Gateway B2+ Unit 2 Reading And Use Of English

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 2492

SettingsSettingsSettings
English Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Questions 13-20.   Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first, using the word given. Use between TWO and SIX words.
  • 2. 
    Driving in the capital of China Beijing, the capital of China, is one of the most polluted cities in the world, with the main contaminant believed to be gases emitted from transportation. (1) ………………………….. With a rapidly increasing population that led to more and more drivers taking to the road, in 2006, the Beijing Traffic Management Bureau began to think of the future and the different ways it could deal with this grave environmental problem. Before 2006, the city was constantly covered by a thick brown cloud. The cause was pollution emitted from public transport, private vehicles and also by the city’s numerous factories and power plants. Nitrogen dioxide, the main pollutant from these sources, was not only above the ground covering the heads of inhabitants but also on the ground in the form of dense smog. (2) ………………………….. The effects of traffic pollution were everywhere. Those particularly affected were babies and young children, the elderly, and asthmatics who often suffered respiratory problems as a direct consequence. A solution needed to be implemented. With the justification of the Beijing Olympic Games looming in the future and the desperate need to act, the government set up some controls to reduce the quantity of pollution and to improve the quality of air in the city. In November 2006, an experiment was carried out in which the use of government and commercial vehicles was prohibited in the city and, in addition, the use of private vehicles was limited. The experiment took place between 4th and 5th of November. (3) ………………………….. In view of the need to further increase the air quality in the city, for its inhabitants and for the Olympic Games, the model was enforced permanently, but with some changes. During the Olympics even tighter measures were adopted. The government brought in an even-odd licence plate system where only cars with a specific number plate were allowed to use the streets in the city on any specific day. (4) ………………………….. The Beijing Traffic Management Bureau again reported, during this period, a substantial drop in traffic congestion, and the levels of pollution within the city diminished. Many wonder how such a large and complex ban can be enforced, and the answer is simple. The city now has thousands of number plate recognition cameras set up around the city. If cars that should not be on the streets are filmed, the driver receives a 100 Yuan (£7.30) fine. This is a deterrent which to date has worked effectively.  Today, the prohibition of vehicles in the city still exists, with, on average, a fifth of 3.6 million private vehicles being banned from the roads each week day. (5) ………………………….. Beijing is by no means free of its pollution problem, but it can be said that the city is now becoming cleaner. The cloud that used to loom above the city has now been lifted, and its inhabitants can see the real colour of their sky.
  • 3. 
    It’s more than likely that he didn’t see the exit sign.          CAN’T He  [Blank]  the exit sign.
  • 4. 
    Read an article about driving in Beijing. Five sentences have been removed from the article. Choose from the sentences A–G the one which fits each gap. There are two extra sentences. Beijing, the capital of China, is one of the most polluted cities in the world, with the main contaminant believed to be gases emitted from transportation. (1) ………………………….. With a rapidly increasing population that led to more and more drivers taking to the road, in 2006, the Beijing Traffic Management Bureau began to think of the future and the different ways it could deal with this grave environmental problem.
    • A. 

      The high quantity of nitrogen dioxide emitted by public and private vehicles meant there was a high number of patients being admitted to hospitals throughout the city every week.

    • B. 

      The results of the ban are positive and a daily reduction of approximately 275 tonnes of emissions has been recorded.

    • C. 

      When rain descended upon the city, dirty smog turned to acid rain, which inevitably caused serious damage to cars, buildings and the city’s water supply.

    • D. 

      It recorded a 30% decrease in the number of vehicles in the city and, most importantly, a substantial reduction in nitrogen dioxide levels.

    • E. 

      On average, 3.6 million private vehicles are driven through the capital every day.

    • F. 

      Inevitably this enraged many of the city’s inhabitants who felt their civil rights were being violated as they were forced to use buses or trains to get to their destinations.

    • G. 

      When the Beijing Traffic Management Bureau saw it working they decided to increase the level of the fines.

  • 5. 
    Before 2006, the city was constantly covered by a thick brown cloud. The cause was pollution emitted from public transport, private vehicles and also by the city’s numerous factories and power plants. Nitrogen dioxide, the main pollutant from these sources, was not only above the ground covering the heads of inhabitants but also on the ground in the form of dense smog. (2) ………………………….. The effects of traffic pollution were everywhere. Those particularly affected were babies and young children, the elderly, and asthmatics who often suffered respiratory problems as a direct consequence.
    • A. 

      The high quantity of nitrogen dioxide emitted by public and private vehicles meant there was a high number of patients being admitted to hospitals throughout the city every week.

    • B. 

      The results of the ban are positive and a daily reduction of approximately 275 tonnes of emissions has been recorded.

    • C. 

      When rain descended upon the city, dirty smog turned to acid rain, which inevitably caused serious damage to cars, buildings and the city’s water supply.

    • D. 

      It recorded a 30% decrease in the number of vehicles in the city and, most importantly, a substantial reduction in nitrogen dioxide levels.

    • E. 

      On average, 3.6 million private vehicles are driven through the capital every day.

    • F. 

      Inevitably this enraged many of the city’s inhabitants who felt their civil rights were being violated as they were forced to use buses or trains to get to their destinations.

    • G. 

      When the Beijing Traffic Management Bureau saw it working they decided to increase the level of the fines.

