# Capacitive Reactance MCQ Questions With Answers

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
| By BATANGMAGALING
B
BATANGMAGALING
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 30 | Total Attempts: 44,347
Questions: 18 | Attempts: 492

Settings

Do you know how to find the resistance and capacitance of a capacitor? How good are you at solving capacitive reactance MCQ questions? Play this quiz and answer the questions based on capacitive reactance and check your skills. The capacitive reactance is defined as the total opposition to the alternating current due to a capacitor and is denoted by Xc. Here, you have to solve numerical based on Xc. Take the quiz and see how easily you can solve them.

• 1.

### As the size of the plates in a capacitor increases, all other things being equal,

• A.

The value of XC increases negatively.

• B.

The value of XC decreases negatively.

• C.

The value of XC does not change.

• D.

We cannot say what happens to XC without more data.

B. The value of XC decreases negatively.
Explanation
As the size of the plates in a capacitor increases, all other things being equal, the distance between the plates also increases. This results in an increase in the capacitance (C) of the capacitor. The reactance of a capacitor (XC) is inversely proportional to the capacitance (XC = 1/(2πfC)), so as the capacitance increases, the reactance decreases. Therefore, the value of XC decreases negatively.

Rate this question:

• 2.

### If the dielectric material between the plates of a capacitor is changed, all other things beingequal,

• A.

The value of XC increases negatively.

• B.

The value of XC decreases negatively.

• C.

The value of XC does not change.

• D.

We cannot say what happens to XC without more data.

D. We cannot say what happens to XC without more data.
Explanation
The value of XC, which represents the capacitive reactance, depends on the dielectric constant of the material between the plates of a capacitor. If the dielectric material is changed, the dielectric constant will also change, which will in turn affect the value of XC. However, without knowing the specific dielectric constant of the new material, we cannot determine whether XC will increase or decrease. Therefore, we cannot say what happens to XC without more data.

Rate this question:

• 3.

### As the frequency of a wave gets lower, all other things being equal, the value of XC for acapacitor

• A.

Increases negatively

• B.

Decreases negatively

• C.

Does not change

• D.

Depends on the current

A. Increases negatively
Explanation
As the frequency of a wave gets lower, the value of XC for a capacitor increases negatively. This means that the reactance of the capacitor increases, resulting in a decrease in its ability to pass alternating current. This is because the reactance of a capacitor is inversely proportional to the frequency of the wave. Therefore, as the frequency decreases, the reactance increases, causing the value of XC to increase negatively.

Rate this question:

• 4.

### What is the reactance of a 330-pF capacitor at 800 kHz?

• A.

−1.66 Ω

• B.

−0.00166 Ω

• C.

−603 Ω

• D.

−603 kΩ

C. −603 Ω
Explanation
The reactance of a capacitor is given by the formula Xc = 1 / (2πfC), where Xc is the reactance, f is the frequency, and C is the capacitance. In this question, the frequency is given as 800 kHz and the capacitance is given as 330 pF. Plugging these values into the formula, we get Xc = 1 / (2π * 800,000 * 330 * 10^-12) = -603 Ω. Therefore, the correct answer is -603 Ω.

Rate this question:

• 5.

### Suppose a capacitor has a reactance of −4.50 Ω at 377 Hz. What is its capacitance?

• A.

9.39 µF

• B.

93.9 µF

• C.

7.42 µF

• D.

74.2 µF

B. 93.9 µF
Explanation
The reactance of a capacitor is given by the formula Xc = 1/(2πfC), where Xc is the reactance, f is the frequency, and C is the capacitance. Rearranging the formula, we have C = 1/(2πfXc). Plugging in the given values, we get C = 1/(2π * 377 Hz * -4.50 Ω). Simplifying the equation gives us C = 93.9 µF. Therefore, the correct answer is 93.9 µF.

Rate this question:

• 6.

### Suppose a 47-µF capacitor has a reactance of −47 Ω. What is the frequency?

• A.

72 Hz

• B.

7.2 MHz

• C.

0.000072 Hz

• D.

7.2 Hz

A. 72 Hz
Explanation
The reactance of a capacitor is given by the equation Xc = 1 / (2πfC), where Xc is the reactance, f is the frequency, and C is the capacitance. In this case, the reactance is -47 Ω, and the capacitance is 47 µF. By substituting these values into the equation and solving for f, we find that the frequency is 72 Hz.

