# Forces In Fluids Section 1

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Kjones
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Questions: 10 | Attempts: 513  Settings  This quiz is to test your knowledge of Section 1 of Forces in Fluids. This section ia all about pressure.

• 1.

### Choose the letter of the term that is an SI unit of pressure.

• A.

Newton

• B.

Liter

• C.

Weight

• D.

Pascal

D. Pascal
Explanation
The correct answer is pascal. The pascal is the SI unit of pressure. It is defined as one newton per square meter. It is named after the French mathematician, physicist, and philosopher Blaise Pascal. The pascal is commonly used in various fields such as physics, engineering, and meteorology to measure pressure.

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• 2.

### Choose the letter of the two answers below that are equal to each other.

• A.

1 pascal

• B.

1 newton per square centimeter

• C.

1 newton per square meter

• D.

1 newton

A. 1 pascal
C. 1 newton per square meter
Explanation
The correct answer is 1 pascal and 1 newton per square meter. Pascal is the SI unit of pressure, defined as one newton of force per square meter of area. Therefore, 1 pascal is equal to 1 newton per square meter.

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• 3.

### Another term for air pressure is ___________________________.

atmospheric pressure
Explanation
Air pressure refers to the force exerted by the weight of air molecules in the Earth's atmosphere. It is commonly known as atmospheric pressure because it is the pressure exerted by the Earth's atmosphere on any given point. The term "atmospheric pressure" is used to describe the pressure exerted by the air surrounding us, which plays a crucial role in weather patterns, climate, and various natural phenomena.

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• 4.

### In a fluid that is not moving, pressure at a given point is exerted equally in all directions.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
In a fluid that is not moving, the pressure at a given point is exerted equally in all directions. This is because the fluid particles are in equilibrium, meaning that the forces acting on them are balanced. As a result, the pressure is distributed evenly in all directions, regardless of the orientation of the surface.

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• 5.

### Air pressure increases as elevation increases.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
The statement is incorrect. As elevation increases, the air pressure decreases. This is because the atmosphere becomes less dense at higher altitudes, resulting in lower air pressure. As we go higher in the atmosphere, there are fewer air molecules above us, leading to a decrease in pressure. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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• 6.

### Choose the letter of each of the following that are fluids.

• A.

Helium gas

• B.

Liquid water

• C.

Ice

• D.

Air

A. Helium gas
B. Liquid water
D. Air
Explanation
The given answer is correct because helium gas, liquid water, and air are all examples of fluids. Fluids are substances that can flow and take the shape of their container. Helium gas is a fluid because it can fill and flow within a container. Liquid water is a fluid because it can flow and take the shape of its container. Air is also a fluid because it can flow and fill spaces. Ice, on the other hand, is not a fluid because it is a solid and does not flow like liquids or gases.

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• 7.

### A substance that can easily flow is a(n) _________________________.

fluid
Explanation
A substance that can easily flow is referred to as a fluid. Fluids have the ability to flow and take the shape of their container, as they do not possess a definite shape or volume. They can be either liquids or gases. The term "fluid" encompasses a wide range of substances, including water, air, oil, and many others.

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• 8.

### Water pressure increases as depth increases.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
As depth increases in a body of water, the weight of the water above exerts more pressure on the water below, causing the water pressure to increase. This is because the force due to gravity increases with depth. Therefore, it is true that water pressure increases as depth increases.

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• 9.

### The pressure exerted by a fluid is the total force exerted by the fluid divided by the _________________________ over which the force is exerted.

area
total area
Explanation
The pressure exerted by a fluid is determined by dividing the total force exerted by the fluid by the area over which the force is exerted. In other words, pressure is calculated by taking the force and dividing it by the area. The larger the area over which the force is spread, the lower the pressure will be, and vice versa. Therefore, the correct answer is "area" or "total area" as both terms refer to the surface over which the force is distributed.

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• 10.

### Force and pressure are the same thing.

• A.

True

• B.

False Back to top