# General Religious Knowledge Test

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Based on the religion test by the Pew Research Center poll on religious knowledge.

• 1.

### Who is the current Vice President of the United States?

• A.

Albert “Al” Gore Jr.

• B.

Spiro T. Agnew

• C.

Joseph “Joe” Biden

• D.

Dan Quayle

C. Joseph “Joe” Biden
Explanation
Joseph "Joe" Biden is the current Vice President of the United States. He was elected as the Vice President in 2020, alongside President-elect Joe Biden. Prior to this, Joe Biden served as the Vice President under President Barack Obama from 2009 to 2017. He has a long political career, having also served as a U.S. Senator from Delaware for many years.

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• 2.

### Based on the 2010 election results, that will take effect when Congress convenes in January 2011. What political party will gain at least 60 seats in the House of Representatives?

• A.

Libertarian

• B.

Republican

• C.

Green Party

• D.

Democrat

B. Republican
Explanation
Based on the 2010 election results, the Republican party gained at least 60 seats in the House of Representatives. This means that they had a significant increase in the number of seats they held in Congress, indicating a gain in political power and influence.

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• 3.

### True or false: Lasers work by focusing sound waves.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
Lasers do not work by focusing sound waves. They work by amplifying light through the process of stimulated emission. This involves the emission of photons that are coherent and have a specific wavelength. The light is focused and directed using mirrors or lenses, but it is not sound waves that are being focused. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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• 4.

### True or false: antibiotics will kill viruses as well as bacteria.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
Antibiotics are specifically designed to kill or inhibit the growth of bacteria. They work by targeting specific structures or processes that are unique to bacteria, such as their cell walls or protein synthesis machinery. Viruses, on the other hand, are very different from bacteria and do not possess these structures or processes. Therefore, antibiotics are not effective against viruses.

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• 5.

### What is the name of the series of government programs passed while Franklin D. Roosevelt was President?

• A.

The New Deal

• B.

The Great Society

• C.

Emancipation Proclamation

• D.

Five-year plans

A. The New Deal
Explanation
The correct answer is The New Deal. The New Deal refers to a series of government programs implemented during Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidency in response to the Great Depression. These programs aimed to provide relief, recovery, and reform to the American people and the economy. The New Deal included initiatives such as the creation of jobs, social security, labor rights, and financial regulations. It had a significant impact on the country, helping to stabilize the economy and improve the lives of millions of Americans.

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• 6.

### Which movement did Susan B. Anthony lead?

• A.

Abolitionist Movement

• B.

Women’s suffrage

• C.

Organized Labor

• D.

Temperance Movement

B. Women’s suffrage
Explanation
Susan B. Anthony led the Women's suffrage movement. She was a prominent women's rights activist who fought for the right to vote for women in the United States. Anthony played a crucial role in organizing campaigns, giving speeches, and advocating for women's suffrage through her involvement in organizations such as the National Woman Suffrage Association. Her tireless efforts and dedication to the cause made her a key figure in the fight for women's right to vote.

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• 7.

### Who wrote the novel “Moby Dick?”

• A.

Stephen Crane

• B.

Lewis Carroll

• C.

Harriet Beecher Stowe

• D.

Herman Melville

D. Herman Melville
Explanation
Herman Melville is the correct answer because he is the author of the novel "Moby Dick." This classic American novel, published in 1851, tells the story of Captain Ahab's obsessive quest for revenge against the white whale, Moby Dick. Melville's work is renowned for its complex themes, vivid descriptions of whaling, and philosophical exploration of the human condition.

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• 8.

### When does the Jewish Sabbath begin (day/time)?

• A.

Friday noon

• B.

Wednesday midnight

• C.

Friday evening

• D.

Monday morning

C. Friday evening
Explanation
The Jewish Sabbath begins on Friday evening. This is because in Jewish tradition, the Sabbath starts at sundown on Friday and lasts until sundown on Saturday. This time is considered holy and is set aside for rest, prayer, and spending time with family.

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• 9.

• A.

The day of reflection in Sikhism

• B.

The Christian celebration of the risen Christ

• C.

The Islamic month of fasting

• D.

The Hindu festival of the night of Shiva

C. The Islamic month of fasting
Explanation
Ramadan is the correct answer because it is indeed the Islamic month of fasting. During this holy month, Muslims around the world observe fasting from dawn until sunset as a way of purifying their souls, practicing self-discipline, and showing gratitude to Allah. It is a time of spiritual reflection, increased devotion, and acts of charity. Muslims abstain from food, drink, smoking, and other physical needs during daylight hours, and the fast is broken each evening with a meal called Iftar. Ramadan is considered one of the Five Pillars of Islam and holds great significance in the Islamic faith.

