GCSE Knowledge Booster One

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This Knowledge Booster will test your understanding of the Treaty of Versailles topic that you have recently studied in lessons.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In which city was the peace conference held after World War I?

    • A.

      Rome

    • B.

      London

    • C.

      Paris

    Correct Answer
    C. Paris
    Explanation
    The peace conference after World War I was held in Paris. This is because Paris was the capital of France, one of the victorious Allied powers in the war. The conference, known as the Paris Peace Conference, took place from 1919 to 1920 and aimed to negotiate peace treaties and determine the terms of settlement for the defeated Central Powers. The Treaty of Versailles, which formally ended the war with Germany, was signed in Paris in 1919.

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  • 2. 

    Which Treaty dealt with Germany?

    • A.

      San Germain

    • B.

      Trianon

    • C.

      Versailles

    Correct Answer
    C. Versailles
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Versailles is the correct answer because it was the treaty that specifically dealt with Germany after World War I. It was signed in 1919 and imposed significant penalties and restrictions on Germany, including territorial losses, disarmament, and financial reparations. The treaty aimed to hold Germany responsible for the war and prevent it from being a future threat. The Treaty of San Germain and the Treaty of Trianon were separate treaties that dealt with Austria and Hungary, respectively, and are not relevant to Germany.

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  • 3. 

    Which is the correct spelling of the French leader?

    • A.

      George Clemenceau

    • B.

      George Clemnceaau

    • C.

      George Clemenceeu

    Correct Answer
    A. George Clemenceau
    Explanation
    George Clemenceau is the correct spelling of the French leader. This is evident from the fact that the other two options have misspellings in them. The second option, "George Clemnceaau," has an extra "n" and an extra "a" in the name. The third option, "George Clemenceeu," has an extra "e" in the name. Therefore, the correct spelling is "George Clemenceau."

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following is not on of the Fourteen Points?

    • A.

      Self-determination

    • B.

      War Reparations

    • C.

      Ban on secret treaties

    Correct Answer
    B. War Reparations
    Explanation
    War Reparations is not one of the Fourteen Points. The Fourteen Points were a set of principles outlined by U.S. President Woodrow Wilson in 1918, aimed at resolving the issues that led to World War I and establishing a lasting peace. The points included self-determination, which meant that nations should have the right to determine their own political status, as well as a ban on secret treaties. However, war reparations, which refers to the payment of money or resources by the defeated party in a war to compensate for damages, was not one of the principles outlined in the Fourteen Points.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the Big Three said they wanted to 'cripple Germany'?

    • A.

      George Clemenceau

    • B.

      David Lloyd George

    • C.

      Woodrow Wilson

    Correct Answer
    A. George Clemenceau
    Explanation
    George Clemenceau, one of the Big Three leaders during World War I, wanted to "cripple Germany." As the Prime Minister of France, Clemenceau strongly believed in punishing Germany for its role in the war and ensuring that it would not be able to pose a threat in the future. He advocated for harsh terms in the Treaty of Versailles, including significant reparations and territorial losses for Germany. Clemenceau's goal was to weaken Germany both economically and militarily, in order to prevent any future aggression.

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  • 6. 

    When ere the German leaders told about the terms of the Treaty?

    • A.

      April 1919

    • B.

      May 1919

    • C.

      June 1919

    Correct Answer
    B. May 1919
    Explanation
    The German leaders were told about the terms of the Treaty in May 1919.

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  • 7. 

    Which term demanded that Germany paid damages?

    • A.

      Reparations

    • B.

      War Guilt

    • C.

      Disarmament

    Correct Answer
    A. Reparations
    Explanation
    Reparations refers to the payments or compensation demanded from Germany as a result of their responsibility for causing damage and losses during World War I. This term was included in the Treaty of Versailles, which was signed in 1919 and imposed significant financial burdens on Germany. The purpose of these reparations was to hold Germany accountable for the war and to help rebuild the economies of the countries affected by the conflict. The reparations were a source of great economic strain for Germany and contributed to the political and social unrest in the country during the interwar period.

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  • 8. 

    What happened to the Rhineland?

    • A.

      Given to France

    • B.

      Given to Poland

    • C.

      De-militarised

    • D.

