Geo 200 Module 2 Quiz

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Module Quizzes & Trivia

Complete the Module Two quiz to test your comprehension of the reading for this Module.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Where is the Atacama Desert located?

    • A. 

      In Patagonia

    • B. 

      In southeastern Brazil

    • C. 

      East of the Andes

    • D. 

      In Mexico

    • E. 

      On the Pacific Coast of South America

    Correct Answer
    E. On the Pacific Coast of South America
    Explanation
    The Atacama Desert is located on the Pacific Coast of South America. This arid region stretches across parts of Chile and Peru and is known as one of the driest places on Earth. It is situated between the Andes Mountains and the Pacific Ocean, creating a unique climate and landscape. The desert's location along the coast contributes to its extreme dryness, as the cold Humboldt Current prevents moisture from reaching the area.

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  • 2. 

    Sugar grown on plantations in __________ and southern Mexico were important export commodities in Spanish colonial America.

    • A. 

      Venezuela

    • B. 

      Cuba

    • C. 

      Columbia

    • D. 

      Brazil

    Correct Answer
    B. Cuba
    Explanation
    During the Spanish colonial period in America, sugar was a significant export commodity. The question asks about the locations where sugar was grown on plantations. Among the options provided, Cuba stands out as a correct answer. Cuba had a thriving sugar industry during this time, with large plantations producing sugar for export. The other options, Venezuela, Colombia, and Brazil, also had sugar production, but Cuba was particularly known for its sugar plantations and played a crucial role in the Spanish colonial economy.

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  • 3. 

    Machu Picchu is associated with what native Latin American culture?

    • A. 

      Inca

    • B. 

      Maya

    • C. 

      Aztec

    • D. 

      Guarani

    • E. 

      Toltec

    Correct Answer
    A. Inca
    Explanation
    Machu Picchu is associated with the Inca culture. The Inca civilization was a native Latin American culture that thrived in the Andes region of South America, particularly in Peru. Machu Picchu is an ancient Inca citadel located in the mountains of Peru and is considered one of the most iconic and important archaeological sites associated with the Inca civilization. It was built around the 15th century and is known for its impressive architectural design and stunning mountainous backdrop. The Inca culture left a lasting impact on the region, and Machu Picchu stands as a testament to their advanced engineering and cultural achievements.

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  • 4. 

    Who lived in "Maroon communities?"

    • A. 

      Escaped and liberated slaves

    • B. 

      People of mixed racial ancestry

    • C. 

      Native American tribes that did not want to assimilate

    • D. 

      South Asians

    Correct Answer
    A. Escaped and liberated slaves
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Escaped and liberated slaves." Maroon communities were settlements formed by slaves who had escaped from plantations or had been liberated. These communities provided a safe haven for these individuals and allowed them to live independently, away from the control of their former owners. These communities were often located in remote and inaccessible areas, making it difficult for slave hunters to track them down.

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  • 5. 

    In the mining districts of the Bolivian and Peruvian Andes, what was the most important mineral excavated during the colonial period?

    • A. 

      Gold

    • B. 

      Silver

    • C. 

      Copper

    • D. 

      Iron

    Correct Answer
    B. Silver
    Explanation
    During the colonial period in the mining districts of the Bolivian and Peruvian Andes, the most important mineral excavated was silver. Silver mining played a crucial role in the economies of both countries and was a major source of wealth for the Spanish Empire. The region was known for its rich silver deposits, and the extraction and export of silver were highly profitable activities for the colonial powers. The abundance of silver in the Andes greatly influenced the development of the region and had a significant impact on global trade and economic history.

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  • 6. 

    The most serious criticism of the Green Revolution in Mexico was

    • A. 

      Salinization.

    • B. 

      Loss of genetic diversity.

    • C. 

      Decreased corn yields.

    • D. 

      Possible introduction of disease in food crops.

    • E. 

      Land reform.

    Correct Answer
    B. Loss of genetic diversity.
    Explanation
    The most serious criticism of the Green Revolution in Mexico was the loss of genetic diversity. The Green Revolution, which aimed to increase agricultural productivity through the use of modern farming techniques and high-yielding crop varieties, led to the widespread adoption of a few genetically uniform crop varieties. This resulted in the displacement and loss of traditional crop varieties that were adapted to local conditions and possessed diverse genetic traits. The loss of genetic diversity is concerning as it reduces the resilience of crops to pests, diseases, and environmental changes, and can have long-term negative impacts on food security.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following altitudinal zones usually produces bananas?

