Face/Scalp

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| By Kbennet6
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Kbennet6
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Quizzes Created: 4 | Total Attempts: 5,824
Questions: 21 | Attempts: 2,585

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Body Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which three layers of the scalp can move freely over the loose connective tissue?

    Explanation
    The correct answer is skin, close connective tissue, and aponeurosis. These three layers of the scalp are able to move freely over the loose connective tissue. The skin is the outermost layer of the scalp and is easily movable. The close connective tissue, also known as the subcutaneous tissue, lies beneath the skin and provides support and insulation. The aponeurosis, specifically the epicranial aponeurosis, is a tough layer of connective tissue that connects the frontalis and occipitalis muscles. The trilaminar layers refer to the outer skin, the middle connective tissue, and the inner periosteum. These layers are able to glide over the loose connective tissue, allowing for movement of the scalp.

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  • 2. 

    Which layer is essentially a flattened tendon?

    Explanation
    Aponeurosis is essentially a flattened tendon. It is a sheet-like structure that connects muscles to other structures, such as bones or other muscles. It serves to transmit forces generated by the muscles and distribute them over a broader area, providing stability and support. Unlike regular tendons, which are cord-like structures, aponeurosis has a wider and flatter shape, allowing it to cover larger surface areas. Therefore, the correct answer to the question is aponeurosis.

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  • 3. 

    In which layer does infection spread at a dangerous rate?

    Explanation
    Infections spread at a dangerous rate in the loose connective tissue layer because it is a type of tissue that contains a large number of blood vessels and lymphatic vessels. These vessels provide a pathway for the infection to spread rapidly throughout the body. Additionally, the loose arrangement of cells in this layer allows for easy movement and migration of infectious agents, further facilitating their spread.

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  • 4. 

    What type of muscle is made up of two bellies joined by an intermediate tendon?

    Explanation
    The digastric muscle is made up of two bellies joined by an intermediate tendon. This muscle is located in the neck and helps with movements such as opening the mouth and swallowing. The two bellies of the digastric muscle are positioned on either side of the lower jaw and are connected by a tendon that passes through a sling-like structure called the hyoid bone. This arrangement allows the muscle to contract and relax, contributing to the various functions it performs.

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  • 5. 

    The Corrugator supercilii and Orbicularis oculi are antagonistic to which muscle?

    Explanation
    The Corrugator supercilii and Orbicularis oculi are antagonistic to the frontalis muscle. The frontalis muscle is responsible for raising the eyebrows and creating forehead wrinkles, while the Corrugator supercilii and Orbicularis oculi muscles are responsible for lowering the eyebrows and closing the eyelids respectively. Therefore, when the frontalis muscle contracts, it opposes the actions of the Corrugator supercilii and Orbicularis oculi muscles, making them antagonistic to each other.

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  • 6. 

    What connects the Frontalis to the Occipitalis?

    Explanation
    The Galea aponeurotica is a strong, fibrous connective tissue that connects the Frontalis muscle (located in the forehead) to the Occipitalis muscle (located in the back of the head). This connective tissue helps to provide support and stability to the scalp.

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  • 7. 

    Which muscle creates vertical wrinkles in the forehead?

    Explanation
    The muscle that creates vertical wrinkles in the forehead is the corrugator supercilii. This muscle is located above the eyebrows and is responsible for pulling the eyebrows downwards and towards the center of the forehead, causing vertical wrinkles to form.

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  • 8. 

    Which muscle expresses surprise?

    Explanation
    The muscle that expresses surprise is the frontalis muscle. This muscle is located in the forehead and is responsible for raising the eyebrows and creating horizontal wrinkles on the forehead. When a person is surprised, their eyebrows are raised and their forehead wrinkles, which is controlled by the frontalis muscle.

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  • 9. 

    The Frontalis has no bony attachment.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Frontalis muscle is located in the forehead and is responsible for raising the eyebrows and creating forehead wrinkles. It is a thin, flat muscle that covers the frontal bone of the skull. Unlike other muscles, the Frontalis does not have any direct bony attachment. Instead, it is connected to the skin and underlying tissues, allowing it to move the eyebrows and forehead freely. Therefore, the statement that the Frontalis has no bony attachment is true.