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• 10.

### The scientific finding that humans and other living things have incrementally changed form over time is called what?

• A.

Omphalos hypothesis

• B.

Abiogenesis

• C.

Evolution

• D.

Photosynthesis

C. Evolution
Explanation
Evolution is the correct answer because it refers to the scientific finding that humans and other living things have gradually changed their form over time. This process occurs through mechanisms such as natural selection, genetic variation, and adaptation to the environment. The concept of evolution is supported by extensive evidence from various scientific fields, including paleontology, genetics, and comparative anatomy. It is a fundamental principle in biology and has greatly contributed to our understanding of the diversity and complexity of life on Earth.

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• 11.

### What is the name of the holy book of Islam?

• A.

The Koran

• B.

The Vedic texts

• C.

• D.

The Talmud

A. The Koran
Explanation
The correct answer is The Koran. The Koran, also spelled as Quran, is the holy book of Islam. It is considered the word of God as revealed to the Prophet Muhammad by the angel Gabriel. The Koran is written in Arabic and is regarded as the ultimate source of guidance and law for Muslims. It covers various aspects of life, including religious beliefs, moral values, social issues, and legal matters. Muslims consider it a sacred text and recite its verses in daily prayers and religious rituals.

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• 12.

### Belief that humans and living things have existed in their present form from the beginning of time and that the age of the Earth is less than 10,000 years?

• A.

Darwinism

• B.

Irreducible Complexity

• C.

Cosmology

• D.

Young Earth Creationism

D. Young Earth Creationism
Explanation
Young Earth Creationism is the belief that humans and all living things were created in their current form and have existed since the beginning of time, and that the age of the Earth is less than 10,000 years. This belief is based on a literal interpretation of religious texts, such as the Bible, and rejects the scientific evidence for evolution and the age of the Earth as determined by various dating methods. Young Earth Creationism is often associated with religious fundamentalism and is in direct contrast to the scientific theory of evolution proposed by Charles Darwin.

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• 13.

### What is the name of the king of gods in ancient Greek mythology?

• A.

Zeus

• B.

Mars

• C.

Apollo

• D.

Xenu

A. Zeus
Explanation
Zeus is the correct answer because in ancient Greek mythology, Zeus was considered the king of gods and the ruler of Mount Olympus. He was the god of the sky, thunder, and lightning, and was known for his power and authority. Zeus was often depicted as a bearded man with a thunderbolt in his hand, and he played a central role in many Greek myths and stories.

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• 14.

### In which religion are Vishnu and Shiva central figures?

• A.

Christianity

• B.

Scientology

• C.

Judaism

• D.

Hinduism

D. Hinduism
Explanation
Vishnu and Shiva are central figures in Hinduism. Hinduism is a major religion that originated in the Indian subcontinent and is characterized by a diverse range of beliefs and practices. Vishnu is considered the preserver and protector of the universe, while Shiva is regarded as the destroyer and transformer. They are two of the most important deities in Hindu mythology and are worshipped by millions of Hindus worldwide.

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• 15.

### What is the definition of the word theist?

• A.

Lack of belief in the existence of god, gods and the supernatural

• B.

Belief in the existence of a god, gods and the supernatural

• C.

Unsure of the existence of the supernatural

• D.

Convinced of the knowledge in the existence of the supernatural

B. Belief in the existence of a god, gods and the supernatural
Explanation
The correct answer is "Belief in the existence of a god, gods and the supernatural." This definition accurately describes a theist as someone who holds the belief that there is a god or gods and that the supernatural exists. It implies a conviction in the existence of a higher power or powers beyond the natural world.

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• 16.

### What is the definition of the word atheist?

• A.

Lack of belief in the existence of god, gods and the supernatural

• B.

Belief in the existence of a god, gods and the supernatural

• C.

Unsure of the existence of the supernatural

• D.

Convinced of the knowledge in the existence of the supernatural

A. Lack of belief in the existence of god, gods and the supernatural
Explanation
The definition of the word atheist is the lack of belief in the existence of god, gods, and the supernatural. This means that atheists do not believe in the existence of any deities or supernatural beings. They may have different reasons for their lack of belief, such as a lack of evidence or philosophical arguments against the existence of gods. However, it is important to note that atheism is not a belief in itself, but rather a lack of belief in a specific claim.

