Ethics Quiz For Personal Use

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 39

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Ethics Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz is for my personal use, compiled (verbatim) from questions from tests in my philosophy class. Y'all are free to take it, but be warned, my teacher makes mistakes.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Ethic is best defined as
    • A. 

      The idea of how people ought to behave.

    • B. 

      The discipline dealing with duty and moral obligation.

    • C. 

      A set of moral principles and values.

    • D. 

      The principles of conduct governing an individual or groip.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 2. 
    Ethical theories are
    • A. 

      Prescriptive models of how one generally ought to act.

    • B. 

      Decision-making models that prescribe a course of "right" action.

    • C. 

      Sepcific rules enforceable by reward or punishment.

    • D. 

      Both A and B

    • E. 

      Both B and C

  • 3. 
    Which of the following best defines Utilitarianism?
    • A. 

      Something is right if it fulfills itts true purposes, wrong if it goes against these purposes.

    • B. 

      Universal laws exist which determine the rightness and wrongness of actions.

    • C. 

      The right thing to do is the action that provides the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number of people.

    • D. 

      Highest good in life is a life of virtue which could be reached through prudence, justice, and temperance.

  • 4. 
    Which of the following best describes John Stuart Mill's term Utility?
    • A. 

      The foundation of morals.

    • B. 

      The act of truth telling.

    • C. 

      The deprivation of the senses.

    • D. 

      The greatest happiness principle.

  • 5. 
    In what does John Stuart Mill ground his theory of morality?
    • A. 

      Pleasure.

    • B. 

      The absence of pain.

    • C. 

      Utility.

    • D. 

      Both A and B

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 6. 
    Where do utilitarian writers believe a human can experience a greater and more permanent pleasure?
    • A. 

      In the pleasures of the senses.

    • B. 

      In the pleasures of the intellect.

    • C. 

      Mental pleasures.

    • D. 

      Both A and B

    • E. 

      Both B and C

  • 7. 
    What can prevent a man from attaining higher pleasures?
    • A. 

      The influence of temptation.

    • B. 

      Infirmity of character.

    • C. 

      Indolence and selfishness.

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 8. 
    Which of the following contributes to men losing their high aspirations for intellectual tastes?
    • A. 

      Lack of time and opportunity.

    • B. 

      Position in life and society.

    • C. 

      Parents and peers.

    • D. 

      Youthful enthusiasm.

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is NOT a belief held by Immanuel Kant?
    • A. 

      He believed "good will" consisted of actions without ulterior motives.

    • B. 

      He believed that only a select group of people had the duty to perform acts of goodness.

    • C. 

      He believed that an action must be valuable in itself.

    • D. 

      He believed that humans should never treat other humans as a means to an end.

  • 10. 
    Why are act-oriented ethics sometimes easier to understand and apply than result-oriented ethics?
    • A. 

      It only considers principles and actions.

    • B. 

      It only considers the universal behaviors of human beings.

    • C. 

      It only considers long-term results.

    • D. 

      It only considers the happiness of all people.

  • 11. 
    According to Kant, which of the following is an "indispensable condition even of being worthy of happiness"?
    • A. 

      Intelligence.

    • B. 

      Courage.

    • C. 

      Good will.

    • D. 

      Perseverance.

  • 12. 
    Where does an action done from duty derive its moral worth?
    • A. 

      From the realization of the object of the action.

    • B. 

      From the maxim by which it is determined.

    • C. 

      From material principles.

    • D. 

      From honesty.

  • 13. 
    Which of the following does Kant believe should govern the behavior of human beings?
    • A. 

      Universal laws.

    • B. 

      Absolute good.

    • C. 

      The laws of mankind.

    • D. 

      Maxims.

  • 14. 
    Which of the following BEST describes authoritarian ethics?
    • A. 

      Decisions about right and wrong are a function of society.

    • B. 

      Decision about right and wrong are immutable and final.

    • C. 

      Decision about right and wrong arise from within the individual.

    • D. 

      Decision about right and wrong must be based on individual situations.

  • 15. 
    Which of the following BEST describes autonomous ethics?
    • A. 

      Decisions about right and wrong are a function of society.

    • B. 

      Decision about right and wrong are immutable and final.

    • C. 

      Decision about right and wrong arise from within the individual.

    • D. 

      Decision about right and wrong must be based on individual situations.

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is a belief held by the formalist?
    • A. 

      Ethical decisions are based on universal laws which apply to all men.

    • B. 

      Ethical decisions are on the notions of right and wrong held by a particular society.

    • C. 

      Ethical decisions are judged individually; each situation is unique.

    • D. 

      The fundamental ethical guideline of an authentic concern for the well being of others.

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is a belief held by the relativist?
    • A. 

      Ethical decisions are based on universal laws which apply to all men.

    • B. 

      Ethical decisions are based on the notions of right and wrong held by a particular society.

    • C. 

      Ethical decisions are judged individually; each situation is unique.

    • D. 

      The fundamental ethical guideline of an authentic concern for the well being of others.

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is a belief held by the contextualist?
    • A. 

      Ethical decisions are based on universal laws which apply to all men.

    • B. 

      Ethical decisions are based on the notions of right and wrong held by a particular society.

    • C. 

      Ethical decisions are judged individually; each situation is unique.

    • D. 

      The fundamental ethical guideline of an authentic concern for the well being of others.

  • 19. 
    According to Epicurus, which of the following leads to happiness?
    • A. 

      A mind that is free from fear and a body that is satisfied.

    • B. 

      Continuous over indulgence.

    • C. 

      Moderation.

    • D. 

      Both A and B

    • E. 

      Both A and C

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is NOT a dynamic pleasure?
    • A. 

      Sexual love.

    • B. 

      Friendship.

    • C. 

      Marriage.

    • D. 

      Gluttony.

  • 21. 
    Which of the following is NOT a belief held by Epicurus?
    • A. 

      Live moderately but pleasurably.

    • B. 

      Happiness of the mind is better than pleasure of the body.

    • C. 

      Anxiety over the future is the greatest destroyer of happiness.

    • D. 

      Extravagant living, on occassion, is beneficial.

  • 22. 
    Which of the following is another name applied to utilitarian theory?
    • A. 

      Contextualist theory.

    • B. 

      Conceptualist theory.

    • C. 

      Consequentialist theory.

    • D. 

      Hedonistic theory.

  • 23. 
    How many questions are asked in the systematic approach to ethical decision making?
    • A. 

      2.

    • B. 

      3.

    • C. 

      4.

    • D. 

      5.

    • E. 

      Unlimited.

  • 24. 
    According to Immanuel Kant, where do universal moral laws exist?
    • A. 

      Within the structure of the ideal government.

    • B. 

      Within the structure of the human mind.

    • C. 

      Within the structure of religious organizations.

    • D. 

      Within the structure of individual circumstances.

  • 25. 
    According to Kant, what is "reason" unable to do?
    • A. 

      It cannot determine the outcome of actions.

    • B. 

      It cannot determine your will.

    • C. 

      It cannot determine what is right or wrong.

    • D. 

      It cannot determine freedome and happiness.