  • 6. 
    A solution needed to be implemented. With the justification of the Beijing Olympic Games looming in the future and the desperate need to act, the government set up some controls to reduce the quantity of pollution and to improve the quality of air in the city. In November 2006, an experiment was carried out in which the use of government and commercial vehicles was prohibited in the city and, in addition, the use of private vehicles was limited. The experiment took place between 4th and 5th of November. (3) ………………………….. In view of the need to further increase the air quality in the city, for its inhabitants and for the Olympic Games, the model was enforced permanently, but with some changes.
    • A. 

      The high quantity of nitrogen dioxide emitted by public and private vehicles meant there was a high number of patients being admitted to hospitals throughout the city every week.

    • B. 

      The results of the ban are positive and a daily reduction of approximately 275 tonnes of emissions has been recorded.

    • C. 

      When rain descended upon the city, dirty smog turned to acid rain, which inevitably caused serious damage to cars, buildings and the city’s water supply.

    • D. 

      It recorded a 30% decrease in the number of vehicles in the city and, most importantly, a substantial reduction in nitrogen dioxide levels.

    • E. 

      On average, 3.6 million private vehicles are driven through the capital every day.

    • F. 

      Inevitably this enraged many of the city’s inhabitants who felt their civil rights were being violated as they were forced to use buses or trains to get to their destinations.

    • G. 

      When the Beijing Traffic Management Bureau saw it working they decided to increase the level of the fines.

  • 7. 
    During the Olympics even tighter measures were adopted. The government brought in an even-odd licence plate system where only cars with a specific number plate were allowed to use the streets in the city on any specific day. (4) ………………………….. The Beijing Traffic Management Bureau again reported, during this period, a substantial drop in traffic congestion, and the levels of pollution within the city diminished.
    • A. 

      The high quantity of nitrogen dioxide emitted by public and private vehicles meant there was a high number of patients being admitted to hospitals throughout the city every week.

    • B. 

      The results of the ban are positive and a daily reduction of approximately 275 tonnes of emissions has been recorded.

    • C. 

      When rain descended upon the city, dirty smog turned to acid rain, which inevitably caused serious damage to cars, buildings and the city’s water supply.

    • D. 

      It recorded a 30% decrease in the number of vehicles in the city and, most importantly, a substantial reduction in nitrogen dioxide levels.

    • E. 

      On average, 3.6 million private vehicles are driven through the capital every day.

    • F. 

      Inevitably this enraged many of the city’s inhabitants who felt their civil rights were being violated as they were forced to use buses or trains to get to their destinations.

    • G. 

      When the Beijing Traffic Management Bureau saw it working they decided to increase the level of the fines.

  • 8. 
    Today, the prohibition of vehicles in the city still exists, with, on average, a fifth of 3.6 million private vehicles being banned from the roads each week day. (5) ………………………….. Beijing is by no means free of its pollution problem, but it can be said that the city is now becoming cleaner. The cloud that used to loom above the city has now been lifted, and its inhabitants can see the real colour of their sky.
    • A. 

      The high quantity of nitrogen dioxide emitted by public and private vehicles meant there was a high number of patients being admitted to hospitals throughout the city every week.

    • B. 

      The results of the ban are positive and a daily reduction of approximately 275 tonnes of emissions has been recorded.

    • C. 

      When rain descended upon the city, dirty smog turned to acid rain, which inevitably caused serious damage to cars, buildings and the city’s water supply.

    • D. 

      It recorded a 30% decrease in the number of vehicles in the city and, most importantly, a substantial reduction in nitrogen dioxide levels.

    • E. 

      On average, 3.6 million private vehicles are driven through the capital every day.

    • F. 

      Inevitably this enraged many of the city’s inhabitants who felt their civil rights were being violated as they were forced to use buses or trains to get to their destinations.

    • G. 

      When the Beijing Traffic Management Bureau saw it working they decided to increase the level of the fines.

  • 9. 
    Read the article again. Are these statements True (T), False (F) or is the information Not Mentioned (NM)?  The Beijing Traffic Management Bureau’s main concern was to reduce pollution from transportation. 
    • A. 

      T

    • B. 

      F

    • C. 

      NM

  • 10. 
    It is thought that more pollution comes from factories and power plants than transport.  
    • A. 

      T

    • B. 

      F

    • C. 

      NM

  • 11. 
    The experiment in November 2006 was repeated again during the Olympic Games.   
    • A. 

      T

    • B. 

      F

    • C. 

      NM

  • 12. 
    The government are planning other traffic reduction policies.
    • A. 

      T

    • B. 

      F

    • C. 

      NM

  • 13. 
    The system can only be really successful when combined with the use of speed cameras.  
    • A. 

      T

    • B. 

      F

    • C. 

      NM

  • 14. 
    Some drivers follow the system to avoid paying a fine.  
    • A. 

      T

    • B. 

      F

    • C. 

      NM

  • 15. 
    Drivers have 30 days in which to pay their fine.
    • A. 

      T

    • B. 

      F

    • C. 

      NM

  • 16. 
    It is probable that Tom was using his mobile phone when he had the accident.       WELL                 Tom may  [Blank]  his mobile phone when he had an accident. 
  • 17. 
    It is believed that the man was speeding when the police caught him.       MUST The man  [Blank]  doing over the speed limit when the police caught him.
  • 18. 
    Perhaps they didn’t buy the electric car in the end.        MIGHT They  [Blank]   the electric car in the end.
  • 19. 
    I think you should wear your seatbelt in the back seat.       SUPPOSED You  [Blank]   be in the back seat without wearing a seatbelt.
  • 20. 
    It is possible that she will have to complain to the school.       MIGHT She      [Blank]    a complaint to the school.
Back to Top Back to top