    • A. 

      Tierra Helada

    • B. 

      Tierra Fria

    • C. 

      Tierra Templada

    • D. 

      Tierra Caliente

    Correct Answer
    D. Tierra Caliente
    Explanation
    Tierra Caliente is the correct answer because it refers to the altitudinal zone that is characterized by a warm climate. Bananas typically thrive in warm and tropical environments, making Tierra Caliente the most suitable altitudinal zone for banana production.

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  • 8. 

    All of these are shared characteristics of most Latin American countries, EXCEPT

    • A. 

      Common experience of colonialism.

    • B. 

      Dominance of the Spanish and Portuguese languages.

    • C. 

      Religion.

    • D. 

      Legal and political institutions.

    • E. 

      All of these are shared characteristics.

    Correct Answer
    E. All of these are shared characteristics.
    Explanation
    The given correct answer states that all of the options provided are shared characteristics of most Latin American countries. This means that Latin American countries do have a common experience of colonialism, dominance of the Spanish and Portuguese languages, religion, and legal and political institutions. Therefore, none of these options can be excluded as shared characteristics.

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  • 9. 

    When did Panama regain control of the Panama Canal?

    • A. 

      1977

    • B. 

      1999

    • C. 

      1983

    • D. 

      2006

    Correct Answer
    B. 1999
    Explanation
    In 1999, Panama regained control of the Panama Canal. This event marked the end of the United States' control over the canal, which had been in place since its completion in 1914. The transfer of control was stipulated in the Torrijos-Carter Treaties, signed in 1977, which outlined the gradual process of transferring the canal to Panama. The final handover occurred on December 31, 1999, signifying a significant milestone for Panama's sovereignty and control over this vital waterway.

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  • 10. 

    The regions comprising Latin America and the Caribbean had an estimated __ million people when the first Europeans arrived.

    • A. 

      50

    • B. 

      20

    • C. 

      10

    • D. 

      200

    • E. 

      570

    Correct Answer
    A. 50
    Explanation
    When the first Europeans arrived in Latin America and the Caribbean, the estimated population of the region was 50 million people. This suggests that the region had a significant number of inhabitants even before European colonization began.

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  • 11. 

    The trade winds are air movements from the tropics to the equator dragged by the spinning Earth into a/an __________ flow.

    • A. 

      West to east

    • B. 

      East to west

    • C. 

      North to east

    • D. 

      South to north

    Correct Answer
    B. East to west
    Explanation
    The trade winds are air movements from the tropics to the equator. These winds are caused by the spinning of the Earth and are dragged in an east to west flow. As the Earth rotates from west to east, the trade winds are deflected towards the west, creating a consistent east to west flow. This flow is important for navigation and has been historically used by sailors for trade routes across the oceans.

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  • 12. 

    Where is the Tierra Templada located?

    • A. 

      Anywhere between 2950 feet and 5900 feet above sea level

    • B. 

      The Caribbean Basin

    • C. 

      Southeastern Brazil

    • D. 

      Between the Equator and 23.5° latitude

    Correct Answer
    A. Anywhere between 2950 feet and 5900 feet above sea level
    Explanation
    The Tierra Templada is located anywhere between 2950 feet and 5900 feet above sea level. This elevation range is characteristic of the Tierra Templada climate zone, which is known for its mild temperatures and is typically found in mountainous regions. The Tierra Templada is not located in the Caribbean Basin or Southeastern Brazil, nor is it defined by its position between the Equator and 23.5° latitude.

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  • 13. 

    Which of these regions is mostly covered with grasslands?

    • A. 

      Ilanos of Venezuela

    • B. 

      Cerrados of Brazil

    • C. 

      Pampas of Argentina

    • D. 

      They are all grasslands.

    • E. 

      None of these regions is grasslands.