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• 17.

### What is the definition of the word agnostic?

• A.

Lack of belief in the existence of god, gods and the supernatural

• B.

Belief in the existence of a god, gods and the supernatural

• C.

Unsure of the existence of the supernatural

• D.

Convinced of the knowledge in the existence of the supernatural

C. Unsure of the existence of the supernatural
Explanation
The correct answer is "Unsure of the existence of the supernatural." Agnostic refers to someone who is unsure or skeptical about the existence of gods, a god, or the supernatural. They neither believe nor disbelieve in these concepts, but rather hold a position of uncertainty or lack of conviction.

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• 18.

### What is the definition of the word gnostic?

• A.

Lack of belief in the existence of god, gods and the supernatural

• B.

Belief in the existence of a god, gods and the supernatural

• C.

Unsure of the existence of the supernatural

• D.

Convinced of the knowledge in the existence of the supernatural

D. Convinced of the knowledge in the existence of the supernatural
Explanation
The word "gnostic" refers to someone who is convinced of the knowledge in the existence of the supernatural. This means that a gnostic person believes that they have a deep understanding or insight into the existence of gods, a god, or the supernatural. They are confident in their knowledge and convictions about these subjects.

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• 19.

### What religion aims at nirvana, the state of being free from suffering?

• A.

Sikhism

• B.

Buddhism

• C.

Shinto

• D.

Hinduism

B. Buddhism
Explanation
Buddhism aims at nirvana, the state of being free from suffering. This religion teaches that by following the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path, individuals can attain enlightenment and liberation from the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth. The ultimate goal is to reach nirvana, a state of complete peace and liberation from suffering. Buddhism originated in ancient India and has since spread to various parts of the world, emphasizing the importance of mindfulness, meditation, and ethical conduct in achieving nirvana.

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• 20.

### The "Way of the Kami (sacred power)" is reference to what religion, philosophical path or study in Japan?

• A.

Sikhism

• B.

Buddhism

• C.

Shinto

• D.

Hinduism

C. Shinto
Explanation
The reference to "Way of the Kami (sacred power)" indicates that the religion, philosophical path, or study being referred to is Shinto. Shinto is an indigenous religion in Japan that focuses on the worship of kami, which are considered to be sacred spirits or deities. The term "Way of the Kami" highlights the belief in the divine power and the reverence towards these spirits in Shinto.

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• 21.

### What is the first book of the Bible?

• A.

Genesis

• B.

Psalms

• C.

Ecclesiastes

• D.

Proverbs

A. Genesis
Explanation
Genesis is the correct answer because it is the first book of the Bible. It is the opening book of both the Hebrew Bible and the Christian Old Testament. Genesis narrates the creation of the world, the origin of humanity, and the early history of the Israelite people, including the stories of Adam and Eve, Noah and the flood, and Abraham and his descendants. It sets the foundation for the rest of the Bible and is considered the starting point for understanding the biblical narrative.

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• 22.

### Can you identify the names of the first four books of the New Testament of the Bible, called the Gospels?

• A.

Thomas

• B.

Matthew

• C.

Acts

• D.

Luke

• E.

Revelation

• F.

Mark

• G.

Paul

• H.

John

B. Matthew
D. Luke
F. Mark
H. John
Explanation
The correct answer is Matthew, Luke, Mark, and John. These four books are known as the Gospels in the New Testament of the Bible. Each Gospel provides a different perspective on the life, teachings, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. Matthew focuses on Jesus as the Messiah and the fulfillment of Old Testament prophecies. Luke emphasizes Jesus' compassion for the marginalized and his mission to bring salvation to all. Mark portrays Jesus as a suffering servant, highlighting his actions rather than his teachings. John emphasizes Jesus' divinity and his role in bringing eternal life to believers.

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• 23.

### Where, according to the Bible, was Jesus born?

• A.

Jerusalem

• B.

Golgotha

• C.

Bethlehem

• D.

Nazareth

C. Bethlehem
Explanation
According to the Bible, Jesus was born in Bethlehem. This is mentioned in the New Testament, specifically in the Gospel of Luke and the Gospel of Matthew. Bethlehem is significant as it is the birthplace of King David, and Jesus is often referred to as the "Son of David." The town of Bethlehem is located in the region of Judea, which is in modern-day Palestine.

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• 24.

### Who’s wife, according to the Bible, was turned into a pillar of salt?

• A.

Lot’s wife

• B.

