Homogeneous Solution Quiz Questions

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Ana Selby
A
Ana Selby
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 4 | Total Attempts: 47,135
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 348

SettingsSettingsSettings
Physics Quizzes & Trivia

Objectives review for final exam.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

              For the following chemical equation _ Na + _ O2 --> _ Na2O2,   the coefficients that balance the equation are:

    • A.

      1,1,1

    • B.

      2,1,1

    • C.

      2,2,2

    • D.

      2,1,2

    Correct Answer
    B. 2,1,1
    Explanation
    The chemical equation provided is Na + O2 --> Na2O2. In order to balance the equation, we need to ensure that the number of atoms on both sides of the equation are equal. By placing a coefficient of 2 in front of Na, we have 2 Na atoms on both sides. By placing a coefficient of 1 in front of O2, we have 2 O atoms on both sides. Finally, by placing a coefficient of 1 in front of Na2O2, we have 2 Na atoms and 2 O atoms on both sides. Therefore, the coefficients that balance the equation are 2, 1, 1.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

               Water is referred to as the universal solvent because

    • A.

      It is found throughout the universe.

    • B.

      All known substances dissolve in water.

    • C.

      Many different substances dissolve in water.

    • D.

      It covers more than half of the Earth's surface.

    Correct Answer
    C. Many different substances dissolve in water.
    Explanation
    Water is referred to as the universal solvent because it has the ability to dissolve a wide variety of substances. This is due to its unique molecular structure, which allows it to form hydrogen bonds with other molecules. These hydrogen bonds break apart the solute molecules and surround them with water molecules, effectively dissolving them. This property of water makes it an excellent solvent for many substances, including salts, sugars, and acids. Therefore, the correct answer is that many different substances dissolve in water.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

               Which of the following is a homogeneous mixture?

    • A.

      Salad dressing

    • B.

      Gelatin

    • C.

      Rubbing alcohol

    • D.

      Orange juice with pulp

    Correct Answer
    C. Rubbing alcohol
    Explanation
    Rubbing alcohol is a homogeneous mixture because it is a solution of alcohol in water, where the alcohol molecules are evenly distributed throughout the water molecules. This means that the composition and properties of rubbing alcohol are consistent throughout, making it a homogeneous mixture. In contrast, salad dressing, gelatin, and orange juice with pulp are heterogeneous mixtures because they contain visible or distinguishable components that are not evenly distributed.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

              A heterogeneous mixture is one that is not

    • A.

      Uniform throughout.

    • B.

      Easily mixed together.

    • C.

      Made of two or more liquids.

    • D.

      Edible by humans.

    Correct Answer
    A. Uniform throughout.
    Explanation
    A heterogeneous mixture is one that is not uniform throughout, meaning that its components are not evenly distributed. This means that different parts of the mixture may have different properties or concentrations. In contrast, a homogeneous mixture is one that is uniform throughout, where the components are evenly distributed and the mixture has the same properties and concentrations in all parts.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

              Which of the following is an example of a heterogeneous mixture?

    • A.

      Salt water

    • B.

      Vinegar

    • C.

      Sugar solution

    • D.

      Mayonnaise

    Correct Answer
    D. Mayonnaise
    Explanation
    Mayonnaise is an example of a heterogeneous mixture because it is made up of two or more substances that are visibly different and do not blend together uniformly. In mayonnaise, the oil and vinegar do not fully mix and can be seen as separate layers or droplets within the mixture.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

               The equation identifies the ___________ (starting materials) and _______________(resulting substance),

    • A.

      Products, reactants

    • B.

      Reactants, phases

    • C.

      Reactants, products

    • D.

      Reactants, formulas

    Correct Answer
    C. Reactants, products
    Explanation
    The equation identifies the reactants (starting materials) and products (resulting substance).

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

                    In a balanced chemical reaction, the total mass of the products always equals the

    • A.

      Molar mass of reactants

    • B.

      Atomic mass of reactants

    • C.

