Quiz - Ethics Of Euthanasia

35 Questions | Total Attempts: 251

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Applied Ethics, examples of questions for the final exam based on the supplied study guide.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    State Rachels nonutilitarian version of the Arg. from Mercy in 3 steps.1) If an action promotes the best interest of every one concerned, and violates no one's rights, then that action is morally acceptable.2)In at least some cases, active euthanasia promotes the best interests of everyone concerned and vviolates no one's rights.3) Therefore, in at least some cases active euthanasia in morally acceptable.
  • 2. 
    Define passive euthanasia based on Rachels definition.
  • 3. 
    What example is given to defend Rachels view that intention plays no role in euthanasia?
  • 4. 
    Dr. Black and Dr. White both choose different reasons for the treatment with the baby who suffers from the necrotic bowel. Neither operates, Dr. White because he it will end the suffering of the baby and Dr. Black because it will end the baby's life quicker. What does this example provide Rachels support of?
  • 5. 
    State Rachels nonutilitarian version of the Arg. from Mercy in 3 steps.1) If an action promotes the best interest of every one concerned, and violates no one's rights, then that action is morally acceptable.2)In at least some cases, active euthanasia promotes the best interests of everyone concerned and vviolates no one's rights.3) Therefore, in at least some cases active euthanasia in morally acceptable.
  • 6. 
    What is Rachels main argument in favor of active euthanasia?
    • A. 

      Passive euthanasia in less humane than active euthanasia because you suffer in passive.

    • B. 

      Active euthanasuia is permissible because the AMA is ambiguous in the wording.

    • C. 

      If passive euthanasia is sometimes morally permissable (and it is), then active euthanasia is sometimes permissable.

    • D. 

      Active and passive euthanasia have carry no moral distinction, someone is dying regardless, thus active is morally permissable.

  • 7. 
    Rachels version of the argument for the Golden Rule were given in lecture, there were two versions. What were they called?
    • A. 

      The official and implied versions.

    • B. 

      The utilitarian and non-utilitarian versions.

    • C. 

      The active and passive versions.

  • 8. 
    What is Rachels position on the AMA policy regarding active euthanasia?
    • A. 

      Rachels defines the AMA policy as false and doesn't believe it defines "letting a patient die".

    • B. 

      Rachels believes it is wrong because it's vague in describing cessation of treatment.

    • C. 

      Rachels believes the policy is mistaken because it "endorses" passive euthanasia and prohibits active.

    • D. 

      The AMA prohibits any termination of life and supports that doctors take an oath to save lives at any cost.

  • 9. 
    1. If you would not want a rule which prohibits euthanasia be applied to you, you ought not to want to apply it to others.2. You would not want to apply such a rule.3. Hence, you ought not to want such a rule be applied to others.This is the ____________ version of Rachels Golden Rule.
  • 10. 
    1. If you would want doctors to employ euthanasia on you, with your consent in cases of terminal extreme suffering you, then you should be willing to allow the same for others.2. You would want such a rule applied to you.3. Hence, you should be willing to allow the same for others.This is the ___________ version of Rachels Golden Rule.
  • 11. 
    Angells postition on euthanasia is that patients would have to be able to ask for it themselves. In the event that patients slip into a vegatative coma, the patients family could request enuthanasia.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Rachels defines which type of euthanasia as "intentionally killing a patient in order to prevent unecessary suffering.
  • 13. 
    Which of the four criteria that Baxter presents in his "Spheres of Freedom" is descibed as follows; The Dominant feature of human existence is scarcity- our availble resources, our aggregate labors, or skills, should be wasted-that is, employed so as to yield less thant they might yield in human satisfactions.
    • A. 

      Every person should be free to do whatever he wishes in context where his actions do not interfere with the interest of other beings.

    • B. 

      Waste is a bad thing.

    • C. 

      Every being should regarded as an end rather than a means.

    • D. 

