Fluid Therapy Vdpam 445 Test 1

33 Questions | Total Attempts: 83

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Therapy Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following are examples of colloids?
    • A. 

      Hetastarch

    • B. 

      Oxyglobin

    • C. 

      Normosol R

    • D. 

      A and B

    • E. 

      A and C

  • 2. 
    What type of fluid would be the best choice for an RDA cow?
    • A. 

      Normosol-R

    • B. 

      Plasma-Lyte

    • C. 

      LRS

  • 3. 
    Which of the following are maintenance fluids
    • A. 

      Normosol-M

    • B. 

      Plasmalyte

    • C. 

      Plasmalyte M

    • D. 

      Normosol R

    • E. 

      A, B, and C

    • F. 

      A and C

  • 4. 
    What is the normal concentration of Sodium, Potassium, and Chloride in the blood?
    • A. 

      130, 4, 100

    • B. 

      100, 10, 130

    • C. 

      4, 130, 10

  • 5. 
    Which of the following drugs are not prohibited in food animals?
    • A. 

      Clenbuterol

    • B. 

      Neomycin sulfate

    • C. 

      Diethylsterbesterol

    • D. 

      Cephalosporin

  • 6. 
    What is the best ultrasound probe to use on an intercostal space?
    • A. 

      Linear probe

    • B. 

      Curvilinear probe

    • C. 

      Sector scanner

    • D. 

      Phased array

  • 7. 
    What options do you have if an ultrasound image that is not bright enough?
    • A. 

      Increase the gain and decrease the power

    • B. 

      Decrease the gain and increase the power

    • C. 

      Increase both gain and power

    • D. 

      Decrease both gain and power

  • 8. 
    What should you do if an ultrasound image has poor penetration of the tissue?
    • A. 

      Increase the frequency

    • B. 

      Increase the gain

    • C. 

      Decrease the gain

    • D. 

      Increase the wavelength

  • 9. 
    Which condition is periparturient?
    • A. 

      Type 1 ketosis

    • B. 

      Type 2 ketosis

    • C. 

      Pregnancy toxemia

  • 10. 
    Which condition typically has the best response to therapy?
    • A. 

      Type 1 ketosis

    • B. 

      Type 2 ketosis

    • C. 

      Pregnancy toxemia

  • 11. 
    What substance is the most reliable to test for to confirm ketosis?
    • A. 

      Acetone

    • B. 

      Acetoacetic acid

    • C. 

      Beta hydroxybutyrate

    • D. 

      NEFA

  • 12. 
    What are the correct steps to do a BHBA  herd level monitoring test to monitor for type 1 ketosis?
    • A. 

      Test 10 cows 4-5 hours after eating, set cutoff at 14.4 mg/dl, 20% alarm level

    • B. 

      Test 10 cows prior to eating, set cutoff at 14.4 mg/dl, 10% alarm level

    • C. 

      Test 10 cows 4-5 hours after eating, set cutoff at 14.4 mg/dl, 10% alarm level

    • D. 

      Test 10 cows 4-5 hours after eating, set cutoff at 1400 mg/dl, 10% alarm level

  • 13. 
    Which of the following treatments or preventions for ketosis do not directly impact gluconeogenesis?
    • A. 

      Ionophores

    • B. 

      B vitamins

    • C. 

      Propylene glycol

    • D. 

      Corticosteroids

  • 14. 
    High glucose availability favors _____ of blood NEFAs in the liver, resulting in __________.
    • A. 

      Oxidation,triglycerides

    • B. 

      Esterification, triglycerides

    • C. 

      Oxidation, ketone bodies

    • D. 

      Esterification, ketone bodies

  • 15. 
    NEFAs are normally elevated in late gestation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is an appropriate protocol for NEFA herd level monitoring to prevent type 2 ketosis?
    • A. 

      Test cows immediately prior to feeding, >14.4 mEq/L cutoff, freeze or cool samples.

    • B. 

      Test cows 4-5 hours after feeding, >14.4 mEq/L cutoff, freeze or cool samples.

    • C. 

      Test cows immediately prior to feeding, >0.4 mEq/L cutoff, freeze or cool samples.

    • D. 

      Test cows immediately prior to feeding, >0.4 mEq/L cutoff, keep samples at room temperature.

  • 17. 
    Which electrolyte abnormality results in hyperexcitability and agression?
    • A. 

      Hypocalcemia

    • B. 

      Hypophosphatemia

    • C. 

      Hypokalemia

    • D. 

      Hypomagnesemia

  • 18. 
    Which electrolyte abnormality is not commonly associated with hypocalcemia?
    • A. 

      Hypokalemia

    • B. 

      Hypophosphatemia

    • C. 

      Hypomagnesemia

  • 19. 
    Which abnormality results in hyperthermia?
    • A. 

      Hypokalemia

    • B. 

      Hypomagnesemia

    • C. 

      Hypophosphatemia

    • D. 

      Hypocalcemia

  • 20. 
    The root problem leading to periparturient hypocalcemia is likely:
    • A. 

      Metabolic acidosis

    • B. 

      Hypomagnesemia

    • C. 

      Hypophosphatemia

    • D. 

      Metabolic alkalosis

  • 21. 
    The reason low calcium diets are not ideal to prevent milk fever:
    • A. 

      Hard to find feed that is low enough in calcium

    • B. 

      It does not change the shape of the PTH receptor, as changing the acid/base balance does

    • C. 

      It does not address concurrent hypomagnesemic interference with PTH receptor

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 22. 
    The urine pH range goal for Holsteins being fed an acidifying diet to prevent milk fever is 6.2-6.8
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    KCl given IV for treatement of hypokalemia should not excede:
    • A. 

      50g/100kg

    • B. 

      5g/100kg

    • C. 

      0.5 mEq/kg/hr

    • D. 

      5 mEq/kg/hr

  • 24. 
    What is the most common arrhythmia found in ruminants?
    • A. 

      1st degree sinus block

    • B. 

      Atrial fibrilations

    • C. 

      Ventricular tachycardia

    • D. 

      2nd degree sinusblock

  • 25. 
    Arrhythmias in ruminants are typically primary in cause
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False