      Total mass of reactants

    • D.

      Proportional masses of the reactants

    Correct Answer
    C. Total mass of reactants
    Explanation
    In a balanced chemical reaction, the total mass of the products always equals the total mass of the reactants. This is because the law of conservation of mass states that matter cannot be created or destroyed in a chemical reaction, only rearranged. Therefore, the total mass of the reactants must be equal to the total mass of the products.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

                 In the reaction 2H2O ---.>2H2 + O2, if you start with 2 mol of water, how many moles of hydrogen gas are produced?

    • A.

      1 mol

    • B.

      2 mol

    • C.

      3 mol

    • D.

      4 mol

    Correct Answer
    B. 2 mol
    Explanation
    In the given reaction, 2 moles of water produce 2 moles of hydrogen gas. This is because the stoichiometric ratio between water and hydrogen gas is 1:1. Therefore, if we start with 2 moles of water, we will produce 2 moles of hydrogen gas.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    A balanced chemical equation shows the proportions of reactants and products necessary for

    • A.

      The reaction to occur.

    • B.

      Mass to be conserved

    • C.

      Energy use to be minimized.

    • D.

      Electrolysis to occur

    Correct Answer
    B. Mass to be conserved
    Explanation
    A balanced chemical equation shows the proportions of reactants and products necessary for the reaction to occur. This means that the total mass of the reactants must be equal to the total mass of the products. This principle is known as the law of conservation of mass, which states that mass cannot be created or destroyed in a chemical reaction, only rearranged. Therefore, the correct answer is "mass to be conserved."

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

               Which of the following is an example of a decomposition reaction?

    • A.

      Photosynthesis

    • B.

      Digestion

    • C.

      Respiration

    • D.

      Exchange of ions between two compounds

    Correct Answer
    B. Digestion
    Explanation
    Digestion is an example of a decomposition reaction because it involves the breaking down of complex molecules into simpler substances. In the process of digestion, food is broken down into smaller molecules through the action of enzymes in the digestive system. This breakdown allows for the absorption and utilization of nutrients by the body.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

                  What kind of reaction occurs when potassium is placed in water?  K + H2O ---- KOH + H2

    • A.

      Single displacement reaction

    • B.

      Double displacement reaction

    • C.

      A decomposition reaction

    • D.

      Electrolysis

    Correct Answer
    A. Single displacement reaction
    Explanation
    When potassium is placed in water, it reacts with water molecules to form potassium hydroxide (KOH) and hydrogen gas (H2). This type of reaction, where one element displaces another element in a compound, is called a single displacement reaction. In this case, potassium displaces hydrogen in water to form potassium hydroxide and hydrogen gas.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

              A synthesis reaction is a reaction between at least two compounds in which

    • A.

      One breaks down into at least two products.

    • B.

      A compound is decomposed by an electric current.

    • C.

      A compound burns in the presence of oxygen.

    • D.

      A new, more complex compound is formed.

    Correct Answer
    D. A new, more complex compound is formed.
    Explanation
    In a synthesis reaction, two or more compounds combine to form a new compound that is more complex than the original compounds. This process involves the rearrangement of atoms and the formation of new chemical bonds. This is different from a decomposition reaction where a compound breaks down into simpler substances. Therefore, the correct answer is that a new, more complex compound is formed in a synthesis reaction.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

              What happens in a chemical reaction?

    • A.

      Atoms are destroyed

    • B.

      Atoms are created

    • C.

      Atoms are heated or cooled

    • D.

      Atoms are rearranged

    Correct Answer
    D. Atoms are rearranged
    Explanation
    In a chemical reaction, atoms are rearranged. This means that the arrangement of atoms in the reactants is different from the arrangement of atoms in the products. However, no atoms are destroyed or created in a chemical reaction. The total number of atoms remains the same, but their arrangement and bonding change, resulting in the formation of new substances.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

               Covalent bonds are formed between

    • A.

      Iones

    • B.

