Gly Test 3 Practice Ch 23

36 Questions | Total Attempts: 148

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Gly Test Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    ________ coal is typically found only in association with tightly folded strata.
    • A. 

      Anthracite

    • B. 

      Peat

    • C. 

      Lignite

    • D. 

      Bituminous

  • 2. 
    Cap rock and reservoir strata refer to accumulations of ________.
    • A. 

      Sedimentary iron ore

    • B. 

      Petroleum

    • C. 

      Oil shale

    • D. 

      Bedded rock salt

  • 3. 
    ________ is too soft to be used as an abrasive for steel, glasses, and most silicate rocks.
    • A. 

      Corundum

    • B. 

      Diamond

    • C. 

      Calcite

    • D. 

      Garnet

  • 4. 
    Comparatively speaking, the United States uses energy fuels and minerals ________.
    • A. 

      So efficiently that only domestic coal, petroleum, and minerals are utilized

    • B. 

      Less efficiently than other technologically advanced countries

    • C. 

      Very efficiently, so consumption per person is below that in less industrialized countries like Brazil and Mexico

    • D. 

      About equally as efficient as other technologically advanced countries

  • 5. 
    ________ is a nonrenewable resource.
    • A. 

      Solar power

    • B. 

      Water

    • C. 

      Petroleum

    • D. 

      Timber

  • 6. 
    The world's largest plant for generating electricity from tides is ________.
    • A. 

      Along the coast of California just north of San Francisco

    • B. 

      In the Rance River estuary, Brittany, along the Atlantic coast of France

    • C. 

      Along the mouth of the Amazon River in Brazil

    • D. 

      In the Netherlands along the Rhine River delta

  • 7. 
    Vein- or fissure-filling deposits of lead and zinc minerals would be more common in ________.
    • A. 

      Impactites and shattered rock of a meteorite impact zone

    • B. 

      Rocks of a contact-metamorphic zone formed around a shallow, granite pluton

    • C. 

      Rocks formed in a deep, high-grade, regional-metamorphic zone

    • D. 

      Rhyolitic lava flows interbedded with pyroclastics

  • 8. 
    Ore deposits of ________ form by prolonged, intense, tropical weathering of specific kinds of bedrock.
    • A. 

      Silver

    • B. 

      Mercury

    • C. 

      Aluminum

    • D. 

      Magnesium

  • 9. 
    Chemical decomposition of ________ produces acidic soil waters that can cause secondary enrichment in copper and in other ore deposits.
    • A. 

      Calcite

    • B. 

      Quartz

    • C. 

      Bauxite

    • D. 

      Pyrite

  • 10. 
    Bauxite is an ore of ________.
    • A. 

      Iron

    • B. 

      Tin

    • C. 

      Gold

    • D. 

      Aluminum

  • 11. 
    Detrital grains of ________ are not likely to be concentrated in placer deposits.
    • A. 

      Native gold

    • B. 

      Diamond

    • C. 

      Corundum

    • D. 

      Gypsum

  • 12. 
    The Geysers and Larderello are ________ facilities in California and Italy, respectively.
    • A. 

      Geothermal power

    • B. 

      Hydroelectric

    • C. 

      Copper mining

    • D. 

      Diamond mining

  • 13. 
    ________ are both calcium-bearing minerals.
    • A. 

      Calcite and gypsum

    • B. 

      Bauxite and kaolin

    • C. 

      Quartz and plagioclase

    • D. 

      Halite and sylvite

  • 14. 
    Which one of the following is a false statement concerning the Bingham Canyon mine?
    • A. 

      Is the largest, open-pit copper mine in North America

    • B. 

      Located in Utah near Salt Lake City

    • C. 

      Most of the mineralized rock is part of an igneous rock pluton

    • D. 

      The ore contains, on average, more than three percent by weight of copper

  • 15. 
    ________ are important fertilizer minerals with their correct elements.
    • A. 

      Halite and calcite

    • B. 

      Sylvite and gypsum

    • C. 

      Cassiterite and albite

    • D. 

      Apatite and sylvite

  • 16. 
    ________ are used as abrasives.
    • A. 

      Diamond and garnet

    • B. 

      Calcite and gypsum

    • C. 

      Apatite and galena

    • D. 

      Talc and graphite

  • 17. 
    By the year 2015, the world's population will probably have just reached or slightly surpassed ________ people.
    • A. 

      70 million

    • B. 

      7 billion

    • C. 

      70 billion

    • D. 

      7 million

  • 18. 
    The United States, with about 6 % of the world's population, uses about ________ of the world's total, annual, energy production.
    • A. 

      9%

    • B. 

      30%

    • C. 

      3%

    • D. 

      15%

  • 19. 
    ________ supplies the largest percentage of energy consumed annually in the United States.
    • A. 

      Petroleum

    • B. 

      Coal

    • C. 

      Hydroelectricity

    • D. 

      Uranium

  • 20. 
    ________ accounts for the majority of the coal burned annually in the United States.
    • A. 

      Production of carbon black, synthetic diamonds, and graphite

    • B. 

      Coke manufacture for the steel industry

    • C. 

      Home and industrial space heating

    • D. 

      Generation of electricity

  • 21. 
    Of the following fossil fuels, ________ is most likely to have the lowest sulfur content and smallest volume of solid ash residue.
    • A. 

      Bituminous coal

    • B. 

      Natural gas

    • C. 

      Lignite

    • D. 

      Heavy, asphaltic, crude oil

  • 22. 
    Coal and petroleum are considered to be fossil fuels because ________.
    • A. 

      Their energy content was derived from ancient sunlight

    • B. 

      Carbon dioxide, released when they burn, contributes to the greenhouse effect

    • C. 

      Their oxygen and nitrogen content were derived from the ancient atmosphere

    • D. 

      Coal beds and petroleum reservoir rocks contain abundant fossils

  • 23. 
    ________ has the largest, current production and reserves of crude oil.
    • A. 

      Offshore Japan

    • B. 

      Texas

    • C. 

      Central and eastern Saudi Arabia

    • D. 

      The North Sea field

  • 24. 
    Sandstone is a much more common reservoir rock for petroleum than shale because ________.
    • A. 

      Shale is more porous so the oil tends to leak out over time

    • B. 

      Sandstones are more permeable than shales so subsurface flows of fluids tend to be directed through sandstone strata rather than through shales

    • C. 

      Sandstone is more abundant than shale

    • D. 

      Shales, especially black shales, are much richer in primary organic matter than are sandstones

  • 25. 
    The world's largest, commercially developed tar sand deposit is ________.
    • A. 

      Near Lake Athabasca in central Canada

    • B. 

      In northern Brunei, Island of Borneo

    • C. 

      In southern Iraq, near Basra

    • D. 

      In northwestern Colorado, U.S.

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