Fallacies Of Ambiguity And Component

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| By Jamil9
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Jamil9
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 422
Questions: 5 | Attempts: 422

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which fallacy of component occurs when the writer assumes their conclusion as evidence for their claim?

    • A.

      Irrelevant Conclusion

    • B.

      Begging the Question

    • C.

      Fallacy of Accident

    Correct Answer
    B. Begging the Question
    Explanation
    Begging the Question fallacy occurs when the writer assumes their conclusion as evidence for their claim. This means that they are using circular reasoning, where the conclusion is already assumed to be true in the premise. This fallacy is a logical error as it does not provide any real evidence or logical reasoning to support the claim being made.

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  • 2. 

    To "attack a straw man" is to establish a cause/effect relationship that does not exist.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    "Attacking a straw man" refers to the act of misrepresenting someone's argument or position in order to make it easier to refute. It involves creating a distorted version of the original argument and then attacking this distorted version instead of addressing the actual argument. The given statement suggests that "attacking a straw man" is related to establishing a cause/effect relationship that does not exist, which is incorrect.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the fallaices can be catagorized as Fallacies of Ambiguity? (Check all that apply)

    • A.

      Equivocation

    • B.

      Circular Reasoning

    • C.

      Accent

    • D.

      Irrelevant Conclusion

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Equivocation
    C. Accent
    Explanation
    Equivocation and Accent are fallacies of ambiguity. Equivocation occurs when a word or phrase is used with multiple meanings, leading to confusion or misunderstanding. Accent fallacy, also known as the fallacy of emphasis, involves placing undue importance on a particular aspect or interpretation, while ignoring other relevant factors. These fallacies rely on the ambiguity of language to deceive or mislead the audience.

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  • 4. 

    The fallacy in which a relatively small first step leads to a chain of events culminating in some significant effect is known as "The Slippery ________ Fallacy"

    Correct Answer(s)
    Slope
    slope
    Explanation
    The fallacy in which a relatively small first step leads to a chain of events culminating in some significant effect is known as "The Slippery Slope Fallacy". This fallacy occurs when someone argues that a particular action will inevitably lead to a series of increasingly negative consequences, without providing sufficient evidence to support this claim. It assumes that one action will automatically lead to another, without considering other factors or possibilities. This fallacy is often used in debates and arguments to exaggerate the potential negative outcomes of a particular decision or action.

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  • 5. 

    A Hasty Generalization occurs when...

    • A.

      One makes a conclusion prematurely based on insufficient evidence.

    • B.

      ... a speaker makes a claim that presents an artificial range of choices.

    • C.

      ... the authors conclusion and premise are the same, simply rephrased.

    Correct Answer
    A. One makes a conclusion prematurely based on insufficient evidence.
    Explanation
    A Hasty Generalization occurs when one makes a conclusion prematurely based on insufficient evidence. This means that the person jumps to a conclusion without gathering enough information or evidence to support it. They may make a general statement or assumption based on a limited sample size or a single instance, which is not representative of the whole. This can lead to faulty reasoning and inaccurate conclusions.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 15, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Jamil9
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