      Both incentive and opportunity should be preserved to every individual.

  • 14. 
    Sullivan agrees with Rachel's view of the relationship of the two types of euthanasia with respect to their justifiable use? That is, Sullivan agrees that if passive euthanasia is morally permissable than so is active euthanasia.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    What does Sullivan believe about the AMA statement with its regard to euthanasia?
    • A. 

      Sullivan says the AMA states that active euthanasia is wrong.

    • B. 

      Sullivan believes that both passive euthanasia active euthanasia are wrong and the AMA supports this.

    • C. 

      Sullvian theory is that the AMA requires all doctors take all measures to save lives.

  • 16. 
    Sullivan disagrees with Rachels and believes that what makes the act important is the ____________ of an agent.
  • 17. 
    According to Sullivan passive euthanasia is sometimes ok.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    How does Sullivan use the Doctrine of Double Effect to defend his position as to when it is permissable to withhold treatment?
    • A. 

      Sullivan holds that intention play a huge role, so the agent may want the good outcome, but there are cases that wouldn't lead to any good or cause more pain.

    • B. 

      The Doctrine of Double Effect is where a person does something and the action causes desired and undesired outcomes, thus Sullivan uses this to argue doctors can choose which treatments are necessary.

    • C. 

      The Doctrine of Double Effect is used to support Sullivan's theory that saving a life is always mandated.

  • 19. 
    Rachels claims that the relationship between the wrongness of an act and the intention is that a bad intention cannot make an act wrong, if it would otherwise be right.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    According to Sullivan, when is it okay to withhold treatment?
    • A. 

      It is okay when the patient has consented to it.

    • B. 

      It is okay to avoid more pain or when it will not be doing any good.

    • C. 

      It is okay when the doctor must take extraordinary measures.

    • D. 

      It is never okay.

  • 21. 
    ______________ means do not cause the patient pain and are very basic, they should never be withheld according to Sullivan.
  • 22. 
    According to Rachels, ____________ (although they play a huge role in Sullivan's positions) are irrelevant in determining whether an act is right or wrong.
  • 23. 
    One strength Prof. G mentions, regarding Sullivan is...
    • A. 

      Sullivan interprets the AMA is more accurate and holds that active euthanasia is never okay.

    • B. 

      Since bad intentions can make an act wrong, it is possible to hold that it is wrong to use euthanasia.

    • C. 

      Good intentions cannot make a bad act good, so Sullivan is right is holding that intentions are moderatly important.

    • D. 

      His arguments are stronger because he holds a theological factor that more people could agree with.

  • 24. 
    One weakness of Sullivan's argument is that just general pacifism is implausible, pacifism restricted to patients is impalusible because it requires, for example, giving insulin to a dying cancer patient who develops diabetes. Giving isulin in this case would prolong the life of the patient and make him live in agony even though the cancer is going to kill him. Giving the insulin in inhumane yet required throught Sullivans' argument, why? And, know what example did Prof. give regarding pacifism?
    • A. 

      It is required because it could potentially save a life and this is what is required via the AMA.

    • B. 

      The insulin would be required because it would alleviate any pain associated with the diabetes.

    • C. 

      It would be required because no one can be sure whether the cancer will kill him/her, Sullivan doesn't believe anyone can know for sure.

    • D. 

      The insulin is required because by definition it's an ordinary measure and Sullivan states those can NEVER be withheld.

  • 25. 
    Dr. Guleserian disagress with Rachels on this point. And gives the twin joggers as an example, what does this example support?
    • A. 

      That intentions don't matter, unless it can be proven and evidence can be shown.

    • B. 

      That intentions do matter, if you kill someone accidently verses on purpose, the act changes based on intentions.

    • C. 

      Intention are irrelvant unless the actions occur other than in a hospital.

    • D. 

      Intentions do matter because it is part of a moral obligation that humans have and doctors take an oath to act on in their profession.

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