Weather Quiz: Air Masses And Fronts

Reviewed by Zohra Sattar Waxali
Zohra Sattar Waxali, PhD (Chemistry) |
Chemistry
Review Board Member
Dr. Zohra Sattar Waxali earned her doctorate in chemistry and biochemistry from Northwestern University, specializing in the metallomes of cardiac cells and stem cells, and their impact on biological function. Her research encompasses the development of arsenoplatin chemotherapeutics, stapled peptide estrogen receptor inhibitors, and antimicrobial natural products. With her expertise, Dr. Waxali ensures the accuracy and relevance of our chemistry quizzes, contributing to a comprehensive understanding of chemical principles and advancements in the field.
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Weather Quiz: Air Masses And Fronts - Quiz

A stable atmosphere in which high winds are absent is necessary to form an air mass. Colder air masses are termed polar or arctic, while warmer air masses are termed tropical. Weather fronts separate air masses with different density characteristics. Take the quiz below and learn just how much you understood the topic of air. All the best, and keep on revising.


Air Masses and Fronts Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    When a warm air mass and a cold air mass meet, but they push at each other and neither one can move, it is called a/an:

    • A.

      Warm front

    • B.

      Cold front

    • C.

      Occluded front

    • D.

      Stationary front

    Correct Answer
    D. Stationary front
    Explanation
    A stationary front occurs when a warm air mass and a cold air mass meet, but neither one can move the other. This typically results in a prolonged period of unsettled weather, with clouds, precipitation, and temperature fluctuations. The opposing air masses remain in place, creating a boundary where they interact.

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  • 2. 

    The boundary between cold and warm air masses is called a:

    • A.

      Flood

    • B.

      Front

    • C.

      Climate

    • D.

      Storm

    Correct Answer
    B. Front
    Explanation
    A front is the boundary between two air masses with different temperatures. It is the meeting point where a cold air mass and a warm air mass collide. This collision causes changes in weather conditions, such as cloud formation, precipitation, and temperature fluctuations. Therefore, the term "front" accurately describes the boundary between cold and warm air masses.

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  • 3. 

    A/an _____________ is a large body of air that has the same properties as the Earth's surface over which it developed and has the same density and moisture content.

    • A.

      Front

    • B.

      Air mass

    • C.

      Cloud

    • D.

      Tornado

    Correct Answer
    B. Air mass
    Explanation
    An air mass is a large body of air that develops over the Earth's surface and has the same properties, such as density and moisture content, as the surface over which it formed. Air masses can cover vast areas and can have a significant influence on weather patterns and conditions.

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  • 4. 

    What type of weather would a continental tropical air mass bring?

    • A.

      Dry and cold weather

    • B.

      Wet and cold weather

    • C.

      Dry and warm weather

    • D.

      Wet and warm weather

    Correct Answer
    C. Dry and warm weather
    Explanation
    A continental tropical air mass originates from a dry and warm region, such as a desert. As it moves into a new area, it brings these characteristics with it, resulting in dry and warm weather. This type of air mass typically forms during the summer months and can bring hot temperatures and low humidity to the affected region.

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  • 5. 

    An air mass that formed over the ocean near the equator would probably be:

    • A.

      Maritime polar

    • B.

      Maritime tropical

    • C.

      Continental polar

    • D.

      Continental tropical

    Correct Answer
    B. Maritime tropical
    Explanation
    An air mass that forms over the ocean near the equator is likely to be maritime tropical. This is because the equator is characterized by warm temperatures and high humidity, which are typical of maritime tropical air masses. These air masses form over warm ocean waters and carry moist, warm air. As they move away from the equator, they can bring warm and humid conditions to coastal areas. Continental polar and continental tropical air masses form over land, while maritime polar air masses form over colder ocean waters.

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  • 6. 

    A wet, cold air mass would be:

    • A.

      Maritime tropical

    • B.

      Maritime polar

    • C.

      Continental tropical

    • D.