    Correct Answer
    D. They are all grasslands.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "They are all grasslands." This answer is correct because all three regions mentioned in the options, Ilanos of Venezuela, Cerrados of Brazil, and Pampas of Argentina, are known for their extensive grasslands. These regions are characterized by vast plains covered with grasses, making them ideal habitats for grazing animals. Therefore, the statement that "They are all grasslands" accurately describes the nature of these regions.

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  • 14. 

    Where is Lake Maracaibo located?

    • A. 

      Venezuela

    • B. 

      Mexico

    • C. 

      Peru

    • D. 

      Bolivia

    • E. 

      Brazil

    Correct Answer
    A. Venezuela
    Explanation
    Lake Maracaibo is located in Venezuela.

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  • 15. 

    What area did the Incans occupy?

    • A. 

      Yucatan Peninsula

    • B. 

      Brazilian Highlands

    • C. 

      Andes Mountains

    Correct Answer
    C. Andes Mountains
    Explanation
    The Incans occupied the Andes Mountains. The Andes Mountains were the heartland of the Inca Empire, which stretched along the western coast of South America. The Incans built their capital, Cusco, in the Andes Mountains and expanded their empire to cover a vast territory that included present-day Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, and parts of Chile and Argentina. The mountains provided natural defenses and resources for the Inca civilization, and they played a significant role in shaping their culture and way of life.

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  • 16. 

    What is the name of the Mexican government's oil company?

    • A. 

      PEMEX

    • B. 

      MEXPEM

    • C. 

      PIMCO

    • D. 

      MIXTEC

    Correct Answer
    A. PEMEX
    Explanation
    PEMEX is the correct answer because it is the acronym for Petróleos Mexicanos, which is the name of the Mexican government's oil company. It is one of the largest oil companies in the world and plays a crucial role in Mexico's economy, being responsible for the exploration, production, refining, distribution, and marketing of petroleum and its byproducts.

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  • 17. 

    This was the center of administration of the viceroyalty of New Spain.

    • A. 

      Quito

    • B. 

      Buenes Aires

    • C. 

      Mexico City

    • D. 

      Havana

    • E. 

      Bogota

    Correct Answer
    C. Mexico City
    Explanation
    Mexico City was the center of administration of the viceroyalty of New Spain because it served as the capital of the Spanish colony and the seat of government for the viceroy. As the largest and most populous city in the viceroyalty, Mexico City was strategically located in the heart of the colony, making it an ideal choice for the administrative center. It was also a major economic and cultural hub, further solidifying its position as the center of power in New Spain.

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  • 18. 

    What is the main fossil fuel resource in the Amazon, where this resource was discovered in 1967?

    • A. 

      Uranium

    • B. 

      Coal

    • C. 

      Natural gas

    • D. 

      Oil

    Correct Answer
    D. Oil
    Explanation
    Oil is the main fossil fuel resource in the Amazon, which was discovered in 1967. This implies that the Amazon region has significant oil reserves that have been explored and utilized since the discovery in 1967.

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  • 19. 

    What are seringuieros?

    • A. 

      Urban squatter in Argentina

    • B. 

      Brazilian cowboys

    • C. 

      Rebel guerillas in Colombia

    • D. 

      Communities founded by escaped slaves in Cuba

    • E. 

      Local rubber tappers in the Amazon basin

    Correct Answer
    E. Local rubber tappers in the Amazon basin
    Explanation
    Seringuieros are local rubber tappers in the Amazon basin. They are individuals who collect latex from rubber trees in the region. This occupation is commonly found in the Amazon rainforest, where rubber tapping is an important economic activity. Seringuieros play a crucial role in the sustainable extraction of rubber from the trees, contributing to the local economy and the preservation of the Amazon ecosystem.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following brings heavy rains to southern Chile?

    • A. 

      Westerlies

    • B. 

      Easterlies

    • C. 

      Trade Winds

    • D. 

      Doldrums

    Correct Answer
    A. Westerlies
    Explanation
    The westerlies are prevailing winds that blow from west to east in the middle latitudes. In the case of southern Chile, the westerlies bring heavy rains due to their interaction with the Andes Mountains. As the westerlies move across the Pacific Ocean, they pick up moisture, and when they encounter the mountains, the air is forced to rise, causing it to cool and condense, resulting in heavy rainfall. Therefore, the westerlies are responsible for bringing heavy rains to southern Chile.

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