Rate this question:

• 7.

### Suppose a capacitor has XC =−8800 Ω at f = 830 kHz. What is C?

• A.

2.18 µF

• B.

21.8 pF

• C.

0.00218 µF

• D.

2.18 pF

B. 21.8 pF
Explanation
The given information states that the reactance of the capacitor (XC) is -8800 Ω at a frequency of 830 kHz. The reactance of a capacitor is given by the formula XC = 1/(2πfC), where f is the frequency and C is the capacitance. Rearranging the formula, we can solve for C as C = 1/(2πfXC). Plugging in the given values, we get C = 1/(2π * 830 kHz * -8800 Ω). Simplifying this expression, we find that C is approximately equal to 21.8 pF.

Rate this question:

• 8.

### Suppose a capacitor has C = 166 pF at f = 400 kHz. What is XC ?

• A.

−2.4 kΩ

• B.

−2.4 Ω

• C.

−2.4 × 10−6 Ω

• D.

−2.4 MΩ

A. −2.4 kΩ
Explanation
The correct answer is −2.4 kΩ. In this question, we are given the capacitance (C) of the capacitor as 166 pF and the frequency (f) as 400 kHz. The reactance of a capacitor, XC, can be calculated using the formula XC = 1 / (2πfC). Plugging in the given values, we get XC = 1 / (2π * 400 kHz * 166 pF) = −2.4 kΩ.

Rate this question:

• 9.

### Suppose a capacitor has C = 4700 µF and XC =−33 Ω. What is f?

• A.

1.0 Hz

• B.

10 Hz

• C.

1.0 kHz

• D.

10 kHz

A. 1.0 Hz
Explanation
The given information states that the capacitance (C) is 4700 µF and the capacitive reactance (XC) is -33 Ω. The formula for calculating capacitive reactance is XC = 1/(2πfC), where f is the frequency. By substituting the given values into the formula, we can solve for f. Rearranging the formula, we get f = 1/(2πXC). Plugging in the values, we get f = 1/(2π*(-33)) = 1.0 Hz. Therefore, the correct answer is 1.0 Hz.

Rate this question:

• 10.

### Each point in the RC plane

• A.

Corresponds to a unique inductance

• B.

Corresponds to a unique capacitance

• C.

Corresponds to a unique combination of resistance and capacitance

• D.

Corresponds to a unique combination of resistance and reactance

D. Corresponds to a unique combination of resistance and reactance
Explanation
Each point in the RC plane corresponds to a unique combination of resistance and reactance. In an RC circuit, the resistance (R) represents the opposition to the flow of current, while the reactance (X) represents the opposition to the change in voltage caused by the presence of capacitance (C). The RC plane is a graphical representation of the impedance (Z) of the circuit, where the horizontal axis represents the resistance and the vertical axis represents the reactance. Each point on the plane represents a specific combination of resistance and reactance, allowing us to analyze and understand the behavior of the circuit.

Rate this question:

• 11.

### If R increases in an RC circuit, but XC is always zero, the vector in the RC plane will

• A.

Rotate clockwise

• B.

Rotate counter clockwise

• C.

Always point straight toward the right

• D.

Always point straight down

C. Always point straight toward the right
Explanation
In an RC circuit, the reactance of the capacitor (XC) is inversely proportional to the frequency of the input signal. If XC is always zero, it means that the frequency of the input signal is zero or very low. In this case, the circuit behaves as a pure resistive circuit. In a pure resistive circuit, the current and voltage are in phase, meaning they reach their maximum and minimum values at the same time. In the RC plane, the vector representing the current and voltage will always point straight toward the right, indicating that they are in phase. Therefore, the correct answer is that the vector will always point straight toward the right.

Rate this question:

• 12.

### If the resistance R increases in an RC circuit, but the capacitance and the frequency arenonzero and constant, then the vector in the RC plane will

• A.

Get longer and rotate clockwise

• B.

Get longer and rotate counter clockwise

• C.

Get shorter and rotate clockwise

• D.