Moses’ wife

• C.

Abraham’s wife

• D.

Jacob’s wife

A. Lot’s wife
Explanation
According to the Bible, Lot's wife was turned into a pillar of salt. In the book of Genesis, Lot and his family were instructed to flee the city of Sodom before its destruction. As they were leaving, Lot's wife looked back at the city against the warning given by the angels. As a result, she was immediately turned into a pillar of salt as a punishment for her disobedience. This event serves as a cautionary tale about the consequences of not following God's instructions.

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• 25.

### When and where was the Mormon religion founded?

• A.

Northumbria, 627

• B.

New York, 1820’s

• C.

Bavaria, 1266

• D.

Paris, 1534

B. New York, 1820’s
Explanation
The correct answer is New York, 1820's. The Mormon religion, also known as the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, was founded by Joseph Smith in the 1820's in New York. Smith claimed to have had a vision in which he was visited by God and Jesus Christ, which led to the establishment of the religion.

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• 26.

### The Book of Mormon tells the story of Jesus Christ appearing to people in what area of the world?

• A.

Patriarchal age Israel

• B.

Indigenous Americas

• C.

Ptolemaic Egypt

• D.

Babylonian Empire

B. Indigenous Americas
Explanation
The correct answer is Indigenous Americas because the Book of Mormon is a religious text that is believed to tell the story of Jesus Christ appearing to people in the Americas. It is considered a record of ancient prophets and civilizations in the Americas and is an important scripture for members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

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• 27.

### Describe Catholic teaching about the bread and wine used for communion?

• A.

Bread and wine have the spiritual presence of the Christ

• B.

Bread and wine contain the Christ in and under the forms of bread and wine

• C.

Bread and wine become the actual body and blood of the Christ

• D.

Bread and wine substitutes or symbolize the sacrifice of the Christ

C. Bread and wine become the actual body and blood of the Christ
Explanation
According to Catholic teaching, the bread and wine used for communion undergo a transformation and become the actual body and blood of Christ. This belief is known as transubstantiation. It is believed that although the bread and wine still appear to be bread and wine, their substance has changed and they now contain the true presence of Christ. This understanding is central to the Catholic doctrine of the Eucharist, where the faithful partake in the sacrament to receive the spiritual nourishment and grace of Christ.

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• 28.

### What religious groups traditionally teach that salvation by Christ comes through faith alone?

• A.

Catholics

• B.

Buddhism

• C.

Taoist

• D.

Protestants

D. Protestants
Explanation
Protestants traditionally teach that salvation by Christ comes through faith alone. This belief is based on the Protestant Reformation movement led by Martin Luther in the 16th century, which emphasized the importance of faith in Jesus Christ as the sole means of salvation, rejecting the Catholic doctrine of salvation through a combination of faith and good works. Protestants believe that faith in Jesus Christ is sufficient for salvation and that good works are a result of this faith, rather than a means to earn salvation.

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• 29.

### Can you identify from the list what is not part of the Ten Commandments?

• A.

Do onto others as you would have them do unto you

• B.

You shall have no other gods before me

• C.

Remember the Sabbath and keep it holy

• D.

Do not take the name of the Lord in vain

A. Do onto others as you would have them do unto you
Explanation
The given statement "Do onto others as you would have them do unto you" is not part of the Ten Commandments. The Ten Commandments are a set of moral and religious laws given by God to Moses on Mount Sinai, as described in the Bible. They include commandments such as "You shall have no other gods before me," "Remember the Sabbath and keep it holy," and "Do not take the name of the Lord in vain." However, the statement "Do onto others as you would have them do unto you" is a principle known as the Golden Rule, which is a moral guideline found in various religious and philosophical traditions, but not specifically part of the Ten Commandments.

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• 30.

### Which Bible figure is most closely associated with remaining obedient to God despite suffering?

• A.

Elijah

• B.

Saul

• C.

Job

• D.

Malachi

C. Job
Explanation
Job is the correct answer because he is a biblical figure who remained obedient to God despite suffering. In the Book of Job, Job is portrayed as a righteous man who endures immense hardship and loss, including the loss of his family, wealth, and health. Despite his suffering, Job remains faithful to God and refuses to curse Him. He questions why he is suffering but never loses his faith or turns away from God. Job's story is often seen as a testament to the power of faith and obedience in the face of adversity.

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• 31.

### What religion contains the teachings of Maimonides?

• A.

Islam

• B.

Judaism

• C.

Bahá'í

• D.