      Given to Britain

    Correct Answer
    C. De-militarised
    Explanation
    After World War I, the Rhineland, which is a region in western Germany, was demilitarized. This means that all military forces and fortifications were removed from the area. The purpose of this was to ensure that Germany would not be able to use the Rhineland as a base for future aggression. The demilitarization of the Rhineland was a condition imposed on Germany by the Treaty of Versailles, which aimed to prevent Germany from rebuilding its military strength and causing another war.

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  • 9. 

    How long was the Saar given to France for?

    • A.

      5 years

    • B.

      10 years

    • C.

      15 years

    • D.

      20 years

    Correct Answer
    C. 15 years
    Explanation
    The Saar was given to France for a period of 15 years.

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  • 10. 

    How many battleships was the German Navy allowed to have?

    • A.

      Five

    • B.

      Six

    • C.

      Seven

    • D.

      Eight

    Correct Answer
    B. Six
    Explanation
    During the Treaty of Versailles negotiations in 1919, the German Navy was limited to a maximum of six battleships. This limitation was imposed as part of the disarmament measures following World War I. The treaty aimed to prevent Germany from rebuilding its military power and maintain peace in the region. By restricting the number of battleships, the Allied powers sought to weaken Germany's naval capabilities and reduce the potential for future aggression.

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  • 11. 

    What kinds of weapons were the German Army banned from using?

    • A.

      Aircraft and Tanks

    • B.

      Aircraft and Ships

    • C.

      Tanks and Machine Guns

    • D.

      Ships and Machine Guns

    Correct Answer
    A. Aircraft and Tanks
    Explanation
    During the Treaty of Versailles negotiations after World War I, the German Army was banned from using aircraft and tanks. This was a measure taken by the Allied powers to limit Germany's military capabilities and prevent any future aggression. By prohibiting the use of aircraft and tanks, the Allied powers aimed to weaken Germany's offensive capabilities and maintain peace and stability in the region.

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  • 12. 

    How was Germany banned from recruiting soldiers?

    • A.

      Conscription

    • B.

      Volunteers

    • C.

      Propaganda

    Correct Answer
    A. Conscription
    Explanation
    Germany was banned from recruiting soldiers through conscription. Conscription refers to the compulsory enlistment of individuals into the military. This means that Germany was not allowed to forcibly draft or recruit individuals into their armed forces. Instead, they had to rely on other means such as volunteers or propaganda to encourage people to join the military voluntarily.

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  • 13. 

    What became of the colonies of Germany's Empire?

    • A.

      They were given to Britain and France

    • B.

      They became mandates of the League of Nations

    • C.

      They were given independence

    Correct Answer
    B. They became mandates of the League of Nations
    Explanation
    After Germany's Empire was defeated in World War I, the colonies under its control were not directly given to Britain and France. Instead, they became mandates of the League of Nations. This meant that Britain and France were given the responsibility to administer and govern these territories on behalf of the League. The intention was to prepare these colonies for eventual independence, but in reality, they continued to be controlled by the European powers.

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  • 14. 

    Why were Germans angry about the War Guilt clause?

    • A.

      They didn't think Germany were the only ones responsible for starting the war.

    • B.

      They didn't think France should be blamed.

    • C.

      They didn't think the war was Serbia's fault.

    Correct Answer
    A. They didn't think Germany were the only ones responsible for starting the war.
    Explanation
    The Germans were angry about the War Guilt clause because they believed that Germany was not solely responsible for starting the war. They felt that other countries involved in the conflict, such as France and Serbia, should also share the blame. The Germans saw the clause as unfair and unjust, as it placed the entire responsibility on Germany's shoulders. This angered them and contributed to feelings of resentment and bitterness towards the terms of the Treaty of Versailles.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following was a strength of the Treaty of Versailles?

    • A.

      The treaty wasn't as harsh as Germany had been on Russia in the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk.

    • B.

      Everybody was happy with the treaty

    • C.

      The treaty was negotiated and agreed by every country

    • D.

      The treaty achieved all of the Fourteen Points

    Correct Answer
    A. The treaty wasn't as harsh as Germany had been on Russia in the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk.
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Versailles can be considered a strength because it was not as harsh as the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, in which Germany imposed severe terms on Russia. This suggests that the Treaty of Versailles was relatively more lenient towards Germany, which could be seen as a positive aspect.

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