      Continental polar

    Correct Answer
    B. Maritime polar
    Explanation
    A wet, cold air mass would be maritime polar because maritime air masses form over the ocean and are characterized by high humidity and lower temperatures. Polar air masses originate from the polar regions and bring colder temperatures. Therefore, a wet, cold air mass would fit the description of maritime polar.

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  • 7. 

    Where would you find a tropical maritime air mass?

    • A.

      Over the ocean near the equator

    • B.

      Over the ocean near the poles (brrrrrr- cold!)

    • C.

      Over a continent (land) near the equator

    • D.

      Over a continent (land) near the poles

    Correct Answer
    A. Over the ocean near the equator
    Explanation
    A tropical maritime air mass is characterized by warm and moist air. It is formed over the ocean near the equator, where the water is warm and evaporates, creating a humid air mass. This air mass is then carried by prevailing winds towards nearby land areas, bringing warm and humid weather conditions. Therefore, the correct answer is over the ocean near the equator.

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  • 8. 

    A dry, cold air mass would be called:

    • A.

      Continental tropical

    • B.

      Continental polar

    • C.

      Maritime tropical

    • D.

      Maritime polar

    • E.

      Continental maritime

    Correct Answer
    B. Continental polar
    Explanation
    A dry, cold air mass would be called continental polar because it originates from a continental region and is characterized by its cold temperature and low moisture content. Continental polar air masses typically form over land areas in high-latitude regions and bring cold, dry weather when they move into lower-latitude areas.

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  • 9. 

    When a warm air mass is trapped between two cooler air masses, it is called a/an:

    • A.

      Warm front

    • B.

      Cold front

    • C.

      Occluded front

    • D.

      Stationary front

    Correct Answer
    C. Occluded front
    Explanation
    When a warm air mass is trapped between two cooler air masses, it forms an occluded front. This occurs when a cold front catches up to a warm front, lifting the warm air off the ground. As the two air masses collide, the warm air is forced aloft and becomes trapped between the two cooler air masses. This results in the formation of an occluded front, where the warm air is cut off from the surface and is wedged between the cooler air masses.

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  • 10. 

    When a cold air mass moves into a warm air mass, it will get colder, and there will be severe weather. What type of front is this?

    • A.

      Warm front

    • B.

      Cold front

    • C.

      Occluded front

    • D.

      Stationary front

    Correct Answer
    B. Cold front
    Explanation
    When a cold air mass moves into a warm air mass, it creates a cold front. As the cold air displaces the warm air, it causes the warm air to rise rapidly. This rapid upward motion leads to the formation of intense thunderstorms and potentially severe weather conditions such as heavy rain, strong winds, and even tornadoes. Therefore, the correct answer is a cold front.

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  • 11. 

    When a warm air mass gently slides on top of a cold air mass, and there is drizzly rain and then beautiful sunny weather, what front is it?

    • A.

      Warm front

    • B.

      Cold front

    • C.

      Occluded front

    • D.

      Stationary front

    Correct Answer
    A. Warm front
    Explanation
    A warm front occurs when a warm air mass moves over a cold air mass. As the warm air rises over the cold air, it cools and condenses, causing drizzly rain. Once the warm front passes and the warm air completely replaces the cold air, the weather becomes beautiful and sunny. Therefore, the given scenario of drizzly rain followed by sunny weather indicates a warm front.

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Zohra Sattar Waxali |PhD (Chemistry) |
Chemistry
Dr. Zohra Sattar Waxali earned her doctorate in chemistry and biochemistry from Northwestern University, specializing in the metallomes of cardiac cells and stem cells, and their impact on biological function. Her research encompasses the development of arsenoplatin chemotherapeutics, stapled peptide estrogen receptor inhibitors, and antimicrobial natural products. With her expertise, Dr. Waxali ensures the accuracy and relevance of our chemistry quizzes, contributing to a comprehensive understanding of chemical principles and advancements in the field.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 07, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
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    Zohra Sattar Waxali
  • Mar 11, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Ljones3
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