Zoroastrianism

B. Judaism
Explanation
Maimonides was a Jewish philosopher and scholar who lived during the 12th century. He is considered one of the most important figures in Jewish intellectual history and his teachings greatly influenced Jewish thought. Therefore, it is logical to conclude that the religion that contains his teachings is Judaism.

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• 32.

### What is the best description of what the U.S. Constitution says about religion?

• A.

Christianity is given special emphasis by the government

• B.

The Constitution does not say anything one way or the other about religion

• C.

The government must protect and support religion

• D.

The government can not establish a religion nor interfere with the practice of religion

D. The government can not establish a religion nor interfere with the practice of religion
Explanation
The answer states that the U.S. Constitution prohibits the government from establishing a religion or interfering with the practice of religion. This means that the government cannot favor or promote any particular religion and must allow individuals to freely practice their own religious beliefs without interference.

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• 33.

### According to rulings by the U.S. Supreme Court, is a public school teacher permitted to lead a class in prayer?

• A.

Yes, permitted

• B.

No, not permitted

• C.

B. No, not permitted
Explanation
According to rulings by the U.S. Supreme Court, a public school teacher is not permitted to lead a class in prayer. This is because it violates the principle of separation of church and state, as public schools are considered government institutions and should remain neutral in matters of religion. Leading a class in prayer could be seen as endorsing a particular religious belief, which goes against the establishment clause of the First Amendment. Therefore, the correct answer is "No, not permitted."

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• 34.

### According to rulings by the U.S. Supreme Court, is a public school teacher permitted to read from the Bible as an example of literature?

• A.

Yes, permitted

• B.

No, not permitted

• C.

A. Yes, permitted
Explanation
According to rulings by the U.S. Supreme Court, a public school teacher is permitted to read from the Bible as an example of literature. This is because the Supreme Court has recognized that studying the Bible as a work of literature can have educational value and does not violate the separation of church and state. However, it is important for the teacher to approach the Bible from a secular perspective and not promote any particular religious belief.

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• 35.

### According to rulings by the U.S. Supreme Court, is a public school teacher permitted to offer a class comparing the world’s religions?

• A.

Yes, permitted

• B.

No, not permitted

• C.

A. Yes, permitted
Explanation
According to rulings by the U.S. Supreme Court, a public school teacher is permitted to offer a class comparing the world's religions. The First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution protects the freedom of speech and religion, allowing teachers to discuss various religious beliefs and practices in an educational setting. However, it is important for teachers to present the information in an objective and unbiased manner, ensuring that they do not promote or favor any particular religion.

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• 36.

### What religion do the majority of people in Pakistan consider themselves?

• A.

Buddhist

• B.

Hindu

• C.

Muslim

• D.

Christian

C. Muslim
Explanation
The majority of people in Pakistan consider themselves Muslim because Islam is the dominant religion in the country. Pakistan was created as a homeland for Muslims, and the country's constitution declares Islam as the state religion. The majority of Pakistanis adhere to Sunni Islam, while there is also a significant Shia Muslim population. The presence of numerous mosques, Islamic schools, and the observance of Islamic practices and traditions further reinforce the fact that the majority of people in Pakistan identify as Muslims.

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• 37.

### Do you happen to know what religion the majority of people in India consider themselves?

• A.

Buddhist

• B.

Hindu

• C.

Muslim

• D.

Jaina

B. Hindu
Explanation
The majority of people in India consider themselves Hindu. Hinduism is the largest religion in India, with a significant majority of the population identifying as Hindus. Hinduism is an ancient religion that originated in the Indian subcontinent and has a rich cultural and spiritual heritage. It encompasses a wide range of beliefs, practices, and traditions, and has had a profound influence on the social, cultural, and political fabric of India throughout history. Hinduism is characterized by its diverse pantheon of deities, sacred texts such as the Vedas and Upanishads, and concepts such as dharma, karma, and moksha.

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• 38.

### Do you happen to know what religion the majority of people in Indonesia consider themselves?

• A.

Buddhist

• B.

Taoist

• C.

Muslim

• D.

Jaina

C. Muslim
Explanation
The correct answer is Muslim because Indonesia is the most populous Muslim-majority country in the world. More than 87% of the Indonesian population identifies as Muslim, making Islam the dominant religion in the country. This is due to the historical influence of Arab traders and the spread of Islam through trade and Islamic kingdoms in the region.

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• 39.

### What was the name of the person whose writings and actions inspired the Protestant Reformation?

• A.

