

      A million bajillion

    • B.

      Four

    • C.

      Ten

    • D.

      Two

    • E.

      Twenty

    Correct Answer
    B. Four
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Four. The Golgi apparatus is a cellular organelle involved in the processing, packaging, and sorting of proteins and lipids. It consists of a series of flattened membrane sacs called cisternae. These cisternae are organized into four distinct regions: the cis-Golgi network, cis-Golgi cisternae, medial-Golgi cisternae, and trans-Golgi cisternae. Each region has specific functions in modifying and sorting molecules before they are transported to their final destinations within the cell or outside of it. Therefore, there are four operating regions in the Golgi.

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  • 6. 

    Where do the proteins come from before entering the Golgi apparatus?

    • A.

      PM

    • B.

      AM

    • C.

      The cis face

    • D.

      The trans face

    • E.

      ER

    Correct Answer
    E. ER
    Explanation
    Proteins are synthesized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) before entering the Golgi apparatus. The ER is responsible for protein synthesis and modification, including folding and the addition of necessary molecules. Once the proteins are synthesized in the ER, they are transported to the Golgi apparatus for further processing, sorting, and packaging before being sent to their final destinations within the cell or outside of it. Therefore, the correct answer is ER.

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  • 7. 

    Where does the most metabolic activity in the Golgi happen?

    • A.

      Cis

    • B.

      Trans

    • C.

      Cisternae

    • D.

      Medial and trans compartments

    • E.

      TransGolgi network

    Correct Answer
    D. Medial and trans compartments
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "medial and trans compartments." The Golgi apparatus is responsible for modifying, sorting, and packaging proteins for transport within the cell or secretion outside of the cell. It consists of a series of stacked membranous compartments called cisternae. The Golgi apparatus has three main regions: the cis, medial, and trans compartments. The most metabolic activity, including protein modification and sorting, occurs in the medial and trans compartments of the Golgi apparatus.

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  • 8. 

    Which is NOT a function of the Golgi apparatus?

    • A.

      Stores complex molecules

    • B.

      Modifies proteins

    • C.

      Sorts proteins, lipids, and polysaccharides

    • D.

      Eating other cells

    • E.

      Glycosylation

    Correct Answer
    D. Eating other cells
  • 9. 

    What are the "identification tags" used for?

    • A.

      To keep illegal aliens out

    • B.

      So that the Golgi apparatus knows what its dealing with

    • C.

      To identify what a protein is

    • D.

      To give the proteins their names

    • E.

      To help with the sorting of modified proteins

    Correct Answer
    E. To help with the sorting of modified proteins
    Explanation
    Identification tags are used to help with the sorting of modified proteins. These tags provide information about the protein's identity and characteristics, allowing the cell to properly sort and direct the protein to its correct location within the cell. This sorting process is crucial for the cell to function properly and ensure that proteins are delivered to the appropriate organelles or compartments where they are needed.

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  • 10. 

    What is cisternae progression?

    • A.

      A dance move

    • B.

      The way proteins travel in which the apparatus itself moves and builds new cisternae at the cis end while destroying cisternae at the trans end of the apparatus

    • C.

      The way proteins travel in which small vesicles move the proteins through the layers of cisternae

    • D.

      Cisternae multiplying

    • E.

      Cisternae making progress

    Correct Answer
    B. The way proteins travel in which the apparatus itself moves and builds new cisternae at the cis end while destroying cisternae at the trans end of the apparatus
    Explanation
    Cisternae progression refers to the way proteins travel within a cellular apparatus called the Golgi apparatus. It involves the apparatus itself moving and building new cisternae (membrane-bound compartments) at the cis end, which is the entry point, while simultaneously destroying cisternae at the trans end, which is the exit point of the apparatus. This process ensures the efficient and directional movement of proteins through the layers of cisternae within the Golgi apparatus.

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