Blood Types And Transfusion Quiz Questions

40 Questions | Total Attempts: 449

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Blood Type Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following statements about blood is FALSE?
    • A. 

      Contains buffers that control pH

    • B. 

      Is about 55 percent plasma

    • C. 

      Normal pH is 6.8 to 7.0

    • D. 

      Is more viscous than water

    • E. 

      None of the above is false- all are true

  • 2. 
    Whole blood for testing in a clinical laboratory is usually collected from
    • A. 

      A superficial artery

    • B. 

      An arteriole

    • C. 

      A capillary

    • D. 

      A superficial vein

    • E. 

      The heart

  • 3. 
    A plasma protein essential for blood coagulation is 
    • A. 

      Metalloprotein D

    • B. 

      Albumin alpha

    • C. 

      Lipoprotein C

    • D. 

      Fibrinogen

    • E. 

      Immunoglobulin A

  • 4. 
    The average lifespan of a red blood cell is
    • A. 

      24 hours

    • B. 

      Many years

    • C. 

      4 months

    • D. 

      About 1 year

    • E. 

      1 month

  • 5. 
    The function of hemoglobin is to
    • A. 

      Carry oxygen

    • B. 

      Carry carbon dioxide

    • C. 

      Aid in the process of blood clotting

    • D. 

      A, B, and C

    • E. 

      A and B only

  • 6. 
    A person's blood type is determined largely by the
    • A. 

      Volume of the RBCs

    • B. 

      Chemical character of the hemoglobin

    • C. 

      Presence of specific glycoproteins on the cell membrane

    • D. 

      Size of the RBCs

    • E. 

      Shape of the RBCs

  • 7. 
    All of the following are true of neutrophils, EXCEPT that they are 
    • A. 

      Active in fighting bacterial infections

    • B. 

      Also known as polymorphonuclear leukocytes

    • C. 

      Phagocytic

    • D. 

      Important in coagulation

    • E. 

      Granular leukocytes

  • 8. 
    __________ are large phagocytic white cells that spend most of their time outside the blood as fixed and free phagocytic cells.
    • A. 

      Monocytes

    • B. 

      Neutrophils

    • C. 

      Eosinophils

    • D. 

      Lymphocytes

    • E. 

      Basophils

  • 9. 
    Most of the protein factors that are required for clotting are synthesized by
    • A. 

      The liver

    • B. 

      The kidneys

    • C. 

      The spleen

    • D. 

      Megakaryoctes

    • E. 

      Platelets

  • 10. 
    A moving blood clot is called a(n)
    • A. 

      Thrombus

    • B. 

      Platelet plug

    • C. 

      Procoagulant

    • D. 

      Embolus

    • E. 

      Plaque

  • 11. 
    Blood returning to the heart from the pulmonary circuit first enters the
    • A. 

      Left ventricle

    • B. 

      Left atrium

    • C. 

      Right ventricle

    • D. 

      Right atrium

    • E. 

      Conus arteriosus

  • 12. 
    The cusps (leaflets) of atrioventricular valves attach directly to
    • A. 

      Interarterial septa

    • B. 

      Papillary muscles

    • C. 

      Trabeculae carneae

    • D. 

      Chordae tendinae

    • E. 

      Coronary sulci

  • 13. 
    Blood flowing into the heart from the venae cavae flows next through the _______ valve.
    • A. 

      Tricuspid

    • B. 

      Mitral

    • C. 

      Bicuspid

    • D. 

      Aortic semilunar

    • E. 

      Pulmonary semilunar

  • 14. 
    The pulmonary semilunar valve prevents backward flow into the 
    • A. 

      Pulmonary trunk

    • B. 

      Aorta

    • C. 

      Right ventricle

    • D. 

      Pulmonary veins

    • E. 

      Left atrium

  • 15. 
    The following is a list of vessels and structures that are associated with the heart
    1. right atrium
    2. left atrium
    3. right ventricle
    4. left ventricle
    5. venae cavae
    6. aorta
    7. pulmonary trunk
    8. pulmonary veins
    What is the correct order for the flow ofg blood entering from the systemic circulation?
    • A. 

      1,7,3,8,2,4,6,5

    • B. 

      5,3,1,7,8,4,2,6

    • C. 

      1,2,7,8,3,4,6,5

    • D. 

      5,1,3,8,7,2,4,6

    • E. 

      5,1,3,7,8,2,4,6

  • 16. 
    The long plateau phase of the cardiac muscle action potential is due to
    • A. 

      Increased membrane permeability to potassium ion

    • B. 

      Decrease in the amount of calcium diffusing across the membrane

    • C. 

      Calcium channels remaining open

    • D. 

      Movement of fewer sodium ions across the cell membrane

    • E. 

      Increased membrane permeability to sodium ions

  • 17. 
    The following are structural components of the conducting system of the heart
    1. Purkinje fibers
    2. AV bundle
    3. AV node
    4. SA node
    5. Bundle branches
    • A. 

      3,2,4,5,1

    • B. 

      4,2,3,5,1

    • C. 

      4,3,2,5,1

    • D. 

      3,5,4,2,1

    • E. 

      1,4,3,2,5

  • 18. 
    The T wave on an ECG tracing represents
    • A. 

      Atrial repolarization

    • B. 

      Ventricular depolarization

    • C. 

      Atrial depolarization

    • D. 

      Ventricular repolarization

    • E. 

      Ventricular contraction

  • 19. 
    The first heart sound is heard when the
    • A. 

      Atria contract

    • B. 

      AV valves open

    • C. 

      AV valves close

    • D. 

      Semilunar valves close

    • E. 

      Blood enters the aorta

  • 20. 
    The wall of the left ventricle is thicker than the right because
    • A. 

      The left ventricle does more work than the right ventricle

    • B. 

      The left ventricle pumps a greater volume of blood than the right ventricle

    • C. 

      The left ventricle produces a higher presser than the right ventricle

    • D. 

      Both A and B

    • E. 

      Both A and C

  • 21. 
    The muscular layer of a blood vessel is the
    • A. 

      Tunica adventitia

    • B. 

      Tunica externa

    • C. 

      Tunica media

    • D. 

      Tunica interna

    • E. 

      Tunica intima

  • 22. 
    Compared to arteries, veins
    • A. 

      Hold their shape better when cut

    • B. 

      Have a pleated endothelium

    • C. 

      Have thinner walls

    • D. 

      Have a more smooth muscle in their tunica media

    • E. 

      Are more elastic

  • 23. 
    Arrange the structures in the following list in the order that blood will encounter as it flows from the output side to the input side of the cardiovascular flow circuit
    1. venules
    2. arterioles
    3. capillaries
    4. elastic arteries
    5. medium veins
    6. large veins
    7. muscular arteries
    • A. 

      5,6,1,3,2,7,4

    • B. 

      4,7,2,3,1,5,6

    • C. 

      6,5,1,3,2,7,4

    • D. 

      7,4,2,3,1,5,6

    • E. 

      2,7,6,3,1,5,6

  • 24. 
    Blood moves forward through veins because of all of the following, EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Valves in the veins preventing the backward flow of blood

    • B. 

      Muscular compression

    • C. 

      The pressure in the veins is lower than in the arteries

    • D. 

      Pumping by the smooth muscle in the wall of the vein

    • E. 

      The respiratory pump

  • 25. 
    As blood travels from arteries to veins,
    • A. 

      Pressure builds

    • B. 

      Viscosity increases

    • C. 

      Flow becomes turbulent

    • D. 

      Diameter of the blood vessels gets progressively smaller

    • E. 

      Pressure drops

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