      Metal atoms

    • C.

      Nonmetal atoms

    • D.

      Compounds

    Correct Answer
    C. Nonmetal atoms
    Explanation
    Covalent bonds are formed between nonmetal atoms. In a covalent bond, two atoms share electrons in order to achieve a stable electron configuration. Nonmetal atoms have a higher electronegativity, meaning they have a stronger attraction for electrons. This makes them more likely to share electrons with other nonmetal atoms rather than transferring them to form ionic bonds with metal atoms. Therefore, the correct answer is nonmetal atoms.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

              An ionic bond is a bond that forms between

    • A.

      Atoms with opposite charges

    • B.

      Atoms with neutral charge

    • C.

      One atom's nucleus and another atom's electrons.

    • D.

      The electrons of two different atoms

    Correct Answer
    A. Atoms with opposite charges
    Explanation
    An ionic bond is a bond that forms between atoms with opposite charges. In this type of bond, one atom transfers electrons to another atom, resulting in the formation of positive and negative ions. The attraction between these ions then holds the atoms together, creating a strong bond. This is different from covalent bonds, where atoms share electrons. Therefore, atoms with opposite charges are able to form ionic bonds.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

              Each molecule of table sugar, C12H22O11, contains

    • A.

      0 atoms of carbon

    • B.

      11 atoms of carbon

    • C.

      6 atoms of carbon

    • D.

      12 atoms of carbon

    Correct Answer
    D. 12 atoms of carbon
    Explanation
    Table sugar, or sucrose (C12H22O11), is composed of 12 carbon atoms. This is because the formula C12H22O11 indicates that there are 12 carbon atoms in each molecule of table sugar.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

                A compound differs from a mixture because it

    • A.

      Always remains frozen even at high temperatures.

    • B.

      Is formed from two cations.

    • C.

      Always contains the same elements in the same proportion.

    • D.

      Can form only in the presence of heat energy.

    Correct Answer
    C. Always contains the same elements in the same proportion.
    Explanation
    A compound differs from a mixture because it always contains the same elements in the same proportion. This means that the ratio of the different elements in a compound is fixed and does not change. In contrast, a mixture can have varying ratios of different substances.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

               An atom's mass number equals the number of

    • A.

      Protons plus the number of electrons

    • B.

      Protons plus the number of neutrons

    • C.

      Protons

    • D.

      Neutrons

    Correct Answer
    B. Protons plus the number of neutrons
    Explanation
    The mass number of an atom is the sum of the number of protons and neutrons in its nucleus. This is because protons and neutrons both contribute to the mass of an atom, while electrons have negligible mass compared to protons and neutrons. Therefore, the correct answer is "protons plus the number of neutrons".

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

              Grinding quartz crystals down to produce sand is an example of a

    • A.

      Change of state

    • B.

      Chemical change

    • C.

      Chemical reaction

    • D.

      Physical change

    Correct Answer
    D. Physical change
    Explanation
    Grinding quartz crystals down to produce sand is an example of a physical change because the substance (quartz) is being physically altered in form (from large crystals to small particles) without any change in its chemical composition. The molecules of quartz remain the same, only the arrangement and size of the particles change.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

                   Lead has a density of 11.3 g/cm3. What is the volume of a block of lead with a mass of 282.5 g?

    • A.

      2.5cm3.

    • B.

      25cm3.

    • C.

      250cm3.

    • D.

      2500cm3.

    Correct Answer
    B. 25cm3.
    Explanation
    The density of lead is given as 11.3 g/cm3. Density is defined as mass divided by volume. Therefore, to find the volume of the lead block, we can rearrange the equation to solve for volume. The mass of the lead block is given as 282.5 g. So, we can calculate the volume by dividing the mass by the density: 282.5 g / 11.3 g/cm3 = 25 cm3. Therefore, the volume of the lead block is 25 cm3.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 18, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 15, 2008
    Quiz Created by
    Ana Selby
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.