General Awareness: Technology And You Set 3

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| By Tanmay Shankar
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Tanmay Shankar
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 493 | Total Attempts: 1,777,525
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 375

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General Awareness Quizzes & Trivia

The quiz is about technology created on Aug-18-2011


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Sometimes computers and cash registers in a foodmart are connected to a UPS system. What does UPS mean?

    • A.

      United Parcel Service

    • B.

      Uniform Product Support

    • C.

      Under Paneling Storage

    • D.

      Uninterruptable Power Supply

    Correct Answer
    D. Uninterruptable Power Supply
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Uninterruptable Power Supply. In a foodmart, computers and cash registers are often connected to a UPS system to ensure that they continue to function even during power outages or fluctuations. A UPS provides a backup power source, usually in the form of batteries, to keep the connected devices running smoothly and prevent data loss or disruptions in service.

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  • 2. 

    Who co-founded Hotmail in 1996 and then sold the company to Microsoft?

    • A.

      Shawn Fanning

    • B.

      Ada Byron Lovelace

    • C.

      Sabeer Bhatia

    • D.

      Ray Tomlinson

    Correct Answer
    C. Sabeer Bhatia
    Explanation
    Sabeer Bhatia is the correct answer because he co-founded Hotmail in 1996 and later sold the company to Microsoft. Hotmail was one of the first web-based email services and gained significant popularity before being acquired by Microsoft for a reported $400 million. Sabeer Bhatia's role in founding and selling Hotmail showcases his entrepreneurial success in the tech industry.

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  • 3. 

    '.TMP' extension refers usually to what kind of file?

    • A.

      Compressed Archive file

    • B.

      Image file

    • C.

      Temporary file

    • D.

      Audio file

    Correct Answer
    C. Temporary file
    Explanation
    The '.TMP' extension is commonly used to indicate temporary files. Temporary files are created by various programs to store temporary data or to serve as a temporary workspace. These files are typically used to store information that is only needed temporarily and can be safely deleted once the task is completed. Therefore, the correct answer is "Temporary file".

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  • 4. 

    In the UK, what type of installation requires a fireman's switch?

    • A.

      Neon Lighting

    • B.

      High Pressure Sodium Lighting

    • C.

      Water Features

    • D.

      Hotel Rooms

    Correct Answer
    A. Neon Lighting
    Explanation
    Neon lighting installations in the UK require a fireman's switch. This switch is designed to cut off power to the neon lights in case of an emergency, allowing firefighters to safely work without the risk of electric shock. The fireman's switch is an important safety measure to prevent accidents and ensure the well-being of both firefighters and the public.

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  • 5. 

    The electromagnetic coils on the neck of the picture tube or tubes which pull the electron beam from side to side and up and down are called a...?

    • A.

      Transformer

    • B.

      Yoke

    • C.

      Capacitor

    • D.

      Diode

    Correct Answer
    B. Yoke
    Explanation
    The correct answer is yoke. The yoke is a component in a picture tube that consists of electromagnetic coils. These coils are responsible for controlling the movement of the electron beam, allowing it to move from side to side and up and down. The yoke plays a crucial role in directing the electron beam and ensuring accurate positioning of the image on the screen.

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  • 6. 

    In the United States the television broadcast standard is...?

    • A.

      PAL

    • B.

      NTSC

    • C.

      SECAM

    • D.

      RGB

    Correct Answer
    B. NTSC
    Explanation
    In the United States, the television broadcast standard is NTSC. NTSC stands for National Television System Committee, which is the analog television system used in North America, including the United States. It was developed in the 1940s and has a frame rate of 30 frames per second. NTSC is compatible with older analog televisions and is gradually being phased out in favor of digital broadcasting standards.

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  • 7. 

    In a color television set using a picture tube a high voltage is used to accelerate electron beams to light the screen. That voltage is about...?

    • A.

      500 volts

    • B.

      5 thousand volts

    • C.

      25 thousand volts

    • D.

      100 thousand volts

    Correct Answer
    C. 25 thousand volts
    Explanation
    In a color television set using a picture tube, a high voltage is required to accelerate electron beams and light the screen. The correct answer is 25 thousand volts because this voltage is necessary to provide the necessary energy for the electron beams to create the desired image on the screen. This high voltage is essential for the proper functioning of the television set and to ensure the brightness and clarity of the displayed picture.