Martin Luther

• B.

John Calvin

• C.

Jonathan Edwards

• D.

John Wesley

A. Martin Luther
Explanation
Martin Luther is the correct answer because he was a German theologian whose writings and actions were instrumental in inspiring the Protestant Reformation. Luther's Ninety-Five Theses, which criticized the Catholic Church's practices, sparked a widespread movement for religious reform in the 16th century. His translation of the Bible into German also played a significant role in making the scriptures accessible to the common people. Luther's teachings and ideas laid the foundation for the development of Protestantism as a distinct branch of Christianity.

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• 40.

### Who is credited with the development of the theory of evolution by natural selection?

• A.

Jean-Baptiste Lamarck

• B.

William Paley

• C.

Gregor Mendel

• D.

Charles Darwin

D. Charles Darwin
Explanation
Charles Darwin is credited with the development of the theory of evolution by natural selection. He proposed this theory in his book "On the Origin of Species" published in 1859. Darwin's theory states that species evolve over time through a process of natural selection, where individuals with advantageous traits are more likely to survive and reproduce, passing on those traits to future generations. This theory revolutionized the understanding of the diversity of life on Earth and is widely accepted in the scientific community.

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• 41.

### What famous court trial focused on whether evolution could be taught in public schools?

• A.

Chambers v. The State of Florida

• B.

United States v. Ballard

• C.

The State of Tennessee v. Scopes

• D.

Martin v. Struthers

C. The State of Tennessee v. Scopes
Explanation
The famous court trial that focused on whether evolution could be taught in public schools is The State of Tennessee v. Scopes. This trial, also known as the Scopes Monkey Trial, took place in 1925 and pitted the state of Tennessee against a high school teacher named John Scopes. Scopes was charged with violating a state law that prohibited the teaching of evolution in public schools. The trial attracted national attention and was seen as a clash between science and religion, with prominent lawyers like Clarence Darrow and William Jennings Bryan arguing the case. Ultimately, Scopes was found guilty and fined, but the trial highlighted the ongoing debate over the teaching of evolution in schools.

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• 42.

### What preacher participated in the period of religious activity known as the First Great Awakening?

• A.

James Bakker

• B.

Jonathan Edwards

• C.

Oral Roberts

• D.

John Wesley

B. Jonathan Edwards
Explanation
Jonathan Edwards was a preacher who participated in the period of religious activity known as the First Great Awakening. He was a key figure in this movement, known for his powerful sermons and emphasis on personal religious experience. Edwards played a significant role in reviving religious fervor and promoting spiritual awakening throughout the American colonies in the 18th century. His preaching style and message resonated with many, leading to a widespread religious revival during this time.

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• 43.

### Can you name the messianic religious and political movement that began in the country of Jamaica?

• A.

Peoples Temple Full Gospel Church

• B.

Jah Rastafari

• C.

Zion’s Watch Tower Society

• D.

Falun Gong

B. Jah Rastafari
Explanation
Jah Rastafari is the correct answer because it is a messianic religious and political movement that originated in Jamaica. It emerged in the 1930s and is centered around the belief in the divinity of Emperor Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia, whom they see as the messiah. Rastafarians advocate for social justice, equality, and the repatriation of black people to Africa. They also follow a strict code of conduct, including the use of marijuana as a sacrament. The movement has had a significant cultural impact in Jamaica and has gained followers worldwide.

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• 44.

### Who is the religious figure from northeastern India known as The Enlightened One?

• A.

Śabara Svāmin

• B.

Bhagwan Rishabhdeva

• C.

Gautama Buddha

• D.

Guru Nanak Dev

C. Gautama Buddha
Explanation
Gautama Buddha, also known as The Enlightened One, is a religious figure from northeastern India. He is the founder of Buddhism and is revered for his teachings on achieving enlightenment and the path to liberation from suffering. His teachings have had a profound impact on millions of people around the world, making him one of the most influential spiritual figures in history.

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• 45.

### Founded in fifteenth century Punjab, what religion is closely associated with leaders called Gurus?

• A.

Zoroastrianism

• B.

Sikhism

• C.

Judaism

• D.

Taoism

B. Sikhism
Explanation
Sikhism is closely associated with leaders called Gurus. It was founded in fifteenth century Punjab. Sikhism is a monotheistic religion that originated in the teachings of Guru Nanak and has since been followed by a succession of ten Gurus. These Gurus are considered spiritual leaders and guides for the Sikh community, playing a significant role in the development and spread of the religion.

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