Faces, Places And Phases During Martial Law In The Philippines

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 628

Faces, Places And Phases During Martial Law In The Philippines - Quiz

How well do you know our her/history under Martial Law? Find out and re-discover relevant personalities, historical locations and events transpire during the dictatorial rule.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    On September 21, _____, President Ferdinand E. Marcos placed the Philippines under Martial Law.
  • 2. 
    The declaration issued under Proclamation _____ suspended the civil rights and imposed military authority in the country.
  • 3. 
    The ____________________ or the right of an individual incustody to be brought to court to determine whether such encarceration is lawful, may be suspended indefinetely.   
  • 4. 
    People were arrested and detained for being members and suspected to be members of peoples’ organization claimed by government as communist legal fronts. Many known opposition leaders and members were detained and treated as enemies of the state. The late Jose "Ka Pepe" __________and Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino among others who were known to be Marcos’ leading critic and opponent, suffered from these practices.
  • 5. 
    The use of ___________ as means to extract confession, information and or as punishment was a rampant practice of the military institution and/or its organized civilian volunteers then. Cases of enforced disappearances and extrajudicial killings, used as tools to silence political dissent.
  • 6. 
    Edgardo Gil "_____" M. Jopson born into an upper-class family was an unlikely activist and a revolutionary. He was the valedictorian during high school and a consistent honor student until his graduation from Ateneo de Manila University. During martial law, he eventually joined the communist movement in fighting the government of Marcos.
  • 7. 
    The Diliman ____________ is an uprising led by students, faculty members and residents of the University of the Philippines (UPD) on February 1-9, 1971. Together with transport workers, they staged the protest regarding three centavo increase in oil prices during the Marcos administration.
  • 8. 
    The ______________________________ or SDK emerged to be one of the biggest national democratic organization that figured prominently in the FQS--a series of violent protest actions against the Marcos administration. With its organizational framework, SDK attracted students from private and exclusive schools, as well as writers, debaters, and artists. 
  • 9. 
    He was most trusted military officer of then President Ferdinand Marcos as Martial Law was declared on September 21, 1972. and he was also known as Marcos' chief enforcer, and was the highest among the Rolex 12. General _______________ worked his way up the military ranks. He was fiercely loyal to Marcos, and Marcos repaid his loyalty by appointing him as the head of the Presidential Security Grooup, then known as the Presidential Security Command. 
  • 10. 
    Macliing Dulag was a respected pangat (tribal chieftain) of the Butbut tribe in Kalinga province, who helped unify tribes in the northern Cordillera to resist the ________________ project in the late 1970s and early 1980s. The project, considered a top priority by then President Ferdinand Marcos and funded by the World Bank, was opposed by indigenous communities in the provinces of Kalinga, Apayao, and Bontoc (Mountain Province).
  • 11. 
    Marcos claimed that martial law was the prelude to creating a "___________" based on new social and political values. He argued that certain aspects of personal behavior, attributed to a colonial mentality, were obstacles to effective modernization. 
  • 12. 
    The ____________________ Agreement defining preferential United States tariffs for Philippine exports and parity privileges for United States investors expired on July 4, 1974, and trade relations were governed thereafter by the international General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT).
  • 13. 
    _________________ is the first woman and first detainee murdered during martial law inspired the filing of the class suit against the estate of the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos. She was a “student leader about to graduate college summa cum laude” when she was arrested. Her case versus Estate of Ferdinand Marcos was made to represent the victims of torture, disappearances and summary execution in the human rights litigation.
  • 14. 
    In October 1975, came the famous ___________ strike, the first major workers’ strike to be launched under martial law. The Church Labor Center was instrumental in the planning and the execution of the strike. The company was owned by the prestigious Palanca family. It produced alcoholic drinks and was clearly not a “vital industry” where strikes were forbidden under a presidential decree that protected the national economy. 
  • 15. 
    (Prelude to Martial Law)  The most violent student demonstration took place on January 1970 when thousands of student demonstrators tried to storm the gates of Malacañang. Six students were killed and many were wounded. This event came to be know as the "________________".
  • 16. 
    President Ferdinand Marcos issued Executive Order Number 76 on July 14, 1967 establishing the ___________________ which became the Philippine Constabulary's (PC) striking force as it was authorized to conduct 24/7 patrol in the entire Metro Manila and was tasked to supplement or complement local police action in the repression and prevention of supposed crimes and subversions. 
  • 17. 
    A month after the declaration of martial law, the ____________________________ launch a massive offensive in Marawi against the government and followed by a brief occupation of Jolo and Cotabato in 1973.
  • 18. 
    All leading pre-martial law metropolitan newspapers and magazines were closed down. _________________ was the only newspaper that was exempted from being closed down by Marcos; on November 22, 1972 then it was revived under a new name, Bulletin Today.
  • 19. 
    (Prelude to Martial Law) Bombs went off throughout the city, culminating in the grenade attack on the Liberal miting de avance at Plaza Miranda on ____________________.  It caused nine deaths and injured 95 others, including many prominent Liberal Party politicians.
  • 20. 
    In order to settle the Catholic Church before the visit of Pope John Paul II, Marcos officially lifted martial law on ______________. However, he retained much of the government's power for arrest and detention. Corruption and nepotism as well as civil unrest contributed to a serious decline in economic growth and development under Marcos
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