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  • 8. 

    The transformer that develops the high voltage in a home television is commonly called a...?

    • A.

      Tesla coil

    • B.

      Flyback

    • C.

      Yoke

    • D.

      Van de Graaf

    Correct Answer
    B. Flyback
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Flyback." In a home television, the transformer that develops high voltage is commonly known as a flyback transformer. This transformer is responsible for generating the high voltage needed to power the cathode ray tube (CRT) and produce the electron beam that creates the images on the screen. The flyback transformer works by rapidly storing energy in its primary winding and then releasing it in a high-voltage pulse to the CRT.

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  • 9. 

    Which consists of two plates separated by a dielectric and can store a charge?

    • A.

      Inductor

    • B.

      Capacitor

    • C.

      Transistor

    • D.

      Relay

    Correct Answer
    B. Capacitor
    Explanation
    A capacitor consists of two plates separated by a dielectric material, which can store electric charge. When a voltage is applied across the plates, one plate accumulates positive charge while the other accumulates negative charge. This separation of charge creates an electric field between the plates, allowing the capacitor to store electrical energy. Capacitors are commonly used in electronic circuits for various purposes such as energy storage, filtering, and timing.

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  • 10. 

    What do we call a collection of two or more computers that are located within a limited distance of each other and that are connected to each other directly or indirectly?

    • A.

      Inernet

    • B.

      Interanet

    • C.

      Local Area Network

    • D.

      Wide Area Network

    Correct Answer
    C. Local Area Network
    Explanation
    A collection of two or more computers that are located within a limited distance of each other and that are connected to each other directly or indirectly is called a Local Area Network.

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  • 11. 

    '.JPG' extension refers usually to what kind of file?

    • A.

      System file

    • B.

      Animation/movie file

    • C.

      MS Encarta document

    • D.

      Image file

    Correct Answer
    D. Image file
    Explanation
    The '.JPG' extension typically refers to an image file. JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) is a commonly used image format that uses '.JPG' as its file extension. This format is widely supported and is known for its ability to compress images without significant loss in quality. Therefore, when encountering a file with the '.JPG' extension, it is usually safe to assume that it is an image file.

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  • 12. 

    What does AM mean?

    • A.

      Angelo marconi

    • B.

      Anno median

    • C.

      Amplitude modulation

    • D.

      Amperes

    Correct Answer
    C. Amplitude modulation
    Explanation
    AM stands for Amplitude Modulation. Amplitude modulation is a modulation technique used in electronic communication, most commonly for transmitting information via a radio carrier wave. In amplitude modulation, the amplitude (strength) of the carrier wave is varied in proportion to the waveform being transmitted. This allows the transmission of both the audio (or other information) and the carrier wave, resulting in the modulation of the carrier's amplitude.

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  • 13. 

    In what year was the "@" chosen for its use in e-mail addresses?

    • A.

      1976

    • B.

      1972

    • C.

      1980

    • D.

      1984

    Correct Answer
    B. 1972
    Explanation
    In 1972, the symbol "@" was chosen for its use in e-mail addresses.

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  • 14. 

    '.TXT' extension refers usually to what kind of file?

    • A.

      Text File

    • B.

      Image file

    • C.

      Audio file

    • D.

      Adobe Acrobat file

    Correct Answer
    A. Text File
    Explanation
    The '.TXT' extension typically refers to a text file. Text files contain plain text and can be opened and edited using a simple text editor. They do not contain any formatting or special features like images, audio, or interactive elements. Text files are commonly used for storing and exchanging basic textual information.

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  • 15. 

    What was the first ARPANET message?

    • A.

      "lo"

    • B.

      "hello world"

    • C.

      "mary had a little lamb"

    • D.

      "cyberspace, the final frontier"

    Correct Answer
    A. "lo"
    Explanation
    The first ARPANET message was "lo". This was a short form of "login", as the intention was to send a message from one computer to another to establish a connection. The message was meant to be "login" but the system crashed after transmitting the first two letters, hence only "lo" was successfully sent. This simple message marked the beginning of the ARPANET, which eventually evolved into the modern internet.

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