Foundations Of Technology Sem Exam Practice

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Questions: 22 | Attempts: 671

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Foundations of technology semester 1 practice quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Technology is humans using objects to change the natural and human-made world.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because technology refers to the application of scientific knowledge and tools to solve problems or create new inventions. Humans utilize various objects and tools to manipulate and transform the natural and human-made environment. This can include anything from simple tools like a hammer to complex systems like computers and smartphones. Therefore, the statement accurately describes the relationship between humans, objects, and the impact they have on the world.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is not a basic feature of technology?

    • A.

      Technology is human knowledge.

    • B.

      Technology is a complex, space age phenomenon.

    • C.

      Tech uses tools, materials, and systems.

    • D.

      Tech is developed by people to modify or control the environment.

    Correct Answer
    B. Technology is a complex, space age phenomenon.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Technology is a complex, space age phenomenon." This statement is not a basic feature of technology because technology is not limited to being complex or specific to the space age. Technology can be simple or complex and has been developed and used by humans throughout history, not just in the modern era. It involves the use of tools, materials, and systems to modify or control the environment.

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  • 3. 

    Tech is a dynamic process because it _____.

    • A.

      Is changing

    • B.

      Causes change

    • C.

      Improves on existing tech.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because technology is a dynamic process that involves constant change, both in terms of advancements and improvements in existing technology. It is always evolving and adapting to new needs and demands, which ultimately leads to overall progress and change in various aspects of our lives.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following is a downside of tech?

    • A.

      Increases productivity

    • B.

      Can cause workers to lose jobs

    • C.

      Tech advancement weakens the economy.

    • D.

      Increases product costs.

    Correct Answer
    B. Can cause workers to lose jobs
    Explanation
    One of the downsides of technology is that it can cause workers to lose their jobs. This is because as technology advances, certain tasks and jobs can be automated or replaced by machines, leading to a decrease in the demand for human labor. This can result in unemployment and job insecurity for workers who are no longer needed in the workforce.

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  • 5. 

    Technology extends human abilities or potential to do work.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Technology refers to the application of scientific knowledge and tools to solve problems and improve efficiency. It has the ability to enhance human capabilities and extend our potential to perform tasks that would otherwise be difficult or impossible. Through the use of technology, humans are able to accomplish more work in less time and with greater accuracy. Therefore, the statement that technology extends human abilities or potential to do work is true.

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  • 6. 

    _______ is knowledge of the natural world.

    • A.

      Technology

    • B.

      Science

    • C.

      Both A and B.

    • D.

      Neither A or B.

    Correct Answer
    B. Science
    Explanation
    Science is the correct answer because it refers to the systematic study of the natural world through observation, experimentation, and analysis. It involves gathering knowledge and understanding of various phenomena, processes, and laws that govern the universe. Technology, on the other hand, is the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes. While technology is closely related to science, it is not synonymous with it. Therefore, the correct answer is science, as it encompasses the knowledge of the natural world.

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  • 7. 

    The Middle Ages immediately followed the Renaissance.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The Middle Ages did not immediately follow the Renaissance. The Renaissance was a period of cultural and intellectual rebirth that occurred in Europe between the 14th and 17th centuries, while the Middle Ages is generally considered to have lasted from the 5th to the 15th centuries. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following is not true of the Industrial Revolution?

    • A.

      It started in England.

    • B.

      The steam engine was developed during this period.

    • C.

      Few changes in technology occurred during this period.

    • D.

      Employees were divided into production workers and managers.

    Correct Answer
    C. Few changes in technology occurred during this period.
    Explanation
    During the Industrial Revolution, there were numerous significant technological advancements that transformed various industries. The steam engine, for instance, was a crucial invention during this period, revolutionizing transportation and manufacturing. The statement "Few changes in technology occurred during this period" is incorrect because the Industrial Revolution was characterized by a rapid and substantial progression in technology, leading to significant advancements in various sectors of the economy.

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  • 9. 

    The printing press technological development that occurred during the ________.

    • A.

      Renaissance

    • B.

      Middle Ages

    • C.

      Industrial Revolution

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Renaissance
    Explanation
    The printing press technological development occurred during the Renaissance. The Renaissance was a period of great intellectual and artistic growth in Europe, characterized by a renewed interest in classical knowledge and the exploration of new ideas. The invention of the printing press by Johannes Gutenberg in the 15th century revolutionized the way information was disseminated, making books more affordable and accessible to a larger audience. This innovation played a crucial role in the spread of knowledge, the advancement of science, and the dissemination of ideas, contributing to the cultural and intellectual flourishing of the Renaissance.

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  • 10. 

    The Information Age places emphasis on _______.

    • A.

      Information processing

    • B.

      Cooperative working relations between production workers and managers.

    • C.

      Material processing

    • D.

      Both A and B.

    Correct Answer
    D. Both A and B.
    Explanation
    The Information Age is characterized by the rapid advancement and reliance on technology, which has led to a significant emphasis on information processing. This refers to the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data to make informed decisions. Additionally, the Information Age has also emphasized the need for cooperative working relations between production workers and managers. This is because technology has enabled greater collaboration and communication, leading to more efficient and effective teamwork in organizations. Therefore, both information processing and cooperative working relations between production workers and managers are key aspects of the Information Age.

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  • 11. 