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  • 10. 

    The Frontalis muscle puts vertical wrinkles in the forehead.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    It puts horizontal wrinkles in the forehead.

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  • 11. 

    The circumoral muscles come together at what common point?

    Correct Answer
    modiolus, labial commissure
    Explanation
    The circumoral muscles converge or come together at two common points: the modiolus and the labial commissure. The modiolus is a central point located at the corner of the mouth where several muscles insert, allowing for movement and control of the lips. The labial commissure refers to the corners of the mouth where the upper and lower lips meet. These two points play a crucial role in the coordination and control of facial expressions and movements involving the mouth.

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  • 12. 

    The Orbicularis oris is not a singular muscle, but is made up of four separate bundles of muscle.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the orbicularis oris muscle is not a single muscle, but rather composed of four separate bundles of muscle. These bundles work together to form the circular muscle that surrounds the mouth and controls the movement of the lips.

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  • 13. 

    The Zygomaticus major creates a closed-mouth smile.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    It creates an open-mouthed smile. The Risorius creates a closed-mouth smile.

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  • 14. 

    Which muscle creates a closed-mouth smile?

    Correct Answer
    risorius
    Explanation
    The risorius muscle is responsible for creating a closed-mouth smile. This muscle is located in the cheek and helps to pull the corners of the mouth laterally, creating a smile without showing the teeth.

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  • 15. 

    Which muscle is called the trumpeter's muscle?

    Correct Answer
    buccinator
    Explanation
    The muscle called the trumpeter's muscle is the buccinator. The buccinator muscle is a thin, flat muscle located in the cheek area. It is responsible for compressing the cheeks, which is important for actions such as blowing air, whistling, and playing wind instruments like the trumpet. The name "trumpeter's muscle" is likely given to this muscle because of its significance and involvement in producing sounds and playing wind instruments.

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  • 16. 

    Which muscle protrudes the lips, as for a kiss?

    Correct Answer
    Orbicularis oris
    Explanation
    The muscle that protrudes the lips, as for a kiss, is the orbicularis oris. This muscle is responsible for closing and puckering the lips, allowing for movements such as kissing, whistling, and speaking. It encircles the mouth and is involved in various facial expressions and actions involving the lips.

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  • 17. 

    Which facial muscle has attachment in the neck?

    Correct Answer
    Platysma
    Explanation
    The facial muscle that has an attachment in the neck is the platysma. The platysma is a thin, flat muscle that extends from the chest and shoulders to the lower jaw and corners of the mouth. It helps in various movements of the mouth, jaw, and neck, such as frowning and tensing the skin of the neck.

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  • 18. 

    The Levator labii superioris alaque nasi wrinkles the nose.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    It flares the nostrils.

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  • 19. 

    The Mentalis protrudes the lower lip.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Mentalis muscle is responsible for protruding the lower lip. When this muscle contracts, it pulls the lower lip forward, causing it to stick out. Therefore, it is correct to say that the Mentalis protrudes the lower lip.

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  • 20. 

    All the facial muscles are supplied by CN VII.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because CN VII, also known as the facial nerve, is responsible for supplying all the muscles of the face. This cranial nerve controls the movement of the facial muscles, allowing us to make facial expressions, smile, frown, blink, and perform other facial movements. It also plays a role in the sense of taste on the anterior two-thirds of the tongue. Therefore, it can be concluded that all the facial muscles are indeed supplied by CN VII.

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  • 21. 

    CN VII (Facial nerve) passes through which two openings in the cranial fossa?

    Correct Answer
    Internal auditory meatus, stylomastoid foramen
    Explanation
    CN VII, also known as the Facial nerve, passes through two openings in the cranial fossa. The first opening is the internal auditory meatus, which is located in the petrous part of the temporal bone. This opening allows the Facial nerve to enter the facial canal and travel towards the face. The second opening is the stylomastoid foramen, which is located in the temporal bone just below the external auditory meatus. This opening allows the Facial nerve to exit the skull and innervate the muscles of the face.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 30, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Kbennet6
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