Flood Causes And Effects! Trivia Facts Quiz

33 Questions | Total Attempts: 79

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Flood Causes And Effects! Trivia Facts Quiz

Do you know anything about flood causes and effects? Do you think you can pass this quiz? This quiz asks pertinent questions about flooding, like the leading causes of flood, the characteristics of a watershed, what happens to water in an alluvial fan, and on what three things do the volume of the timing of streamflow depend. This quiz will help you better understand floods and how they come to be.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The most widespread hazard is?
    • A. 

      Floods

    • B. 

      Fire

    • C. 

      Earthquakes

    • D. 

      Avalanches

  • 2. 
    Which of the following are ALL causes of a flood?
    • A. 

      Landslides blocking the river, droughts, excess river flow.

    • B. 

      Lack of water in the river, coastal storm surges, intense precipitation.

    • C. 

      Intense precipitation, excess river flows, coastal storm surges.

    • D. 

      Droughts, coastal storm surge, intense precipitation.

  • 3. 
    Which of the following are characteristics of a watershed?
    • A. 

      The disconnected system contributes water to a stream, catchment area for water.

    • B. 

      Interconnected system, contributes water to the surrounding lands, catchment area for water.

    • C. 

      Disconnected system, catches rainwater and brings it to a single place, contributes water to a stream.

    • D. 

      The interconnected system, catchment area for water, contributes water to a stream.

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is the correct term for this definition "an embankment designed to prevent flooding from a river"?
    • A. 

      Terraces

    • B. 

      Levees

    • C. 

      Valley walls

    • D. 

      Deltas

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is the correct term for the following definition "a flat area prone to flooding that lies adjacent to a stream"?
    • A. 

      Floodplain

    • B. 

      Terrace

    • C. 

      Levee

    • D. 

      Alluvial fan

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is the correct term for the definition "deposits of old floodplain material that are parallel to the river valley and take steps along the edge of the bank"?
    • A. 

      Levees

    • B. 

      Runoff

    • C. 

      Watershed

    • D. 

      Terrace

  • 7. 
    What happens to water in an alluvial fan?
    • A. 

      River makes its way through the stream sediment

    • B. 

      River is blocked and can not get to the ocean

    • C. 

      River splits into many streams and goes into the soil

    • D. 

      The river deposits sediment and stays where it is

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is correct?
    • A. 

      A low stream gradient is faster moving

    • B. 

      A high stream gradient is slower moving

    • C. 

      A low stream gradient is slower moving

    • D. 

      A low stream gradient does not move

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is true?
    • A. 

      A high stream gradient is fast-moving.

    • B. 

      A high stream gradient is slow moving.

    • C. 

      A low stream gradient fast moving.

    • D. 

      A high stream gradient does not move.

  • 10. 
    What three things do the volume and timing of stream flow depend on?
    • A. 

      Climate, terrain, and ecosystem.

    • B. 

      Climate, weather, and the watershed characteristics.

    • C. 

      Stream velocity, habitat, and climate.

    • D. 

      Habitat, weather, and irrigation systems.

  • 11. 
    In regards to flood dynamics and magnitude-frequency which is correct?
    • A. 

      A high frequency = high magnitude

    • B. 

      A high frequency = low magnitude

    • C. 

      A low frequency = low magnitude

    • D. 

      A low and high frequency are both low and high magnitudes

  • 12. 
    In regards to flood dynamics and magnitude-frequency which is correct?
    • A. 

      A low frequency = low magnitude

    • B. 

      A high frequency = high magnitude

    • C. 

      A high and low frequency are both high magnitude

    • D. 

      A low frequency = high magnitude

  • 13. 
    How many years are channels sized to contain water for before a flood would occur?
    • A. 

      1-2 years

    • B. 

      3-5 years

    • C. 

      6 months

    • D. 

      2-10 years

  • 14. 
    What are the engineering systems used to prevent floods?
    • A. 

      Pumps, dams, levees, watersheds

    • B. 

      Dams, spillways, levees, dykes, pumps

    • C. 

      Channelization, flood proof buildings, terraces, breakwaters

    • D. 

      Stream flows, dykes, spillways, breakwaters

  • 15. 
    What helps a dam by releasing floods so that the water does not overtop and damage or destroy the dam?
    • A. 

      Dykes

    • B. 

      Spillways

    • C. 

      Levees

    • D. 

      Pumps

  • 16. 
    Which term correctly matches this definition "an embankment built to prevent the overflow of a river"?
    • A. 

      Spillway

    • B. 

      Dam

    • C. 

      Channelization

    • D. 

      Levee

  • 17. 
    What is channelization?
    • A. 

      Increasing the length of a channel by making it straight rather than a curve.

    • B. 

      Reducing the length of the channel by making it straight rather than a curve.

    • C. 

      Reducing the length of the channel by making it wind rather be straight.

    • D. 

      Increasing the length of a channel by making it wind rather than straight.

  • 18. 
    Which of the following describes a flash flood?
    • A. 

      Intense rainstorms occur in small steep and impermeable watersheds, often upstream.

    • B. 

      Larger watersheds, slow rise, more water moves through them.

    • C. 

      Dam failure or artificial causes, sudden release of water, high magnitude and low frequency.

    • D. 

      Occurs where river slope decreases, temperature drops and the surface of water freezes and collects ice.

  • 19. 
    Which of the following describes an outburst flood?
    • A. 

      Intense rain storms occur in small steep and impermeable watersheds, often upstream.

    • B. 

      Larger watersheds, slow rise, more water moves through them.

    • C. 

      Occurs where river slope decreases, temperature drops and the surface of water freezes and collects ice.

    • D. 

      Dam failure or artificial causes, sudden release of water, high magnitude and low frequency.

  • 20. 
    Which of the following describes a downstream flood?
    • A. 

      Larger watersheds, slow rise, more water moves through them.

    • B. 

      Dam failure or artificial causes, sudden release of water, high magnitude and low frequency.

    • C. 

      Larger watersheds, slow rise, more water moves through them.

    • D. 

      Occurs where river slope decreases, temperature drops and the surface of water freezes and collects ice.

  • 21. 
    Which of the following describes an ice jam flood?
    • A. 

      Occurs where river slope decreases, temperature drops and the surface of water freezes and collects ice.

    • B. 

      Dam failure or artificial causes, sudden release of water, high magnitude and low frequency.

    • C. 

      Larger watersheds, slow rise, more water moves through them.

    • D. 

      Intense rain storms occur in small steep and impermeable watersheds, often upstream.

  • 22. 
    A __________ is part of the river!
  • 23. 
    A _________ is a river channel that enters into a body of water and deposits sediment.
  • 24. 
    ________ areas near the channel areas are more likely to flood.
  • 25. 
    A river or stream that flows into a larger river or lake is called a ______________
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