    Every tech has parts that work together in a predictable way.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Technology systems are designed with different components that interact and work together in a predictable manner to achieve a specific purpose or function. These components are carefully designed and integrated to ensure smooth operation and reliable performance of the technology. Therefore, it can be concluded that every tech has parts that work together in a predictable way, making the statement true.

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  • 12. 

    Inputs to technological system include:

    • A.

      Information

    • B.

      Energy

    • C.

      Finances

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The inputs to a technological system include information, energy, and finances. Information is necessary for the system to process and make decisions, energy is required to power the system and carry out its functions, and finances are needed to fund the development, maintenance, and operation of the system. Therefore, all of the options mentioned - information, energy, and finances - are correct answers for this question.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following is consumed or processed by a technological system?

    • A.

      Goals

    • B.

      Feedback

    • C.

      Inputs

    • D.

      Outputs

    Correct Answer
    C. Inputs
    Explanation
    Inputs are consumed or processed by a technological system. Inputs refer to the data, information, or resources that are provided to a system in order to perform a specific task or function. These inputs are then processed by the system to produce outputs, which are the desired results or outcomes of the system. Therefore, inputs play a crucial role in the functioning of a technological system as they are the raw materials or instructions that are needed for the system to operate and produce the desired outputs.

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  • 14. 

    Tools are the most important input in a technological system.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    While tools are indeed an important input in a technological system, they are not the most important input. Other inputs such as raw materials, human resources, and knowledge are also crucial for the functioning of a technological system. Therefore, the statement that tools are the most important input is false.

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  • 15. 

    The second step in the problem-solving/design process is ________.

    • A.

      Developing solutions to the problem.

    • B.

      Modeling and evaluating the solution.

    • C.

      Identifying the problem.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    A. Developing solutions to the problem.
    Explanation
    The second step in the problem-solving/design process is developing solutions to the problem. This step involves brainstorming and generating potential solutions to address the identified problem. It focuses on exploring different ideas and possibilities to find the most effective and efficient solution. By developing solutions, individuals or teams can analyze and evaluate each option's feasibility and potential outcomes before moving forward with the implementation phase. This step is crucial in problem-solving as it sets the foundation for finding the best solution to the problem at hand.

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  • 16. 

    Production processes are used to _______.

    • A.

      Grow and harvest crops

    • B.

      Transform info into media images

    • C.

      Convert a form of energy

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    Production processes are used to perform various tasks such as growing and harvesting crops, transforming information into media images, and converting a form of energy. These processes involve a series of steps and actions that aim to create, modify, or transform something into a desired output. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above" as production processes can encompass a wide range of activities depending on the specific context and industry.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following is not a function of management processes?

    • A.

      Planning

    • B.

      Controlling

    • C.

      Designing

    • D.

      Organizing

    Correct Answer
    C. Designing
    Explanation
    Designing is not a function of management processes. Planning involves setting goals and determining the best course of action to achieve them. Organizing involves arranging resources and tasks to achieve the goals. Controlling involves monitoring progress and making necessary adjustments. However, designing is not typically considered a core function of management processes. Designing may be a separate process that involves creating or developing new products, services, or systems, but it is not directly related to the day-to-day management of an organization.

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  • 18. 

    Noise is a positive technological output.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Noise is generally considered as a negative technological output rather than a positive one. It is often associated with pollution and can have detrimental effects on human health and well-being. Excessive noise can lead to hearing loss, sleep disturbances, and increased stress levels. Therefore, the statement that noise is a positive technological output is incorrect.

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  • 19. 

    Feedback and control involve using info about the outputs of a process or system to regulate that system.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because feedback and control systems utilize information about the outputs of a process or system to regulate and adjust the system's behavior. By continuously monitoring the outputs and comparing them to a desired setpoint, feedback systems can make necessary adjustments to maintain stability and optimize performance. This feedback loop is crucial in various fields such as engineering, automation, and even biological systems, where it enables efficient and accurate control over processes and systems.

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  • 20. 

    The problem-solving/design process includes evaluating the plan for solving a problem.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The problem-solving/design process involves evaluating the plan for solving a problem. This step is crucial as it allows individuals to assess the effectiveness and feasibility of their proposed solution. By evaluating the plan, one can identify any potential flaws or limitations and make necessary adjustments to ensure a successful outcome. This evaluation stage helps in refining the plan and improving the overall problem-solving process. Therefore, the statement "The problem-solving/design process includes evaluating the plan for solving a problem" is true.

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  • 21. 

    A technological opportunity involves solving a problem.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A technological opportunity does not necessarily involve solving a problem. It can also refer to the chance to develop or improve a technology, explore new possibilities, or create innovative solutions. Therefore, the statement that a technological opportunity involves solving a problem is incorrect.

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  • 22. 

    The first step in solving tech problems involves:

    • A.

      Developing possible solutions

    • B.

      Defining the problem

    • C.

      Modeling the best solution

    • D.

      Interpreting the solution

    Correct Answer
    B. Defining the problem
    Explanation
    In order to solve tech problems effectively, it is crucial to first define the problem accurately. This involves understanding the issue at hand, identifying its root cause, and clearly articulating the problem statement. Without a clear definition of the problem, it becomes difficult to develop appropriate solutions or take any further steps. Defining the problem sets the foundation for problem-solving by providing a clear direction and focus for finding the most effective solution.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Jan 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 16, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Hnarnor
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