Get shorter and rotate counter clockwise

B. Get longer and rotate counter clockwise
Explanation
When the resistance R increases in an RC circuit, it means that the time constant (RC) of the circuit increases. The time constant determines how quickly the capacitor charges and discharges. As the time constant increases, it takes longer for the capacitor to charge and discharge. This results in a longer time for the voltage across the capacitor to reach its maximum or minimum value. Therefore, the vector in the RC plane, which represents the voltage across the capacitor, will get longer. Additionally, since the resistance has increased, the phase angle of the voltage across the capacitor will shift towards the negative side. This causes the vector to rotate counter clockwise in the RC plane.

Rate this question:

• 13.

### Each complex impedance value R − jXC

• A.

Represents a unique combination of resistance and capacitance

• B.

Represents a unique combination of resistance and reactance

• C.

Represents a unique combination of resistance and frequency

• D.

All of the above are true.

B. Represents a unique combination of resistance and reactance
Explanation
Each complex impedance value R - jXC represents a unique combination of resistance and reactance. The term reactance encompasses both capacitance and inductance, and can be either positive (indicating capacitance) or negative (indicating inductance). Therefore, the given answer is correct as it accurately describes the relationship between complex impedance, resistance, and reactance.

Rate this question:

• 14.

### In an RC circuit, as the ratio XC /R approaches zero, the phase angle

• A.

Approaches −90°.

• B.

Approaches 0°

• C.

Stays the same

• D.

Cannot be found

B. Approaches 0°
Explanation
As the ratio XC /R approaches zero in an RC circuit, it means that the reactance of the capacitor (XC) is significantly smaller compared to the resistance (R). This implies that the capacitor has a negligible effect on the phase angle. Therefore, the phase angle approaches 0°, indicating that the current and voltage in the circuit are in phase with each other.

Rate this question:

• 15.

### In a purely resistive circuit, the phase angle is

• A.

Increasing

• B.

Decreasing

• C.

• D.

−90

C. 0°
Explanation
In a purely resistive circuit, the phase angle is 0° because the voltage and current are in phase with each other. This means that they reach their maximum and minimum values at the same time. In other words, there is no phase shift between the voltage and current waveforms. This is because resistors do not store or release energy, so there is no reactive component that would cause a phase shift. Therefore, the phase angle in a purely resistive circuit is always 0°.

Rate this question:

• 16.

### If XC /R =−1, then what is the phase angle?

• A.

• B.

−45°

• C.

−90°

• D.

Impossible to find because there’s not enough data given

B. −45°
Explanation
If XC /R =−1, it means that the reactance (XC) is equal in magnitude but opposite in sign to the resistance (R). In an AC circuit, the phase angle represents the phase difference between the current and voltage. Since the reactance and resistance are equal in magnitude but opposite in sign, it implies that the current and voltage are out of phase by 180 degrees. Therefore, the phase angle would be -45 degrees, as it represents the negative angle from the reference point of 0 degrees.

Rate this question:

• 17.

### Suppose an RC circuit consists of a 150-pF capacitor and a 330-Ω resistor in series. What isthe phase angle at a frequency of 1.34 MHz?

• A.

−67.4°

• B.

−22.6°

• C.

−24.4°

• D.

−65.6°

A. −67.4°
Explanation
At a frequency of 1.34 MHz, the phase angle in an RC circuit can be calculated using the formula arctan(1/2πfRC). Plugging in the values given in the question, we get arctan(1/(2π * 1.34 * 10^6 * 150 * 10^-12 * 330)) ≈ -67.4°. Therefore, the correct answer is -67.4°.

Rate this question:

• 18.

### Suppose an RC circuit has a capacitance of 0.015 µF. The resistance is 52 Ω. What is thephase angle at 90 kHz?

• A.

−24°

• B.

−0.017°

• C.

−66°

• D.

None of the above

C. −66°
Explanation
In an RC circuit, the phase angle can be calculated using the formula tan(θ) = (1/ωRC), where θ is the phase angle, ω is the angular frequency, R is the resistance, and C is the capacitance. Given that the capacitance is 0.015 µF and the resistance is 52 Ω, we can calculate the phase angle using the formula. Plugging in the values, we get tan(θ) = (1/(2π(90,000)(0.015x10^-6)(52))). Solving for θ, we find that the phase angle is approximately -66°.

Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

• Current Version
• Sep 03, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Dec 13, 2010
Quiz Created by
BATANGMAGALING

Related Topics