Flood Causes And Effects! Trivia Facts Quiz

33 Questions | Total Attempts: 147

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Flood Causes And Effects! Trivia Facts Quiz - Quiz

Do you know anything about flood causes and effects? Do you think you can pass this quiz? This quiz asks pertinent questions about flooding, like the leading causes of flood, the characteristics of a watershed, what happens to water in an alluvial fan, and on what three things do the volume of the timing of streamflow depend. This quiz will help you better understand floods and how they come to be.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The most widespread hazard is?
    • A. 

      Floods

    • B. 

      Fire

    • C. 

      Earthquakes

    • D. 

      Avalanches

  • 2. 
    The movement of water between large reservoirs on a global perspective is _______________
  • 3. 
    Which of the following are ALL causes of a flood?
    • A. 

      Landslides blocking the river, droughts, excess river flow.

    • B. 

      Lack of water in the river, coastal storm surges, intense precipitation.

    • C. 

      Intense precipitation, excess river flows, coastal storm surges.

    • D. 

      Droughts, coastal storm surge, intense precipitation.

  • 4. 
    Poor ____________ conditions in soil can enhance the causes of a flood.
  • 5. 
    _________    ____________ is the amount of rainfall measured over a given time in milimeters per hour.
  • 6. 
    The ______________ rate is the speed and amount of water that enters the soil.
  • 7. 
    Which of the following are characteristics of a watershed?
    • A. 

      The disconnected system contributes water to a stream, catchment area for water.

    • B. 

      Interconnected system, contributes water to the surrounding lands, catchment area for water.

    • C. 

      Disconnected system, catches rainwater and brings it to a single place, contributes water to a stream.

    • D. 

      The interconnected system, catchment area for water, contributes water to a stream.

  • 8. 
    A river or stream that flows into a larger river or lake is called a ______________
  • 9. 
    Which of the following is the correct term for this definition "an embankment designed to prevent flooding from a river"?
    • A. 

      Terraces

    • B. 

      Levees

    • C. 

      Valley walls

    • D. 

      Deltas

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is the correct term for the following definition "a flat area prone to flooding that lies adjacent to a stream"?
    • A. 

      Floodplain

    • B. 

      Terrace

    • C. 

      Levee

    • D. 

      Alluvial fan

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is the correct term for the definition "deposits of old floodplain material that are parallel to the river valley and take steps along the edge of the bank"?
    • A. 

      Levees

    • B. 

      Runoff

    • C. 

      Watershed

    • D. 

      Terrace

  • 12. 
    A _________ is a river channel that enters into a body of water and deposits sediment.
  • 13. 
    An alluvial fan indicates a past _______ ________.
  • 14. 
    What happens to water in an alluvial fan?
    • A. 

      River makes its way through the stream sediment

    • B. 

      River is blocked and can not get to the ocean

    • C. 

      River splits into many streams and goes into the soil

    • D. 

      The river deposits sediment and stays where it is

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is correct?
    • A. 

      A low stream gradient is faster moving

    • B. 

      A high stream gradient is slower moving

    • C. 

      A low stream gradient is slower moving

    • D. 

      A low stream gradient does not move

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is true?
    • A. 

      A high stream gradient is fast-moving.

    • B. 

      A high stream gradient is slow moving.

    • C. 

      A low stream gradient fast moving.

    • D. 

      A high stream gradient does not move.

  • 17. 
    The discharge of water that moves over a designated point over a fixed period of time measured in cubes per second is known as _____________.
  • 18. 
    What three things do the volume and timing of stream flow depend on?
    • A. 

      Climate, terrain, and ecosystem.

    • B. 

      Climate, weather, and the watershed characteristics.

    • C. 

      Stream velocity, habitat, and climate.

    • D. 

      Habitat, weather, and irrigation systems.

  • 19. 
    In regards to flood dynamics and magnitude-frequency which is correct?
    • A. 

      A high frequency = high magnitude

    • B. 

      A high frequency = low magnitude

    • C. 

      A low frequency = low magnitude

    • D. 

      A low and high frequency are both low and high magnitudes

  • 20. 
    In regards to flood dynamics and magnitude-frequency which is correct?
    • A. 

      A low frequency = low magnitude

    • B. 

      A high frequency = high magnitude

    • C. 

      A high and low frequency are both high magnitude

    • D. 

      A low frequency = high magnitude

  • 21. 
    How many years are channels sized to contain water for before a flood would occur?
    • A. 

      1-2 years

    • B. 

      3-5 years

    • C. 

      6 months

    • D. 

      2-10 years

  • 22. 
    ________ areas near the channel areas are more likely to flood.
  • 23. 
    A __________ is part of the river!
  • 24. 
    What are the engineering systems used to prevent floods?
    • A. 

      Pumps, dams, levees, watersheds

    • B. 

      Dams, spillways, levees, dykes, pumps

    • C. 

      Channelization, flood proof buildings, terraces, breakwaters

    • D. 

      Stream flows, dykes, spillways, breakwaters

  • 25. 
    ____________ are used to hold water back and control its flow.
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